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Flashcards in dict 1b - Sheet1 Deck (424):
1

totter

move in a feeble or unsteady way

2

tour en lair

a turn executed in the air

3

tousle

make (something, especially a person's hair) untidy.

4

trabeation

the use of beams in architectural construction, rather than arches or vaulting.

5

tracer

bullets or cannon caliber projectiles that are built with a small pyrotechnic charge in their base

6

trachea

colloquially called windpipe, is a tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in all air-breathing animals with lungs

7

tractable

(of a situation or problem) easy to deal with.

8

traction

the action of drawing or pulling a thing over a surface, especially a road or track.

9

tradewind

the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator.

10

traduce

speak badly of or tell lies about (someone) so as to damage their reputation.

11

traffic island

a solid or painted object in a road that channelises traffic. It can also be a narrow strip of island between roads that intersect at an acute angle.

12

traipse

walk or move wearily or reluctantly. a tedious or tiring journey on foot.

13

trammel

a restriction or impediment to someone's freedom of action.

14

transducer

a device that converts variations in a physical quantity, such as pressure or brightness, into an electrical signal, or vice versa.

15

transept

an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform ("cross-shaped") building in Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architecture.

16

transference

the redirection to a substitute, usually a therapist, of emotions that were originally felt in childhood

17

transitive

able to take a direct object (expressed or implied), e.g., saw in he saw the donkey.

18

transmogrify

transform, especially in a surprising or magical manner.

19

transom

a small window that is above a door or larger window. the surface that forms the stern of a vessel

20

transpose

cause (two or more things) to change places with each other.

21

transverse

situated or extending across something

22

trapezius

one of the major muscles of the back and is responsible for moving, rotating, and stabilizing the scapula (shoulder blade)

23

trapezoid

a cousin of the parallelogram. However, only two of the opposing sides are parallel to each other.

24

travertine

a form of limestone deposited by mineral springs, especially hot springs. It often has a fibrous or concentric appearance and exists in white, tan, cream-colored, and even rusty varieties.

25

trawl

a large wide-mouthed fishing net dragged by a vessel along the bottom or in the midwater of the sea or a lake.

26

treacly

Cloyingly sweet or sentimental.

27

treadle

part of a machine which is operated by the foot to produce reciprocating or rotary motion in a machine such as a weaving loom (reciprocating) or grinder (rotary).

28

treble

consisting of three parts; threefold.

29

trefoil

an ornamental design of three rounded lobes like a clover leaf, used typically in architectural tracery.

30

trellis

an architectural structure, usually made from an open framework or lattice of interwoven or intersecting pieces of wood, bamboo or metal that is normally made to support and display climbing plants, especially shrubs.

31

tremolo

a wavering effect in a musical tone, typically produced by rapid reiteration of a note, or sometimes by rapid repeated variation in the pitch of a note or by sounding two notes of slightly different pitches to produce prominent overtones.

32

trenchmouth

a common, non-contagious infection of the gums with sudden onset. The main features are painful, bleeding gums, and ulceration of inter-dental papillae (the sections of gum between adjacent teeth).

33

tress

a long lock of a woman's hair.

34

trestle

an open cross-braced framework used to support an elevated structure such as a bridge.

35

triage

(in medical use) the assignment of degrees of urgency to wounds or illnesses to decide the order of treatment of a large number of patients or casualties.

36

trialogue

a dialogue between three people.

37

tribune

an official in ancient Rome chosen by the plebeians to protect their interests.

38

trifling

unimportant or trivial.

39

trill

a musical ornament consisting of a rapid alternation between two adjacent notes, usually a semitone or tone apart, which can be identified with the context

40

trillby

a narrow-brimmed type of hat. The trilby was once viewed as the rich man's favored hat; it is sometimes called the "brown trilby" in England and is frequently seen at the horse races

41

trilobite

the most successful of all early animals, roaming the oceans for over 270 million years.[2]

42

trim tab

an adjustable tab or airfoil attached to a control surface, used to trim an aircraft in flight.

43

trip hop

a genre of electronic music that originated in the early 1990s in the United Kingdom; it has several qualities similar to ambient music[3] and its drum-based breakdowns share characteristics with hip hop

44

tripe

the stomach of an animal (such as a cow or ox) that is eaten as food. : something that is worthless, unimportant, or of poor quality

45

trireme

a galley with three rows or tiers of oars on each side, one above another, used chiefly as a warship

46

trisomy-21

Down syndrome is a genetic condition in which a person has 47 chromosomes instead of the usual 46.

47

trivet

a short metal stand used for holding a hot dish

48

troglodyte

a member of any of various peoples (as in antiquity) who lived or were reputed to live chiefly in caves // a person characterized by reclusive habits or outmoded or reactionary attitudes

49

trope

a figurative or metaphorical use of a word or expression

50

troposphere

the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere and site of all weather on Earth.

51

trowel

a small handheld tool with a flat, pointed blade, used to apply and spread mortar or plaster.

52

truant

a student who stays away from school without leave or explanation.

53

truculent

eager or quick to argue or fight; aggressively defiant.

54

trudge

walk slowly and with heavy steps, typically because of exhaustion or harsh conditions.

55

truman doctrine

Containtment via $ // Aid would be given to both Greece and Turkey, to help cool the long-standing rivalry between them

56

trumpery

showy but worthless; attractive articles of little value or use.

57

truncheon

a short, thick stick carried as a weapon by a police officer.

58

trundle

to roll (something) on wheels slowly and noisily. : to move noisily on wheels. : to walk slowly and heavily.

59

truss

to tie together the wings or legs of (a turkey, chicken, etc.) for cooking

60

tuareg

a traditionally nomadicpastoralist lifestyle. They are the principal inhabitants of the Saharan interior of North Africa.[2

61

tuber

various types of modified plant structures that are enlarged to store nutrients. They are used by plants to survive the winter or dry months, to provide energy and nutrients for regrowth

62

tuft

a bunch or collection of something, typically threads, grass, or hair, held or growing together at the base.

63

tule

a large bulrush that is abundant in marshy areas of California.

