Untitled spreadsheet - Sheet1 Flashcards Preview

Vocabulary > Untitled spreadsheet - Sheet1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Untitled spreadsheet - Sheet1 Deck (488):
1

baal

North-West Semitic title and honorific meaning "master" or "lord"[1] that is used for various gods who were patrons of cities in the Levant and Asia Minor,

2

babbitt

used as bearing material for axles and crankshafts, based on the tin alloy invented for use in steam engines. They provide a low-friction lining for bearing shells made of stronger metals such as cast iron, steel, or bronze.

3

babuschka

a headscarf tied under the chin, typical of those worn by Polish and Russian women.

4

backbiting

malicious talk about someone who is not present.

5

backfire

a mistimed explosion; (of a plan or action) rebound adversely on the originator; have the opposite effect to what was intended.

6

backscatter

refers to light from a flash or strobe reflecting back from particles in the lens's field of view causing specks of light to appear in the photo. This gives rise to what are sometimes referred to as orb artifacts which can result from snowflakes, rain or mist, or airborne dust.

7

badinage

humorous or witty conversation.

8

bailiwick

one's sphere of operations or particular area of interest.

9

balaclava

ski mask, is a form of cloth headgear designed to expose only part of the face. Depending on style and how it's worn only the eyes, mouth and nose, or just the front of the face are unprotected. Versions with a full face opening may be rolled into a hat to cover the crown of the head or folded down as a collar around the neck.

10

provenance

the place of origin or earliest known history of something. // a record of ownership of a work of art or an antique, used as a guide to authenticity or quality

11

ballast

a device intended to limit the amount of current in an electric circuit. A familiar and widely used example is the inductive one used in fluorescent lamps, to limit the current through the tube, which would otherwise rise to destructive levels due to the tube's negative resistance characteristic.

12

balmoral

a type of brimless round cocked hat with a cockade or ribbons attached, worn by certain Scottish regiments.
2.
a heavy laced leather walking boot.

13

balthazar

one of the three Magi.
2. a wine bottle holding 13 quarts

14

bandeau

a garment made of a strip of cloth. Today the term refers most frequently to the garment that wraps around a woman's breasts in sporting and bathing costumes dating back to Roman times.

15

banderilla

most often refers to the colorfully decorated and barbed sticks used in bullfighting, as illustrated on this page.

16

bandicoot

nocturnal, very similar in appearance to the rat as they have long, pointed heads and snouts and a short and compact body with a long, thin tail. Despite this though, bandicoots are about the size of a rabbit and use their powerful hind legs to hop around in the same way.

17

banding

a problem of inaccurate colour presentation in computer graphics. For instance, displaying natural gradients (like sunsets, dawns or clear blue skies) can show minor banding.

18

bandsaw

a power tool which uses a blade consisting of a continuous band of metal with teeth along one edge to cut various workpieces. The minimum radius of a curve that can be cut on a particular saw is determined by the width of the band and its kerf.

19

bandwidth

a synonym for data transfer rate, the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second). Network is usually expressed in bits per second (bps); modern networks typically have speeds measured in the millions of bits per second (megabits per second, or Mbps) or billions of bits per second (gigabits per second, or Gbps).

20

barcarole

a folk song sung by Venetian gondoliers, or a piece of music composed in that style.

21

bard

a professional poet, employed by a patron, such as a monarch or nobleman, to commemorate the patron's ancestors and to praise the patron's own activities.

22

bardolatry

he worship, particularly when considered excessive, of William Shakespeare.

23

barouche

a four-wheeled horse-drawn carriage with a collapsible hood over the rear half, a seat in front for the driver, and seats facing each other for the passengers, used especially in the 19th century.

24

barracoon

an enclosure or barracks formerly used for temporary confinement of slaves or convicts

25

barranca

a narrow, winding river gorge

26

batholin's gland

two pea - sized organs that are located under the skin in a woman's genital area. These glands secrete fluid that helps lubricate the vagina

27

bartizan

an overhanging, wall-mounted turret projecting from the walls of medieval fortifications from the early 14th century up to the 16th century. Most frequently found at corners, they protected a warder and enabled him to see his surroundings.

28

baseboard

a (generally wooden) board covering the lowest part of an interior wall. Its purpose is to cover the joint between the wall surface and the floor.

It covers the uneven edge of flooring next to the wall; protects the wall from kicks, abrasion, and furniture; and can serve as a decorative molding.

29

basilisk

in stories and legends : a reptile that can kill people by breathing on them or looking at them. A legendary serpent or dragon with lethal breath and glance

30

bastinapo

the most common terms for beating the soles of a person's feet as a form of corporal punishment. The mostly incurring loss of self-control due to the incisive pain, typically accompanied by a cognition of unmitigated helplessness, can further cause persistent damage to the receiving person's self-esteem and self-perception.

The punishment can therefore have a dishonoring effect in the societal context as well as an emotionally detrimental impact on the receiving individual. As bastinado is therefore regarded as one of the most degrading as well as effort efficient forms of corporal punishment, it has been and is still frequently used in penal institutions of many countries (see above).

31

bathos

an effect of anticlimax created by an unintentional lapse in mood from the sublime to the trivial or ridiculous. . An abrupt, presumably unintended juxtaposition of the exalted and the commonplace, producing a ludicrous effect. b. An anticlimax.

32

biddy

a woman, usually an elderly one regarded as annoying or interfering.

33

bathysphere

a unique spherical deep-sea submersible which was unpowered and lowered into the ocean on a cable, and was used to conduct a series of dives off the coast of Bermuda from 1930 to 1934

34

batten

a long, flat strip of squared wood or metal used to hold something in place or as a fastening against a wall. to hold something in place

35

bauhaus

to unify art, craft, and technology, and this approach was incorporated into the curriculum, which reflected a pragmatic approach to integrating theory and application. In their first year, students learnt the basic elements and principles of design and colour theory, and experimented with a range of materials and processes.[32][33] This approach to design education became a common feature of architectural and design school in many countries.

36

bay window

a generic term for all protruding window constructions, regardless of height. The most common inside angles are 90, 135 and 150 degrees, though triangular bays formed of two windows set at 120 degrees may be found.

37

beadle

a ceremonial officer of a church, college, or similar institution.

38

beam

a line of light coming from a source (such as the sun or a headlight). : a line of energy, particles, etc., that cannot be seen. A squared-off log or a large, oblong piece of timber, metal, or stone used especially as a horizontal support in construction.

39

bearing

a term used in navigation to refer, depending on the context, to the direction of motion or the direction of a distant object relative to the current course

40

bearnaise sauce

a sauce made of clarified butter emulsified in egg yolks, white wine vinegar and flavored with herbs

41

beaucoup

many or much

42

bedew

cover or sprinkle with drops of water or other liquid.

43

bedraggled

Being in a condition of deterioration; dilapidated; wet and limp

44

beech

a kind of tree that has smooth gray bark and small nuts

45

begonia

a tropical plant that has shiny leaves and bright flowers

46

behaviorism

Give me a dozen healthy infants, well-formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to become any type of specialist I might select -- doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief, regardless of his talents, penchants, tendencies, abilities, vocations, and race of his ancestors."

47

belles letters

literature regarded as a fine art, especially as having a purely aesthetic function.

48

bell jar

A cylindrical glass vessel with a rounded top and an open base, used to protect and display fragile objects or to establish a vacuum or a controlled atmosphere

49

bellows

a device constructed to furnish a strong blast of air.

