Croup Flashcards Preview

Clin Med I - Pulmonary > Croup > Flashcards

Flashcards in Croup Deck (10):
1

Define croup

- resp illness characterized by stridor & hoarseness resulting from inflammation in the larynx & trachea

2

What is croup also known as?

- larygotracheitis
- larygotracheobronchitis

3

What is the etiology of croup?

- viral
- MC: parainfluenza type I
- fall/winter
- could be bacterial

4

How is croup spread?

- direct inhalation
- contamination

5

What is the hallmark of croup?

- Steeple sign (tracheal narrowing in subglottic region) on CXR
- barking cough

6

What is the presentation of croup?

- gradual onset but progress 12-48hours
- nasal irritation, congestion, & coryza

7

What are the symptoms of croup?

- fever
- hoarsness
- barking cough
- stridor

8

What does an inspiratory stridor indicate?

- upper airway obstruction

9

What does an expiratory stridor indicate?

- lower airway obstruction

10

What is the tx for croup?

- symptomatic
- humidified air
- reassurance
- education
- f/u if symptoms worsen