64

tumbler

a flat-bottomed beverage container for drinking made of plastic, glass, etc.

65

tungsten

directly translatable to heavy stone; The free element is remarkable for its robustness, especially the fact that it has the highest melting point of all the elements. Also remarkable is its high density of 19.3 times that of water, comparable to that of uranium and gold, and much higher (about 1.7 times) than that of lead

66

tunic

garment for the body, usually simple in style, reaching from the shoulders to a length somewhere between the hips and the ankles.

67

turbid

confused or obscure in meaning or effect.

68

turbine

a rotary mechanical device that extracts energy from a fluid flow and converts it into useful work. a turbomachine with at least one moving part called a rotor assembly, which is a shaft or drum with blades attached. Moving fluid acts on the blades so that they move and impart rotational energy to the rotor. examples are windmills and waterwheels.

69

tureen

a deep covered dish from which soup is served.

70

turgid

swollen and distended or congested.

71

turkeyshoot

an opportunity for an individual or a party to very easily take advantage of a situation. in which the hunter coming upon a flock, intentionally scatters them

72

turnstile

form of gate which allows one person to pass at a time. It can also be made so as to enforce one-way traffic of people, and in addition, it can restrict passage only to people who insert a coin, a ticket, a pass, or similar.

73

turquoise

an opaque, blue-to-green mineral that is a hydrous phosphate of copper and aluminium, with the chemical formula CuAl6(PO4)4(OH) 4H2O. It is rare and valuable in finer grades and has been prized as a gem and ornamental stone for thousands of years owing to its unique hue.

74

turret

a turret is a small tower that projects vertically from the wall of a building such as a medieval castle

75

twaddle

trivial or foolish speech or writing; nonsense.

76

tweed

a rough, unfinished woollen fabric, of a soft, open, flexible texture, resembling cheviot or homespun, but more closely woven. It is made in either plain or twill weave and may have a check or herringbone pattern.

77

twiddle

to turn (something) back and forth slightly

78

twill

a type of textile weave with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs (in contrast with a satin and plain weave). This is done by passing the weft thread over one or more warp threads and then under two or more warp threads and so on, with a "step" or offset between rows to create the characteristic diagonal pattern

79

twinge

a sudden, sharp localized pain.

80

two-ply

to have a thinkness made up of two layers or strands

81

tychism

a thesis proposed by the American philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce that holds that absolute chance, or indeterminism, is a real factor operative in the universe. may be considered both the direct opposite of Einstein's oft quoted dictum that: "God does not play dice with the universe"

82

tympanum

the semi-circular or triangular decorative wall surface over an entrance, bounded by a lintel and arch. It often contains sculpture or other imagery or ornaments.

83

typanic membrane

receives sound vibrations from the outer air and transmits them to the auditory ossicles, which are tiny bones in the tympanic (middle ear) cavity

84

typhoid mary

was the first person in the United States identified as an asymptomatic carrier of the pathogen associated with typhoid fever. She was presumed to have infected 53 people, three of whom died, over the course of her career as a cook.[1] She was twice forcibly isolated by public health authorities and died after a total of nearly three decades in isolation.

85

ubermench

a goal for humanity to set for itself. over-human

86

udder

the mammary gland of female cattle, sheep, goats, horses, and related ungulates, a baglike organ with two or more teats hanging near the hind legs.

87

ukiyoe

pictures of the floating world"), is a genre of woodblock prints and paintings that flourished in Japan from the 17th through 19th centuries. It was aimed at the prosperous merchant class in the urbanizing Edo period (1603–1867). Amongst the popular themes were depictions of beautiful women; kabuki actors and sumo wrestlers; scenes from history and folk tales; travel scenes and landscapes; flora and fauna; and erotica.

88

ulna

one of the two long bones in the forearm, the other being the radius. It is prismatic in form and runs parallel to the radius, which is shorter and smaller. In anatomical position (i.e. when the arms are down at the sides of the body and the palms of the hands face forward) it is located at the side of the forearm closest to the body (the medial side), the side of the little finger.

89

ulterior

existing beyond what is obvious or admitted; intentionally hidden.

90

ultimata

plural form of ultimatum.

91

ultimogeniture

also known as postremogeniture or junior right, is the tradition of inheritance by the last-born of the entirety of, or a privileged position in, a parent's wealth, estate or office.

92

ultramarine

a deep blue color and a pigment which was originally made by grinding lapis lazuli into a powder. The name comes from the Latin ultramarinus, literally "beyond the sea", because the pigment was imported into Europe from mines in Afghanistan b

93

ultramundane

existing outside the known world, the solar system, or the universe.

94

ultrastructure

the nanostructure of a biological specimen, such as a cell, tissue, or organ, at scales smaller than can be viewed with light microscopy. It is viewed with ultramicroscopy or electron microscopy.

95

ululate

howl or wail as an expression of strong emotion, typically grief.

96

umber

a natural pigment resembling but darker than ocher, normally dark yellowish-brown in color or dark brown when roasted. —a brownish-gray moth with coloring that resembles tree bark.

97

umbrage

shade or shadow, especially as cast by trees. offense or annoyance

98

umlaut

a sound change whereby a vowel is pronounced more like a following vowel or semivowel and is also used to replace hyphens in Germanic languages

99

unbecoming

(of a person's attitude or behavior) not fitting or appropriate; unseemly.

100

unbidden

without having been commanded or invited."unbidden guests" (especially of a thought or feeling) arising without conscious effort.

101

uncial

script (written entirely in capital letters) commonly used from the 4th to 8th centuries AD by Latin and Greek scribes.[2] Uncial letters were used to write Greek, Latin, and Gothic.

102

unclasp

unfasten (a clasp or similar device).

103

uncoil

straighten or cause to straighten from a coiled or curled position.

104

uncouple

disconnect (something, especially a railroad vehicle that has been coupled to another).

105

uncouth

(of a person or their appearance or behavior) lacking good manners, refinement, or grace.

106

unction

the action of anointing someone with oil or ointment as a religious rite or as a symbol of investiture as a monarch.

