Flashcards in Coping with Illness and Disability Deck (7)
Name and outline the main stage theory of adjustment.
Kubler-Ross’ theory of adjustment
State some factors that show lack of evidence for these stages.
Doesn’t account for variability in response
Places the patients in a passive role
Fail to consider social or cultural factors
Focus on emotional responses and neglect cognitions and behaviour
Pathologise people who do not pass through these stages
State five myths about coping with loss as described by Wortman and Silver.
Distress or depression is inevitable
Distress is necessary, and failure to express distress is indicative of pathology
The importance of ‘working through’ loss
Expectations of recovery
Reaching a state of resolution
Outline Moos’ crisis theory for coping with serious illness and applications.
Illness – related factors
Background and personal factors
Physical and social environmental factors
Coping skills This all leads to outcome of the crisis
What are the applications of this model?
It allows prediction of how the patient is likely to react to coping with a chronic illness based on their illness-related factors, background and personal factors, and physical and social environmental factors
What are the 5 dimensions of Leventhal’s illness representations model?
Identity – labelling of the illness/symptoms
Timeline – client’s view on how long the problem will last
Curability/Controlability – client’s expectations