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Flashcards in dict 2b Deck (480):
1

derma

the thick layer of living tissue below the epidermis that forms the true skin, containing blood capillaries, nerve endings, sweat glands, hair follicles, and other structures.

2

dermabrasion

a technique that uses a wire brush or a diamond wheel with rough edges (called a burr or fraise) to remove the upper layers of the skin. The brush or burr rotates rapidly, taking off and leveling (abrading or planing) the top layers of the skin.

3

derrick

a lifting device composed of one tower, or guyed mast such as a pole which is hinged freely at the bottom.

4

derring do

action displaying heroic courage.

5

derringer

a small pistol that has a large bore and is very effective at close range.

6

dervish

omeone treading a Sufi Muslim ascetic path or "Tariqah", known for their extreme poverty and austerity. In this respect, dervishes are most similar to mendicant friars in Christianity or Hindu/Buddhist/Jain sadhus

7

descender

he portion of a letter that extends below the baseline of a font. The line that it reaches down to is known as the beard line.

8

desi

Word derived from Sanskrit. Means "one from our country"; a national opposed to a foreign. Usually refers to people from India, Pakistan, & Bangladesh.

9

dessicant

a hygroscopic substance that induces or sustains a state of dryness (desiccation) in its vicinity. Commonly encountered pre-packaged are solids that adsorb water.

10

desultory

lacking a plan, purpose, or enthusiasm.

11

detrition

the action of wearing away by friction

12

detumesenre

the process of subsiding from a state of tension, swelling, or (especially) sexual arousal.

13

dewclaw

a digit – vestigial in some animals – on the foot of many mammals, birds, and reptiles (including some extinct orders, like certain theropods). It commonly grows high on the leg such that in digitigrade species, when the animal is standing, it does not make contact with the ground.

14

dewlap

a longitudinal flap of skin that hangs beneath the lower jaw or neck of many vertebrates. While the term is usually used in this specific context, it can also be used to include other structures occurring in the same body area with a similar aspect, such as those caused by a double chin or the submandibular vocal sac of a frog. I

15

dharma

the order that makes life and universe possible,[8][note 1] and includes duties, rights, laws, conduct, virtues and ‘‘right way of living’’.[7] In Buddhism it means "cosmic law and order",[8] but is also applied to the teachings of the Buddha.[8] In Buddhist philosophy, it is also the term for "phenomena

16

dhyana

means meditation which is "a deeper awareness of oneness which is inclusive of perception of body, mind, senses and surroundings, yet remaining unidentified with it".[web 1] It is taken up after preceding exercises,[1] and leads to samadhi and self-knowledge, separating māyā from reality to help attain the ultimate goal of mokṣa.

17

diadem

a jeweled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty.

18

dhanma

explode, burst

19

dialectic

the art of investigating or discussing the truth of opinions. // inquiry into metaphysical contradictions and their solutions.

20

dialogism

recognises the multiplicity of perspectives and voices. It is also referred to as ‘double-voiced’ or ‘multi-voiced’. It is a ‘principle’ which can become the main referent of a particular aesthetic field. Each character has their own final word, but it relates to and interacts with those of other characters. Discourse does not logically unfold (as in analytical philosophy), but rather, interacts. This makes dialogical works a lot more ‘objective’ and ‘realistic’ than their monological counterparts, since they don’t subordinate reality to the ideology of the author.

21

diana

the goddess of the hunt, the moon and birthing, being associated with wild animals and woodland, and having the power to talk to and control animals.w

22

dianetics

divides the mind into three parts: the conscious "analytical mind," the subconscious "reactive mind," and the somatic mind.[3] The goal here is to remove the "reactive mind," which Scientologists believe prevents people from becoming more ethical, more aware, happier and saner. The Dianetics procedure to achieve this is called "auditing".[4] Auditing is a process whereby a series of questions are asked by the Scientology auditor, in an attempt to rid the audited person of the painful experiences of the past, which Scientologists believe to be the cause of the "reactive mind".

23

diaphragm

a cervical barrier type of birth control. It is a soft latex or silicone dome with a spring molded into the rim. The spring creates a seal against the walls of the vagina.

24

diastole

the part of the cardiac cycle when the heart refills with blood following systole (contraction). Ventricular is the period during which the ventricles are filling and relaxing, while atrial is the period during which the atria are relaxing.

25

diatonic

of, relating to, or being a musical scale (as a major or minor scale) comprising intervals of five whole steps and two half steps

26

diazepam

used to treat anxiety disorders, alcohol withdrawal symptoms, or muscle spasms. Diazepam is sometimes used with other medications to treat seizures.

27

dicrotic

denoting a pulse in which a double beat is detectable for each beat of the heart.

28

diddle

pass time aimlessly or unproductively.

29

diet

it was the convention of the Imperial Estates, legal entities that, according to feudal law, had no authority above them besides the Holy Roman Emperor (or King of the Romans) himself.

30

diffraction

a modification which light undergoes especially in passing by the edges of opaque bodies or through narrow openings and in which the rays appear to be deflected; also : a similar modification of other waves (as sound waves) or of moving particles (as electrons)

31

digerati

the elite of the computer industry and online communities.

32

diglossia

refers to a situation in which two dialects or usually closely related languages are used by a single language community.

33

dik-dik

a small antelope in the genus Madoqua that lives in the bushlands of eastern and southern Africa.

34

dilation and corretage

a procedure to remove tissue from inside your uterus. Doctors perform this to diagnose and treat certain uterine conditions — such as heavy bleeding — or to clear the uterine lining after a miscarriage or abortion.

35

din

a loud, unpleasant and prolonged noise; make (someone) learn or remember something by constant repetition.

36

dinette

A small space within a dwelling, usually alongside a kitchen, used for informal dining; a dining alcove or nook.

37

dint

an impression or hollow in a surface.

38

diode

an electrical device allowing current to move through it in one direction with far greater ease than in the other. The most common kind of diode in modern circuit design is the semiconductor

39

diogenes

He believed that virtue was better revealed in action than in theory. Founder of cyncicism, he used his simple lifestyle and behaviour (which arguably resembled poverty) to criticize the social values and institutions of what he saw as a corrupt or at least confused society. In a highly non-traditional fashion, he had a reputation of sleeping and eating wherever he chose and took to toughening himself against nature. He declared himself a cosmopolitan and a citizen of the world rather than claiming allegiance to just one place.

40

diopter

in optics, unit of magnifying power of a lens or lens system. Because the power of a lens is proportional to unity (one) divided by the focal length (see lens), the power of a lens in diopters is numerically equal to 1 m divided by the focal length in metres.

41

dipthong

A complex vowel sound that begins with the sound of one vowel and ends with the sound of another vowel, in the same syllable.
For example: "ae", "au", "ou"

42

dipsomania

a historical term describing a medical condition involving an uncontrollable craving for alcohol.

43

diurnal

daily, of or during the day.

44

dirigible

capable of being steered, guided, or directed.

45

discursive

digressing from subject to subject.

46

disinter

dig up (something that has been buried, especially a corpse).

47

disjecta membra

scattered fragments, especially of written work.

48

dispensation

exemption from a rule or usual requirement. // a system of order, government, or organization of a nation, community, etc., especially as existing at a particular time.

49

disport

enjoy oneself unrestrainedly; frolic.

50

disquiet

a feeling of anxiety or worry. to make someone worry or anxious

51

dissemble

conceal one's true motives, feelings, or beliefs.

52

dissipate

disperse or scatter. // squander or fritter away (money, energy, or resources).

53

distaff

a stick or spindle onto which wool or flax is wound for spinning.
of or concerning women.

54

distal

situated away from the center of the body or from the point of attachment.

55

disulfiram

Used as part of a treatment plan for problem drinking. Creates an unpleasant reaction when drinking alcohol, which reduces the desire to drink. This medicine is part of a recovery program that includes medical supervision and counseling.

56

ditheism

a belief in two gods, especially as independent and opposed principles of good and evil.