107

underbrush

shrubs and small trees forming the undergrowth in a forest.

108

undercarriage

a wheeled structure beneath an aircraft, typically retracted when not in use, that receives the impact on landing and supports the aircraft on the ground. // the supporting frame under the body of a vehicle.

109

undergird

secure or fasten from the underside, especially by a rope or chain passed underneath. formal // provide support or a firm basis for.

110

undergrowth

a dense growth of shrubs and other plants, especially under trees in woodland.

111

underpin

support (a building or other structure) from below by laying a solid foundation below ground level or by substituting stronger for weaker materials.

112

understated

presented or expressed in a subtle and effective way.

113

undertaking

guarantee or affirm something; give as a formal pledge. commit oneself to and begin (an enterprise or responsibility); take on.

114

undertow

the offshore pull that a person standing in the wave-breaking zone can feel most strongly near their feet, as each breaking wave advances towards them.

115

underwrite

sign and accept liability under (an insurance policy), thus guaranteeing payment in case loss or damage occurs. (of a bank or other financial institution) engage to buy all the unsold shares in (an issue of new securities).

116

undulant

having a rising and falling motion or appearance like that of waves; undulating.

117

undulate

move with a smooth wavelike motion.

118

unequivocal

leaving no doubt; unambiguous.

119

unfeigned

genuine; sincere.

120

unfledged

(of a bird) not yet fledged.--(of a person) inexperienced; youthful.

121

unflinching

not showing fear or hesitation in the face of danger or difficulty.

122

unfurl

make or become spread out from a rolled or folded state, especially in order to be open to the wind.

123

ungreen

Environmentally unfriendly; harmful to or inconsiderate of the environment

124

ungual

of, relating to, or affecting a nail, hoof, or claw.

125

unhinged

mentally unbalanced; deranged.

126

unified field theory

the four interactions to be unified are: Strong interaction: the interaction responsible for holding quarks together to form hadrons, and holding neutrons and also protons together to form nuclei. The exchange particle that mediates this force is the gluon. Electromagnetic interaction: the familiar interaction that acts on electrically charged particles. The photon is the exchange particle for this force. Weak interaction: a short-range interaction responsible for some forms of radioactivity, that acts on electrons, neutrinos, and quarks. It is governed by the W and Z bosons. Gravitational interaction: a long-range attractive interaction that acts on all particles. The postulated exchange particle has been named the graviton.

127

union jack

the national flag of the United Kingdom

128

unitard

a skin-tight one-piece garment with long legs and sometimes long sleeves, usually stopping at the wrists and ankles

129

unplumbed

unsounded; unfathomed. (of a building or room) not having water and drainage pipes installed and connected.

130

unpretentious

not attempting to impress others with an appearance of greater importance, talent, or culture than is actually possessed.

131

unravel

to cause the separate threads of something to come apart : to find the correct explanation for (something that is difficult to understand) : to fail or begin to fail

132

unscrupulous

having or showing no moral principles; not honest or fair.

133

unselfconscious

natural and genuine

134

unsheathe

draw or pull out (a knife, sword, or similar weapon) from its sheath or covering.

135

unsuspecting

(of a person or animal) not aware of the presence of danger; feeling no suspicion.

136

untenable

(especially of a position or view) not able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.

137

untermensch

A term used by the philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche to describe the common man. Likened to sheep, he is a social animal spouting pacifist and liberal morality. In this way, he can rationalize his subservience to social and political mores. His existence is solely for the purpose of providing statistical "filler".

138

untether

release or free from a tether.

139

untoward

unexpected and inappropriate or inconvenient.

140

untrussed

(of a chicken or other bird prepared for eating) having had its wings and legs unfastened before cooking.

141

unwieldy

difficult to carry or move because of its size, shape, or weight.

142

unyoke

release (a pair of animals) from a yoke.

143

upbraid

find fault with (someone); scold.

144

updraft

the movement upward of air or other gas.

145

upheaval

a violent or sudden change or disruption to something.

146

upholstery

the work of providing furniture, especially seats, with padding, springs, webbing, and fabric or leather covers.

147

upon

more formal term for on, especially in abstract senses.

148

uppish

arrogantly self-assertive.

149

upraise

raise (something) to a higher level.

150

uptake

the action of taking up or making use of something that is available. // a pipe or flue leading air, smoke, or gases up to a chimney.

151

urbs

the city, especially as a symbol of harsh or busy modern life.

152

urchin

a mischievous young child, especially one who is poorly or raggedly dressed.

153

uroboros

an ancient symbol depicting a serpent or dragon eating its own tail. It often symbolizes self-reflexivity or cyclicality, especially in the sense of something constantly re-creating itself, the eternal return, and other things such as the phoenix which operate in cycles that begin anew as soon as they end. It can also represent the idea of primordial unity related to something existing in or persisting from the beginning with such force or qualities it cannot be extinguished.

154

uroscopy

the historic medical practice of visually examining a patient's urine for pus, blood, or other symptoms of disease

155

ursine

of, relating to, or resembling bears.

156

urtext

A primitive, seminal, or prototypical example of an artistic genre or the basis of an ideological movement.

157

urticate

cause a stinging or prickling sensation like that given by a nettle.

158

usenet

the precursor to most internet forums; Users read and post messages (called articles or posts, and collectively termed news) to one or more categories, known as newsgroups

159

usury

the illegal action or practice of lending money at unreasonably high rates of interest.

160

uterus

also commonly known as the womb, is a hollow muscular organ of the female reproductive system that is responsible for the development of the fetus

161

utmost

most extreme; greatest.

162

uvea

1. nutrition and gas exchange. Uveal vessels directly perfuse the ciliary body and iris, to support their metabolic needs, and indirectly supply diffusible nutrients to the outer retina, sclera, and lens, which lack any intrinsic blood supply. (The cornea has no adjacent blood vessels and is oxygenated by direct gas exchange with the environment.) 2. light absorption. The uvea improves the contrast of the retinal image by reducing reflected light within the eye (analogous to the black paint inside a camera), and also absorbs outside light transmitted through the sclera, which is not fully opaque.

