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Flashcards in Untitled spreadsheet - Sheet1 Deck (494):
1

providence

the protective care of God or of nature as a spiritual power.

2

provincialism

narrowness of mind, ignorance, or the like, considered as resulting from lack of exposure to cultural or intellectual activity.

3

proviso

a condition attached to an agreement.

4

provost

an official of high rank at a university. : the head of a college at a university.

5

prow

the pointed or projecting front part of something such as a car or building.

6

proximal

next to or nearest the point of attachment or origin, a central point, or the point of view; especially : located toward the center of the body — compare distal.

7

proxy

One appointed or authorized to act for another, especially a person appointed to vote as one wishes at a meeting. b. The authority to act for another.

8

Przewalski

the closest relative to the domestic horse, although there have been many debates on whether the horse has a direct linkage to the domesticated horse.

9

pump priming

the act or process of introducing fluid into a pump to improve the sealing of the pump parts on starting and to expel air from it
2. (Economics) US government expenditure designed to stimulate economic activity in stagnant or depressed areas
3. (Economics) another term for deficit financing

10

pupil

the eye's aperture // a hole located in the center of the iris of the eye that allows light to strike the retina.

11

purdah

a custom among Muslims and some Hindus in which women stay separate from men or keep their faces and bodies covered when they are near men.

12

purl

to embroider with gold or silver thread
b : to edge or border with gold or silver embroidery
2
: to knit in purl stitch

13

purlin

a horizontal beam that provides intermediate support for the common rafters of a roof construction

14

pussywillow

a small willow, Salix discolor, of eastern North America, having silky catkins

15

pustule

a small collection of pus in the top layer of skin (epidermis) or beneath it in the dermis. They frequently form in sweat glands or hair follicles. Pus is a mixture of inflammatory cells and liquid.

16

putamen

It is involved in a very complex feedback loop that prepares and aids in movement of the limbs. Lesions on the brain due to Parkinson's disease can affect this and cause involuntary muscle movements or jerking. Disruption in the function may also cause restless leg syndrome

17

pyx

a small round container used in the Catholic, Old Catholic and Anglican Churches to carry the consecrated host (Eucharist), to the sick or those otherwise unable to come to a church in order to receive eucharist

18

pyrex

a line of clear, low-thermal-expansion borosilicate glass used for laboratory glassware and kitchenware // often the material of choice for reflective optics in astronomy applications.

19

pylon

an upright structure that is used for support or for navigational guidance, in particular.
a tower used for carrying power lines high above the ground.

20

quiddity

the inherent nature or essence of someone or something.
a distinctive feature; a peculiarity.

21

quieticism

(in the Christian faith) devotional contemplation and abandonment of the will as a form of religious mysticism.
calm acceptance of things as they are without attempts to resist or change them.

22

quietus

death or something that causes death, regarded as a release from life.

something that has a calming or soothing effect.

23

quiff

a hairstyle that combines the 1950s pompadour hairstyle, the 50s flattop, and sometimes a mohawk.

24

quince

a small deciduous tree that bears a pome fruit, similar in appearance to a pear, and bright golden-yellow when mature

25

quincunx

a geometric pattern consisting of five points arranged in a cross, with four of them forming a square or rectangle and a fifth at its center.[1] It forms the arrangement of five units in the pattern corresponding to the five-spot on six-sided dice, playing cards, or dominoes. I

26

quinine

used alone or with other medications to treat malaria

27

quirt

a riding whip with a short handle and a rawhide lash

28

quiver

To shake with a slight, rapid, tremulous movement. 2. To tremble, as from cold or strong emotion.

29

quixotic

extravagantly chivalrous or romantic; visionary, impractical, or impracticable. 3. impulsive

30

quining

output is exactly the same as its source code. ouroboros program, recursive loop

31

quonset hut

a lightweight prefabricated structure of corrugated galvanized steel having a semicircular cross-section. developed by the British during World War I. Hundreds of thousands were produced during World War II and military surplus was sold to the public

32

quotidian

of or occurring every day; daily.
ordinary or everyday, especially when mundane.