50

bell's palsy

a disorder of the nerve that controls movement of the muscles in the face. This nerve is called the facial or 7th cranial nerve. Damage to this nerve causes weakness or paralysis of these muscles. Paralysis means that you cannot use the muscles at all.

51

belshazzar

held a last great feast at which he saw a hand writing on a wall the following words in Aramaic: “mene, mene, tekel, upharsin.” The prophet Daniel, interpreting the handwriting on the wall as God’s judgment on the king, foretold the imminent destruction of the city. The words of the handwriting on the wall symbolize that God had "weighed" Belshazzar's kingdom and found it wanting

52

belvedere

a summerhouse or open-sided gallery, usually at rooftop level, commanding a fine view.

53

bend sinister

which runs in the other direction, like a sash worn diagonally from the left shoulder . these are rare as an independent motif; they occur more often as marks of distinction, added to another coat to denote bastardy.

54

benzene

It is used mainly as a starting material in making other chemicals, including plastics, lubricants, rubbers, dyes, detergents, drugs, and pesticides. In the past it was also commonly used as an industrial solvent (a substance that can dissolve or extract other substances) and as a gasoline additive, but these uses have been greatly reduced in recent decades.

Benzene is also a natural part of crude oil and gasoline (and therefore motor vehicle exhaust), as well as cigarette smoke.

55

benzoyl peroxide

Treats acne and other skin conditions.

56

berber

a member of an indigenous people of North Africa. The majority of Berbers are settled farmers or (now) migrant workers.

57

berceuse

lullaby

58

bermuda shorts

particular type of short trousers, now widely worn as semi-casual attire by both men and women. The hem can be cuffed or un-cuffed, around 1 inch above the knee.

59

beryl

a most alluring and popular mineral. It occurs in a diversity of colors, and has several important gemstone varieties. The green variety, Emerald, is one of the most precious gems. - See more at: http://www.minerals.net/mineral/beryl.aspx#sthash.31atOwSb.dpuf

60

besotted

strongly infatuated. drunk

61

beta blockers

f drugs that are particularly used for the management of cardiac arrhythmias, protecting the heart from a second heart attack (myocardial infarction) after a first heart attack (secondary prevention),[1] and hypertension

62

bevel

a slope from the horizontal or vertical in carpentry and stonework; a sloping surface or edge.

63

bevel gear

a gear working another gear at an angle to it by means of bevel wheels.

64

bezel

the rim which encompasses and fastens a jewel, watch crystal, lens or other object;

65

bias cut

(Of a garment or fabric) cut obliquely or diagonally across the grain.

66

bibcock

a stopcock or faucet having a bent-down nozzle

67

bicephalous

having two heads

68

bichon frise

meaning curly lap dog), is a small breed of dog (leslie's dog)

69

bicuspid

having two cusps or points.

70

bighorn

a stocky brown North American wild sheep, found especially in the Rocky Mountains.

71

bight

a curve in a coast or the bay formed by such a curve

72

bijou

a jewel or trinket // (especially of a residence or business establishment) small and elegant.

73

bikini

a very brief, close-fitting, two-piece bathing suit for women or girls

74

bilabial

a family of click consonants that sound something like a smack of the lips.

75

bildungsroman

a type of novel concerned with the education, development, and maturing of a young protagonist.

76

bilirubin

the yellow breakdown product of normal heme catabolism. Heme is found in hemoglobin, a principal component of red blood cells. It is excreted in bile and urine, and elevated levels may indicate certain diseases.

77

biliverdin

It is the pigment responsible for a greenish color sometimes seen in bruises.[2]

78

billabong

an isolated pond after a river changes course // A dead-end channel extending from the main stream of a river. 2. A streambed filled with water only in the rainy season. 3. A stagnant pool or backwater.

79

binnacle

a waist-high case or stand on the deck of a ship, generally mounted in front of the helmsman, in which navigational instruments are placed for easy and quick reference as well as to protect the delicate instruments.

80

biomarker

a measurable substance in an organism whose presence is indicative of some phenomenon such as disease, infection, or environmental exposure.

81

bioprospecting

the process of discovery and commercialization of new products based on biological resources.

82

birddog

a guy who is primarily interested in romancing other people's girl friends.

83

biretta

A stiff square cap with three or four ridges across the crown. They are worn especially by Roman Catholic clergy

84

bitewing

a dental X-ray film designed to show the crowns of the upper and lower teeth simultaneously.

85

bitmap

A representation, consisting of rows and columns of dots, of a graphics image in computer memory. The value of each dot (whether it is filled in or not) is stored in one or more bits of data. For simple monochrome images, one bit is sufficient to represent each dot, but for colors and shades of gray, each dot requires more than one bit of data. The more bits used to represent a dot, the more colors and shades of gray that can be represented

86

bitumen

an asphalt of Asia Minor used in ancient times as a cement and mortar

87

bivuoac

a temporary camp without tents or cover, used especially by soldiers or mountaineers.

88

black belt

a narrow belt of dark-colored, calcareous soils in central Alabama and Mississippi highly adapted to agriculture

89

black diamond

a lump of coal

90

black mass

with only his lover as attendant, would begin to recite the mass backwards, being sure to finish at precisely the last stroke of midnight. Among other details intended to parody the normal practice of the Mass, the host used would be triangular and black, rather than round and white, with three points instead of the usual four; the priest would not consecrate wine but instead drink water from a well into which an unbaptized infant had been thrown. Bladé's informant also reported that the sign of the cross would be made by the priest with his left foot on the ground before him. At the very end the officiant would pronounce the name of a victim who, it was believed, would soon simply waste away and die, with no cause that could be understood by medicine.

91

blanch

(of a person) grow pale from shock, fear, or a similar emotion.

92

blase

unimpressed or indifferent to something because one has experienced or seen it so often before.

93

blazing star

Valued for its unusual flower shape, it sends up erect spires of usually magenta, sometimes white flowers. Emerging from grasslike foliage, the blooms make a dramatic statement in flower gardens with other perennials, annuals, or even shrubs

94

blastema

a mass of undifferentiated cells that has the capability to develop into an organ or an appendage

95

blastoderm

the primitive layer of cells that results from the segmentation of the ovum.
2.
the layer of cells forming the wall of the blastula, and in most vertebrates enclosing a cavity or a yolk mass.

96

blastula (Scott")

the early developmental stage of an animal, following the morula stage and consisting of a single spherical layer of cells enclosing a hollow, central cavity

97

brachial

of or relating to the arm, specifically the upper arm, or an armlike structure.

98

brahmin

a socially or culturally superior person, especially a member of the upper classes from New England.

99

brasserie

an informal restaurant, especially one in France or modeled on a French one and with a large selection of drinks.

100

bravura

great skill and energy in doing something (such as performing on a stage)

101

bray

To utter the loud, harsh cry of a donkey. 2. To sound loudly and harshly

102

breakbeat

A drum part, usually sampled from old funk records used in hip hop tracks. They are also sliced and manipulated in drum n bass and other froms of electronic music.

103

brica brac

small objects that are used for decoration and are not usually valuable.

104

bricaluer

attempts to re-use available materials in order to solve new problems

105

bridle

show one's resentment or anger, especially by throwing up the head and drawing in the chin. // the headgear used to control a horse, consisting of buckled straps to which a bit and reins are attached.

106

broadside

a nearly simultaneous firing of all the guns from one side of a warship. // with the side turned to a particular thing.

107

broca's area

underactive in people who stutter, controls Speech Production, Facial Neuron Control, Language Processing

108

brindle

a brownish or tawny color of animal fur, with streaks of other color.

