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Flashcards in dermatology Deck (112):
1

2 dermatology therapies

topical or systemic

2

when are allergy shots used

prior to C.S.

3

what is the best test before allergy shots are given

skin

4

name an immunosuppressive agent

cyclosporine

5

side effects of cyclosporine

liver toxicity, gingival hyperplasia

6

#1 derm drug

cephalexin

7

what is clavamox

amoxycillin and clavolanic acid

8

enroflaxacin

flouroquinalone, baytril

9

what is enrofloxacin used to treat

severe infections

10

what treats staph.

neomycin, gentamycin, mupirocin

11

what is a major side effect of neomycin

orally toxic (topical only)

12

gentamycin side effects

nephrotoxic (IV) ototoxic

13

which antibiotic is a bactoderm

mupirocin

14

what is miconazol

a topical ointment and shampoo used to treat ringworm and yeast

15

name 3 antihistamines

diphenhydraamine, hydroxyzine, cyproheptadine

16

long acting steroids

pred, methylpred, betamethosone

17

what is ivermectin

antiparacytic

18

when should ivermectin not be used

in herding breeds

19

what does frontline plus treat

fleas, larva, chewing lice, sarcoptis, chyletiella

20

how long should therapeutic shampoos stay on

10 min

21

what strength is prescription chlorhexidine

>2%

22

what does cholhexidine do

antimicrobial; kills bacteria and yeast

23

what does iodine do

antimicrobial, removes exudate

24

what does benzoyl peroxide do

antipyritic, andisperitic, keratolytic

25

what does oatmeal do

soothing antipruritic

26

what does salicylic acid do

with sulphur(sulfur); keratolytic, keratoplastic

27

what does sulphur (sulfur) do

antiseptic, antimicrobial, antiinflammatory, high levels of antiparasitic

28

what does tar do

degreaser, antipyritic, keretoplastic

29

what does pramoxine do

temporary itch relief, local antistetic, antipyritic

30

what do corticosteroids do

antipruritic, antiinflammatory; spray and shampoo

31

what does lime sulfur treat

yeast/fungus, bacteria, parasites; dips

32

define pyoderma

any perulent skin disease; skin infection; pus in the skin

33

what causes pyoderma

staphylococcus

34

is pyoderma a primary or secondary infection

secondary often due to allergies, nutrition, steroid overuse, ectoparasites, and endocrine disease

35

pyoderma symptoms

pruritis, erythema, alopecia, pustules, exudate

36

define epidermal collorette

red rings

37

what are the 2 classifications of pyoderma

superficial and deep

38

how is pyoderma diagnosed

skin scrapes, impression smears, culture, biopsy, bloodwork

39

what diagnnostic is best for auto-immune diseases

biopsy and bloodwork

40

what are the treatment options for pyoderma

treat underlying cause, antibiotics, antipruritics, flea controll

41

what is atopy

skin allergy

42

define atopy

hypersensitivity to allergens from excess IgE production

43

atopy symptoms

pruritus, pyoderma (feet and ears), miliary dermatitis

44

how do you diagnose atopy

history/symptoms, rule out dz., allergy testing

45

what is the treatment of atopy

immunotherapy, immunosuppressive, symptomatic therapy

46

what is FAD

flea allergy dermatitis

47

what is the etiology of FAD

hypersensitivity to flea bites

48

what flea causes FAD

ctenocephalides felis

49

where are FAD lesions found

tailhead

50

how long should you treat for each stage of flea

3 months minimum

51

which stages can be treated

eggs, pupae, adult

52

what is the most common food allergy

protein

53

how long does a food trial last

6-8 weeks

54

what is the most common dermaphyte

microsporum canis

55

are dermatophytes zoonotic

yes

56

what are the clinical signs of dermatophyes in cats

asymptomatic

57

symptoms of dermatophytes

alopecia, scales, crusting

58

how do you diagnose dermatophytes

DTM dermatophyte test medium

59

how long should a DTM be left to grow

14 days

60

how long should dermatophytes be treated

2 weeks after negative culture

61

clinical signs of hypothyroidism

bilaterally symmetrical truncal alopecia

62

clinical signs of hyperadrenocorticism

rat tail, thin skin

63

sex hormone imbalance cure

spay or neuter

64

common skin disease of bulldogs and boxers

seasonal alopecia

65

how is seasonal alopecia treated

melatonin

66

what is scabies

infestation of mites

67

scabies treatment

ivermectin, revolution, frontline, and amitraz dip

68

demodex etiology

burrowing mite; demodex canis

69

is demodex zoonotic

no

70

demodex treatment

benzoyl peroxide shampoo, amitraze, ivermectin, antibiotic

71

cheyletiella AKA.

walking dandruff or fur mite

72

is cheyletiella zoonotic

yes

73

cheyletiella diagnosis

tape prep.

74

cheyletiella treatment

ivermectin, frontline, dips

75

cuterebra AKA.

warbles

76

myaisis AKA.

maggots

77

lice AKA

pediculosis

78

define autoimmune skin disease

antibodies against basal cell layer of the skin, or disruption of basement membrane

79

how do you cure autoimmune skin disease

incurable

80

autoimmune skin disease symptoms

erosions, ulcers, pus and crust, may effect nail bed

81

autoimmune skin disease pemphigus

skin and MM

82

autoimmune skin disease lupus erythematosus

face and feet

83

autoimmune skin disease diagnosis

skin biopsy

84

autoimmune skin disease treatment

steroids, cyclosporine, antibiotics

85

dermal neoplasia diagnosis

FNA, cytology, biopsy

86

dermal neoplasia treatment

depends on diagnosis

87

canine melanoma vax.

immunology

88

Benign tumors

histiocytoma, lipoma, papilloma, sebaceous cyst

89

define lipoma

round, soft, fatty mass

90

how do you diagnose lipoma

FNA

91

papilloma AKA

warts

92

papilloma treatment

interferon or azithromycin

93

malignant tumors

basal cell tumor, melanoma, mast cell tumor, squamous cell carcinoma, fibrosarcoma

94

what tumor is more common on the head of cats

basal cell tumor

95

common oral tumor in dogs

melanoma

96

what does a mast cell tumor look like

can look like anything

97

what type of granules does a mast cell tumor contain

histamine

98

what is the #1 oral tumor in cats

squamous cell carcinoma

99

where are squamous cell carcinomas most common

on easily sun damaged skin

100

where is a fibrosarcoma found

skin and oral cavities

101

what is the hearing organ

organ of corti

102

secondary otitis causes

bacteria, fungi, malassezia

103

primary otitis causes

parasites, atopy, trauma and polups

104

most common otitis etiology in cats

malassezia

105

most common otitis classification

externae

106

otitis symptoms

NONE!, discharge, odor hemattoma, inner ear dz

107

black discharge indicates

mites

108

brown discharge indicates

yeast

109

yellow discharge indicates

bacteria

110

when is saline used to clean the ear

tympanic membrane rupture

111

when are antimicrobials used for ears

middle ear infections

112

when is ear surgery indicated

N-stage ears