33

psalter

A book containing the book of Psalms or a particular version of, musical setting for, or selection from it

34

pseud

a false, artificial, or pretentious person

35

psuedorendum

a process that appears to be random but is not. Pseudorandom sequences typically exhibit statistical randomness while being generated by an entirely deterministic causal process. Such a process is easier to produce than a genuinely random one, and has the benefit that it can be used again and again to produce exactly the same numbers - useful for testing and fixing software.

36

psilocybin

a naturally occurring psychedelic compound produced by more than 200 species of mushrooms

37

psychodynamics

an approach to psychology that emphasises systematic study of the psychological forces that underlie human behavior, feelings, and emotions and how they might relate to early experience.

38

psyllium

a bulk-forming laxative, which means it soaks up water in your gut and makes bowel movements much easier. While it helps promote regularity, it doesn’t promote flatulence, which is good for everyone within smelling distance

39

ptah

Egyptian Creator god par excellence: He is considered the demiurge who existed before all things, and by his willfulness, thought the world. It was first conceived by Thought, and realized by the Word: conceives the world by the thought of his heart and gives life through the magic of his Word.

40

ptlomey

during the 2nd century ce. In several fields his writings represent the culminating achievement of Greco-Roman science, particularly his geocentric (Earth-centred) model of the universe

41

puce

a dark red

42

pudendum

the external genital organs, especially those of the female; vulva

43

pudeur

a sense of shame or embarrassment, especially with regard to matters of a sexual or personal nature.

44

puissant

having great power or influence.

45

pukka

first-class, genuine, very good

46

pullman

a railroad passenger car with specially comfortable furnishings for day or especially for night travel. 2. : a large suitcase

47

pullulate

breed or spread so as to become extremely common.

be very crowded; be full of life and activity.

48

pulmonary

of or relating to the lungs, Having lungs or lunglike organs

49

pulp cavity

the central cavity of a tooth containing the dental pulp and being made up of the root canal and the pulp chamber

50

pulque

a fermented milky drink made from the juice of certain species of agave in Mexico

51

pulsar

a celestial object, thought to be a rapidly rotating neutron star, that emits regular pulses of radio waves and other electromagnetic radiation at rates of up to one thousand pulses per second.

52

putrescent

undergoing the process of decay; rotting.

53

quest

a search or pursuit made in order to find or obtain something:

54

quay

a concrete, stone, or metal platform lying alongside or projecting into water for loading and unloading ships.

55

quaver

to perform trills in singing or on a musical instrument. to utter, say, or sing with a quavering or tremulous voice. a quavering or tremulous shake, especially in the voice.

56

quash

reject or void, especially by legal procedure.

57

quasar

galaxies with very active supermassive black holes at their centres. These black holes are surrounded by spinning discs of extremely hot material that is often spewed out in long jets along their axes of rotation

58

quale

a property (as redness) considered apart from things having the property : universal. 2. : a property as it is experienced as distinct from any source it might have

59

quantum

the smallest amount of many forms of energy (such as light)

60

quark

one of two currently recognized groups of fundamental particles, which are subatomic, indivisible (at least as far as we know today) particles that represent the smallest known units of matter . Twelve fundamental particles - six ___ and six leptons (the other type) - are the basic building blocks for everything in the universe.

61

quarry

an excavation or pit, usually open to the air, from which building stone, slate, or the like, is obtained by cutting, blasting, etc. 2. an abundant source or supply.

62

queen anne

denoting a style of English furniture or architecture characteristic of the early 18th century. The furniture is noted for its simple, proportioned style and for its cabriole legs and walnut veneer; the architecture is characterized by the use of red brick in simple, basically rectangular designs.

63

queercore

a cultural and social movement that began in the mid-1980s as an offshoot of punk. It is distinguished by its discontent with society in general, and specifically society's disapproval of the gay, bisexual, lesbian and transgender communities.

64

quern

A primitive hand-turned grain mill.

