Developmental Psychology Flashcards Preview

Y2 LCRS 2 - Psychology - Laz > Developmental Psychology > Flashcards

Flashcards in Developmental Psychology Deck (7)
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Define nature and nurture.

Nature – sets out their course via gender, genetics, temperament and maturational stages
Nurture – shapes this predetermined course via the environment, parenting, stimulation and nutrition


Define temperament.

Innate aspects of an individual’s personality, such as introversion/extroversion


What is reciprocal socialisation?

Socialisation is bidirectional, children socialise parents as much as parents socialise children


Outline the stages of the development of attachment.

0-3 months = infants prefer people to inanimate objects –indiscriminate proximity seeking e.g. clinging
3-8 months = smile discriminantly at main caregivers
8-12 months = selectively approaches main caregivers – use social referencing/familiar faces as a secure base to explore new situations –shows fear of strangers and separation anxiety
12+ months = attachment behaviour is measured reliably


What are the two types of attachment?

Secure attachment – the baby freely explores the room and shows happiness on mother’s return
Insecure attachment – little exploration and little emotional response to mother


How is attachment assessed?

Ainsworth’s strange situation test - it tests how babies and young children respond to the temporary absence of their mother
It is interested in two things:
 How much the child explores the room on their own
 How the child responds to the return of the mothe


Describe Piaget’s model of cognitive development.

Sensorimotor stage (0-2 years)
 Infants understand the world primarily through sensory experiences and physical (motor) interactions with objects
Preoperational stage (2-7 years)
 World is represented symbolically through words and mental images
 There is no understanding of basic mental operations or rules
Concrete operational stage (7-12 years)
 Children can perform basic mental operations concerning problems that involve tangible (concrete) objects and situations