Flashcards in Devising Practicals and data Deck (11)
What is the 5 point plan
5 point plan is
1-2 bullet points on how to change independent variable
1-2 bullet points on how to measure the dependent variable
DON’T STATE WHAT THEY ARE - must be quantitative
State 2-3 controlled variables
Why (if you didn’t what effect would it have on DV)
How (what piece of equipment and describe)
Describe suitable control e.g if using enzymes, use solution which has no enzyme to prove enzyme is having effect.
Repeat 5 times to calculate mean and appropriate statistical test
What should you never say
Never say amount (say concentration/mass), always use at least 5 different concentrations and repeat 3x for each concentration.
What should you do if controlled or independent variable is temp?
If controlled or independent variable is temp, use a water bath or an incubator
What must you do with concentrations/temperature
With concentrations, you must repeat each concentration 3x and each temperature 3x
What is a control
A control is used as a standard of comparison for checking results of an experiment. I.e check if it is really change in independent variable that is effect on dependent variable.
Version where you remove independent variable (sometimes you can’t e.g temperature - can’t remove temperature)
How do control pH
Control pH with pH probe then add buffer to maintain pH
How to analyse data
To analyse data,
Give overall trend (increase/decrease/remain same)
State if there is a linear or non linear
If non linear, go along x axis describing trend of each section
Quote figures from x axis independent (not y dependent)
What do gradients of lines represent
Gradients of lines only represent rate of time is along x axis, so don’t refer to rapid or slow increase/decrease if there isn time. Instead say marked or slight increase/decrease
What does “analyse graph to explain” mean
After each part of description (analysis of data) say “this is because”.
When answering a q with more than 1 table/graph/diagram, remember A and E, analyse (describe) and explain why
Refer to length and overlap of error bars
If a question says “explains relationship between”, still describe relationship
How are repeats in studies using people achieved
Repeats in studies using people is achieved by having more people