65

quenelle

nazi salute // a gesture evoking fisting practice, and is similar to the English insults "up yours" or "up your arse."[5][6]

66

quetzal

a crested bird, Pharomachrus mocinno, of Central and N South America, which has a brilliant green, red, and white plumage and, in the male, long tail feathers: family Trogonidae, order Trogoniformes (trogons)
2. (Currencies) the standard monetary unit of Guatemala, divided into 100 centavos

67

quahog

The hard clam, also known as a quahog, round clam, or hard-shell clam, is an edible marine bivalve mollusk

68

quadroon

a person having one-fourth black ancestry; the offspring of a mulatto and a white.

69

quadratic

involving terms of the second degree at most

70

quadrangle

a four-sided plane figure, especially a square or rectangle.
a square or rectangular space or courtyard enclosed by buildings.

71

qua

in the character or role of (someone or something).

72

quibla

the direction that should be faced when a Muslim prays during salat. It is fixed as the direction of the Kaaba in Mecca.

73

qi

an active principle forming part of any living thing. It is frequently translated as "natural energy", "life force", or "energy flow".

74

jabberwocky

a playful imitation of language consisting of invented, meaningless words; nonsense; gibberish.
2.
an example of writing or speech consisting of or containing meaningless words.

75

jabot

a fall of lace or cloth attached to the front of a neckband and worn especially by men in the 18th century
2
: a pleated frill of cloth or lace attached down the center front of a woman's blouse or dress

76

jackanape

an impertinent, presumptuous person, especially a young man; whippersnapper. 2. an impudent, mischievous child

77

jackknife

a small knife that has a folding blade. : a dive in which you bend from the waist and touch your ankles and then straighten out. T

78

jacobin

a member of an extremist or radical political group; especially : a member of such a group advocating egalitarian democracy and engaging in terrorist activities during the French Revolution of 1789

79

jacquard loom

loom was controlled by a "chain of cards", a number of punched cards, laced together into a continuous sequence.[5] Multiple rows of holes were punched on each card, with one complete card corresponding to one row of the design.

80

jactitation

boastful display // a throwing or tossing of the body

81

jalap

of the morning-glory family; also : a powdered purgative drug prepared from it that contains resinous glycosides

82

jalopy

an old car in a dilapidated condition.

83

jamb

One of a pair of vertical posts or pieces that together form the sides of a door, window frame, or fireplace, for example. 2. A projecting mass or columnar part.

84

jangle

make or cause to make a ringing metallic sound, typically a discordant one.

85

jape

a practical joke // say or do something in jest or mockery.

86

jaundice

often seen in liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cancer. yellowish discoloration of the white area of the eye and the skin.

87

jaunty

having or expressing a lively, cheerful, and self-confident manner.

88

jejune

dry, uninteresting, naive, simplistic, and superficial.

89

jenesaisquoi

a pleasant quality that is hard to describe

90

jeremiad

A literary work or speech expressing a bitter lament or a righteous prophecy of doom.

91

jerkin

a man's short close-fitting jacket, made usually of light-colored leather, and often without sleeves, worn over the doublet in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries. The term is also applied to a similar sleeveless garment worn by the British Army in the twentieth century.

92

jeroboam

A wine bottle holding 4/5 of a gallon (3.03 liters).

93

jerrycan

a narrow flat-sided container for liquids usually holding about five United States gallons (about 19 liters)

94

jete

a jump in which a dancer springs from one foot to land on the other with one leg extended outward from the body while in the air.

95

jetty

a landing stage or small pier at which boats can dock or be moored.
synonyms: pier, landing stage, landing, quay, wharf, dock; More
a breakwater constructed to protect or defend a harbor, stretch of coast, or riverbank.

96

jib

A triangular sail stretching from the foretopmast head to the boom, the bowsprit, or the bow.
2.
a. The arm of a mechanical crane.
b. The boom of a derrick.