57

dither

be indecisive; add white noise to (a digital recording) to reduce distortion of low-amplitude signals.

58

dithyramb

a usually short poem in an inspired wild irregular strain
2
: a statement or writing in an exalted or enthusiastic vein

59

divan

a long low sofa without a back or arms, typically placed against a wall.

60

diverticulosis

a condition that develops when pouches (diverticula) form in the wall of the colon, part of the large intestine.

61

divest

rid oneself of something that one no longer wants or requires, such as a business interest or investment. // deprive (someone) of power, rights, or possessions.

62

dobro

a type of acoustic guitar with steel resonating disks inside the body under the bridge.

63

docent

a person who acts as a guide, typically on a voluntary basis, in a museum, art gallery, or zoo.
2.
(in certain universities and colleges) a member of the teaching staff immediately below professorial rank.

64

dodder

To shake or tremble, as from old age; totter. 2. To move in a feeble, unsteady manner.

65

doggerel

comic verse composed in irregular rhythm.
verse or words that are badly written or expressed.

66

dogie

a motherless or neglected calf.

67

dollop

a shapeless mass or blob of something, especially soft food.

68

dominant seventh

a chord composed of a root, major third, perfect fifth, and minor seventh. It can be also viewed as a major triad with an additional minor seventh.

69

donegal

a tweed sweater characterized by bright flecks randomly distributed on a background usually of light gray, originally woven in County Donegal, northwestern Ireland.

70

donnybrook

a scene of uproar and disorder; a heated argument.

71

doppler effect

the change in frequency of a wave (or other periodic event) for an observer moving relative to its source

72

doric

stood directly on the flat pavement (the stylobate) of a temple without a base; their vertical shafts were fluted with 20 parallel concave grooves; and they were topped by a smooth capital that flared from the column to meet a square abacus at the intersection with the horizontal beam (architrave) that they carried.

73

dormer

a structural element of a building that protrudes from the plane of a sloping roof surface. They are used, either in original construction or as later additions, to create usable space in the roof of a building by adding headroom and usually also by enabling addition of windows.

74

dorsal

Relating to the back or posterior of a structure. As opposed to the ventral, or front, of the structure.

75

dosha

Any of 3 principles: kapha (earth & fire), pitta (fire & water), and vata (ether & air), which, according to the Ayurvedic construct, are the constituents that orchestrate a person’s mental and physiologic functions, including metabolism and mind/body type

76

dossier

a collection of documents about a particular person, event, or subject.

77

dotage

the period of life in which a person is old and weak.

78

drop handlebars

bicycle handlebars of which the handles are bent below the rest of the bar, used especially on racing cycles.

79

dropsy

Edema-Swelling is the enlargement of organs, skin, or other body parts. It is caused by a buildup of fluid in the tissues. The extra fluid can lead to a rapid increase in weight over a short period of time (days to weeks).

80

dross

foreign matter, dregs, or mineral waste, in particular scum formed on the surface of molten metal.

81

dryad

a tree nymph, or female tree spirit, in Greek mythology

82

dry rot

wood decay caused by certain species of fungi that digest parts of the wood which give the wood strength and stiffness. It was previously used to describe any decay of cured wood in ships and buildings by a fungus which resulted in a darkly colored deteriorated and cracked condition.

83

ducat

any of various gold coins formerly issued in various parts of Europe, especially that first issued in Venice in 1284.

84

ducktail

Elvis/James Dean haircut /// hair style contributed to the term greasers: to accomplish this look, lots of pomade (hair grease) was required to hold the hair in place. This was still the era of hair creams, so it only required an increase in the amount to make hair remain in the desired style.

85

duct

a channel or tube for conveying something, in particular.

86

durian

nothing less than "hell on the outside and heaven on the inside."

87

dutch door

a door divided into two parts horizontally, allowing one half to be shut and the other left open.

88

dyslalia

a speech defect caused by malformation of or imperfect distribution of nerves to the organs of articulation (as the tongue)

89

dysphasia

language disorder marked by deficiency in the generation of speech, and sometimes also in its comprehension, due to brain disease or damage.

90

dysphoria

a state of unease or generalized dissatisfaction with life.

91

dyne

a unit of force that, acting on a mass of one gram, increases its velocity by one centimeter per second every second along the direction that it acts.

92

dysentary

inflammation of the intestine causing diarrhea with blood.[1][2] Other symptoms may include fever, abdominal pain,[3] and rectal tenesmus (a feeling of incomplete defecation).

It is caused by a number of types of infection such as bacteria, viruses, parasitic worms, or protozoa. It is a type of gastroenteritis. The mechanism is an inflammatory disorder of the intestine, especially of the colon.

93

couble exposure

the superimposition of two or more exposures to create a single image

94

doublethink

the act of ordinary people simultaneously accepting two mutually contradictory beliefs as correct, often in distinct social contexts. Doublethink is related to, but differs from, hypocrisy and neutrality.

95

douse

pour a liquid over; drench.

96

dovetail

a joint formed by one or more tapered projections (tenons) on one piece that interlock with corresponding notches or recesses (mortises) in another.

97

dowel

a peg of wood, metal, or plastic without a distinct head, used for holding together components of a structure.

98

doxology

a liturgical formula of praise to God. a short hymn of praises to God in various Christian worship services

99

doyenne

a woman who is the most respected or prominent person in a particular field

100

draconian

(of laws or their application) excessively harsh and severe

101

draggle

trail behind others // make (something) dirty or wet, typically by trailing it through mud or water.

102

dragoon

coerce (someone) into doing something.

103

drm

a small drink of whiskey or other spirits

104

dreadnought

the predominant type of battleship in the early 20th century. a type of acoustic guitar body developed by guitar manufacturer C.F. Martin & Company.[1] The style has since been copied by other guitar manufacturers and is now a common style of guitar body.

105

dreck

rubbish; trash.

106

dredge

to dig, gather, or pull out with or as if with a dredge —often used with up
b : to deepen (as a waterway) with a dredging machine
2
: to bring to light by deep searching —often used with up

107

dripfeed

Administration of blood, plasma, saline, or sugar solutions, usually intravenously, a drop at a time.

108

drogue

a device external to a boat, attached to the stern and used to slow the boat down in a storm and to keep the hull perpendicular to the waves // thus the drogue climbs a wave when the boat slides down a wave

109

dromedary

called the Arabian camel or the Indian camel, is a large, even-toed ungulate with one hump on its back.

110

dropcloth

a large sheet for covering furniture or flooring to protect it from dust or while decorating.

111

dulcimer

a musical instrument with a sounding board or box, typically trapezoidal in shape, over which strings of graduated length are stretched, played by being struck with handheld hammers.

112

duly

as expected // in accordance with what is required or appropriate; following proper procedure or arrangement.

113

dons scotus

"univocity of being," that existence is the most abstract concept we have, applicable to everything that exists; the formal distinction, a way of distinguishing between different aspects of the same thing; and the idea of haecceity, the property supposed to be in each individual thing that makes it an individual.

114

duotone

give the image an artistic, retro look that's is created by overlaying a color (such as blue or red) on a grayscale image. a reproduction of an image using the superimposition of one contrasting colour halftone (traditionally black) over another color halftone. This is most often used to bring out middle tones and highlights of an image. The most commonly implemented colours are blue, yellow, brown and red.

115

duodecimal

a positional notation numeral system using twelve as its base.

116

dura

the tough outermost membrane enveloping the brain and spinal cord.

117

dystrophy

the degeneration of tissue, due to disease or malnutrition.

118

macadam

Pavement made of layers of compacted broken stone, now usually bound with tar or asphalt.

119

macaque

chiefly Asian monkeys typically having a sturdy build and including some short-tailed or tailless forms; especially :

120

macerate

often or become softened by soaking in a liquid.
2.
archaic
cause to grow thinner or waste away, especially by fasting.

121

machismo

strong or aggressive masculine pride.

122

mackinaw

a short coat or jacket made of a thick, heavy woolen cloth, typically with a plaid design.