163

uvula

the small, fleshy, conical body projecting downward from the middle of the soft palate.

164

uxorious

having or showing an excessive or submissive fondness for one's wife.

165

vasculature

the vascular system of a part of the body and its arrangement.

166

vacuole

maintaining a balance between biogenesis (production) and degradation (or turnover), of many substances and cell structures in certain organisms

167

vacuous

having or showing a lack of thought or intelligence; mindless.

168

vagina dentata

a folk tale in which a woman's vagina is said to contain teeth, with the associated implication that sexual intercourse might result in injury, emasculation or castration for the man involved

169

vagotonia

hyperexcitability of the vagus nerve, particularly with respect to its parasympathetic effects on body organs, resulting in vasomotor instability, sweating, constipation, and involuntary motor spasms with pain.vagoton?ic

170

vainglory

excessive elation or pride over one's own achievements, abilities, etc.; boastful vanity. // empty pomp or show.

171

valance

a short piece of cloth or a wooden or metal frame that is placed across the top of a window for decoration : a piece of material that hangs loosely from the frame of a bed or along a table or shelf for decoration

172

vale

A valley, often coursed by a stream; a dale.

173

valence

as used in psychology, especially in discussing emotions, means the intrinsic attractiveness or aversiveness of an event, object, or situation. However, the term is also used to characterize and categorize specific emotions

174

valerian

a perennial flowering plant, with heads of sweetly scented pink or white flowers that bloom in the summer months

175

valiant

possessing or showing courage or determination.

176

valise

a small traveling bag or suitcase.

177

valsava manuever

performed by moderately forceful attempted exhalation against a closed airway, usually done by closing one's mouth, pinching one's nose shut while pressing out as if blowing up a balloon. Variations of the maneuver can be used either in medical examination as a test of cardiac function and autonomic nervous control of the heart, or to "clear" the ears and sinuses (that is, to equalize pressure between them) when ambient pressure changes,

178

valuation

the act or process of making a judgment about the price or value of something // the estimated value of something

179

velour

a plush, knitted fabric or textile. It is usually made from cotton but can also be made from synthetic materials such as polyester. It is used in a wide variety of applications, including clothing and upholstery

180

valvate

a. Meeting at the edges without overlapping, as some petals do. b. Opening by valves, as the capsule of a lily or iris.

181

van dyke

ny growth of both a moustache and goatee with all hair on the cheeks shaven.

182

vane

a broad blade attached to a rotating axis or wheel that pushes or is pushed by wind or water and forms part of a machine or device such as a windmill, propeller, or turbine.

183

vanishing point

a point in the picture plane π that is the intersection of the projections (or drawings) of a set of parallel lines in space on to the picture plane

184

vapid

offering nothing that is stimulating or challenging.

185

varicose

swollen, twisted, and sometimes painful veins that have filled with an abnormal collection of blood.

186

variegated

exhibiting different colors, especially as irregular patches or streaks.

187

varietal

(of a wine or grape) made from or belonging to a single specified variety of grape.

188

variorium

a work of textual criticism, whereby all variations and emendations are set side by side so that a reader can track how textual decisions have been made in the preparation of a text for publication

189

vas deferens

part of the male anatomy of many vertebrates; these vasa transport sperm from the epididymis to the ejaculatory ducts in anticipation of ejaculation

190

vascular

of, relating to, affecting, or consisting of a vessel or vessels, especially those that carry blood.

191

vasodilation

Widening of blood vessels that results from relaxation of the muscular walls of the vessels

192

vasospasm

a condition in which a blood vessel's spasm leads to vasoconstriction. This can lead to tissue ischemia and tissue death (necrosis).

193

vaunt

boast about or praise (something), especially excessively.

194

vector

a quantity having direction as well as magnitude, especially as determining the position of one point in space relative to another.

195

veer

to change direction or course

196

veil

a piece of fine material worn by women to protect or conceal the face.

197

veining

a pattern of lines, streaks, or veins.

198

vellum

the term often refers to a parchment made from calf skin, as opposed to that from other animals. It is prepared for writing or printing on, to produce single pages, scrolls, codices or books.

199

velodrome

an arena for track cycling

200

velveteen

a cotton fabric with a pile resembling velvet.

201

venal

showing or motivated by susceptibility to bribery.

202

venial

denoting a sin that is not regarded as depriving the soul of divine grace. (of a fault or offense) slight and pardonable.

203

ventral

of, on, or relating to the underside of an animal or plant; abdominal.

204

veranda

a roofed opened gallery or porch.It is often partly enclosed by a railing and frequently extends across the front and sides of the structure

205

verboten

prohibited by dictate

206

verdant

(of countryside) green with grass or other rich vegetation.

207

verdigris

the common name for a green pigment obtained through the application of acetic acid to copper plates[2] or the natural patina formed when copper, brass or bronze is weathered and exposed to air or seawater over a period of time.

208

verdure

lush green vegetation.

209

verisimilitude

the appearance of being true or real.

210

verite

The first was to pretend that you brought truth. The second was to pose the problem of truth."[13]

211

vermicelli

"little worms" a thinner type of spaghetti.[10]

212

vermiform

something shaped like a worm. The expression is often employed in biology and anatomy to describe more or less tubular or cylindrical, usually soft body parts or animals.

213

vermilion

a brilliant red or scarlet pigment originally made from the powdered mineral cinnabar, and is also the name of the resulting color

214

vertex

the point where two rays begin or meet, where two line segments join or meet, where two lines intersect (cross), or any appropriate combination of rays, segments and lines that result in two straight "sides" meeting at one place.[1]

215

vertigo

a subtype of dizziness in which a patient inappropriately experiences the perception of motion (usually a spinning motion) due to dysfunction of the vestibular system.[2][3][4] It is often associated with nausea and vomiting as well as a balance disorder, causing difficulties with standing or walking.

216

verve

vigor and spirit or enthusiasm.

217

vesicle

a fluid- or air-filled cavity or sac, in particular.

218

vestibule

an antechamber, hall, or lobby next to the outer door of a building.