109

bris

Circumcision

110

bristle

a short stiff hair, typically one of those on an animal's skin, a man's face, or a plant.

111

brocade

noun
a rich fabric, usually silk, woven with a raised pattern, typically with gold or silver thread.

112

brompton cocktail

Mixture of Cocaine, Heroine,and alcohol given to cancer patients on their death bed.It was given to them to bring them alive for the last time.So their family could see them in a state of euphoria and not in so much pain.

113

bung

A stopper, especially for the hole through which a cask, keg, or barrel is filled or emptied.

114

burgher

A comfortable or complacent member of the middle class. 3. a. A member of the mercantile class of a medieval European city.

115

burgonet

a light 16th-century helmet, usually made of steel, with hinged cheekpieces

116

burn-in

a test in which a system or component is made to run for an extended period of time to detect problems

117

burnouse

a long hooded cloak woven of wool in one piece; worn by Arabs and Moors

118

blazon

to depict (heraldic arms or the like) in proper form and color.

119

bleat

to make the sound that a sheep or goat makes. : to speak or complain in an annoying way

120

blear

make dim

121

bloomery

a type of furnace once widely used for smelting iron from its oxides. It was the earliest form of smelter capable of smelting iron. Its product is a porous mass of iron and slag

122

blunderbuss

a muzzle-loading firearm with a short, large-caliber barrel, :43 which is flared at the muzzle and frequently throughout the entire bore, and used with shot and other projectiles of relevant quantity and/or calibe

123

bodacious

audacious in a way considered admirable.

124

bolero

a type of Spanish dance; also : the music for this dance. : a short jacket for women that does not close at the front.

125

bonito

a tribe of medium-sized, ray-finned predatory fish in the family Scombridae – a family it shares with the mackerel, tuna and Spanish mackerel tribes, and also the butterfly kingfish.

126

boson

force carriers that function as the 'glue' holding matter together

127

bleb

a large blister filled with serous fluid, or jargon for an outpouching of any kind, from a vessel

128

bob

To move up and down:. 2. To grab at floating or hanging objects with the teeth:

129

bora

a violent, dry, cold wind blowing from the north or northeast // an initiation ceremony of Indigenous Australians, and to the site on which the initiation is performed. At such a site, boys achieve the status of men. The initiation ceremony differs from culture to culture, but often involves scarification and may also involve the removal of a tooth or part of a finger

130

bleeding heart

Feeling sorry for everything and everyone and giving in to emotions quickly; a garden plant (Dicentra spectabilis) of the fumitory family with racemes of usually deep pink or white drooping heart-shaped flowers

131

block & tackle

a system of two or more pulleys with a rope or cable threaded between them, usually used to lift or pull heavy loads

132

bluchers

a style of shoe similar to a derby. Its vamp is made of a single piece of leather

133

blunge

mix (clay or other materials) with water in a revolving apparatus for use in ceramics.

134

bolus

a small rounded mass of a substance, especially of chewed food at the moment of swallowing.
a type of large pill used in veterinary medicine.

135

bodhisattva

anyone who, motivated by great compassion, has generated bodhicitta, which is a spontaneous wish to attain Buddhahood for the benefit of all sentient beings

136

boffo

a deep and unrestrained laugh; (of a theatrical production or movie, or a review of one) very successful or wholeheartedly commendatory.

137

bodkin

a blunt, thick needle with a large eye used especially for drawing tape or cord through a hem.
a small pointed instrument used to pierce cloth or leather.

138

bombazine

a twilled fabric with silk warp and worsted filling. 2. : a silk fabric in twill weave dyed black.

139

bower

A woman's private chamber in a medieval castle; a boudoir. 3. A rustic cottage; a country retreat

140

borealis

pertaining to the north or north wind;

141

botrytis

a necrotrophic fungus that affects many plant species, although its most notable hosts may be wine grapes. In viticulture, it is commonly known as bunch rot; in horticulture, it is usually called grey mould or gray mold

142

boudoir

a lady's private bedroom, sitting room or dressing room

143

boustrophon

a kind of bi-directional text, mostly seen in ancient manuscripts and other inscriptions.[1] Every other line of writing is flipped or reversed, with reversed letters. Rather than going left-to-right as in modern English, or right-to-left as in Arabic and Hebrew, alternate lines must be read in opposite directions. Also, the individual characters are reversed, or mirrored. It was a common way of writing in stone in Ancient Greece.[2]

144

bowline

a rope used to keep the weather edge of a square sail taut forward. 2. : a knot used to form a loop that neither slips nor jams

145

bowsprit

a large spar projecting forward from the stem of a ship

146

bourgeoisie

the middle class, typically with reference to its perceived materialistic values or conventional attitudes.
(in Marxist contexts) the capitalist class who own most of society's wealth and means of production.

147

bouree

An old French dance resembling the gavotte, usually in 3/4 or 2/2 time beginning with an upbeat.
b. The music for this dance.
2. A movement in ballet in which the dancer transfers body weight quickly from foot to foot, usually on the balls of the feet, in a series of small steps.

148

brace and bit

a hand tool for boring holes, consisting of a cranked handle into which a drilling bit is inserted _|~|--->

149

bracer

an alcoholic drink intended to prepare one for something difficult or unpleasant. // a strap or sheath, commonly made of leather, stone, or plastic that covers the inside of an archer's arm to protect it while shooting.

150

brougham

A brougham was a car body style based on the earlier brougham carriage. Similar in style to the later town car, the style was used on chauffeur-driven(Cadillac)

151

brutalism

originates from the French béton brut, or "raw concrete", a term used by Le Corbusier to describe his choice of material. moral seriousness. can be seen as a reaction by a younger generation to the lightness, optimism, and frivolity of some 1930s and 1940s architecture.

152

bryl cream

A cream used on men’s hair to give it a smooth,shiny appearance.

153

buckshot

Large lead shot for shotgun shells, used especially in hunting big game.

154

buffet

to hit (something) with great force many times with your hand

155

bulkhead

a dividing wall or barrier between compartments in a ship, aircraft, or other vehicle.

156

bulrush

a very tall plant that grows in wetlands. Another name is a cattail.

157

bumptious

self-assertive or proud to an irritating degree.

158

burl

A knot, lump, or slub in yarn or cloth. 2. a. A large rounded outgrowth on the trunk or branch of a tree.

159

burnside

A mustache in combination with whiskers on the cheeks but no beard on the chin.

160

busby

a tall fur hat with a baglike ornament hanging from the top over the right side.

161

bushido

a modern term rather than a historical one, originates from the samurai moral values, most commonly stressing some combination of frugality, loyalty, martial arts mastery, and honor unto death.

162

bushing

a lining for a hole, intended to insulate and protect from abrasion one or more conductors that pass through it. 2. Machinery. a replaceable thin tube

163

bushwhack

live or travel in wild or uncultivated country.

164

butterfly valve

a valve which can be used for isolating or regulating flow. The closing mechanism takes the form of a disk.

165

button lip

to stop talking.

166

byzantine

of, relating to, or characterized by a devious and usually surreptitious manner of operation

167

cincture

a liturgical vestment, worn encircling the body around or above the waist

168

cineast

a filmmaker.
an enthusiast for or devotee of movies or filmmaking.

169

cirrhosis

a chronic degenerative disease in which normal liver cells are damaged and are then replaced by scar tissue

170

civet

Any of various catlike mammals of the family Viverridae of Africa and Asia, having anal scent glands that secrete a fluid with a musky odor.