123

macrolens

a lens suitable for taking photographs unusually close to the subject.

124

madcap

amusingly eccentric.

125

madras

a lightweight cotton fabric with typically patterned texture and plaid design, used primarily for summer clothing such as pants, shorts, dresses

126

maenad

the female followers of Dionysus, the most significant members of the Thiasus, the retinue of Dionysus. Their name literally translates as "raving ones". Often the maenads were portrayed as inspired by him into a state of ecstatic frenzy, through a combination of dancing and drunken intoxication.[1] In this state, they would lose all self-control, begin shouting excitedly, engage in uncontrolled sexual behavior, and ritualistically hunt down and tear to pieces animals — and, in myth at least, sometimes men and children — devouring the raw flesh. During these rites, the maenads would dress in fawn skins and carry a thyrsus, a long stick wrapped in ivy or vine leaves and tipped by a cluster of leaves; they would weave ivy-wreaths around their heads, and often handle or wear snakes

127

maewest

"I believe in censorship. I made a fortune out of it

128

magistrate

a civil officer or lay judge who administers the law, especially one who conducts a court that deals with minor offenses and holds preliminary hearings for more serious ones.

129

maglev

a method of transportation that uses magnetic levitation to carry vehicles with magnets rather than with wheels, axles and bearings. With it, a vehicle is levitated on top of a guideway using magnets to create both lift and propulsion.

130

magnum

a large wine bottle holding about 1.5 liters.

131

magpie

birds of the Corvidae family, including the black and white Eurasian magpie, which is one of the few animal species known to be able to recognize itself in a mirror test.

132

magritte

It is a union that suggests the essential mystery of the world. Art for me is not an end in itself, but a means of evoking that mystery. The treachery of images: Ceci n'est pas une pipe.", French for "This is not a pipe."

133

mahant

a religious superior, in particular the chief priest of a temple or the head of a monastery. The Hindi word is from Prakrit-, from Sanskrit mahat "great".

134

mahican

an Eastern Algonquian Native American tribe, originally settled in the Hudson River Valley (around Albany, New York) and western New England. drove off to wisconsin

135

mah jongg

a game of Chinese origin usually played by four persons with 144 dominolike pieces or tiles marked in suits, counters, and dice, the object being to build a winning combination of pieces.

136

malacca

brown cane that is widely used for walking sticks and umbrella handles.

137

mala fide

in bad faith; with intent to deceive.

138

malaprop

an amusing error that occurs when a person mistakenly uses a word that sounds like another word but that has a very different meaning

139

malefic

causing or capable of causing harm or destruction, especially by supernatural means.
ASTROLOGY
relating to the planets Saturn and Mars, traditionally considered to have an unfavorable influence.

140

malinger

exaggerate or feign illness in order to escape duty or work.

141

malm

a soft, crumbly, chalky rock, or the fertile loamy soil produced as it weathers.
a fine-quality brick made originally from malm, marl, or a similar chalky clay.

142

malmsey

the sweetest variety of Madeira wine

143

maltese

a native or inhabitant of Malta or a person of Maltese descent.

144

mammilated

Having relatively small protrusions from the exterior, most commonly the surface.

145

mandala

a geometric figure representing the universe in Hindu and Buddhist symbolism.
PSYCHOANALYSIS
a symbol in a dream, representing the dreamer's search for completeness and self-unity.

146

mandarine collar

a short unfolded stand-up collar style on a shirt or jacket. Mandarin collars start at the neckline and typically rise vertically two to five centimeters. The edges of the collar either barely meet at the centre front or overlap slightly.

147

mandoline

a cooking utensil used for slicing and for cutting juliennes; with suitable attachments, it can make crinkle-cuts

148

mandorla

in religious art, almond-shaped aureole of light surrounding the entire figure of a holy person

149

mandrake

a Mediterranean plant of the nightshade family, with white or purple flowers and large yellow berries. It has a forked fleshy root that supposedly resembles the human form and was formerly widely used in medicine and magic, allegedly shrieking when pulled from the ground.

150

mandrel

a shaped bar of metal inserted in, or next to, an item to be machined or bent in a certain pattern. Exhaust pipes for automobiles are frequently bent using this during manufacture. It allows the exhaust pipes to be bent into smooth curves without undesirable creasing, kinking, or collapsing. Molten glass may be shaped in this way as well.

151

mandrill

a large West African baboon with a brightly colored red and blue face, the male having a blue rump.

152

mangonel

a military device for throwing stones and other missiles.

153

manifest

clear or obvious to the mind //display or show (a quality or feeling) by one's acts or appearance; demonstrate.

154

manticore

A legendary monster having the head of a man, the body of a lion, and the tail of a dragon or scorpion

155

manu

The primordial father of the human race and sovereign of the earth who first instituted religious ceremonies and devised a code of laws.

156

marbled

having a streaked with alternating layers or swirls of lean and fat.

157

marengo

the famous war mount of Napoleon I of France. Named after the Battle, through which he carried his rider safely, he was imported to France from Egypt in 1799 as a 6-year-old. The grey Arabian was probably bred at the famous El Naseri Stud. Although small (only 14.1 hands.) he was a reliable, steady, and courageous mount.

158

marigold

a plant that is grown for its bright yellow or orange flowers

159

marinetti

Italian writer who founded futurism with the publication of his 1909 manifesto.

160

mariposa lily

a native American wildflower found in California's Sierra Nevada mountains, growing from 4000 to 12,000 feet (1200 to 3600 meters), at home in granite outcroppings, especially along exposed hillsides and ridges // the Spanish word for butterfly, referring to the evanescent quality of the petals and unique markings on the flowers.

161

marl

a loose or crumbling earthy deposit (as of sand, silt, or clay) that contains a substantial amount of calcium carbonate

162

marquetry

the art and craft of applying pieces of veneer to a structure to form decorative patterns, designs or pictures.

163

masochism

the tendency to derive pleasure, especially sexual gratification, from one's own pain or humiliation.
(in general use) the enjoyment of what appears to be painful or tiresome.

164

masquerade

a party at which people wear masks and often costumes. : a way of appearing or behaving that is not true or real.

165

masse

a stroke made with an inclined cue, imparting swerve to the ball.

166

masthead

the highest part of a ship's mast or of the lower section of a mast.
2.
the title of a newspaper or magazine at the head of the front or editorial page.

167

massif

a section of a planet's crust that is demarcated by faults or flexures. In the movement of the crust, it tends to retain its internal structure while being displaced as a whole. The term is also used to refer to a group of mountains formed by such a structure.

In mountaineering and climbing literature, it is frequently used to denote the main mass of an individual mountain. T

168

mate

a traditional South American caffeine-rich infused drink, particularly in Argentina (where it is defined by law as the "national infusion"[2]), Uruguay, Paraguay, the Bolivian Chaco and Southern Brazil, and to a lesser degree in southern Chile, Syria and Lebanon. It is prepared by steeping dried leaves of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis, known in Portuguese as erva-mate) in hot water.

It is served with a metal straw from a shared hollow calabash gourd.

169

mattock

an instrument for loosening the soil in digging, shaped like a pickax, but having one end broad instead of pointed.

170

maunder

talk in a rambling manner // move or act in a dreamy or idle manner.

171

mauve

a pale purple color, which is named after the mallow flower.

172

maw

the jaws or throat of a voracious animal.

the mouth or gullet of a greedy person.

173

maxillofacial

of, relating to, or treating the maxilla and the face // an upper jaw especially of humans and other mammals in which the bony elements are closely fused (2) : either of the two bones that lie with one on each side of the upper jaw lateral to the premaxilla and that in higher vertebrates bear most of the teeth

174

means test

a determination of whether an individual or family is eligible for government assistance, based upon whether the individual or family possesses the means to do without that help.

175

meatus

a natural body opening or cana

176

milieu

the physical or social setting in which people live or in which something happens or develops.

177

militate

(of a fact or circumstance) be a powerful or conclusive factor in preventing.