97

jingo

a person who professes his or her patriotism loudly and excessively, favoring vigilant preparedness for war and an aggressive foreign policy;

98

jinn

any of a class of spirits, lower than the angels, capable of appearing in human and animal forms and influencing humankind for either good or evil

99

job's comforter

a person who unwittingly or maliciously depresses or discourages someone while attempting to be consoling.

100

joshua tree

a yucca that grows as a tree and has clusters of spiky leaves, native to arid regions of southwestern North America.

101

joule

a derived unit of energy, work, or amount of heat in the International System of Units. It is equal to the energy transferred (or work done) when applying a force of one newton through a distance of one metre (1 newton metre or N.

102

jowl

the lower part of a person's or animal's cheek, especially when it is fleshy or drooping. the loose fleshy part of the neck of certain animals, such as the dewlap of cattle or the wattle of birds.

103

julep

A sweet syrupy drink, especially one to which medicine can be added

104

julienne

cut into thin strips or small, matchlike pieces.

105

jumping jehosaphet

What in tarnation?!?!?!? Assemble yourselves, and come, all ye heathen, and gather yourselves together round about: thither cause thy mighty ones to come down, O LORD. Let the heathen be wakened, and come up to the valley of Jehoshaphat: for there will I sit to judge all the heathen round about.

106

juniper

Any of various evergreen trees or shrubs of the genus Juniperus, having needlelike or scalelike, often pointed leaves and aromatic, bluish-gray, berrylike seed-bearing cones.

107

junk

A traditional Chinese sailing vessel having a high poop and usually two or more masts bearing battened lugsails

108

junket

a trip made by a government official and paid for by the public

: a free trip by a member of the press to a place where something (such as a new movie) is being promoted

109

justinian

the laws in one part of the empire might be different then the laws in another part of the empire. He wanted all of his people to be treated the same way, so he had his judges and lawyers get together and write down all the laws of the land.

110

jute

a strong, coarse fiber used for making burlap, gunny, cordage, etc., obtained from two East Indian plants,

111

pablum

bland or insipid intellectual fare, entertainment, etc.; pap.

112

pachyderm

any of the thick-skinned, nonruminant ungulates, as the elephant, hippopotamus, and rhinoceros.
2.
an elephant.
3. a person who is not sensitive to criticism, ridicule, etc.; a thick-skinned person.

113

packet switching

A digital network technology that breaks up a message into smaller chunks for transmission. Unlike circuit switching in traditional telephone networks, which requires the establishment of a dedicated point-to-point connection, each packet in a packet-switched network contains a destination address. Thus, all packets in a single message do not have to travel the same path. As traffic conditions change, they can be dynamically routed via different paths in the network, and they can even arrive out of order. The destination computer reassembles the packets into their proper sequence.

114

paddock

a small field or enclosure where horses are kept or exercised.

115

padrone

a patron or master, in particular.
a Mafia boss. an employer, especially one who exploits immigrant workers.

116

paean

a song of praise or triumph.
a thing that expresses enthusiastic praise

117

pagoda

a type of tall building in eastern Asia that has many floors with roofs that stick out on each floor and curve up

118

pah

Used to express disgust or contempt:

119

pahoehoe

A form of lava flow of basaltic rock, usually dark-colored with a smooth or ropey surface. It is one of two chief forms of lava flow emitted from volcanoes of the Hawaiian type, the other form being aa

120

paisley

a soft woolen fabric woven with a pattern of colorful and minutely detailed figures. 2. a shawl, scarf, tie, or other article made of this fabric.

121

paladin

a trusted military leader (as for a medieval prince). 2. : a leading champion of a cause.

122

palanquin

A covered litter carried on poles on the shoulders of multiple bearers, formerly used in eastern Asia

123

palate

the top part of the inside of your mouth : the roof of your mouth. : the sense of taste

124

palaver

Idle chatter.
b. Talk intended to charm or beguile.
2. A negotiation or discussion concerning matters in dispute, especially in the traditional cultures of West Africa.

125

palette knife

a blunt tool used for mixing or applying paint, with a flexible steel blade. It is primarily used for mixing paint colors, paste, etc., or for marbling, decorative endpapers, etc.

