Flashcards in Health Beliefs and Behaviour Deck (10)
Define health behaviour.
Any activity undertaken by an individual believing himself to be healthy, for the purpose of preventing disease or detecting it at an asymptomatic stage
Describe the effect of education on health behaviour.
Education is effective on its own at changing discrete health behaviours e.g. getting a child vaccinated However, it is not effective on its own for more complex health behaviours It needs to be combined with individualised support, as well as economic, environmental and regulatory support
Describe a study that showed the effect of education on healthbehaviour.
Nutbeam study on the effect of smoking education in schools
Smoking education showed that it increased knowledge but had no effect on behaviour (smoking)
What is the Expectancy-Value model?
Potential for behaviour to occur is to do with:
EXPECTANCY that the behaviour will lead to a particular outcome
VALUE of that outcome
Describe the results of an experiment that looked into the effect of fear arousal on health behaviours.
Fear arousal experiment in dental health – participants were exposed to either low, moderate or high fear with regards to dental health
Result: the higher the level of fear, the lower the change in behaviour
What is self-efficacy?
Belief that one can execute the behaviour required to produce the outcome
What are the four sources of self-efficacy?
Verbal persuasion and encouragement
Draw the health beliefs model
Health Belief model
Draw the theory of planned behaviour model.
Planned behaviour model