178

meconium

the earliest stool of a mammalian infant. Unlike later feces, meconium is composed of materials ingested during the time the infant spends in the uterus: intestinal epithelial cells, lanugo, mucus, amniotic fluid, bile, and water. Meconium, unlike later feces, is viscous and sticky like tar, its color usually being a very dark olive green; it is almost odorless.

179

medial

situated in the middle, in particular.

180

medulla

Lower part of the brain stem
Function: Carries out and regulates life sustaining functions such as breathing, swallowing and heart rate

181

megan's law

an informal name for laws in the United States requiring law enforcement authorities to make information available to the public regarding registered sex offenders

182

meisosis

a specialized type of cell division which reduces the chromosome number by half.

183

melange

a mixture of different things

184

melba toast

dry, crisp and thinly sliced toast, often served with soup and salad or topped with either melted cheese or pâté

185

melena

dark sticky feces containing partly digested blood.

186

mendicant

given to begging.

187

menial

Of or relating to work or a job regarded as servile. 2. Of, relating to, or appropriate for a servant. n. 1. A servant, especially a domestic servant.

188

meniscus

a crescent or crescent-shaped body
2
: a concavo-convex lens

189

menorrhea

the flow of blood at menstruation.

190

menses

The monthly flow of blood and cellular debris from the uterus that begins at puberty and ceases at menopause. Also called emmenia, menstrual period.

191

meridian

a circle of constant longitude passing through a given place on the earth's surface and the terrestrial poles.

192

meringue

a type of dessert, often associated with Swiss, Italian and French cuisine, made from whipped egg whites and sugar, and occasionally an acid such as cream of tartar or a small amount of vinega

193

merino

an economically influential breed of sheep prized for its wool. The breed is originally from central Spain, and its wool was highly valued already in the Middle Ages.

194

messalliance

a marriage with a person thought to be unsuitable or of a lower social position.

195

mescal

a distilled alcoholic beverage made from the maguey plant native to Mexico. The word mezcal comes from Nahuatl mexcalli metl and ixcalli which means "oven-cooked agave

196

mescaline

t occurs naturally in the peyote cactus (Lophophora williamsii),[1] the San Pedro cactus[2] (Echinopsis pachanoi) and in the Peruvian torch // the top of the cactus is cut at ground level, leaving the large tap roots to grow new 'Heads'. These 'Heads' are then dried to make disk-shaped buttons. Buttons are chewed to produce the effects or soaked in water to drink. However, the taste of the cactus is bitter, so contemporary users will often grind it into a powder and pour it in capsules to avoid having to taste it. The usual human dosage is 200–400 milligrams of mescaline sulfate or 178–356 milligrams of mescaline hydrochloride.[6] The average 76 mm (3.0 in) button contains about 25 mg mescaline.[7

197

meshugganah

n the jewish language of yiddish it means "crazy"

198

mesomorph

a human physical type (somatotype) that is marked by greater than average muscular development,

199

mesquite

a tree or bush that grows in the southwestern U.S. and Mexico and that has a hard wood which is often used in grilling food because of the special flavor produced by its smoke;

200

meta

of a creative work) referring to itself or to the conventions of its genre; self-referential.

201

metacarpal

any of the five bones of the hand.

202

metafiction

which the author self-consciously alludes to the artificiality or literariness of a work by parodying or departing from novelistic conventions (especially naturalism) and traditional narrative techniques.

203

metaphysics

A branch of philosophy that studies the relationship between mind and matter

2. Often used to describe things that lack the "facts" to be classified as "real" or accepted

3. Related to paranormal phenomena

204

metastasis

the spread of a cancer or disease from one organ or part to another not directly connected with it.

205

metempsychosis

the supposed transmigration at death of the soul of a human being or animal into a new body of the same or a different species.

206

methulsalah

an ancestor of Noah held to have lived 969 years
2
: an oversize wine bottle holding about six liters

207

metonymy

the substitution of the name of an attribute or adjunct for that of the thing meant, for example suit for business executive, or the track for horse racing.

208

mewl

(especially of a baby) cry feebly or querulously; whimper.

209

mezuzai

a piece of parchment (often contained in a decorative case) affixed to the doorframe inscribed with specified Hebrew verses from the Torah (Deuteronomy 6:4-9 and 11:13-21). These verses comprise the Jewish prayer "Shema Yisrael", beginning with the phrase: "Hear, O Israel, the LORD our God, the LORD is One

210

mezzanine

a small floor that is between two main levels of a building and that is usually in the form of a balcony. : the lowest balcony in a theater

211

miasma

a highly unpleasant or unhealthy smell or vapor.

212

modal verb

a type of auxiliary verb that is used to indicate likelihood, ability, permission, and obligation.[1] Examples include the English verbs can/could, may/might, must, will/would, and shall/should

213

modifier

words, phrases, or clauses that provide description in sentences. They allow writers to take the picture that they have in their heads and transfer it accurately to the heads of their readers. Essentially, they breathe life into sentences. Take a look at this "dead" sentence:

Stephen dropped his fork.

Now read what several well placed can do:

Poor Stephen, who just wanted a quick meal to get through his three-hour biology lab, quickly dropped his fork on the cafeteria tray, gagging with disgust as a tarantula wiggled out of his cheese omelet, a sight requiring a year of therapy before Stephen could eat eggs again.

214

modish

conforming to or following what is currently popular and fashionable.

215

modiste

a fashionable milliner or dressmaker.

216

modular

design approach that subdivides a system into smaller parts or skids, that can be independently created and then used in different systems.

217

modulate

exert a modifying or controlling influence on.

218

module

each of a set of standardized parts or independent units that can be used to construct a more complex structure, such as an item of furniture or a building.

219

mohair

usually a silk-like fabric or yarn made from the hair of the Angora goat. Both durable and resilient, mohair is notable for its high luster and sheen, which has helped give it the nickname the "Diamond Fiber", and is often used in fiber blends to add these qualities to a textile.

220

moire

a secondary and visually evident superimposed pattern created, for example, when two identical (usually transparent) patterns on a flat or curved surface (such as closely spaced straight lines drawn radiating from a point or taking the form of a grid) are overlaid while displaced or rotated a small amount from one another.

221

mojo

a magical charm bag used in voodoo

222

mohs scale

mineral hardness is a qualitative ordinal scale which characterizes the scratch resistance of various minerals through the ability of a harder material to scratch a softer material. *erection*

223

molding

a strip of contoured wood or other material placed just below the juncture of a wall and a ceiling

224

moiety

one of two equal parts : half
b : one of two approximately equal parts
: one of the portions into which something is divided

225

moil

To work hard; toil. 2. To churn about continuously:

226

mollify

appease the anger or anxiety of (someone).

227

mollusk

any one of a large group of animals (such as snails and clams) that have a soft body without a backbone and that usually live in a shell.

228

mollycoddle

to overprotect and indulge a person. N: A person, especially an effeminate Man, who is pampered, sometimes called a Mary

229

monad

an elementary individual substance which reflects the order of the world and from which material properties are derived

230

molerat

doesn't get cancer //are native to the drier plains of East Africa. Though they can live for more than 30 years, up to 20 times as long as comparable-sized rodents, they almost never emerge from below ground. A typical colony tunnel network might run to 4km in an area the size of a football pitch and the mole rats, which can run as fast backwards as they can forwards, will shift three or four tonnes of earth in the few weeks after it rains.

231

molt

(of an animal) shed old feathers, hair, or skin, or an old shell, to make way for a new growth.

232

monocle

a type of corrective lens used to correct or enhance the vision in only one eye

233

mondrian

Dutch painter whose works, characterized by intersecting perpendicular lines and planes of primary colors, and writings, notably Neoplasticism (1920), profoundly influenced the development of abstract art.

234

monoxide

water or any oxide containing just one atom of oxygen in the molecule

235

monger

denoting a dealer or trader in a specified commodity.

a person who promotes a specified activity, situation, or feeling, especially one that is undesirable or discreditable.