171

clabbered

curdle or cause to curdle. a food produced by allowing unpasteurized milk to turn sour at a specific humidity and temperature

172

clamber

climb, move, or get in or out of something in an awkward and laborious way, typically using both hands and feet.

173

claque

a group of people hired to applaud (or heckle) a performer or public speaker.
a group of sycophantic followers.

174

claret

a red wine from Bordeaux, or wine of a similar character made elsewhere.
a deep purplish-red color.

175

claustration

confinement as if in a cloister.

176

clenbuterol

a powerful bronchodilator that has an incredible fat burning properties.

177

clevis

a U-shaped or forked metal connector within which another part can be fastened by means of a bolt or pin passing through the ends of the connector.

178

cloister

a covered walk in a convent, monastery, college, or cathedral, typically with a wall on one side and a colonnade open to a quadrangle on the other.

179

conte

short story as a form of literary composition.
a medieval narrative tale.

180

context

the words that are used with a certain word or phrase and that help to explain its meaning

: the situation in which something happens : the group of conditions that exist where and when something happens

181

contracture

a condition of shortening and hardening of muscles, tendons, or other tissue, often leading to deformity and rigidity of joints.

182

contrail

a trail of condensed water from an aircraft or rocket at high altitude, seen as a white streak against the sky.

183

cornball

trite and sentimental.

184

cloture

a method of closing a debate and causing an immediate vote to be taken on the question.

185

cloud seeding

a form of weather modification, is the attempt to change the amount or type of precipitation that falls from clouds, by dispersing substances into the air that serve as cloud condensation or ice nuclei, which alter the microphysical processes within the cloud.

186

clozapine

Treats schizophrenia. Also lowers the risk of suicidal behavior in patients who have schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder.

187

clyster

An enema.

188

coal gas

Seattle's gas works park // virtually all fuel and lighting gas used in both the United States and Great Britain was manufactured from coal. Gas was often supplied to households via a municipally owned piped distribution system.

189

coccyx

a small, triangular bone at the base of the spinal column in humans and some apes, formed of fused vestigial vertebrae.

190

coda

The concluding passage of a movement or composition. 2. A conclusion or closing part of a statement.

191

codec

encodes a data stream or signal for transmission, storage or encryption, or decodes it for playback or editing // coder-decoder

192

codicil

A supplement or appendix to a will. 2. A supplement or appendix.

193

coffle

a train of slaves or animals fastened together.

194

coif

3. A white skullcap formerly worn by English lawyers.
4.
a. A hood of chain mail or other heavy material, usually worn under a helmet.

195

coign

a projecting corner or angle of a wall or building.

196

coloeptera

"sheathed wing" a beetle

197

colic

defined as episodes of crying for more than three hours a day for more than three days a week for three weeks in an otherwise healthy child between the ages of two weeks and four months

198

collar stud

A cone-shaped sleeve used for holding circular or rodlike pieces in a lathe or other machine.
2. A metal collar used in watchmaking to join one end of a balance spring to the balance staff.
3. A circular flange or rim, as in a ring, into which a gem is set.

199

collet

the enclosing rim within which a jewel is set.
3.
a slotted cylindrical clamp inserted tightly into the tapered interior of a sleeve or chuck on a lathe to hold a cylindrical piece of work.

200

collar

an option strategy that limits the range of possible positive or negative returns on an underlying to a specific range.

201

cormorant

a prehistoric-looking, matte-black fishing bird with yellow-orange facial skin. Though they look like a combination of a goose and a loon, they are relatives of frigatebirds and boobies and are a common sight around fresh and salt water across North America—perhaps attracting the most attention when they stand on docks, rocky islands, and channel markers, their wings spread out to dry. These solid, heavy-boned birds are experts at diving to catch small fish.

202

cornea

The clear front window of the eye, which transmits and focuses light into the eye. It is more than a protective film; it is a fairly complex structure that has five layers.

203

cornice

the decorative top edge of a building or column. : a decorative strip of wood or some other material used at the top of the walls in a room.

204

contretemps

an unfortunate or embarrassing event, argument, or disagreement

205

contuse

Injure (a part of the body) without breaking the skin, forming a bruise:

206

contralto

the lowest female voice or voice part, intermediate between soprano and tenor. 2. the alto, or highest male voice or voice part

207

convection

movement in a gas or liquid in which the warmer parts move up and the colder parts move down

208

convulse

suffer violent involuntary contraction of the muscles, producing contortion of the body or limbs. // throw a country into upheaval

209

coordinating conjunction

and, but, for, or, nor, so, yet—connect words, phrases, and clauses.

210

cope

to struggle or deal, especially on fairly even terms or with some degree of success // a long, loose piece of clothing that is worn by a priest on special occasions.

211

cornpone

of, relating to, or appealing to people who live on farms away from big cities

212

corolla

the inner envelope of floral leaves of a flower, usually of delicate texture and of some color other than green; the petals considered collectively.

213

corona

a white or colored circle or set of concentric circles of light seen around a luminous body, especially around the sun or moon.

214

corridor

a long, narrow passage inside a building or train with doors that lead to rooms on each side

215

corrigible

capable of being corrected or reformed

216

corset

a tight, stiff piece of clothing worn by women under other clothing to make their waists appear smaller

217

cortex

the outer layer of an organ in the body and especially of the brain

218

corticosteroid

involved in a wide range of physiological processes, including stress response, immune response, and regulation of inflammation, carbohydrate metabolism, protein catabolism, blood electrolyte levels, and behavior.

219

coruscate

(of light) flash or sparkle.

220

cotillion

formal ball, especially one at which young women are presented to society. // an elaborate dance with frequent changing of partners carried out under the leadership of one couple at formal balls

221

covalent

The number of electron pairs an atom can share with other atoms.

222

coven

assembly of witches, a collection of individuals with similar interests or activities

223

counterpoint

the art of combining melodies

224

counter conditioning

It is the process of getting rid of an unwanted response. the unwanted response does not just disappear, it is replaced by a new, wanted response.

225

coulis

a form of thick sauce made from puréed and strained vegetables or fruits. A vegetable one is commonly used on meat and vegetable dishes, and it can also be used as a base for soups or other sauces

226

cotton-picking

A general term of disapproval, of something that is troublesome or a nuisance.

227

cotterpin

a metal pin used to fasten two parts of a mechanism together.
a split pin that is opened out after being passed through a hole.

228

cottage industry

a system for making products to sell in which people work in their own homes and use their own equipment

229

chignon

A roll or knot of hair worn at the back of the head or especially at the nape of the neck

230

chilblain

a medical condition that occurs when a predisposed individual is exposed to cold and humidity, causing tissue damage

231

chiminea

a freestanding front-loading fireplace or oven with a bulbous body and usually a vertical smoke vent or chimney.

232

chimois

a goat-antelope species native to mountains in Europe,

233

chromakey

The technique has been used heavily in many fields to remove a background from the subject of a photo or video – particularly the newscasting, motion picture and videogame industries. A color range in the top layer is made transparent, revealing another image behind.

234

chromatic abberration

also known as “color fringing” or “purple fringing”, is a common optical problem that occurs when a lens is either unable to bring all wavelengths of color to the same focal plane, and/or when wavelengths of color are focused at different positions in the focal plane.

