Derm Handout - Nicolina Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Derm Handout - Nicolina Deck (18)
1

Togavirus (+) ssRNA

Rubella

2

Paramyxovirus (-) ssRNA

Measles (Rubeola)

3

dsDNA linear

Roseola (HHV)

4

Picornavirus (+) ssRNA

Coxsackie A

5

ssDNA

Parvovirus B19

6

Fine confluent macules on face/head, move down. Desquamating rash, fever, arthralgia.

In infants?

Rubella

Blueberry muffin rash, PDA, cataracts, deafness

7

Fever, confluent red macules and papules. Forehead to face to body.

Diagnostic things?

Measles (Rubeola)

Cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis, red spots w/ blue centers in mouth.

8

High fever for 3-5 days, then fever stops and diffuse macular rash on trunk starts. Spreads to limbs.

Roseola

9

Oval-shaped vesicles on palms and soles. Vesicles and ulcers in mouth.

H-F-M (Coxsackie A)

10

Lacy rash on fact, fever

Parvo (5ths, E.I.)

11

Erythematous, sandpaper rash on trunk and neck, spreads to extremities. Not palms or soles. Desquamating. Fever, sore throat.

2 diagnostic findings?

Scarlet fever (strep. pyogenes)

- Strawberry tongue
- Linear petechial rash in axillary fold and antecubital fossa

12

Gram negative non-motile rod to coccoid, obligate intracellular bacterium

Rickettsia

13

High fever, severe headache, conjunctivitis, rash on wrists and ankles, palms and soles, the spreads to trunk.

Spread by?

RMSF - R. rickettsii

Wood tick or dog tick

14

Red papule that turns into vesicle, then days later headache and fever. Vesicles all over body.

Spread by?

Rickettsial pox - R. akari

Mites

15

Fever, headahce, small pink macules on upper trunk, then entire body. Not palms, soles or face. Unsanitary, over-populated, or war conditions.

Spread by?
Vector?

Epidemic typhus - R. prowazekii

Lice
Squirrels

16

Maculopapular rash (small pink macules), fever, headache. Not palms or soles or face.

Spread by?

Endemic typhus - R. typhi

Rat fleas

17

High fever, headache, leg and back pain, rash. 5 day interval cycles of fever.

Spread by?

Trench fever - B. quintana

Lice

18

Lymphadenopathy, low grade fever, malaise, cutaneous lesion at inoculation site. 3 phases.

How?

Cat-Scratch - B. henselae

Cat bite or scratch