236

moonrise

the rising of the moon above the horizon.

237

mordant

(especially of humor) having or showing a sharp or critical quality; biting.

238

morose

very sad or unhappy

239

morphology

a branch of biology dealing with the study of the form and structure of organisms and their specific structural features.

240

mot juste

the exact, appropriate word.

241

muleta

a small red cape fixed to a stick, employed by a matador to guide the bull during a bullfight.

242

montessori

a system of education for young children that seeks to develop natural interests and activities rather than use formal teaching methods.

243

moot

of little or no practical value or meaning; purely academic. 3. Chiefly Law. not actual; theoretical; hypothetica

244

morass

a complicated situation; an area of muddy or boggy ground.

245

mountebank

a person who deceives others, especially in order to trick them out of their money; a charlatan.

246

mousse

a cold and sweet food made with whipped cream or egg whites and usually fruit or chocolate. : a foamy substance that is used in styling a person's hair

247

mullion

a slender vertical member that forms a division between units of a window, door, or screen or is used decoratively

248

multure

a toll of grain or flour due to a miller in return for grinding grain.

249

mumps

a contagious viral infection that can cause painful swelling of the salivary glands, especially the parotid glands camera.gif (between the ear and the jaw). Some people with mumps won't have gland swelling. They may feel like they have a bad cold or the flu instead.

250

mutineering

One who takes part in a mutiny.

251

mussel

any of a number of bivalve mollusks with a brown or purplish-black shell.

252

myth

a traditional story, especially one concerning the early history of a people or explaining some natural or social phenomenon, and typically involving supernatural beings or events.

253

mythopoiea

a narrative genre in modern literature and film where a fictional mythology is created by the writer of prose or other fiction. This meaning of the word follows its use by J. R. R. Tolkien in the 1930s. The authors in this genre integrate traditional mythological themes and archetypes into fiction.

254

muslin

a cotton fabric of plain weave. It is made in a wide range of weights from delicate sheers to coarse sheeting

255

muskeg

a North American swamp or bog consisting of a mixture of water and partly dead vegetation, frequently covered by a layer of sphagnum or other mosses.

256

musical saw

a hand saw used as a musical instrument. Capable of glissando, the sound creates an ethereal tone, very similar to the theremin. The musical saw is classified as a friction idiophone

257

munchosusen syndrome

a psychiatric factitious disorder wherein those affected feign disease, illness, or psychological trauma to draw attention, sympathy, or reassurance to themselves. It is also sometimes known as hospital addiction syndrome, thick chart syndrome, or hospital hopper syndrome.

258

microcephaly

It is usually defined as a head circumference (HC) more than two standard deviations below the mean for age and gender.[

259

microfiche

: a sheet of film that has very small photographs of the pages of a newspaper, magazine, etc., which are viewed by using a special machine : a sheet of microfilm

260

micrometer

a device incorporating a calibrated screw widely used for precise measurement of components[1] in mechanical engineering and machining as well as most mechanical trades, along with other metrological instruments such as dial, vernier, and digital calipers

261

micturate

urinate

262

militate

to have weight or effect

263

milkleg

inflammation of the femoral vein, the principal vein of the thigh, with formation of a clot that blocks the channel of the vein. The condition may occur shortly after childbirth, or it may result from the use of oral contraceptives. Other predisposing factors are aging, malignancy, and chronic infection. The leg becomes swollen and is pale and painful (hence the name phlegmasia alba dolens—“white, painful inflammation”). If the blockage persists, ulcers may develop

264

milksop

a person who is indecisive and lacks courage.

265

milkwort

According to Classical and Renaissance writers this was used medicinally as an infusion to increase the flow of a nursing mother's milk. grows in meadows, slopes, edges of forests, heaths, sunny woods, dunes and grasslands.

266

millefiori

glasswork technique which produces distinctive decorative patterns on glassware.

267

milliner

the designing and manufacture of hats.

268

milquetoast

a person who is timid or submissive.

269

moral

concerned with the principles of right and wrong behavior and the goodness or badness of human character.

270

mimesis

imitation, in particular.
representation or imitation of the real world in art and literature.
the deliberate imitation of the behavior of one group of people by another as a factor in social change.

271

minaret

a tall slender tower, typically part of a mosque, with a balcony from which a muezzin calls Muslims to prayer.

272

mingy

mean and stingy.
unexpectedly or undesirably small.

273

minimax

denoting a method or strategy in game theory that minimizes the greatest risk to a participant in a game or other situation of conflict.

denoting the theory that in a game with two players, a player's smallest possible maximum loss is equal to the same player's greatest possible minimum gain.

274

minstrel

a medieval singer or musician, especially one who sang or recited lyric or heroic poetry to a musical accompaniment for the nobility.

a member of a band of entertainers with blackened faces who performed songs and music ostensibly of black American origin.

275

minx

an impudent, cunning, or boldly flirtatious girl or young woman.

276

minyan

minimum number of ten adult Jews or, among the Orthodox, Jewish men required for a communal religious service.

277

miosis

Constriction of the pupil that is excessive,[1] relative to the amount of light the pupil receives
Constriction of the pupil to a diameter of less than two millimeters[not in citation given][2][3]
Constriction of the pupil with causes including both abnormal and physiological ones

278

mire

a stretch of swampy or boggy ground.
ECOLOGY
a wetland area or ecosystem based on peat.
synonyms: swamp, bog, morass, quagmire, slough; More
2.
a situation or state of difficulty, distress, or embarrassment from which it is hard to extricate oneself.

279

mirthless

(of a smile or laugh) lacking real amusement and typically expressing irony.

280

miscible

(of liquids) forming a homogeneous mixture when added together.

281

miscue

a faulty stroke in billiards in which the cue slips

282

mise en scene

the arrangement of everything that appears in the framing – actors, lighting, décor, props, costume – is called this, a French term that means “placing on stage.” The frame and camerawork also constitute tthis in a movie.

283

misericord

a small wooden shelf on the underside of a folding seat in a church, installed to provide a degree of comfort for a person who has to stand during long periods of prayer. The small shelves were available for use at times when the folding chair was required to be stored folded up, and the person expected to be in an upright position.

284

misplaced modifier

a word, phrase, or clause that is improperly separated from the word it modifies / describes.

Because of the separation, sentences with this error often sound awkward, ridiculous, or confusing.

285

misprision

the deliberate concealment of one's knowledge of a treasonable act or a felony.

286

missal

a book containing the texts used in the Catholic Mass throughout the year.

287

mitochondria

a membrane bound organelle found in most eukaryotic cells (the cells that make up plants, animals, fungi, and many other forms of life) described as "the powerhouse of the cell" because they generate most of the cell's supply of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), used as a source of chemical energy.[3] In addition to supplying cellular energy, they are involved in other tasks such as signaling, cellular differentiation, cell death, as well as maintaining the control of the cell cycle and cell growth.[4]

288

mitosis

the cell cycle process by which chromosomes in a cell nucleus are separated into two identical sets of chromosomes, each in its own nucleus.

289

miter

a tall headdress worn by bishops and senior abbots as a symbol of office, tapering to a point at front and back with a deep cleft between.
historical
a headband worn by women in ancient Greece.
2.
a joint made between two pieces of wood or other material at an angle of 90°, such that the line of junction bisects this angle.

290

mizpah

Hebrew for "watchtower." As mentioned in the Bible, it marked an agreement between two men, with God as their witness.

291

miterred

. To make (two pieces or surfaces) join with a miter joint.
b. To bevel the edges of for joining with a miter joint.

292

mitral valve

the most common heart valve abnormality. Symptoms include fatigue, palpitations, chest pain, anxiety

293

mithras

the Zoroastrian angelic Divinity (yazata) of Covenant and Oath. In addition to being the Divinity of Contracts, Mithra is also a judicial figure, an all-seeing Protector of Truth, and the Guardian of Cattle, the Harvest and of The Waters.

294

mixed metaphor

We could stand here and talk until the cows turn blue.

