Flashcards in Development of GI Function in Early Life Deck (11):
When is development of GI tract and liver usually complete?
12 weeks gestation
What happens if the oesophagus and respiratory tract fail to separate in development?
Atresia of oesophagus, atresia of oesophagus with fistula
Is reflux in infants normal?
Generally, yes. Most infants will experience some reflux but most cases resolve within 12 months
Name some foregut development abnormalities
> Oesophageal atresia/stenosis
> Tracheo-oesophageal fistulae
> Congenital hiatus hernia
> Pyloric stenosis
> Duodenal atresia
Name some midgut developmental abnormalities
> Jejunal atresia
> Meckel's diverticulum
Name a hindgut abnormality
What is Hirschprung's disease?
Failure of the development of enteric ganglia leading to the absence of inhibitory innervation -> tonic contraction and colonic obstruction
At what week of development would an infant be able to breathe and swallow?
When do teeth begin to appear in infants?
How long should infant formula be used?
at least 12 months