235

chronaxie

the minimum time required for excitation of a structure (as a nerve cell) by a constant electric current of twice the threshold voltage

236

st john chrysotom

He is known for his preaching and public speaking, his denunciation of abuse of authority by both ecclesiastical and political leaders, and his ascetic sensibilities. The epithet Χρυσόστομος means "golden-mouthed" in Greek and was given on account of his legendary eloquence

237

collywobbles

intestinal cramps or other intestinal disturbances

238

colophon

an inscription at the end of a book or manuscript usually with facts about its production. 2. : an identifying mark used by a printer or a publisher

239

cpi


A measure that examines the weighted average of prices of a basket of consumer goods and services, such as transportation, food and medical care. It is calculated by taking price changes for each item in the predetermined basket of goods and averaging them; the goods are weighted according to their importance.

240

chintzy

not showing good taste : not tasteful or stylish. : poorly or cheaply done or made : of low quality. : not willing to spend money or give anything away

241

chiral

applied to molecular systems whose asymmetry results in handedness; that is, the existence of a pair of nonsuperimposable mirror-image shapes (

Read more: http://www.chemistryexplained.com/Ce-Co/Chirality.html#ixzz3QAX661WV

242

chlordiazepoxide

indicated for the short-term (2–4 weeks) treatment of anxiety that is severe and disabling or subjecting the person to unacceptable distress. It is also indicated as a treatment for the management of acute alcohol withdrawal syndrome.

243

chyme

The thick semifluid mass of partly digested food that is passed from the stomach to the duodenum

244

coupe

a closed, two-door car shorter than a sedan of the same model

245

country gentleman

a well-to-do country resident : an owner of a country estate
2
: one of the English landed gentry

246

clio

The Muse of history.

247

cloaca

a common passage for fecal, urinary, and reproductive discharge in most lower vertebrates

248

colostrum

a milky fluid that comes from the breasts of humans, cows, and other mammals the first few days after giving birth, before true milk appears. It contains proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, and proteins (antibodies) that fight disease-causing agents such as bacteria and viruses.

249

coloscope

a flexible, lighted, tubular instrument using fiber optics to permit visualization of the colon

250

comity

courtesy and considerate behavior toward others. legal reciprocity

251

commination

the action of threatening divine vengeance.
the recital of divine threats against sinners in the Anglican Liturgy for Ash Wednesday.

252

commissure

the joint between two bones. a band of nerve tissue connecting the hemispheres of the brain, the two sides of the spinal cord, etc.

253

commodore

a high-ranking officer in the navy. : the person who is in charge of a yachting or boating club.

254

commonweal

the happiness, health, and safety of all of the people of a community or nation

255

commutation

involves the reduction of legal penalties, especially in terms of imprisonment.

256

compass rose

a figure on a compass, map, nautical chart, or monument used to display the orientation of the cardinal directions—North, East, South, and West—and their intermediate points.

257

concertina

a musical instrument resembling an accordion but having buttonlike keys, hexagonal bellows and ends, and a more limited range.

258

concert pitch

A standard for the tuning of musical instruments, internationally agreed upon in 1960, in which the note A above middle C has a frequency of 440 Hz.

259

conclave

The private rooms in which the cardinals meet to elect a new pope. b. The meeting held to elect a new pope. 3. A meeting of family members or associates.

260

concupisence

strong sexual desire; lust.

261

conditioned response

he learned response (reflexive behavior) to a conditioned stimulus (CS). A new or modified response elicited by a stimulus after conditioning.

262

confectioner's sugar

finely ground sugar made by milling normal granulated sugar into a powdered state. It usually contains a small amount of anti-caking agent to prevent clumping and improve flow

263

compote

fruit stewed or cooked in a syrup, usually served as a dessert

264

compunction

a feeling of uneasiness or anxiety of the conscience caused by regret for doing wrong or causing pain; contrition; remorse.

265

conation

the aspect of mental life having to do with purposive behavior, including desiring, resolving, and striving.

266

condign

Deserved; adequate

267

condyloma

an infectious disease, usually transmitted by direct sexual contact, that is characterized by the presence of warts caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV). These warts may be found on the genitals, mucous membranes of the

268

confit

meat (as goose, duck, or pork) that has been cooked and preserved in its own fat.

269

congenital

Of or relating to a condition that is present at birth, as a result of either heredity or environmental influences

270

conjugate

To inflect (a verb) in its forms for distinctions such as number, person, voice, mood, and tense.
2. To join together.
v.intr.

271

congener

a thing or person of the same kind or category as another.
2.
a minor chemical constituent, especially one that gives a distinctive character to a wine or liquor or is responsible for some of its physiological effects.

272

conjencture

Opinion or judgment based on inconclusive or incomplete evidence; guesswork

273

conscription

Compulsory enrollment, especially for the armed forces; draft. 2. A monetary payment exacted by a government in wartime.

274

constable

an officer of the peace, having police and minor judicial functions, usually in a small town, rural district,

275

coptic

the ethnic identity of Christians of Egypt

276

corbel


a structural piece of stone, wood or metal jutting from a wall to carry a superincumbent weight, a type of bracket. It is the solid piece of material whorling from a skyscraper

277

connotation

An idea or meaning suggested by or associated with a word or thing:
b. The set of associations implied by a word in addition to its literal meaning.

278

constructuvism

"discovery learning" "learning by doing" argues that humans generate knowledge and meaning from an interaction between their experiences and their ideas.

279

contrapuntal

he general movement of two melodic lines with respect to each other. In traditional four-part harmony, it is important that lines maintain their independence, an effect which can be achieved by the judicious use of the four types: parallel motion, similar motion, contrary motion, and oblique motion.[1][2]

280

coprophagy

Feeding on excrement

281

cordite

Any of a family of smokeless explosive powders

282

cordon

a line of people or objects that are placed around or in front of a person or place to keep people away

283

cordovan

A fine leather originally made of goatskin but now more frequently of split horsehide.

284

corker

a very good or amusing person or thing

285

coupling

a device that connects two parts or things. : the act of having sex. : the act of combining two things. a device for joining two rotating shafts semipermanently at their ends so as to transmit torque from one to the other.

286

coup stick

a stick with which some North American Indian warriors sought to touch their enemies in battle as a sign of courage.

287

caballero

A Spanish gentleman; a cavalier. 2. A man who is skilled in riding and managing horses; a horseman

288

cable release

a device consisting of a flexible wire that is pressed at one end to trip a shuttermechanism on a camera.

289

cabriole leg

a curved, tapering furniture leg curving outward at the top and inward farther down, usu. terminating in an ornamental foot:

290

cabotage

The transportation of passengers and goods within the same country.
2. Law or policy protecting transporters of passengers and goods within a country from competition from foreign carriers.

291

cacciotore

a meal prepared hunter-style with tomatoes, onions, mushrooms, herbs, and sometimes wine:

292

cache

a group of things that have been hidden in a secret place because they are illegal or have been stolen. : a part of a computer's memory where information is kept

293

cad

an ill-bred man, especially one who behaves in a dishonorable or irresponsible way toward women

294

cadge

to ask, expect, or encourage another person to pay for or provide one's drinks, meals, etc.

295

caducity

the infirmity or weakness of old age; senility. 2. frailty; transitoriness

296

cairn

a pile of stones that marks a place (such as the place where someone is buried or a battle took place) or that shows the direction of a trail

297

calabash

an evergreen tropical American tree that bears fruit in the form of large woody gourds.
a gourd from its tree.
a water container, tobacco pipe, or other object made from the dried shell of the similar gourd.

298

caliper

a device used to measure the distance between two opposite sides of an object. It can be as simple as a compass with inward or outward-facing points.

299

calliope

the muse of epic poetry // Also called steam organ. a musical instrument consisting of a set of harsh-sounding steam whistles that are activated by a keyboard.