You could have knocked me over with a fender.

He was watching me like I was a hawk.

I’ll get it by hook or ladder.

He’s a wolf in cheap clothing.

They’re diabolically opposed.

He received a decease and desist order.

I wouldn’t eat that with a ten-foot pole.

295

mnomosyne

the personification of memory in Greek mythology. kings and poets receive their powers of authoritative speech from their possession of Mnemosyne and their special relationship with the Muses.

296

mobius strip

a surface with only one side and only one boundary component.

297

morpheme

the smallest grammatical unit in a language. In other words, it is the smallest meaningful unit of a language

298

mortar

a cup-shaped receptacle made of hard material, in which ingredients are crushed or ground, used especially in cooking or pharmacy.

a short, smoothbore gun for firing shells (technically called bombs) at high angles

299

mote

a tiny piece of a substance.

300

motherboard

the main circuit board of your computer and is also known as the mainboard or logic board. If you ever open your computer, the biggest piece of silicon you see is this

301

mucilage

Any of various viscous, water-soluble polysaccharides produced by certain plants, algae, and microorganisms.

302

mulct

extract money from (someone) by fine or taxation.

303

murid

a Sufi term meaning 'committed one' from the root meaning "willpower" or "self-esteem". It refers to a person who is committed to a Murshid (teacher) in a Tariqa (spiritual path) of Sufism.

304

musclature

the system or arrangement of muscles in a body, a part of the body, or an organ.

305

muscat

grapes and wines almost always have a pronounced sweet floral aroma. The breadth and number of varieties suggest that it is perhaps the oldest domesticated grape variety

306

mugwump

a person who is independent (as in politics) or who remains undecided or neutral

307

mufti

civilian clothes, in contrast with military or other uniforms, or as worn by a person who usually wears a uniform. 2. a Muslim jurist expert in the religious law.

308

muddler

a swizzle stick with an enlarged tip for stirring drinks, crushing fruit or sugar, etc.

309

mudbug

a crayfish

310

mottle

mark with spots or smears of color.

311

mortify

To cause to experience shame, humiliation, or wounded pride. 2. To discipline (one's of the body and the appetites)

312

monitory

Conveying an admonition or a warning:

313

mocha

a drink that is a mixture of coffee and chocolate

314

mobilize

to bring (people) together for action. : to come together for action. : to make (soldiers, an army, etc.) ready for war.

315

mizzen

a fore-and-aft sail

316

abaddon

a realm where the damned lie in fire and snow, one of the places in Gehenna that Moses visited

317

abductor muscle

Any muscle used to pull a body part away from the midline of the body. For example, the muscles of the legs spread the legs away from the midline and away from one another.

318

ablative case

is generally translated into English with a preposition in a prepositional phrase. It is used in many ways in Latin, both with and without prepositions.

319

ab ovo

Latin: “from the egg”) in literature, the practice of beginning a poetic narrative at the earliest possible chronological point.

320

abreaction

a psychoanalytical term for reliving an experience in order to purge it of its emotional excesses; a type of catharsis.

321

absquatulate

leave abruptly.

322

abulia

refers to a lack of will or initiative and can be seen as a disorder of diminished motivation (DDM

323

abutment

a structure built to support the lateral pressure of an arch or span, e.g., at the ends of a bridge.

324

acacia

used as a symbol in Freemasonry, to represent purity and endurance of the soul, and as funerary symbolism signifying resurrection and immortality. The tree gains its importance from the description of the burial of Hiram Abiff, who provided some of the builders for King Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem.[20] It is also supposed to have been the material used for Zulu warriors' iziQu (or isiKu) beads, which passed on through Sir Robert Baden-Powell to the Boy Scout movement's Wood Badge training award.

Egyptian mythology has associated the tree with characteristics of the tree of life, such as in the Myth of Osiris and Isis.

325

acciacatura

An ornament note that is one half step or one whole step higher or lower than a principal note and is sounded at the same time as the principal note, adding dissonance to a harmony.

326

acedia

spiritual or mental sloth. apathy; a lack of care or interest; .

327

acetate

a sheet of clear plastic film fastened over the front of artwork for protection, as an overlay, or the like.
4.
a slow-burning base material, cellulose triacetate, used for motion-picture film to minimize fire hazard during projection, and also for animation cells.

328

acheron

known as the river of woe, and was one of the five rivers of the Greek underworld.

329

acquisitive

excessively interested in acquiring money or material things.

330

acteon

The unalterable kernel of the tale was a hunter's transformation into a deer and his death in the jaws of his hunting dogs. But authors were free to suggest different motives for his death. In Greek Mythology, he is thought by many, including Hans Biedermann,[26] to symbolize ritual human sacrifice in attempt to please a God or Goddess. In this case, the dogs symbolize the sacrificers and Actaeon symbolizes the sacrifice. Actaeon also may symbolize a human curiosity or irreverence.

The myth is seen by Jungian psychologist Wolfgang Giegerich as a symbol for spiritual transformation and/or enlightenment

331

actuate

to make (a machine or electrical device) move or operate

: to cause someone to do something or to act in a certain way

332

adduce

cite as evidence.

333

adp

a nucleotide essential in photosynthesis and glycolysis.

334

ad hoc

formed, arranged, or done for a particular purpose only.

335

adirodondack chair

a simple rustic wooden chair for outdoor use. Originally made with 11 flat wooden boards, it features a straight back and seat and wide armrests

336

adjuvant

after initial treatment for cancer, especially to suppress secondary tumor formation.
nounMEDICINE
1.
a substance that enhances the body's immune response to an antigen.

337

adrenal

a collection of signs and symptoms, known as a syndrome, that results when the adrenal glands function below the necessary level. Most commonly associated with intense or prolonged stress, it can also arise during or after acute or chronic infections, especially respiratory infections such as influenza, bronchitis or pneumonia People experiencing fatigue often have to use coffee, colas and other stimulants to get going in the morning and to prop themselves up during the day.

338

adumbrate

foreshadow//report or represent in outline.

339

aeolian

pertain to wind activity in the study of geology and weather, and specifically to the wind's ability to shape the surface of the Earth

340

affective

relating to moods, feelings, and attitudes.

341

afflatus

a divine creative impulse or inspiration.

342

affricate

a stop and its immediately following release into a fricative that are considered to constitute a single phoneme (as the \t\ and \sh\ of \ch\ in choose)

343

agate

precious gemstones that are a variegated form of chalcedony (pronounced kal-sed'-nee), which is silicon dioxide in the form of microscopic fibrous quartz crystals. They naturally develop when an empty pocket inside a host rock fills in molecule-by-molecule, layer-by-layer as these microcrystals self organize to form concentric bands or other patterns. The colors and arrangement of the microcrystals are influenced by changes in pressure, temperature, and mineral content that occur during the formation process. Unlike other gemstones, each one is unique. Even slabs cut from the same specimen will vary in color and design.

344

agglutinate

firmly stick or be stuck together to form a mass.

345

agitprop

political (originally communist) propaganda, especially in art or literature.

346

agnosia

the inability to process sensory information. Often there is a loss of ability to recognize objects, persons, sounds, shapes, or smells while the specific sense is not defective nor is there any significant memory loss.[1] It is usually associated with brain injury or neurological illness

347

agnus dei

A lamb holding a Christian banner is a typical symbol

348

agog

very eager or curious to hear or see something.

349

ahimsa

one of the cardinal virtues and an important tenet of major Indian religions (Jainism, Hinduism, and Buddhism). It is a multidimensional concept, inspired by the premise that all living beings have the spark of the divine spiritual energy; therefore, to hurt another being is to hurt oneself.

350

aiguillettte

an ornamental braided cord most often worn on uniforms, but may also be observed on other costumes such as academic dress, where it will denote an honour

351

aileron

a hinged surface in the trailing edge of an airplane wing, used to control lateral balance.

352

aioli

a Provençal sauce made of garlic, olive oil, lemon juice, usually egg yolks, and seasonings. There are many variations, such as the addition of mustard. It is usually served at room temperature

353

akita

a large breed of dog originating from the mountainous northern regions of Japan.

