Flashcards in Developmental Psychology Deck (7)
Define nature and nurture.
Nature – sets out their course via gender, genetics, temperament and maturational stages
Nurture – shapes this predetermined course via the environment, parenting, stimulation and nutrition
Innate aspects of an individual’s personality, such as introversion/extroversion
What is reciprocal socialisation?
Socialisation is bidirectional, children socialise parents as much as parents socialise children
Outline the stages of the development of attachment.
0-3 months = infants prefer people to inanimate objects –indiscriminate proximity seeking e.g. clinging
3-8 months = smile discriminantly at main caregivers
8-12 months = selectively approaches main caregivers – use social referencing/familiar faces as a secure base to explore new situations –shows fear of strangers and separation anxiety
12+ months = attachment behaviour is measured reliably
What are the two types of attachment?
Secure attachment – the baby freely explores the room and shows happiness on mother’s return
Insecure attachment – little exploration and little emotional response to mother
How is attachment assessed?
Ainsworth’s strange situation test - it tests how babies and young children respond to the temporary absence of their mother
It is interested in two things:
How much the child explores the room on their own
How the child responds to the return of the mothe