300

callipygian

having shapely buttocks

301

callow

(especially of a young person) inexperienced and immature.

302

calumet

a highly ornamented ceremonial pipe of the American Indians.

303

calumny

the making of false and defamatory statements in order to damage someone's reputation; slander.

304

calypso

a nymph in Greek mythology, who lived on the island of Ogygia, where she detained Odysseus for several years. . "concealing the knowledge", which combined with the Homeric epithet δολόεσσα (dolóessa), meaning subtle or wily,

305

calyx

The outermost part of a flower, consisting of the sepals.

306

camber

A slightly arched surface, as of a road, a ship's deck, an airfoil, or a ski.
b. The condition of having an arched surface.
2. A setting of automobile wheels in which they are closer together at the bottom than at the top.

307

cameo

A gem or shell carved in relief, especially one in which the raised design and the background consist of layers of contrasting colors.
c. A medallion with a profile cut in raised relief.

308

camera lucida

an instrument that by means of a prism or mirrors and often a microscope causes a virtual image of an object to appear as if projected upon a plane surface so that an outline may be traced

309

campy

Over the top.. Being so extreme that it has an amusing and sometimes perversely sophisticated appeal.

310

camshaft

control the opening and closing of a cylinder's valves.

311

canker

Ulceration of the mouth and lips. A source of spreading corruption or decay.

312

cannabin

a poisonous resin extracted from cannabis.

313

cannula

a device used to deliver supplemental oxygen or airflow to a patient or person in need of respiratory help

314

cant

hypocritical and sanctimonious talk, typically of a moral, religious, or political nature.

315

canter

A smooth three-beat gait of a horse that is slower than a gallop but faster than a trot, in which the feet touch the ground in the three-beat sequence of near hind foot, off hind foot and near front foot, off front foot.

316

canticle

a hymn or chant, typically with a biblical text, forming a regular part of a church service.

317

cantilever

a bracket for supporting a balcony, cornice, etc.

318

capo

a name for a captain in the mafia family, a movable bar attached to the fingerboard of a fretted instrument to uniformly raise the pitch of all the strings.

319

captious

marked by an often ill-natured inclination to stress faults and raise objections

320

capybara

A large semiaquatic rodent (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) of tropical South America, having short limbs and a vestigial tail and often attaining lengths of more than 1.2 meters (4 feet).

321

carbon

a chemical element that forms diamonds and coal and that is found in petroleum and in all living plants and animals

322

carboy

A large glass or plastic bottle, usually encased in a protective basket or crate and often used to hold corrosive liquids

323

cardioid

A heart-shaped plane curve, the locus of a fixed point on a circle that rolls on the circumference of another circle with the same radius.

324

careen

to lean, sway, or tip to one side while in motion

325

carillon

A stationary set of chromatically tuned bells in a tower, usually played from a keyboard.
2. A composition written or arranged for these bells.

326

carminitive

an herb or preparation intended to either prevent formation of gas in the gastrointestinal tract or facilitate the expulsion of said gas, thereby combatting flatulence.

327

carmine

a rich crimson or scarlet lake made from cochineal

328

carom

a shot in which the cue ball hits two balls in succession

329

carotid

of, relating to, or being the chief artery or pair of arteries that pass up the neck and supply the head

330

carpus

The group of eight bones forming the joint between the forearm and the hand. Also called wrist.

331

carrarian marble

a white statuary marble

332

caryatid

A supporting column sculptured in the form of a draped female figure.

333

cartouche

an oval or oblong figure (as on ancient Egyptian monuments) enclosing a sovereign's name // an ornate or ornamental frame.

334

carriole

a small open two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle
2. a covered cart

335

casbah

a North African castle or fortress
2
: the native section of a North African city

336

casement

a window that opens on hinges like a door

337

cassandra

a daughter of Priam endowed with the gift of prophecy but fated never to be believed. 2. : one that predicts misfortune or disaster

338

cassock

An ankle-length garment with a close-fitting waist and sleeves, worn by the clergy and others assisting in church services.

339

caster

a small wheel attached to the bottom of something (such as a piece of furniture) to make it easier to move.

340

castrato

a singer castrated before puberty to preserve the soprano or contralto range of his voice.

341

catabolism

the set of metabolic pathways that breaks down molecules into smaller units to release energy. // a condition that is mainly caused by excessive training coupled with a lack of adequate nutrition, especially protein

342

catachesis

oral religious instruction, formerly especially before baptism orconfirmation.

343

catafalque

A decorated platform or framework on which a coffin rests in state during a funeral.
2. Roman Catholic Church A coffin-shaped structure draped with a pall, used to represent the corpse at a Requiem Mass celebrated after the burial.

344

catalepsy

A condition that occurs in a variety of physical and psychological disorders and is characterized by lack of response to external stimuli and by muscular rigidity, so that the limbs remain in whatever position they are placed.

345

catalytic converter

an automobile exhaust-system component containing a catalyst that causes conversion of harmful gases (as carbon monoxide and uncombusted hydrocarbons) into mostly harmless products (as water and carbon dioxide)

346

catamite

a boy kept by a pederast

347

catarrh

Copious discharge of mucus associated with inflammation of mucous membranes, especially of the nose and throa

348

catastasis

the part of a drama, preceding the catastrophe, in which the action is at its height; the climax of a play.

349

catatonia

a condition marked by changes in muscle tone or activity associated with a large number of serious mental and physical illnesses. There are two distinct sets of symptoms that are characteristic of this condition. In catatonic stupor the individual experiences a deficit of motor (movement) activity that can render him/her motionless. Catatonic excitement, or excessive movement, is associated with violent behavior directed toward oneself or others.

350

catachesis

A manual giving basic instruction in a subject, usually by rote or repetition.

351

categorical imperative

one must do only what one can will that all others should do under similar circumstances.

352

catgut

A tough thin cord made from the treated and stretched intestines of certain animals, especially sheep, and used for stringing musical instruments and tennis rackets and for surgical ligatures.

353

cathexis

investment of mental or emotional energy in a person, object, or idea

354

cathode

A negatively charged electrode, as of an electrolytic cell, a storage battery, or an electron tube.
2. The positively charged terminal of a primary cell or a storage battery that is supplying current.

355

catoptric

Of or relating to mirrors and reflected images.

356

cattail

any tall, reedlike marsh plant of the genus Typha, especially T. latifolia, having long, sword-shaped leaves and dense, cylindrical clusters of minute brown flowers.

357

cavendish

tobacco that has flavoring added or which was possibly subjected to heavy pressure in order to produce a sweet taste with moist texture

358

celesta

a struck idiophone operated by a keyboard. It looks similar to an upright piano (four- or five-octave), or a large wooden music box (three-octave). The keys connect to hammers that strike a graduated set of metal (usually steel) plates suspended over wooden resonators. Four- or five-octave models usually have a pedal that sustains or damps the sound. The three-octave instruments do not have a pedal because of their small "table-top" design. One of the best-known works that uses the celesta is Tchaikovsky's "Dance of the Sugar Plum Fairy" from The Nutcracker similar to glockenspiel

359

celiac

an immune reaction to eating gluten, a protein found in wheat, barley and rye.

If you have this disease, eating gluten triggers an immune response in your small intestine. Over time, this reaction produces inflammation that damages the small intestine's lining and prevents absorption of some nutrients (malabsorption).

The intestinal damage can cause weight loss, bloating and sometimes diarrhea. Eventually, your brain, nervous system, bones, liver and other organs can be deprived of vital nourishment.

