Culture Bound Syndromes Flashcards Preview

ANCC Boards > Culture Bound Syndromes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Culture Bound Syndromes Deck (7):
1

Amok

originated in Malaysia; used in Philippines, Polynesia, Papua New Guinea, Puerto Rico and Navajo

-dissociative episode characterized by a period of depression followed by outburst of violence, aggressive or homicidal beavhior

Causes: perceived insult, persecutory ideas, automation, amnesia, exhaustion

tx: hospitalization, dx with schizophrenia and tx with antispychs

2

ataque de nervios

Latin America, Mediterranean groups

sx: uncontrollable shouting, attacks of crying, trembling, heat in the chest risking into the head, verbal or physical aggression; dissociative expreiences, seizure-like or fainting, suicidal gesturess; sense of being out of control

causes: result of stressful event relating to family

ensure safety; talk the person down; tey might use rubbing alcohol to help calm person; telling story of what led to ataque; psychotherapy typically mainstay tx

3

possession syndrome

seen around the word; India, Hong Kong, China, Japan, Malaysia, Niger, Uganda, Haiti, Brazil...

involuntary possession trance, its seen as an illness, involuntary and causes distress; not normal part of collective cultural or religious ritual performance

cause: stress or trauma

tx: pyshciatric tx is usually avoided and indigenous tx used to neutralize the conflict or stress

4

Shenjing Shuairo

China, Japan,

"weakness of the nervous system" (Mandarin Chinese word)

causes: work related stressors, and other stressors

tx: most pts use both Western-trained physicians and traditional Chinese doctors; non psychiatric settings were preferred including general medicine and neurology; usually traditional Chinese medicines used

5

lanti

having been shocked or startled some time before; can have specific expereince of altered realtiy or any specific altered behavior

Philippines

6

saladera

Peruvian Amazon

misfortunes of many kinds, may have anxiety but this is because they believe that they have been bewithced

7

latah

Malaysia and Indonesia

repetitively startled by others until they become extremely flustered whenever they are startled; causes highly flustered state