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Flashcards in dict 2b Deck (480)
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1

derma

the thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis that forms the true skin, containing blood capillaries, nerve endings, sweat glands, hair follicles, and other structures.

2

dermabrasion

a technique that uses a wire brush or a diamond wheel with rough edges (called a burr or fraise) to remove the upper layers of the skin. The brush or burr rotates rapidly, taking off and leveling (abrading or planing) the top layers of the skin.

3

derrick

a lifting device composed of one tower, or guyed mast such as a pole which is hinged freely at the bottom.

4

derring do

action displaying heroic courage.

5

derringer

a small pistol that has a large bore and is very effective at close range.

6

dervish

omeone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity. In this respect, dervishes are most similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus

7

descender

he portion of a letter that extends below the baseline of a font. The line that it reaches down to is known as the beard line.

8

desi

Word derived from Sanskrit. Means "one from our country"; a national opposed to a foreign. Usually refers to people from India, Pakistan, & Bangladesh.

9

dessicant

a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity. Commonly encountered pre-packaged are solids that adsorb water.

10

desultory

lacking a plan, purpose, or enthusiasm.

11

detrition

the action of wearing away by friction

12

detumesenre

the process of subsiding from a state of tension, swelling, or (especially) sexual arousal.

13

dewclaw

a digit – vestigial in some animals – on the foot of many mammals, birds, and reptiles (including some extinct orders, like certain theropods). It commonly grows high on the leg such that in digitigrade species, when the animal is standing, it does not make contact with the ground.

14

dewlap

a longitudinal flap of skin that hangs beneath the lower jaw or neck of many vertebrates. While the term is usually used in this specific context, it can also be used to include other structures occurring in the same body area with a similar aspect, such as those caused by a double chin or the submandibular vocal sac of a frog. I

15

dharma

the order that makes life and universe possible,[8][note 1] and includes duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and ‘‘right way of living’’.[7] In Buddhism it means "cosmic law and order",[8] but is also applied to the teachings of the Buddha.[8] In Buddhist philosophy, it is also the term for "phenomena

16

dhyana

means meditation which is "a deeper awareness of oneness which is inclusive of perception of body, mind, senses and surroundings, yet remaining unidentified with it".[web 1] It is taken up after preceding exercises,[1] and leads to samadhi and self-knowledge, separating māyā from reality to help attain the ultimate goal of mokṣa.

17

diadem

a jeweled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty.

18

dhanma

explode, burst

19

dialectic

the art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions. // inquiry into metaphysical contradictions and their solutions.

20

dialogism

recognises the multiplicity of perspectives and voices. It is also referred to as ‘double-voiced’ or ‘multi-voiced’. It is a ‘principle’ which can become the main referent of a particular aesthetic field. Each character has their own final word, but it relates to and interacts with those of other characters. Discourse does not logically unfold (as in analytical philosophy), but rather, interacts. This makes dialogical works a lot more ‘objective’ and ‘realistic’ than their monological counterparts, since they don’t subordinate reality to the ideology of the author.

21

diana

the goddess of the hunt, the moon and birthing, being associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals.w

22

dianetics

divides the mind into three parts: the conscious "analytical mind," the subconscious "reactive mind," and the somatic mind.[3] The goal here is to remove the "reactive mind," which Scientologists believe prevents people from becoming more ethical, more aware, happier and saner. The Dianetics procedure to achieve this is called "auditing".[4] Auditing is a process whereby a series of questions are asked by the Scientology auditor, in an attempt to rid the audited person of the painful experiences of the past, which Scientologists believe to be the cause of the "reactive mind".

23

diaphragm

a cervical barrier type of birth control. It is a soft latex or silicone dome with a spring molded into the rim. The spring creates a seal against the walls of the vagina.

24

diastole

the part of the cardiac cycle when the heart refills with blood following systole (contraction). Ventricular is the period during which the ventricles are filling and relaxing, while atrial is the period during which the atria are relaxing.

25

diatonic

of, relating to, or being a musical scale (as a major or minor scale) comprising intervals of five whole steps and two half steps

26

diazepam

used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Diazepam is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures.

27

dicrotic

denoting a pulse in which a double beat is detectable for each beat of the heart.

28

diddle

pass time aimlessly or unproductively.

29

diet

it was the convention of the Imperial Estates, legal entities that, according to feudal law, had no authority above them besides the Holy Roman Emperor (or King of the Romans) himself.

30

diffraction

a modification which light undergoes especially in passing by the edges of opaque bodies or through narrow openings and in which the rays appear to be deflected; also : a similar modification of other waves (as sound waves) or of moving particles (as electrons)