219

vestigial

forming a very small remnant of something that was once much larger or more noticeable.

220

vestment

a chasuble or other robe worn by the clergy or choristers during services.

221

vet

make a careful and critical examination of (something).

222

viatical

of or relating to a financial transaction in which a company buys life insurance policies from the terminally ill at less than their face value and may sell the policies to investors:

223

vicar general

the principal deputy of the bishop of a diocese for the exercise of administrative authority and possesses the title of local ordinary

224

viceroy

a ruler exercising authority in a colony on behalf of a sovereign.

225

victory roll

Sections of hair were wound around fingertips and secured to the head with bobby pins. This gave the hair body and curl. Then, the next morning, the strands were brushed up the sides and pinned at the top in rolls

226

vim

energy; enthusiasm.

227

vincible

(of an opponent or obstacle) able to be overcome or conquered.

228

vindaloo

an Indian curry dish popular in the region of Goa. The cuisine of the Mumbai region also includes a variation of the dish.[1] However, it is known globally in its Anglo-Indian form as a staple of curry house menus, often regarded as a fiery spicy dish, though it is not necessarily the spiciest dish available

229

vipassana

mindfulness of breathing and of thoughts, feelings and actions are being used to gain insight in the true nature of reality

230

virago

a domineering, violent, or bad-tempered woman.

231

virulent

bitterly hostile; (of a disease or poison) extremely severe or harmful in its effects.

232

viscera

a medical term meaning internal organs lying inside of stomach, intestine etc

233

viscid

glutinous; sticky.

234

vista

a large and beautiful view of an area of land or water. : a large number of things that may be possible in the future

235

vive la difference

Long live the difference (used to express appreciation of diversity)

236

vizier

a high official in some Muslim countries, especially in Turkey under Ottoman rule.

237

vole

a small rodent resembling a mouse but with a stouter body, a shorter, hairy tail, a slightly rounder head, smaller ears and eyes, and differently formed molars.

238

volition

the faculty or power of using one's will.

239

volplane

a controlled dive or downward flight at a steep angle, especially by an airplane with the engine shut off.

240

volstead act

enacted to carry out the intent of the Eighteenth Amendment, which established prohibition in the United States.

241

volt

difference in electric potential) is likened to difference in water pressure.

242

voluptuary

a person devoted to luxury and sensual pleasure.

243

volute

a spiral, scroll-like ornament that forms the basis of the Ionic order, found in the capital of the Ionic column

244

vomitory

denoting the entrance or exit passages in a theater or amphitheater.

245

vortex

a mass of spinning air, liquid, etc., that pulls things into its center

246

votary

a person, such as a monk or nun, who has made vows of dedication to religious service.

247

votive

a small candle, typically white or beeswax yellow, intended to be burnt as an offering in an act of Christian prayer, especially within the Anglican and Roman Catholic Christian denominations, among others

248

vouchsafe

give or grant (something) to (someone) in a gracious or condescending manner.

249

vsicosity

a quantity expressing the magnitude of internal friction, as measured by the force per unit area resisting a flow in which parallel layers unit distance apart have unit speed relative to one another.

250

vulcanize

harden (rubber or rubberlike material) by treating it with sulfur at a high temperature.

251

vulgate

a late fourth-century Latin translation of the Bible that became, during the 16th century, the Catholic Church's officially promulgated Latin version

252

vulva

he external genital organs of the female mammal; the labia majora, mons pubis, labia minora, clitoris, bulb of vestibule, vulval vestibule, greater and lesser vestibular glands, external urethral orifice and the opening of the vagina (introitus).

253

wader

waterproof boot extending from the foot to the chest, traditionally made from vulcanised rubber, but available in more modern PVC, neoprene and Gore-Tex variants

254

waffle

to be unable or unwilling to make a clear decision about what to do.

255

waggle

to move up and down or from side to side repeatedly

256

wainscot

a usually paneled wooden lining of an interior wall (2) : a lining of an interior wall irrespective of material b : the lower three or four feet (about one meter) of an interior wall when finished differently from the remainder of the wall

257

wale

a ridge on a textured woven fabric such as corduroy. NAUTICAL a plank running along the side of a wooden ship, thicker than the usual planking, and strengthening and protecting the hull.

258

walk-up

(of a building) allowing access to the upper floors by stairs only; having no elevator.

259

wallow

roll about or lie relaxed in mud or water, especially to keep cool, avoid biting insects, or spread scent.

260

wampum

traditional shell beads of the Eastern Woodlands tribes of the indigenous people of North America. They include the white shell beads fashioned from the North Atlantic channeled whelk shell; and the white and purple beads made from the quahog, or Western North Atlantic hard-shelled clam

261

wan

(of a person's complexion or appearance) pale and giving the impression of illness or exhaustion.

262

wangle

obtain (something that is desired) by persuading others to comply or by manipulating events.

263

wanton

(of a cruel or violent action) deliberate and unprovoked. (especially of a woman) sexually immodest or promiscuous.

264

warble

a melodious succession of low pleasing sounds. 2. : a musical trill.

265

ward

a separate room in a hospital, typically one allocated to a particular type of patient.

266

ware

pottery, typically that of a specified type. manufactured articles of a specified type.

267

warfarin

Helps to prevent new blood clots from forming, and helps to keep existing blood clots from getting worse. This medicine is a blood thinner (anticoagulant).

268

warlock

someone who uses or practices magic derived from supernatural or occult sources.

269

warp

become or cause to become bent or twisted out of shape, typically as a result of the effects of heat or dampness. (in weaving) the threads on a loom over and under which other threads (the weft) are passed to make cloth.

270

warren

a network of interconnecting rabbit burrows. a densely populated or labyrinthine building or district.

271

washboard

usually constructed with a rectangular wooden frame in which are mounted a series of ridges or corrugations for the clothing to be rubbed upon.

272

washout

an event that is spoiled by constant or heavy rain. a breach in a road or railroad track caused by flooding.

273

wassail

a hot mulled cider traditionally drunk as an integral part of wassailing, a medieval southern English drinking ritual intended to ensure a good cider apple harvest the following year.

