Flashcards in development Deck (12):
What is the APGAR score?
used to measure a baby's responsiveness at birth. appearance, pulse, grimace, activity, respiration. scored from 0-10 and measured at 1 min and 5 min. scores above 7 are good; 4 and below require resuscitation
What conditions are associated with low birth weight?
SIDS and all-cause mortality.
also associated at risk for infection, respiratory distress, necrotizing enterocolitis, intravascular hemorrhage, and persistent fetal circulation
normal motor development for 0-12 months
primitive reflexes disappear (moro by 3 mo. rooting by 4 mo, palmar by 6 mo., babinski by 12)
posture: can hold head up by 1 mo, rolls and sits by 6 mo, crawls by 8 mo, stands by 10 mo, walks by 12-18 mo.
picks: passes toys hand to hand by 6 mo and has a pincer grasp by 10 mo.
pointing by 12 mo.
normal social development for 0-12 months
Social smile: 2 mo
stranger anxiety: 6 mo
separation anxiety: 9 mo
normal verbal/cognitive development for 0-12 mo
orients: first to voice at 4 mo, then to name and gestures by 9 mo
object permanence by 9 mo
oratory: mama and dada by 10 mo
normal toddler motor skills
climbs stairs by 18
cubes stacked (3X age in years)
cultured: feeds self with fork and spoon
kicks ball by 24 mo.
normal toddler social skills
recreation: parallel play by 12 mo
rapprochement: moves away from and then returns to parent at 24 mo
realization: core gender identity formed by 36 mo.
normal toddler verbal/cognitive skills
200 works by age 2; 2 word sentences
normal motor skills for preschool
tricycle at age 3
drawing: copies line or circle; stick figure by age 4
hops on 1 foot at age 4
uses buttons and zippers and grooms self at age 5
normal social skills for preschool
comfortably spends part of the day away from parent by 3 yr
cooperative play and imaginary friends at 4 yrs
normal congitive/verbal skills for preschool
1000 words by age 3. complete senstences and prepositions by age 4.
can tell a detailed story at age 4.