360

celluloid

a tough kind of plastic that was used in the past to make photographic film and other products. : the film used to make movies.

361

centrifugal

Moving or directed away from a center or axis.

362

centripetal

Developing or progressing inward toward the center or axis, as in the head of a sunflower, in which the oldest flowers are near the edge and the youngest flowers are in the center.

363

celadon

A type of pottery having a pale green glaze, originally produced in China

364

cephalometer

An instrument used to position the head for measurement and radiographic examination.

365

cerulean

resembling the blue of the sky.

366

cervix

A neck-shaped anatomical structure, such as the narrow outer end of the uterus

367

cesta

a wicker basket used in the game of jai alai to catch and throw the ball.

368

chablis

a dry white wine from the Burgundy region in France

369

chaise longue

a long low chair with a back along half its length and one arm. : a long chair with a back that can be moved so that you can sit up or lie down

370

chandra

young, beautiful, fair; two-armed and having in his hands a club and a lotus.[3] He rides his chariot across the sky every night, pulled by ten white horses or an antelope. He is connected with dew, and as such, is one of the gods of fertility. The god, the drink and the plant probably referred to the same entity, or at least the differentiation was ambiguous. In this aspect, Soma is similar to the Greek ambrosia (cognate to amrita); it is what the gods drink, and what made them deities. Soma is still coined as name for an entheogenic brew (avestic: Haoma) still in ceremonial use.

371

chambray

a fine cloth of cotton, silk, or linen, commonly of plain weave with a colored warp and white weft

372

chancel

The space around the altar of a church for the clergy and sometimes the choir, often enclosed by a lattice or railing.

373

chancre

a primary sore or ulcer at the site of entry of a pathogen (as in tularemia); especially : the initial lesion of syphilis

374

chandelle

an abrupt climbing turn of an airplane in which the momentum of the plane is used to attain a higher rate of climb.

375

chapparal

An area covered by a dense growth of mostly small-leaved evergreen shrubs, especially in central and southern California.

376

chafe

To annoy, vex, To wear away or irritate by rubbing or friction

377

charas

hashish

378

chard

a variety of beet, Beta vulgaris cicla, with large succulent leaves and thick stalks, used as a vegetable

379

charger plate

underneath plates; larger plates used during full course dinners or to dress up special events like parties and weddings.

380

chenille

a velvety cord or yarn of silk or worsted, for embroidery, fringes, etc.

381

cheongsam

a body-hugging one-piece Chinese dress for women

382

cheops

flourished early 26th century b.c, king of Egypt: builder of the great pyramid at Giza (father of Khafre).

383

chevron

a shape, pattern, or object in the form of a V or an upside-down V. : a piece of cloth that is shaped like a V and that is worn on the sleeve of a military or police

384

chisama

A crossing or intersection of two tracts, as of nerves or ligaments.
2. Genetics The point of contact between paired chromatids during meiosis, resulting in a cross-shaped configuration and representing the cytological manifestation of crossing over.

385

chiasmus

a rhetorical device in which two or more clauses are balanced against each other by the reversal of their structures in order to produce an artistic effect.

“Never let a Fool Kiss You or a Kiss Fool You.”

Notice that the second half of the above mentioned sentence is an inverted form of the first half both grammatically and logically. In the simplest sense, the term applies to almost all “criss-cross” structures and this is the concept that is common these days

386

chiffon

a very thin cloth made especially of silk

387

clyster

a fluid injected into the lower bowel by way of the rectum. The most frequent use of an enema is as a cleansing enema

388

coal gas

a flammable gaseous fuel made from coal and supplied to the user via a piped distribution system. Town gas is a more general term referring to manufactured gaseous fuels produced for sale to consumers and municipalities. replacement of most of the nation's gas cookers and gas heaters, with the exception of Northern Ireland, from the late 1960s onwards.

389

codicil

A supplement or appendix to a will. 2. A supplement or appendix.

390

coda

an ending part of a piece of music or a work of literature or drama that is separate from the earlier parts. : something that ends and completes something else

391

con brio

With great energy; vigorously.

392

confit

meat (as goose, duck, or pork) that has been cooked and preserved in its own fat

393

pomade

A perfumed ointment, especially one used to groom the hair.

394

pommes frites

french fries

395

pompadour

a hairstyle worn especially by men in which the hair is combed into a high mound at the front of the head.

396

ponderosa

A very tall slender pine tree, the most widespread conifer of western North America, planted for timber and as an ornamental.

397

pongid

any of a family (Pongidae) of apes that includes the chimpanzee, gorilla, and orangutan

398

pontoon

a boat or some other floating structure used as one of the supports for a temporary bridge over a river

399

poof

A homosexual, the poor man's term for homosexual. used to say that something has happened suddenly or that someone or something has disappeared

400

poplar

a tall, thin tree that has rough bark, soft wood, and very small groups of flowers

401

poplin

a strong fabric, usually of cotton, in plain weave with fine ribbing, used for dresses, children's wear, etc

402

porcine

Of or resembling swine or a pig

403

porcini

a large wild edible brownish boletus mushroom

404

pork pie hat

a snap-brimmed hat with a round, flat crown, usually made of felt.

405

portage

The act or an instance of carrying. b. A charge for carrying. 2. Nautical. a. The carrying of boats and supplies overland between two waterways

406

portcullis

a strong, heavy grating sliding up and down in vertical grooves, lowered to block a gateway to a fortress or town.

407

positivism

A doctrine contending that sense perceptions are the only admissible basis of human knowledge andprecise thought.

408

posset

a British hot drink of milk curdled with wine or ale, often spiced, which was popular from medieval times to the 19th century. The word is mainly used nowadays for a related dessert similar tosyllabub. In the Middle Ages, it was used as a cold and flu remedy and was more of a drink than a mousse.

409

posterity

the offspring of one progenitor to the furthest generation. 2. : all future generations.

410

post mortem

an examination of a dead body to determine the cause of death.

411

post partum

a type of clinical depression which can affect women after childbirth. Symptoms may include sadness, low energy, changes in sleeping and eating patterns, reduced desire for sex, crying episodes, anxiety, and irritability.

412

post prandial

Following a meal, especially dinner

413

potboiler

A literary or artistic work of poor quality, produced quickly for profit.

414

potbelly stove

cast-iron wood-burning stove, round with a bulge in the middle.

415

potemkin village

an impressive facade or show designed to hide an undesirable fact or condition.

416

potlatch

a gift-giving feast practiced by indigenous peoples of the Pacific Northwest Coast of Canada and the United States, among whom it is traditionally the primary economic system.

417

potsticker

a crescent-shaped dumpling filled usually with pork, steamed, and then fried.

418

potter's wheel

a machine used in the shaping of round ceramic ware. The wheel may also be used during the process of trimming the excess body from dried ware and for applying incised decoration or rings of color

419

potvaliant

bold or courageous under the influence of alcoholic drink

420

poultice

A soft moist mass of bread, meal, clay, or other adhesive substance, usually heated, spread on cloth, and applied to warm, moisten, or stimulate an ache

421

power series

an infinite series in which the terms are coefficients times successive powers of a given variable, or times products of powers of two or more variables.

422

praline

a cookie-size confection made especially of butter, brown sugar, and pecans: developed in New Orleans in the early 19th century.
3.
a similar confection of nuts mixed or covered with chocolate, coconut, maple sugar or syrup, etc.

423

praxis

exercise or practice of an art, science, or skill. b : customary practice or conduct.

