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Term 4: Infectious Diseases > Diarrhea > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diarrhea Deck (8)
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1

What are the low dose pathogens that cause diarrhea

-Shigella

-Norovirus

2

How many organisms are needed for low dose pathogens to cause infection?

10-100 organisms

3

What are the moderate dose pathogens that cause diarrhea?

-Giardia

-Cryptosporidium

-Shiga toxin E. coli

-Salmonella

4

What is dysentery?

-acute bloody diarrhea

5

Why are infants at greatest risk of infection by salmonella?

-Susceptible to lower inoculum sizes

-pick up organism via cross contamination

6

Which organism causes the most deaths by diarrhea in the US?

C. Diff

7

What enteric pathogen is related to incidence of Guillain-Barre Syndrome?

-Campylobacter

-explains 40% of GBS patients

-Worse than non-campylobacter GBS

8

With which diarrhea causing enteric pathogens should antibiotic use be avoided?

-Shiga-Toxin producing E. Coli (STEC)

-Mild Salmonella infection