354

akrasia

the state of mind in which someone acts against their better judgment through weakness of will.

355

alabaster

a fine-grained, translucent form of gypsum, typically white, often carved into ornaments.

356

alb

one of the liturgical vestments of the Roman Catholic, Anglican, Lutheran, and many Methodist churches, is an ample white garment coming down to the ankles and is usually girdled with a cincture. It is simply the long, white linen tunic used by the Romans.

357

alcott, bronson

an American teacher, writer, philosopher, and reformer. As an educator, he pioneered new ways of interacting with young students, focusing on a conversational style, and avoided traditional punishment. He hoped to perfect the human spirit and, to that end, advocated a vegan diet before the term was coined. He was also an abolitionist and an advocate for women's rights.

358

alder

a type of tree or shrub that grows in wet ground in some northern countries

359

aleatory

depending on the throw of a dice or on chance; random.
relating to or denoting music or other forms of art involving elements of random choice (sometimes using statistical or computer techniques) during their composition, production, or performance.

360

alembic

an alchemical still consisting of two vessels connected by a tube, used for distilling chemicals // used metaphorically for anything that refines or transmutes, as if by distillation

361

aliasing

an effect that causes different signals to become indistinguishable (or aliases of one another) when sampled. It also refers to the distortion or artifact that results when the signal reconstructed from samples is different from the original continuous signal.

362

a-line

a skirt that is fitted at the hips and gradually widens towards the hem, giving the impression of the shape of a capital letter A. The term is also used to describe dresses and coats with a similar shape.[1]

363

aliquot

a portion of a larger whole, especially a sample taken for chemical analysis or other treatment.

364

alkaloid

a group of naturally occurring chemical compounds (natural products) that contain mostly basic nitrogen atoms. This group also includes some related compounds with neutral and even weakly acidic propertie

365

allele

The gene for seed shape in pea plants exists in two forms, one form for round seed shape (R) and the other for wrinkled seed shape (r).

366

mifepristone

used alone or in combination with misoprostol (Cytotec) to end an early pregnancy. Early pregnancy means it has been 49 days or less since your last menstrual period began. This is in a class of medications called antiprogestational steroids. It works by blocking the activity of progesterone, a substance your body makes to help continue pregnancy.

367

alligator clip

a sprung metal clip with long, serrated jaws, used attached to an electric cable for making a temporary connection to a battery or other component.

368

allotrope

the property of some chemical elements to exist in two or more different forms // Diamond and graphite are two ___ of carbon: pure forms of the same element that differ in crystalline structure.

369

aloha shirt

a style of dress shirt originating in Hawaii. It is currently the premier textile export of the Hawaii manufacturing industry[citation needed]. The dress shirts are printed, mostly short-sleeved, and collared.

370

alopecia

a condition that causes round patches of hair loss. It can lead to total hair loss.

371

alprazolam

used to treat anxiety disorders and panic disorder (sudden, unexpected attacks of extreme fear and worry about these attacks).

372

alternator

an electrical generator that converts mechanical energy to electrical energy in the form of alternating current. used in modern automobiles to charge the battery and to power the electrical system when its engine is running.

373

altissimo

Italian for very high) is the uppermost register on woodwind instruments. For clarinets, which overblow on odd harmonics, these notes are those based on the fifth, seventh, and higher harmonics

374

alveolar

a little hollow, as the socket of a tooth or A hollow cavity that is an outpouching of the respiratory bronchioles and these ducts; there are an estimated 150 million

375

amaneunsis

a literary or artistic assistant, in particular one who takes dictation or copies manuscripts.

376

ambergris

a solid, waxy, flammable substance of a dull grey or blackish colour produced in the digestive system of sperm whales // was formerly highly valued by perfumers as a fixative (allowing the scent to last much longer)

377

amethyst

a violet variety of quartz often used in jewelry. The name comes from the Ancient Greek ἀ a- ("not") and μέθυστος methustos ("intoxicated"), a reference to the belief that the stone protected its owner from drunkenness.

378

amino acid

any one of many acids that occur naturally in living things and that include some which form proteins

379

amortize

gradually write off debt; reduce or extinguish (a debt) by money regularly put aside.

380

amphibrach

a metrical foot consisting of a long syllable between two short syllables in quantitative verse or of a stressed syllable between two unstressed syllables in accentual verse

381

amphora

ancient vessel form used as a storage jar and one of the principal vessel shapes in Greek pottery, a two-handled pot with a neck narrower than the body

382

amygdala

an almond-shape set of neurons located deep in the brain's medial temporal lobe.
Shown to play a key role in the processsing of emotions, it forms part of the limbic system.
In humans and other animals, this subcortical brain structure is linked to both fear responses and pleasure.
Its size is positively correlated with aggressive behavior across species.

383

analcitic

relating to or characterized by a strong emotional dependence on another or others.

384

analeptic

flashback. These passages interrupt the forward movement of narrative time by narrating material (events, an image, a figure of speech) from an earlier time in the chronology.

385

analytic philosophy

A broad philosophical tradition[2][3] characterized by an emphasis on clarity and argument (often achieved via modern formal logic and analysis of language) and a respect for the natural sciences.[4][5][6]
The more specific set of developments of early 20th-century philosophy that were the historical antecedents of the broad sense: e.g., the work of Bertrand Russell, Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. Moore, Gottlob Frege, and logical positivists.

386

anamnesis

in worship the faithful recall God's lifesaving deeds; a liturgical statement in which the Church refers to the memorial character of the Eucharist and/or to the Passion, Resurrection and Ascension of Christ. It has its origin in Jesus' words at the Last Supper, "Do this in memory of me"

387

anamorphosis

a distorted projection or perspective requiring the viewer to use special devices or occupy a specific vantage point to reconstitute the image

388

amanda

literally "worthy to be loved,"

389

anapest

a poetic device defined as a metrical foot in a line of a poem that contains three syllables wherein the first two syllables are short and unstressed followed by a third syllable that is long and stressed as given in this line “I must finish my journey alone.”

390

anaphora

the use of a word as a regular grammatical substitute for a preceding word or group of words, as the use of it and do in I know it and he does too.

391

anaphrodisiac

something that quells or blunts the libido.

392

anchorite

A person who has retired into seclusion for religious reasons

393

ancon

a bracket, elbow, or console used as an architectural support (as for the cornice over a doorway) :

394

androgen

any substance, e.g., testosterone, that promotes masculinization.

395

anemometer

a device used for measuring wind speed, and is a common weather station instrument.

396

angler fish

bony fishnamed for their characteristic mode of predation, in which a fleshy growth from the fish's head (the esca or illicium) acts as a lure.

397

anhedonia

the inability to experience pleasure from activities usually found enjoyable, e.g. exercise, hobbies, music

398

anima

the inner personality that is turned toward the unconscious of the individual (contrasted with persona ).
the feminine principle, especially as present in men (contrasted with animus ).

399

animus

strong dislike or enmity; hostile attitude; animosity.
2.
purpose; intention; animating spirit.
3.
(in the psychology of C. G. Jung) the masculine principle, especially as present in women (contrasted with anima )

400

anneal

heat (metal or glass) and allow it to cool slowly, in order to remove internal stresses and toughen it.

401

annular

A ringlike figure, part, structure, or marking, such as a growth ring on the scale of a fish.

402

anogenital

of or relating to the anus and genitals.

403

anomie

a "condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals". It is the breakdown of social bonds between an individual and the community

404

anorak

a waterproof jacket, typically with a hood, of a kind originally used in polar regions.

405

anosmia

the inability to perceive odor or a lack of functioning olfaction.

406

antabuse

a brand of disulfiram, used in the treatment of alcoholism, that acts by inducingnausea and other unpleasant symptoms following ingestion of alcohol; tetraethylthiuram disulphide

407

anthelion

a luminous, white spot occasionally appearing at the sun's elevation but in the opposite part of the sky

408

anthracite

a hard natural coal of high luster differing from bituminous coal in containing little volatile matter and in burning very cleanly —called also hard coal.

