Peripheral Artery Disease Flashcards Preview

Cardio 2 > Peripheral Artery Disease > Flashcards

Flashcards in Peripheral Artery Disease Deck (10):
1

3 Patterns of Occlusion

Aortoiliac
Femoropopliteal
Tibial - often in diabetics

2

3 Etiologies

Arteriosclerosis
Congenital (coarctation, narrowing)
Inflammatory (arteritis) - Takayasu's disease

3

4 Symptoms

1. Claudication - pain in muscle group precipitated by exercise and RELIEVED UPON REST
2. Rest Pain - very specifically in foot
Weakness and Coldness - not specific

4

8 Signs

Palor
Rubror
Cyanosis
Ulceration
Gangrene
Decreased Pulses
Hair Loss
Shiny Smooth Skin

5

2 Diagnostic Studies and Important Points About Them

1. Doppler - shouldn't be only pulse. Normal should have palpable pulse too
2. Arteriography - only used as road map for surgery

6

2 Symptom Indications for Surgery

Claudication - relatively. More if patient desires/needs
Rest Pain - Sign of impending gangrene so hell yeah

7

3 Sign Indications for Surgery

Gangrene
Unhealed Ulcers may need, might heal on own
Pulses - femoral and foot should be palpable

8

2 Operations

Bypass and endovascular stents

9

Popliteal Aneurysms

Not as at risk to rupture, but instead can embolize down leg and thrombose, leading to limb loss

10

Diabetics

Still do a full workup on them even though less you can do. More likely to have small vessel disease