Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis Deck (7)
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1

What category of disease is Dermatomyositis (DM) and Polymyositis (PM)?

They are both non infectious inflammatory myopathies that present with SYMMETRIC PROXIMAL MUSCLE WASTING but normal reflexes and normal sensations.

2

Who tends to get DM and PM more?

Women more than men, peak age of onset is 40-50 yrs of age.

3

Compare and contrast DM and PM?

Both are associated with visceral malignancies, especially LUNG CANCER. DM has skin involvement whereas PM does not have any skin involvement.

4

What is "Gottron's sign?"

Erethematous scaly eruptions or purple patches over the extensor surfaces of the knuckles elbows and knees.

5

What is "Heliptrophe Rashe?"

Aka "Racoon eyes" lilac or violet discoloration of eyelid with periorbital edema.

6

What is "Shawl sign?"

Erethyma of chest and shoulders.

7

What is the "V sign?"

Erethyma in a V shape over the anterior neck and chest.