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Flashcards in Infectious Diseases Deck (21):

What are infectious diseases causes by?

Organisms and or viruses that enter and multiply with in the human body


Microorganisms and viruses that cause disease are called what

Very small organisms; The smallest pathogens (100 times smaller than most bacteria)


Name the 4 types of pathogens

1. Through contact with an infected person
2. Infected animals
3. Contaminated objects
4. Contaminated food, soil, and water


List the 4 main ways that a pathogen spread according to the book

Infected people, infected animals, contaminated objects, and contaminated food, soil, and water


List the body's 5 main lines of defense against infectious diseases?

Saliva and tears, mucous membranes, cilia, skin, and stomach acid


What is the body's second line of defense physical and chemical defenses don't work



What is immunity

Immunity is your body's ability to destroy pathogens that it has previously encountered before the pathogen's are able to cause disease


What are the bodies two types of lymphocytes (white blood cells) and what do they do

T cells- destroy any body cell that has been infected by a pathogen produce chemicals that stimulate the other T and B cells fight off infection and produce chemicals that turn off the immune system cells when an infection has been brought under control
B cells- produce anti-bodies


What is the lymphatic system

A network of vessels


What is passive immunity? what is active immunity?

Community acquired by receiving anti-bodies from a source other than those on immune system is called passive immunity. Active immunity results from either having a disease of from receiving a vaccine


What does vaccine trigger your immune system to do

Causes your immune system to produce antibodies against the pathogen as if you had actually been infected


Are the four main infectious diseases caused by bacteria

Strep throat, Lyme disease, bacterial meningitis, tube Rculosis


If you have an infection, how should you treat your infection? What does this do?

And antibiotic is a drug that in habits or kills bacteria. And antibiotic is a prescription medicine, a medicine that is available only at with a written order for my qualified healthcare professional


What are the four main viral diseases?

The common cold, influenza, pneumonia, hepatitis


What is pneumonia

Serious infection of the lungs


What are the three main types of hepatitis and how are they transmitted

1. Hepatitis a transmitted human waste and in contaminated water and food
2. Hepatitis B is transmitted in or during blood contact, also during tattooing or body piercing if tools are not properly sterilized
3. Hepatitis C is transmitted in blood, during sexual contact, or during tattooing or body piercing


What are the three treatments of viral infections

Antibiotics, interval medications, and over-the-counter medicines


What are five conditions of the book mentions that should lead you to seek medical care

An extremely sore throat, ear ache, vomiting, diarrhea, and a temperature of 100°F that last more than two days


What are three main ways to protect yourself against infectious diseases

Avoiding contact with pathogen's, making sure that you're in me and immunizations are current, and choosing healthful behaviors


What is epidemic

An unusually high occurrence of a disease that certain place during a certain time period


What is an emerging disease

And infectious disease that has become increasingly common to have a humans within the last 20 years or threatens to become more common in the near future