endocrine system Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in endocrine system Deck (41):
1

anterior pituitary

growth hormone, prolactin, thyroid-stimulating hormone, adrenocorticotroic hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, lutenizing hormone, melanocyte-stimulating hormone

2

posterior pituitary

antidiuretic hormone, oxytocin

3

thyroid

thyroid hormone, calcitonin

4

parathyroid

parathyroid hormone

5

adrenal cortex

glucocorticoid hormones, mineralocorticoid hormones, sex hormones

6

adrenal medulla

epinephrine and norepinephrine

7

pancreas

insulin, glucagon

8

testis

androgens

9

ovary

estrogens and progestins

10

where is the pituitary gland located

diencephalon

11

what is common in cats over 9 years old

hyperthyroidism

12

hyperthyroidism symptoms

wt. loss, unkempt, high BP and HR, polyphagia, mass on neck

13

cause of hyperthyroidism

thyroid tumor

14

hyperthyroidism diagnosis

T4 bloodwork

15

hyperthyroidism treatment

radioiodine, *methimazol*(most common), surgery

16

what is hypothyroidism common in

dogs; rare in cats

17

what causes hypothyroidism

immune mediated (autoimmune)

18

hypothyroidism symptoms

wt. gain, alopecia, low BP and HR

19

hypothyroidism diagnosis

bloodwork (T3, T4, TSH, TRH)

20

hypothyroidism treatment

levothyroxine (soloxine) hormone replacement

21

hyperadrenocorticism AKA

cushing's disease

22

hyperadrenocorticism cause

high cortisol

23

what % cushing's disease is caused by adrenal tumors

15%

24

what % cushing's disease is caused by pituitary tumors

85%

25

cushings symptoms

PU/PD, polyphagia, bad skin, infections

26

hyperadrenocorticismdiagnosis

ACTH stim, LDDST, UCCR

27

hyperadrenocorticism treatment

trilastain(vetoryl), surgery(ADH only)

28

hypoadrenocorticism AKA

addison's

29

who gets hypoadrenocorticism

young-middle aged dogs; rare in cats

30

addison's symptoms

vague, shock

31

hypoadrenocorticism cause

auto-immune or iatrogenic

32

addison's diagnosis

ACTH stim.

33

hypoadrenocorticism treatment

glucocorticoids and mineralcorticoids

34

what percent of dogs have type-1 diabetes

100%

35

what percent of cats have type-2 diabetes

50%

36

cause of diabetes

high glucose, lack of insulin

37

diabetes symptoms

PU/PD, wt. loss, cataracts, appetite change

38

diabetes diagnosis

C.S., fasting hyperglycemia, glucosuria

39

how long could it take to regulate

approx. 6 months

40

what types of insulin are used in cats

glargine, *PZI*

41

what types of insulin are used in dogs

vetsulin, *humilin N*