Flashcards in Derm Handout - Nicolina Deck (18)
Togavirus (+) ssRNA
Paramyxovirus (-) ssRNA
Picornavirus (+) ssRNA
Fine confluent macules on face/head, move down. Desquamating rash, fever, arthralgia.
Blueberry muffin rash, PDA, cataracts, deafness
Fever, confluent red macules and papules. Forehead to face to body.
Cough, runny nose, conjunctivitis, red spots w/ blue centers in mouth.
High fever for 3-5 days, then fever stops and diffuse macular rash on trunk starts. Spreads to limbs.
Oval-shaped vesicles on palms and soles. Vesicles and ulcers in mouth.
H-F-M (Coxsackie A)
Lacy rash on fact, fever
Parvo (5ths, E.I.)
Erythematous, sandpaper rash on trunk and neck, spreads to extremities. Not palms or soles. Desquamating. Fever, sore throat.
2 diagnostic findings?
Scarlet fever (strep. pyogenes)
- Strawberry tongue
- Linear petechial rash in axillary fold and antecubital fossa
Gram negative non-motile rod to coccoid, obligate intracellular bacterium
High fever, severe headache, conjunctivitis, rash on wrists and ankles, palms and soles, the spreads to trunk.
RMSF - R. rickettsii
Wood tick or dog tick
Red papule that turns into vesicle, then days later headache and fever. Vesicles all over body.
Rickettsial pox - R. akari
Fever, headahce, small pink macules on upper trunk, then entire body. Not palms, soles or face. Unsanitary, over-populated, or war conditions.
Epidemic typhus - R. prowazekii
Maculopapular rash (small pink macules), fever, headache. Not palms or soles or face.
Endemic typhus - R. typhi
High fever, headache, leg and back pain, rash. 5 day interval cycles of fever.
Trench fever - B. quintana