Pregnancy, Childbirth Flashcards Preview

Freshmen Health > Pregnancy, Childbirth > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pregnancy, Childbirth Deck (28):
1

Only a few hundred sperm that enter the vagina reach the egg, and only one can fertilize it

Fertilization

2

The united egg and sperm

The zygote

3

The original cell divided to make 2 cells

Cell division

4

About 5 days after fertilization, the embryo reaches the uterus, where it floats free for a few days. By this time, it is made up of about 50 to 100 cells. The structure is no longer a solid mass of cells, but a sphere of cells surrounding a hollow center

The blastocyst

5

Once the blastocyst forms, it begins to attach itself to the wall of the uterus

Implantation

6

Fluid filled bag of thin tissue that develops around the embryo

Amniotic sac

7

Attachment holding the embryo to the wall of the uterus

Pacenta

8

"Embryo's lifeline". About 25 days after fertilization a rope like structure develops between the placenta and embryo

Umbilical cord

9

During pregnancy, how many more calories does a woman need to consume

300

10

Why should woman avoid alcohol or other drugs while pregnant?

These substances, even in small amounts, can harm or kill the developing baby, decrease the newborn's chance to live, or cause lifelong problems

11

The blastocyst implants in the Fallopian tube or elsewhere in the abdomen, instead of in the uterus

Ectopic pregnancy

12

The death of an embryo or fetus in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy

Miscarriage

13

Is characterized by high blood pressure, swelling of the wrists and ankles, and high levels of protein in the urine

Preeclampsia

14

Work performed by mother's body to push the fetus out

Labor

15

Contractions of the uterus continue and the baby is pushed out

Delivery of baby

16

Contractions of the uterus push out the placenta, also called the afterbirth

Delivery of after birth

17

A cesarean section (C-section) in which the doctor makes an incision in the lower abdomen into the uterus. Then the doctor removes the baby and placenta

Surgical delivery

18

Delivery of baby before the 37th week of pregnancy, before before fully developed

Premature birth

19

A baby the weighs less than 5.5lbs. Baby is not fully developed

Low birthweight

20

Why are women susceptible to sadness or depression during the Postpartum period

Because of hormonal changes and fatigue

21

Explain what happens after birth to 18 months

The baby has probably learned to sit, crawl, stand and walk

22

What happens after birth from 18 to 3 years?

Plays alongside others, Learns many words, looses baby fat, limbs get longer, appetite decreases

23

What happens from 3-6 years after birth

Plays with others, has lots of energy, become independent and active, muscles grow, energy is high, and the curious child is "into everything," communication skills advance rapidly

24

What are the parts of the beginning of the life cycle

1. Fertilization
2. The zygote
3. Cell division
4. The blastocyst
5. Implantation

25

Structures of the uterus

1. Amniotic sac
2. Placenta
3. Umbilical cord

26

Complications during pregnancy

1. Ectopic pregnancy
2. Miscarriage
3. Preeclampsia

27

The birth process

1. Labor
2. Delivery of baby
3. Delivery of after birth

28

Complications at birth

1. Surgical delivery
2. Premature birth
3. Low birthweight