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Flashcards in Prenatal care and fetal development Deck (15):
1

What child outcomes do you see from iron deficiency?

-delayed brain maturation, sleep px, poorer cognitive, motor and social/emotional development

2

What do you see with child development when the mother was malnourished?

effects on cognition, lower individual variablility in temperament like behaviors; possible lower child responsiveness to mother; low birth wt

3

What role does poly-unsaturated fatty acids have with child development?

play a role in brain development and functioning through their involvement in neuronal survival and plasticity

4

What role does folic acid play in child development?

a deficiency is known to cause neural tube defects sucha s anencephaly, absence of cranial vault and spina bifida
-folic acid is involved in both neurogenesis and myelination

5

How does zinc help with development?

-involved in gene transcription, activity of enzymes, synthesis of serotonin and melatonin
-deficiencies may cause abnormal brain development by altering protein synthesis association with learning and attention

6

What role does iron have on brain development?

essential for lipid metabolism in developing brain, involved in myelination
-deficiencies can result in lower IQ of child, impairment with learning and memory tasks

7

What drugs are neurotoxic that you need to worry about with the pregnant mother?

-valproic acid can cause neural tube defects
-sniffing of substances (toluol/chlorinated hydrocarbons) will have px similar to alcohol syndrome (MR; behavioral px; px with HPA axis causing increased cortisol)
-nicotine results in altered brain cell growth; reduced birth wt and growth; increased risk of SIDS
-cocaine: reduced growth of brain, premature baby, neural tube px; increased risk of SIDS, language delays
-marijuana: has affects of amygdala, emotional regulation systems
-heroin: preterm birth, low birth wt, small head, increased risk for SIDS

8

What sx do you expect of a child born exposed to nicotine?

hyperactivity, conduct d/o in boys
learning and language and reading px
increased rates of ADHD
lower IQ, poorer impulse control, impaired visuo-perceptual performance in adolescnets
increased rate of substance abuse and smoking

9

what behavioral px does prenatal exposure to sniffing substances/ toluol cause?

-ADHD, CNS px; fetal solvent syndrome

10

what behavioral px does prenatal exposure to marijuana cause?

-infants: tremors, sleep px, increased startle response
-increased hyperactivity, impulsivity, inattention
-increased externalizing px
-impaired executive fx, planning, px solving, anaylyzing, modificaiton of behavior response to feedback

11

what behavioral px does prenatal exposure to heroin cause?

hyperacitivty; brief attention span; temper outbursts

12

maternal stress and development

-increased cortisol levels affect later fx of infants HPA axis; smaller head, preterm birth; increased risks for psych d/o

13

preterm birth outcomes on development

-cognitive px/lower intellegence; higher rates of CP
-learning disabilities; language impairment; px in vidual-motor integration and motor cordination; ADHD, CP,

14

what results in early foster care or removal from primary care giver

-prolonged separation is associated with poorer school performances and sx of psychological distress
-removal from family into foster care befroe age 6 can cause feelings of hopelessness, negative expectations w/ relationships w/ others; not seeking interpersonal connectedness

15

What happens through the life stages of a child of divorce?

-preschoolers; fear being left alone, abondoned, forgotten; seek familiar toys; may be angry and uncoorperative; cranky; periods of crying
-early childhood: feelings of loos, rejection, guilt and conflict over loyalty
-school aged child: grief, embarrassment, resentment, intense anger, divided loyalty; blame selves; saddnes, loss, loneliness; feel less protected and cared for; difficulty concentrating and decline in school; internalize and externaliz psych sx
-adolescents: anger, fear, grief, loneliness, powerlessness, guilt, anxiety, depression; disruptive and aggressive; substance use; teen pregnancies; poor academic acheivement; may feel they need to take control over family; doubt ability to get married or stay married
-young adults: poor relationships; emtional distress and behavioral px; likely to recieved help before; likely to dropp out of school
-adults: greater social isolation; poor subjective well-being; lower level of academic achievement; less satisfaction w/ life and sex life; risk of divorce and premature mortality