Flashcards in development Deck (53):
When does birthweight double?
What is the average height of a newborn?
When does birth length double? When does it triple?
What happens to birth length by age 1?
Goes up by 50%
What is the average head circumference of a full term newborn?
What is the normal growth of head circumference for the first 12 months ?
1 cm per month until 6 months old
1/2 cm per month until 12 months old
What is macrocephaly?
Head at 98th% - considered normal
What is hydrocephaly?
Large head since birth with signs of neurological problem
What is the definition of microcephaly?
>3 standard deviations below the mean
What are 4 major organic causes of failure to thrive?
Chronic renal failure
What is the appropriate growth per year in children over age 1?
What are the 3 most common causes of intellectual disability?
Fetal alcohol syndrome
Fragile x syndrome
What are the IQ scores in patients with severe intellectual disability?
What are the IQ scores for mild and moderate intellectual disability?
What is the condition in which a child has normal development until age 1 and then regresses?
Up until what age is it normal for a child to have difficulty pronouncing certain consonants?
What should you do for an 18 month old with language delay?
Hearing test then referral to speech
Up until what age is letter reversal normal?
When should a child know how to read simple words?
End of first grade
What two types of medications can alter school performance ?
What should you consider in a patient with normal IQ but below normal scores on achievement testing?
Specific learning disability
What should be the first consideration in a patient with poor school performance?
Medical conditions or emotional issues
An infant is cooing and lifts head and shoulders off bed...how old is he?
When should head lag disappear?
When does Moro reflex disappear?
A child can roll from prone to supine and laughs, how old is he?
A child turns directly to a voice and rolls both directions, how old is he?
A child responds to his name and plays peek a boo, how old is he?
A child can say mama specifically and points for requests a what age?
At what age should a child be able to point to a body part and scribble?
at what age can a child point to show interest?
How many words should an 18 Month old know?
What age can a child throw a ball?
At what age does a patient have 50% intelligible speech?
How many blocks can a 2 year old stack?
At what age can a child copy a circle?
At what age should speech be 100% understandable ?
What developmental level would you expect a 30 week old premie to be at 8 weeks of age?
Full term baby ( not a 2 month old )
How many cubes should a child be able the stack at 18 months, 24 months and 36 months?
If a child is unable to walk independently, by what age should you intervene?
If a child can not speak a single word, at what age should you intervene?
2 years old
If a child does not turn to sound, at what age should you intervene?
At what age do you need to intervene if a child is not sitting ?
At what age should a child be able to speak in 3 word sentences?
When should stuttering require a workup?
Only if facial tics and, if child older then age 4 or if persists >2 months
During what ages is head banging normal?
8 months to 4 years
What should be done if a preschool aged child is masterbating?
Nothing. This is considered normal unless the child is imitating sexual activity
What is the definition of a phobia ?
Excessive anxiety that interferes with daily function >6 months
What 7 things should be ruled out in a patient who presents with signs of ADHD?
CNS infection/head trauma
Meds: anti epileptics/antihistamine
Fragile X or fetal alcohol syndrome
What type of neuro imaging should be done in the workup for ADHD?
None - unless neurological concerns
When are drug holidays necessary in children on stimulants ?
How can you distinguish a tic vs choreiform movements?
Tics are repetitive and improve with purposeful movements
Choreiform movements do not follow a pattern and increase during purposeful movements