424

praxiteles

4th-century bc Greek sculptor: his works include statues of Hermes at Olympia, which survives, and of Aphrodite at Cnidus

425

precipitant

A cause of a particular action or event:

426

preclude

to make (something) impossible : to prevent (something) from happening. : to prevent (someone) from doing something.

427

predation

the act of killing and eating other animals : the act of preying on other animals

428

predatory pricing

The act of setting prices low in an attempt to eliminate the competition.

429

predial

of or pertaining to land or its products. 2. arising from or consequent upon the occupation of land. 3. attached to land

430

predicate

One of the two main constituents of a sentence or clause, modifying the subject and including the verb, objects, or phrases governed by the verb, as opened the door in Jane opened the door or is very sleepy in The child is very sleepy. // To base or establish (a statement or action, for example)

431

preen

To smooth or clean (feathers) with the beak or bill.
b. To trim or clean (fur) with the tongue, as cats do.
2. To dress or groom (oneself) with elaborate care; primp.
3. To take pride or satisfaction in (oneself); gloat.

432

prehensile

(chiefly of an animal's limb or tail) capable of grasping.

433

prelate

a high-ranking Christian priest : a bishop, cardinal, etc.

434

preponderant

predominant in influence, number, or importance.

435

prepossessing

having qualities that people like : appealing or attractive

436

prepotent

having exceptional power, authority, or influence. b : exceeding others in power

437

prepuce

a fold capping the clitoris, formed by union of the labia minora and the clitoris as well as the penis in men

438

presidio

a garrisoned place; especially : a military post or fortified settlement in areas currently or originally under Spanish control

439

pressing

earnest, insistent // Demanding immediate attention; urgent:

440

pret a porter

"off-the-rack" or "off-the-peg" in casual use) is the term for factory-made clothing, sold in finished condition, in standardized sizes, as distinct from made to measure or bespoke clothing tailored to a particular person's frame.

441

preterite

Of, relating to, or being the verb tense that describes a past action or state.

442

priapism

a potentially painful medical condition in which the erect penis does not return to its flaccid state,

443

prickly pear

Any of various opuntias having bristly, flattened stem segments, often colorful flowers, and ovoid prickly fruit.
2. The edible fruit of certain of these cactuses. Eating a girl out with your chin stubble instead of your tongue.

444

prig

a self-righteously moralistic person who behaves as if superior to others.

445

prima facie

based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise.

446

primal scene

a world-shattering event in the child’s life. The horror and excitement of watching his parents’ sexual activities traumatized the child, led to castration anxiety, and set the stage for the development of the Oedipus complex

447

primary process

the mental process directly related to the functions of the id and characteristic of unconscious mental activity, marked by unorganized, illogical thinking and by the tendency to seek immediate discharge and gratification of instinctual demands.

448

prime meridian

crosses the original site of the Royal Observatory in Greenwich, England. It is the circular line by which other longitudinal lines are judged

449

priming

refers to a increased sensitivity to certain stimuli due to prior experience. For example, a person who sees the word "yellow" will be slightly faster to recognize the word "banana.

450

primitive streak

a structure that forms in the blastula during the early stages of avian, reptilian and mammalian embryonic development. The presence of the this will establish bilateral symmetry, determine the site of gastrulation and initiate germ layer formation.

451

primogeniture

the state of being the firstborn child.
the right of succession belonging to the firstborn child, especially the feudal rule by which the whole real estate of an intestate passed to the eldest son.

452

primrose

happy or gay // a light to moderate yellow, sometimes with a greenish tinge

453

principal

first in importance // (of money) denoting an original sum invested or lent.

454

prion

A protein particle that is the agent of infection in a variety of neurodegenerative diseases, including bovine spongiform encephalopathy, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, and scrapie. They are the only known infectious agents that do not contain DNA or RNA. They derive from a normal body protein that becomes irreversibly misfolded, and they proliferate in the body, possibly by acting as a template for further protein misfolding.

455

prithee

please (used to convey a polite request).

456

privation

a state in which things that are essential for human well-being such as food and warmth are scarce or lacking.

457

prix fix

a complete meal offered at a fixed price; also : the price charged.

458

porcine

of, affecting, or resembling a pig or pigs.

459

probity

the quality of having strong moral principles; honesty and decency.

460

proclitic

a word pronounced with so little emphasis that it is shortened and forms part of the following word, for example, you in y'all.

461

procumbent

(of a plant or stem) growing along the ground without setting forth roots.
archaic
(of a person) lying face down; prone; prostrate.

462

prodigal

Rashly or wastefully extravagant:

463

pro forma

used to describe a practice or document that is provided as a courtesy and/or satisfies minimum requirements, conforms to a norm or doctrine, tends to be performed perfunctorily and/or is considered a formality.

464

progeny

a person who comes from a particular parent or family : the child or descendant of someone. :

465

progesterone

a steroid hormone (trade name Lipo-Lutin) produced in the ovary; prepares and maintains the uterus for pregnancy

466

prolactin

a hormone produced by the anterior portion of the pituitary gland, a grape-sized organ found at the base of the brain. Normally present in low amounts in men and non-pregnant women, its primary role is to promote lactation

467

prolapse

literally means "to fall out of place‚"

468

prolate

Having the shape of a spheroid more vertical than horizontal
2. Having the distance between the poles longer than the equatorial diameter:

469

prolepsis

The anachronistic representation of something as existing before its proper or historical time, as in the precolonial United States.
2.
a. The assignment of something, such as an event or name, to a time that precedes it, as in If you tell the cops, you're a dead man. The anticipation and answering of an objection or argument before one's opponent has put it forward.

470

prong

a branch, one of the long points of a fork or similar object. : one of the small metal parts of an electrical plug that fit into the holes in an outlet

471

promissory note

A written, signed, unconditional promise to pay a certain amount of money on demand at a specified time.

472

pronate

to turn into a prone position; to rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the surface of the palm is downward or toward the back; to turn (the sole of the foot) outward

473

prom

programmable read only memory

474

propiniquity

close kinship // the state of being close to someone or something; proximity.

475

prophylactic

intended to prevent disease.

476

propitiate

to make (someone) pleased or less angry by giving or saying something desired

477

proprioceptive

A sensory receptor, found chiefly in muscles, tendons, joints, and the inner ear, that detects the motion or position of the body or a limb by responding to stimuli arising within the organism.

478

proscenium arch

the arch that frames a stage, separating it from the auditorium.

479

proscribe

to denounce or condemn (a thing) as dangerous or harmful; prohibit

480

proselytize

convert or attempt to convert (someone) from one religion, belief, or opinion to another. advocate

481

prosody

he rhythm, stress, and intonation of speech. It may reflect various features of the speaker or the utterance: the emotional state of the speaker; the form of the utterance

482

prosopopeia

the power of this figure of speech to "bring down the gods from heaven, evoke the dead, and give voices to cities and states" // personification, as of inanimate things.
2.
a figure of speech in which an imaginary, absent, or deceased person is represented as speaking or acting.

483

protasis

The dependent clause of a conditional sentence, as if it rains in The game will be canceled if it rains.
2. The first part of an ancient Greek or Roman drama, in which the characters and subject are introduced.

484

prothalamion

a song or poem celebrating an upcoming wedding.

485

protoplasm

The complex, semifluid, translucent substance that constitutes the interior matter of a living cell and is composed of proteins, fats, and other molecules

486

protomartyr

the first martyr for a cause, especially the first Christian martyr, St. Stephen.

487

protracted

lasting for a long time or longer than expected or usual.

488

protuberance

a thing that protrudes from something else.