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Cardio 2 > CV Risk Factors > Flashcards

Flashcards in CV Risk Factors Deck (11):
1

5 Causative (Major) CV RFs

Cigarette smoking
HTN
Hypercholesterolemia
Low HDL
Diabeetus

2

2 Most Powerful RFs

Age and Diabetes

3

Best Cholesterol Indicator of Risk

LDL/HDL Ratio

4

Big Component of Why Diabetes such a Risk

Insulin resistance -> artherosclerosis

5

HyperTG as RF

Its associations very bad: low HDL, insulin resistance, small dense LDL, glucose intolerance, HTN, obesity

6

LDL Changes w/ Increasing TG

Ratio changes to more small, dense LDL which is worse

7

Visceral Fat

Abdominal fat/waist circumference better indicator of CHF than BMI bc its the metabolically active fat

8

Adipocytokines

Normal weight it produces adiponectin which is anti-artherogenic/diabetogenic, but as get too much there's a switch from that production to inflammatory cytokines and stress and shit which is opposite

9

Metabolic Syndrome

3+ of following: Abdominal obestiy/waist circumference, TG, HDL, BP, Fasting Glucose

10

CRP

Measure of subclinical inflammation, production stimulated by IL-6. Great measure of risk for HD except fluctuates w/ any acute problems

11

Lp(a) (again)

The "a" is a prot that competes w/ plasminogen, thus inhibiting fibrinolysis