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Flashcards in Untitled spreadsheet - Sheet1 Deck (488)
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1

baal

North-West Semitic title and honorific meaning "master" or "lord"[1] that is used for various gods who were patrons of cities in the Levant and Asia Minor,

2

babbitt

used as bearing material for axles and crankshafts, based on the tin alloy invented for use in steam engines. They provide a low-friction lining for bearing shells made of stronger metals such as cast iron, steel, or bronze.

3

babuschka

a headscarf tied under the chin, typical of those worn by Polish and Russian women.

4

backbiting

malicious talk about someone who is not present.

5

backfire

a mistimed explosion; (of a plan or action) rebound adversely on the originator; have the opposite effect to what was intended.

6

backscatter

refers to light from a flash or strobe reflecting back from particles in the lens's field of view causing specks of light to appear in the photo. This gives rise to what are sometimes referred to as orb artifacts which can result from snowflakes, rain or mist, or airborne dust.

7

badinage

humorous or witty conversation.

8

bailiwick

one's sphere of operations or particular area of interest.

9

balaclava

ski mask, is a form of cloth headgear designed to expose only part of the face. Depending on style and how it's worn only the eyes, mouth and nose, or just the front of the face are unprotected. Versions with a full face opening may be rolled into a hat to cover the crown of the head or folded down as a collar around the neck.

10

provenance

the place of origin or earliest known history of something. // a record of ownership of a work of art or an antique, used as a guide to authenticity or quality

11

ballast

a device intended to limit the amount of current in an electric circuit. A familiar and widely used example is the inductive one used in fluorescent lamps, to limit the current through the tube, which would otherwise rise to destructive levels due to the tube's negative resistance characteristic.

12

balmoral

a type of brimless round cocked hat with a cockade or ribbons attached, worn by certain Scottish regiments.
2.
a heavy laced leather walking boot.

13

balthazar

one of the three Magi.
2. a wine bottle holding 13 quarts

14

bandeau

a garment made of a strip of cloth. Today the term refers most frequently to the garment that wraps around a woman's breasts in sporting and bathing costumes dating back to Roman times.

15

banderilla

most often refers to the colorfully decorated and barbed sticks used in bullfighting, as illustrated on this page.

16

bandicoot

nocturnal, very similar in appearance to the rat as they have long, pointed heads and snouts and a short and compact body with a long, thin tail. Despite this though, bandicoots are about the size of a rabbit and use their powerful hind legs to hop around in the same way.

17

banding

a problem of inaccurate colour presentation in computer graphics. For instance, displaying natural gradients (like sunsets, dawns or clear blue skies) can show minor banding.

18

bandsaw

a power tool which uses a blade consisting of a continuous band of metal with teeth along one edge to cut various workpieces. The minimum radius of a curve that can be cut on a particular saw is determined by the width of the band and its kerf.

19

bandwidth

a synonym for data transfer rate, the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second). Network is usually expressed in bits per second (bps); modern networks typically have speeds measured in the millions of bits per second (megabits per second, or Mbps) or billions of bits per second (gigabits per second, or Gbps).

20

barcarole

a folk song sung by Venetian gondoliers, or a piece of music composed in that style.

21

bard

a professional poet, employed by a patron, such as a monarch or nobleman, to commemorate the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities.

22

bardolatry

he worship, particularly when considered excessive, of William Shakespeare.

23

barouche

a four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage with a collapsible hood over the rear half, a seat in front for the driver, and seats facing each other for the passengers, used especially in the 19th century.

24

barracoon

an enclosure or barracks formerly used for temporary confinement of slaves or convicts

25

barranca

a narrow, winding river gorge

26

batholin's gland

two pea - sized organs that are located under the skin in a woman's genital area. These glands secrete fluid that helps lubricate the vagina

27

bartizan

an overhanging, wall-mounted turret projecting from the walls of medieval fortifications from the early 14th century up to the 16th century. Most frequently found at corners, they protected a warder and enabled him to see his surroundings.

28

baseboard

a (generally wooden) board covering the lowest part of an interior wall. Its purpose is to cover the joint between the wall surface and the floor.

It covers the uneven edge of flooring next to the wall; protects the wall from kicks, abrasion, and furniture; and can serve as a decorative molding.

29

basilisk

in stories and legends : a reptile that can kill people by breathing on them or looking at them. A legendary serpent or dragon with lethal breath and glance

30

bastinapo

the most common terms for beating the soles of a person's feet as a form of corporal punishment. The mostly incurring loss of self-control due to the incisive pain, typically accompanied by a cognition of unmitigated helplessness, can further cause persistent damage to the receiving person's self-esteem and self-perception.

The punishment can therefore have a dishonoring effect in the societal context as well as an emotionally detrimental impact on the receiving individual. As bastinado is therefore regarded as one of the most degrading as well as effort efficient forms of corporal punishment, it has been and is still frequently used in penal institutions of many countries (see above).