274

watercress

rapidly growing, aquatic or semi-aquatic, perennial plant native to Europe and Asia, and one of the oldest known leaf vegetables consumed by humans

275

watershed

a time when an important change happens. : a line of hills or mountains from which rivers drain : a ridge between two rivers. :

276

watt

the absolute meter-kilogram-second unit of power equal to the work done at the rate of one joule per second or to the power produced by a current of one ampere across a potential difference of one volt : 1⁄746 horsepower

277

wattle

a material for making fences, walls, etc., consisting of rods or stakes interlaced with twigs or branches.

278

waul

give a loud plaintive cry like that of a cat.

279

waxen

having a smooth, pale, translucent surface or appearance like that of wax.

280

waylay

stop or interrupt (someone) and detain them in conversation or trouble them in some other way.

281

weal

a red, swollen mark left on flesh by a blow or pressure.

282

weatherbeaten

damaged or worn by exposure to the weather. // (of a person or a person's face) having skin that is lined and tanned or reddened through prolonged time spent outdoors.

283

weathercock

(of a boat or aircraft) tend to turn its head into the wind; gripe.

284

weepie

a sentimental or emotional film, novel, or song.

285

weevil

are often found in dry foods including nuts and seeds, cereal and grain products, such as pancake mix. In the domestic setting, they are most likely to be observed when a bag of flour is opened. Their presence is often indicated by the granules of the infested item sticking together in strings, as if caught in a cobweb.

286

weft

the crosswise threads on a loom over and under which other threads (the warp) are passed to make cloth.

287

welch

fail to honor (a debt or obligation incurred through a promise or agreement).

288

well-worn

showing the signs of extensive use or wear. // (of a phrase, idea, or joke) used or repeated so often that it no longer has interest or significance.

289

wellington boot

This boot became a staple of hunting and outdoor wear for the British aristocracy in the early 19th century.

290

welt

a leather rim sewn around the edge of a shoe upper to which the sole is attached.// a red, swollen mark left on flesh by a blow or pressure.

291

welter

move in a turbulent fashion. // a large number of items in no order; a confused mass.

292

wend

go in a specified direction, typically slowly or by an indirect route.

293

wether

A castrated male goat

294

wheedle

employ endearments or flattery to persuade someone to do something or give one something.

295

whelm

an act or instance of flowing or heaping up abundantly; a surge.

296

whelp

(of a female dog) give birth to (a puppy).

297

whiffle

(of the wind) blow lightly in a specified direction. // a slight movement of air or the sound of such a movement.

298

whimper

(of a person or animal) make a series of low, feeble sounds expressive of fear, pain, or discontent.

299

whinge

complain persistently and in a peevish or irritating way.

300

whippet

a breed of medium-sized dog. They are a sighthound breed that originated in England, where they descended from greyhounds

301

whippit

A small canister (usually 8 or 16g) of nitrous oxide gas (N2O). Used officially in making whipped cream, but more often used recreationally to for its dissociative effects. // However, improper inhalation (e.g. wearing a mask or putting a bag over one's head) can lead to oxygen deprivation, and heavy use can lead to vitamin B12 deficiency.

302

whipsaw

a saw with a narrow blade and a handle at both ends, used typically by two people.

303

whir

(especially of a machine or a bird's wings) make a low, continuous, regular sound.

304

whisk

take or move (someone or something) in a particular direction suddenly and quickly.

305

white dwarf

a stellar remnant composed mostly of electron-degenerate matter. They are very dense; mass is comparable to that of the Sun, and its volume is comparable to that of the Earth. Its faint luminosity comes from the emission of stored thermal energy.

306

white elephant

a possession which its owner cannot dispose of and whose cost, particularly that of maintenance, is out of proportion to its usefulness. The term derives from the story that the kings of Siam, now Thailand, were accustomed to make a present of one of these animals to courtiers who had rendered themselves obnoxious in order to ruin the recipient by the cost of its maintenance. In modern usage, it is an object, scheme, business venture, facility, etc., considered without use or value.

307

white goods

large pieces of household equipment (such as refrigerators and washing machines)

308

whitewall

denoting a haircut in which the sides of the head are shaved and the top and back are left longer.

309

whittle

reduce something in size, amount, or extent by a gradual series of steps.

310

whom

an object pronoun. To determine whether a particular sentence uses a subject or an object pronoun, rephrase it to use she/he or her/him instead of who, whom; if you use she, then you use the subject pronoun who; if you use her, then you use the object pronoun.

311

whorl

a pattern of spirals or concentric circles. V spiral or move in a twisted and convoluted fashion.

312

whump

a dull thudding sound.

313

wick

a strip of porous material up which liquid fuel is drawn by capillary action to the flame in a candle, lamp, or lighter. verb ; absorb or draw off (liquid) by capillary action.

314

widdershins

to go counter-clockwise, to go anti-clockwise, or to go lefthandwise, or to walk around an object by always keeping it on the left

315

wide-angle

a lens whose focal length is substantially smaller than the focal length of a normal lens for a given film plane.

316

widow's walk

a railed rooftop platform often with a small enclosed cupola frequently found on 19th-century North American coastal houses. A popular romantic myth holds that the platform was used to observe vessels at sea.

317

widowmaker

the proximal left anterior descending (LAD) coronary artery of the heart.[1][2] This term is used because if the artery gets abruptly and completely occluded it will cause a massive heart attack that will likely lead to a sudden death.

318

wigwam

a domed room dwelling formerly used by certain Native American and Canadian First Nations tribes, and still used for ceremonial purposes.

319

wildcatter

a prospector who sinks exploratory oil wells.

320

wilding

a slang term that refers to the practice of marauding in bands to terroize strangers and to swagger and bully

321

willful

having or showing a stubborn and determined intention to do as one wants, regardless of the consequences or effects.

322

willow

a tree or shrub of temperate climates that typically has narrow leaves, bears catkins, and grows near water. Its pliant branches yield osiers for basketry, and its wood has various uses.