126

palimpsest

a very old document on which the original writing has been erased and replaced with new writing. : something that has changed over time

127

pall

to lose in interest or attraction // an event or situation is — literally or figuratively — covered in gloom, like disappointing news ...

128

palisade

a high fence made of pointed stakes that was used in the past to protect a building or area

129

pallor

a pale color of the skin that can be caused by illness, emotional shock or stress, stimulant use, or anemia,

130

palmetto

Any of several tropical and subtropical palms of the Americas having fan-shaped leaves, especially one of the genus Sabal, such as the cabbage palm.
3. Leaf strips of any of these plants, used in weaving.

131

palamino

A horse with a golden or tan coat and a white or cream-colored mane and tail.

132

palpitate

of the heart : to beat quickly and strongly and often in a way that is not regular because of excitement, nervousness,

133

palsy

Complete or partial muscle paralysis, often accompanied by loss of sensation and uncontrollable body movements or tremors.

134

pan

The god of woods, fields, and flocks, having a human torso and head with a goat's legs, horns, and ears. a combining form meaning “all,”

135

pander

gratify or indulge (an immoral or distasteful desire, need, or habit or a person with such a desire, etc.).

136

pangloss

a person who views a situation with unwarranted optimism. after Dr. Pangloss in Candide

137

pannitiere

someone who bakes bread or cake

138

pan pipes

a musical instrument that is made up of several short pipes of different lengths and that is played by blowing air across the top.

139

pan spermia

the theory that life exists and is distributed throughout the universe in the form of germs or spores that develop in the right environment

140

pansy

Any of various plants of the genus Viola, especially V. tricolor or its hybrids, widely cultivated for their flowers with velvety petals of various colors.
2. A deep to strong violet.

141

pantile

a roofing tile straight in its length but curved in its width to overlapthe next tile.

142

panzer

the crescent shaped area of skin on bottom of the female breast or buttocks that exposed by really short shirts or skirts. // A German armored vehicle, such as a tank, especially of the type used during World War II

143

pap

a soft food for infants or invalids
2
: political patronage
3
: something lacking solid value or substance

144

papilla

A small nipplelike projection, such as a protuberance on the skin, at the root of a hair or feather, or at the base of a developing tooth.
2. One of the small, round or cone-shaped protuberances on the top of the tongue that contain taste buds.

145

papoose

. an American Indian baby or child
2. a pouchlike bag used for carrying a baby, worn on the back

146

papyrus

a tall plant that is like grass and that grows in marshes especially in Egypt. : paper made from this that was used in ancient times. :

147

para

a prefix appearing in loanwords from Greek, most often attached to verbs and verbal derivatives, with the meanings “at or to one side of, beside, side by side”

148

parabola

a curve that is shaped like the path of something that is thrown forward and high in the air and falls back to the ground.

149

paraffin

a flammable, whitish, translucent, waxy solid consisting of a mixture of saturated hydrocarbons, obtained by distillation from petroleum or shale and used in candles, cosmetics, polishes, and sealing and waterproofing compounds.

150

paralipsis

a literary device in which a speaker pretends to hide what he exactly wants to say and enforce. It is a type of irony in which an outline of a message is conveyed in a manner that seems to suppress the exact message. A strike-through is a form

151

parallax

the apparent displacement of an observed object due to a change in the position of the observer.

152

parapet

A low protective wall or railing along the edge of a raised structure such as a roof or balcony.
2. An earthen or stone embankment protecting soldiers from enemy fire

153

parasol

a light umbrella that you use to protect yourself from the sun.

154

parchment

the skin of sheep, goats, etc., prepared for use as a material on which to write. 2. a manuscript or document on such material

155

pare

to carefully cut off the outside or the ends of (something). : to make (something) smaller : to reduce (something) in size, amount, or number.

156

parfait

A dessert made of cream, eggs, sugar, and flavoring frozen together and served in a tall glass.