409

anti-aliasing

a software technique for diminishing jaggies - stairstep-like lines that should be smooth.

410

antimony

A metallic element having two allotropic forms: a hard, extremely brittle, lustrous, bluish-white, crystalline material and a gray amorphous form. It is used in a wide variety of alloys, especially with lead in battery plates, and in the manufacture of flame-proofing compounds, paint, semiconductor devices, and ceramic products.

411

apercu

a comment or brief reference that makes an illuminating or entertaining point.

412

aphelion

the point in the path of a celestial body (as a planet) that is farthest from the sun

413

apocryphal

of doubtful authorship or authenticity

414

aphid

Any of various small, soft-bodied insects of the superfamily Aphidoidea that feed by sucking sap from plants and that can reproduce asexually

415

aporia

doubt, real or professed, about what to do or say
2. (Philosophy) philosophy puzzlement occasioned by the raising of philosophical objections without any proffered solutions, esp in the works of Socrates

416

apostasy

Abandonment of one's religious faith, a political party, one's principles, or a cause.

417

apostrophe

Poem which is directly addressed to a person or thing (often absent). An example is Wordsworth's sonnet Milton which begins: 'Milton! thou shouldst be living at this hour'

418

apotheosis

the highest point in the development of something; culmination or climax.

419

apperception

the mental process by which a person makes sense of an idea by assimilating it to the body of ideas he or she already possesses.

420

apposite

very appropriate : suitable for the occasion or situation

421

apres

coming after in time, typically specifying a period following an activity.

422

apron

a metal plate or cover, usually vertical, for a machine, mechanism, artillery piece, etc., for protecting those who operate it. // a broad paved area used for parking cars, as at the end of a driveway.

423

apse

a part of a church that is shaped like a half circle and that is usually at the east end of the building.

424

aquiline

like an eagle, so if someone tells you you have an aquiline nose, it means your nose looks like an eagle's beak

425

arbalest

a powerful medieval crossbow with a steel bow, used to shoot stones, metal balls, arrows, etc.

426

arbitrage

The simultaneous purchase and sale of an asset in order to profit from a difference in the price. It is a trade that profits by exploiting price differences of identical or similar financial instruments, on different markets or in different forms.

427

arcade

a covered passageway with arches along one or both sides.

428

archimidean screw

a machine historically used for transferring water from a low-lying body of water into irrigation ditches. Water is pumped by turning a screw-shaped surface inside a hollow pipe.

429

architrave

the lowest part of an entablature that bears on the columns
2.
a moulding around a doorway, window opening, etc

430

argus a

Possibly the most important 35mm American camera. It was largely responsible for popularizing the 135 format in the U.S..

431

arhat

a Buddhist who has reached the stage of enlightenment

432

armature

the part of an electric motor or generator that produces an electric current when it turns in a magnetic field

: a frame used by a sculptor to support a figure that is being modeled

433

armoire

a wardrobe or movable cabinet, typically one that is ornate or antique.

434

arpeggio

The sounding of the tones of a chord in rapid succession rather than simultaneously

435

arrack

Any of various strong alcoholic liquors of South Asia and Southeast Asia, usually distilled from fermented palm sap, rice, or molasses.

436

arrears

money that is owed and should have been paid earlier.

437

arroyo

a steep-sided gully cut by running water in an arid or semiarid region.

438

artless

without guile or deception or finesse

without effort or pretentiousness; natural and simple.

439

ascap

an American not-for-profit performance-rights organization (PRO) that protects its members' musical copyrights by monitoring public performances of their music, whether via a broadcast or live performance, and compensating them accordingly.

440

ashram

a spiritual hermitage or a monastery.[1][2] Additionally, today the term often denotes a locus of Hindu cultural activity such as yoga, music study or religious instruction, similar to a studio, yeshiva or dojo.

441

ashtanga

a type of yoga based on eight principles and consisting of a series of poses executed in swift succession, combined with deep, controlled breathing.

442

askesis

strict self-discipline or self-control, as for religious or meditative purposes.

443

asperger's

usually want to fit in and have interaction with others, but often they don’t know how to do it. They may be socially awkward, not understand conventional social rules or show a lack of empathy. They may have limited eye contact, seem unengaged in a conversation and not understand the use of gestures or sarcasm.

444

asperity

harshness of tone or manner.

445

assay

determine the quality // the testing of a metal or ore to determine its ingredients and quality.

446

astern

backward; behind or toward the rear of a ship or aircraft.

447

asthenia

Lack of energy and strength. Loss of strength

448

astraddle

with the legs stretched widely on each side of.

449

astrolabe

an astronomical instrument for taking the altitude of the sun or stars and for the solution of other problems in astronomy and navigation: used by Greek astronomers from about 200 b.c. and by Arab astronomers from the Middle Ages until superseded by the sextant

450

asymptote

a line or curve that approaches a given curve arbitrarily closely, as illustrated in the above diagram

451

ataraxy

a state of serene calmness

452

atavistic

relating to or characterized by reversion to something ancient or ancestral.

453

atelier

a workshop or studio, especially one used by an artist or designer.

454

athwart

at right angles to the fore-and-aft line; across.

455

atman

the innermost essence of each individual. 2. Hinduism : the supreme universal self : brahma

456

atoll

a ring-shaped reef, island, or chain of islands formed of coral.

457

atomizer

a device for emitting water, perfume, or other liquids as a fine spray.

458

atrazine

a herbicide of the triazine class. It is used to prevent pre and post-emergence broadleaf weeds in crops such as maize and sugarcane and on turf, such as golf courses and residential lawns

459

attar

a fragrant essential oil (as from rose petals)

460

au courant

fashionable; aware of what is going on; well informed

461

auger

a tool with a helical bit for boring holes in wood.

462

awl

a small pointed tool used for piercing holes, especially in leather.

463

autotelic

(of an activity or a creative work) having an end or purpose in itself.

464

autogeneous

arising from within or from a thing itself.

465

autogamy

self-fertilization, especially the self-pollination of a flower.

466

autoerotic

the practice of becoming sexually stimulated through internal stimuli.

467

au gratin

covered with bread crumbs or cheese and then baked until brown

468

augur

portend a good or bad outcome.

469

axon

a nerve fibre, is a long, slender projection of a nerve cell, or neuron, that typically conducts electrical impulses away from the neuron's cell body.

470

august

inspiring reverence or admiration; of supreme dignity or grandeur; majestic:

venerable; eminent:

471

au jus

with [its own] juice

472

axle

the pin, bar, shaft, or the like, on which or by means of which a wheel or pair of wheels rotates.

473

aureole

a radiant light around the head or body of a representation of a sacred personage

474

autocephalus

meaning self-headed) is the status of a hierarchical Christian church whose head bishop does not report to any higher-ranking bishop

475

avail

helo; use or take advantage of (an opportunity or available resource).

476

auxilary verb

be, have, and do // help to clarify whether or not an action occurs, when the action of the main verb takes place, who or what is responsible for that action, and whether we are making a statement or asking a question.

477

azure

the blue color of the clear sky. b : the heraldic color blue. 3. : the unclouded sky

478

azimuth

The horizontal angular distance from a reference direction, usually the northern point of the horizon, to the point where a vertical circle through a celestial body intersects the horizon, usually measured clockwise.

479

ayurveda

It is based on the belief that health and wellness depend on a delicate balance between the mind, body, and spirit. The primary focus of Ayurvedic medicine is to promote good health, rather than fight disease.

480

ayahuasca

ommonly called yagé (/jɑːˈheɪ/), is a psychedelic brew made out of Banisteriopsis caapi vine in combination with various plants. Consumers report having spiritual revelations regarding their purpose on Earth, the true nature of the universe as well as deep insight into how to be the best person they possibly can.[2] This is viewed by many as a spiritual awakening and what is often described as a rebirth.[3]