323

wilt

to bend over because of not having enough water. : to become weak and tired especially because of hot weather. : to lose energy, confidence

324

wimple

a cloth headdress covering the head, the neck, and the sides of the face, formerly worn by women and still worn by some nuns.

325

wince

give a slight involuntary grimace or shrinking movement of the body out of or in anticipation of pain or distress.

326

wind shear

the rate at which wind velocity changes from point to point in a given direction. 2. a condition, dangerous to aircraft, in which the speed or direction of the wind changes abruptly.

327

windburn

a condition whereby a sunburn obtained in cool or cloudy conditions is incorrectly attributed to the effects of the wind rather than the sun.[1][2][3][4] The main reason for this is that in cool or cloudy conditions many people are unaware that they are still vulnerable to the burning effects of the sun's UV radiation, so fail to take precautionary sun protection measures. This increases their risk of sustaining a sunburn, which they may then falsely attribute to the wind.

328

windlass

an apparatus for moving heavy weights

329

windward

the direction upwind from the point of reference. Leeward is the direction downwind from the point of reference.

330

wineskin

an animal skin sewn up and used to hold wine

331

wing chair

an easy chair or club chair with "wings" mounted to the back of the chair, typically, but not always, stretching down to the arm rest. The purpose of the "wings" was to enclose the head or torso areas of the body in order to provide comfortable protection from drafts, and to trap the heat from a fireplace in the area where the person would be sitting

332

wingding

a series of dingbat fonts which render letters as a variety of symbols.

333

wingnut

an American political term used as a slur referring to a person who holds extreme, and often irrational, political views usually with a religious overtone.

334

winnow

blow a current of air through (grain) in order to remove the chaff.

335

winsdor chair

a chair built with a solid wooden seat into which the chair-back and legs are round-tenoned, or pushed into drilled holes, in contrast to standard chairs, where the back legs and the uprights of the back are continuous.

336

winsome

attractive or appealing in appearance or character.

337

wintercress

Imagine arugula leaves, with their smaller lobes near the base and larger single lobe at the end of each leaf. Now imagine them slightly less tender than that cultivated crop, and waiting for you to find them anytime they are not buried under snow (which has been most of winter for the past couple of years).

338

wiseacre

a person with an affectation of wisdom or knowledge, regarded with scorn or irritation by others; a know-it-all.

339

wisenheimer

a person who behaves in an irritatingly smug or arrogant fashion, typically by making clever remarks and displaying their knowledge.

340

wisp

a small thin or twisted bunch, piece, or amount of something.

341

witches broom

dense twiggy growth in a tree caused by infection with fungus (especially rusts), mites, or viruses.

342

withers

the highest part of a horse's back, lying at the base of the neck above the shoulders. The height of a horse is measured to the withers.

343

wobble

to incline to one side and to the other alternately, as a wheel, top, or other rotating body when not properly balanced. 2. to move unsteadily from side to side

344

wok

a versatile round-bottomed cooking vessel, originated from China.

345

wolf whistle

a type of whistling in which fingers are inserted in the mouth to produce a louder and more penetrating tone

346

wont

one's customary behavior in a particular situation.

347

woodgrain

the longitudinal arrangement of wood fibers[1] or the pattern resulting from this

348

woof

Weft in weaving, the threads or yarn that run from side to side on a loom.

349

woopie

elaboration of the acronym from well-off older person.

350

wop

a pejorative slur used to describe Italians, or people from Italy.

351

word salad

a meaningless mixture of words and phrases characteristic of advanced schizophrenia

352

world-weary

feeling or indicating feelings of weariness, boredom, or cynicism as a result of long experience of life.

353

worldsoul

is, according to several systems of thought, an intrinsic connection between all living things on the planet, which relates to our world in much the same way as the soul is connected to the human body. The idea originated with Plato and was an important component of most Neoplatonic systems: Therefore, we may consequently state that: this world is indeed a living being endowed with a soul and intelligence ... a single visible living entity containing all other living entities, which by their nature are all related

354

worm's eye view

a view of an object from below, as though the observer were a worm; the opposite of a bird's-eye view.

355

worsted

a fine smooth yarn spun from combed long-staple wool. fabric made from worsted yarn, having a close-textured surface with no nap

356

wort

the liquid extracted from the mashing process during the brewing of beer or whisky. It contains the sugars that will be fermented by the brewing yeast to produce alcohol.

357

wraith

a ghost or ghostlike image of someone, especially one seen shortly before or after their death.

358

wrangle

a dispute or argument, typically one that is long and complicated.

359

wraparound

shaped to follow a contour; especially : made to curve from the front around to the side

360

wreathe

to twist or contort so as to show folds or creases. 3. : to encircle or adorn with or as if with a wreath. intransitive verb. 1. : to twist in coils : writhe

361

wrench

a sudden violent twist or pull. a feeling of sadness or distress caused by one's own or another's departure.

362

wrest

forcibly pull (something) from a person's grasp.

363

wretched

(of a person) in a very unhappy or unfortunate state. used to express anger or annoyance.

364

wring

squeeze and twist (something) to force liquid from it.

365

writ

a form of written command in the name of a court or other legal authority to act, or abstain from acting, in some way.

366

wrought

(of metals) beaten out or shaped by hammering.

367

wry

using or expressing dry, especially mocking, humor.

368

wunderkind

a person who achieves great success when relatively young.

369

wyvern

a legendary winged creature with a dragon's head (which may be said to breathe fire or possess a venomous bite) and wings; a reptilian body; two legs (sometimes none); and a barbed tail

370

xanadu

an idealized place of great or idyllic magnificence and beauty.

371

xenobiotic

a foreign chemical substance found within an organism that is not normally naturally produced by or expected to be present within that organism. It can also cover substances which are present in much higher concentrations than are usual.

372

xenophile

an individual who is attracted to foreign peoples, manners, or cultures.

373

xenophyte

Any plant, now growing wild, that was introduced from another geographic location.

374

xylem

a compound tissue in vascular plants that helps provide support and that conducts water and nutrients upward from the roots, consisting of tracheids, vessels, parenchyma cells, and woody fibers.

375

yahoo

a rude, noisy, or violent person.

