Development of GI Function in Early Life Flashcards Preview

HUMAN DEVELOPMENT > Development of GI Function in Early Life > Flashcards

Flashcards in Development of GI Function in Early Life Deck (11):
1

When is development of GI tract and liver usually complete?

12 weeks gestation

2

What happens if the oesophagus and respiratory tract fail to separate in development?

Atresia of oesophagus, atresia of oesophagus with fistula

3

Is reflux in infants normal?

Generally, yes. Most infants will experience some reflux but most cases resolve within 12 months

4

Name some foregut development abnormalities

> Oesophageal atresia/stenosis
> Tracheo-oesophageal fistulae
> Congenital hiatus hernia
> Pyloric stenosis
> Duodenal atresia

5

Name some midgut developmental abnormalities

> Jejunal atresia
> Malrotation
> Meckel's diverticulum
> Omphalocoele
> Gastrochisis

6

Name a hindgut abnormality

Anorectal abnormalities

7

What is Hirschprung's disease?

Failure of the development of enteric ganglia leading to the absence of inhibitory innervation -> tonic contraction and colonic obstruction

8

At what week of development would an infant be able to breathe and swallow?

32-34 weeks

9

When do teeth begin to appear in infants?

6 months

10

How long should infant formula be used?

at least 12 months

11

At what age should weaning commence?

From 6 months (introducing allergenic foods such as eggs and gluten)