376

yakuza

members of transnational organized crime syndicates originating in Japan

377

yalta conference

the World War II meeting of the heads of government of the United States, the United Kingdom and the Soviet Union, represented by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Premier Joseph Stalin, respectively, for the purpose of discussing Europe's post-war reorganization.

378

yammer

loud and sustained or repetitive noise.

379

yang

the active male principle of the universe, characterized as male and creative and associated with heaven, heat, and light.

380

yap

give a sharp, shrill bark.

381

yarmulke

a skullcap worn in public by Orthodox Jewish men or during prayer by other Jewish men.

382

yarrow

a hardy and versatile perennial with fernlike leaves and colorful blooms. The large, flat-topped flower clusters are perfect for cutting and drying

383

yaw

movement of an airplane, ship, etc., to the left or right; especially : unwanted left or right movement

384

yearn

have an intense feeling of longing for something, typically something that one has lost or been separated from.

385

yeasty

characterized by or producing upheaval or agitation; in a state of turbulence, typically a creative or productive one.

386

yeoman

a man holding and cultivating a small landed estate; a freeholder.// a servant in a royal or noble household, ranking between a sergeant and a groom or a squire and a page.

387

yerba

the source of the beverage called mate. prepared by filling a container, typically a gourd, about three-quarters full with dry leaves (and twigs) of the mate plant, and filling it up with water at a temperature of 70–80 °C (158–176 °F), hot but not boiling. Sugar may or may not be added; and the mate may be prepared with cold water

388

yeti

an ape-like cryptid taller than an average human that is said to inhabit the Himalayan region of Nepal and Tibet.[4]

389

yew

a coniferous tree that has red berrylike fruits, and most parts of which are highly poisonous. They are linked with folklore and superstition and can live to a great age; the timber is used in cabinetmaking and (formerly) to make longbows.

390

yield

to produce (something) as a result of time, effort, or work

391

yin

the female principle of the universe that is considered dark and passive and is associated with earth

392

yips

the apparent loss of fine motor skills without apparent explanation, in one of a number of different sports.

393

ylem

the primordial matter of the universe, originally conceived as composed of neutrons at high temperature and density

394

yodel

practice a form of singing or calling marked by rapid alternation between the normal voice and falsetto.

395

yohimbine

an indole alkaloid derived from the bark of the Pausinystalia yohimbe tree in Central Africa. It is primarily used as a treatment for erectile dysfunction.

396

yoke

a wooden crosspiece that is fastened over the necks of two animals and attached to the plow or cart that they are to pull.

397

yokel

an uneducated and unsophisticated person from the countryside.

398

yolk

material stored in an animal ovum that supplies food to the developing embryo and consists chiefly of proteins, lecithin, and cholesterol

399

young's modulus

a measure of the stiffness of an elastic material and is a quantity used to characterize materials. It is defined as the ratio of the stress (force per unit area) along an axis to the strain (ratio of deformation over initial length) along that axis in the range of stress

400

yucca

plants have served American Indians for a variety of uses including fiber for rope, sandals and cloth; the roots have been used in soap. The Indians and early Californian settlers used the green pods for food. Indian uses included boiling and baking the fruits, eating the blossoms, chewing the raw leaves and fermenting the fruits to produce a beverage for rituals.

401

yukata

a casual summer kimono usually made of cotton or synthetic fabric, and unlined.

402

yuppify

make more affluent and upmarket in keeping with the taste and lifestyle of yuppies.

403

yurt

a portable, bent dwelling structure traditionally used by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia as their home.

404

zaftig

(of a woman) having a full, rounded figure; plump.

405

zakat

a mandatory process for Muslims in order to physically and spiritually purify their yearly earnings that are over and above what is required to provide the essential needs of a person or family.

406

zap

used to express a sound made by or as if by a gun —used to indicate a sudden or instantaneous occurrence

407

zazen

regarded as a means of insight into the nature of existence. In the Japanese Rinzai school, it is usually associated with the study of koans.

408

zeitgeist

the intellectual fashion or dominant school of thought that typifies and influences the culture of a particular period in time

409

zephyr

A light wind or west wind

410

zibeline

the fur of the sable.

411

ziggurat

a rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple.first attested in the late 3rd millennium BC and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel

412

zing

an enjoyably exciting or stimulating quality, piquant

413

zinnia

They are native to scrub and dry grassland in an area stretching from the Southwestern United States to South America, with a centre of diversity in Mexico

414

zither

any stringed musical instrument whose strings are the same length as its soundboard. It consists of a flat, shallow sound box across which some 30 or 40 gut or metal strings are stretched.

415

zoetrope

consists of a cylinder with slits cut vertically in the sides. On the inner surface of the cylinder is a band with images from a set of sequenced pictures. SUBWAY B Line pre-film animation devices that produce the illusion of motion by displaying a sequence of drawings or photographs showing progressive phases of that motion.

416

zoomorphic

having or representing animal forms or gods of animal form.

417

zoospume

a motile asexual spore that uses a flagellum for locomotion. Also called a swarm spore, these spores are created by some algae, bacteria and fungi to propagate themselves.

418

zoot suit

a men's suit with high-waisted, wide-legged, tight-cuffed, pegged trousers, and a long coat with wide lapels and wide padded shoulders

419

zounds

Expressing anger, surprise, assertion etc.

420

zuchetto

a small, hemispherical, form-fitting ecclesiastical skullcap worn by clerics of various Catholic Church rites

421

zydeco

a musical genre evolved in southwest Louisiana by French Creole speakers which blends blues, rhythm and blues, and music indigenous to the Louisiana Creoles and the Native people of Louisiana.

422

zygote

the initial cell formed when two gamete cells are joined by means of sexual reproduction. In multicellular organisms, it is the earliest developmental stage of the embryo.

423

zymase

the complex of enzymes obtained from yeast, also occurring in bacteria and other organisms, that acts in alcoholic fermentation and other forms of glycolysis

424

zymurgy

the branch of applied chemistry dealing with fermentation, as in winemaking, brewing, the preparation of yeast, etc