157

parhelion

A bright spot sometimes appearing at either side of the sun, often on a luminous ring or halo,

158

parley

to talk with an enemy or someone you disagree with especially in order to end a conflict.

159

parlor game

A game that can be played indoors as a social activity, especially one requiring no special equipment

160

parotid gland

The largest of the three major salivary glands, it is located in front and below the ear and behind the jaw bone.

161

paroxysm

a sudden attack or violent expression of a particular emotion or activity.

162

parquet

geometric mosaic of wood pieces used for decorative effect. The two main uses are as veneer patterns on furniture and block patterns for flooring.

163

parse

To break (a sentence) down into its component parts of speech with an explanation of the form, function, and syntactical relationship of each part.

164

parsonage

the residence of a member of the clergy, as provided by the parish or church.

165

parterre

an ornamental garden with paths between the beds
2
: the part of the main floor of a theater that is behind the orchestra

166

parthenogenesis

A form of reproduction in which an unfertilized egg develops into a new individual, occurring commonly among insects and certain other arthropods.
2. The artificial activation of an unfertilized usually mammalian egg, resulting in an embryolike cell cluster from which stem cells can be harvested.

167

participle

a word formed from a verb which can be used as an adjective. To rise the risen sun the rising sun
To boil the boiled water the boiling water
To break the broken news the breaking news
To cook the cooked ham the cooking ham

168

particle board

an engineered wood product manufactured from wood chips, sawmill shavings, or even sawdust, and a synthetic resin or other suitable binder, which is pressed and extruded.

169

partition

a wall or screen that separates one area from another. : the division of a country into separate political units.

170

parturient

About to bring forth young; being in labor. 2. Of or relating to giving birth. 3. About to produce or come forth with something, such as an idea

171

parvenu

a person of obscure origin who has gained wealth, influence, or celebrity.

172

pascal

the standard unit of pressure or stress in the International System of Units (SI), equal to one newton per square meter.

173

passade

a turn or course of a horse backward or forward on the same spot. 2. : a passing love affair : flirtation

174

passe

No longer current or in fashion; out-of-date. 2. Past the prime; faded or aged

175

passel

a large number or amount

176

pastuerize

discovered that heating beer and wine just enough to kill most of the bacteria that caused spoilage prevented these beverages from turning sour

177

pastime

An activity that occupies one's spare time pleasantly:

178

past participle

the form of the verb that is used with “have” in perfect tenses and with “be” in passive constructions.

179

pataphysics

the science of imaginary solutions and the laws governing exceptions

180

patchouli

A small southeast Asian shrub (Pogostemon cablin) in the mint family, having leaves that yield a fragrant oil used in the manufacture of perfumes.

181

pate

the top of a person's head

182

paten

a plate usually made of precious metal and used to carry the bread at the Eucharist.

183

pathetic fallacy

the endowment of nature, inanimate objects, etc., with human traits and feelings, as in the smiling skies; the angry sea.

184

pathological

the study of diseases and of the changes that they cause. : changes in a person, an animal, or a plant that are caused by disease.

185

pathos

A quality, as of an experience or a work of art, that arouses feelings of pity, sympathy, tenderness, or sorrow. 2. The feeling, as of sympathy or pity, so aroused.

186

patina

a thin usually green layer that forms naturally on the metals copper and bronze when they are exposed to the air for a long time

: a shiny or dark surface that forms naturally on something (such as wood or leather) that is used for a long time

187

patisserie

a shop that sells cakes, cookies, etc. : a pastry shop.

188

patrimony

property inherited from one's father or male ancestor.

189

patroon

a person who held an estate in land with certain manorial privileges granted under the old Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.

190

patter

make a repeated light tapping sound.

191

patzer

a poor chess player.

192

pavilion

a building in a park or garden that usually has open sides and is used for parties, concerts, or other events : a temporary building that is used at public events and exhibitions

193

peajacket

A short, double-breasted overcoat of coarse woolen cloth, formerly worn by sailors.

194

peal

a loud ringing of a bell or bells.

195

peasant economy

arguing that peasants would work as hard as they needed in order to meet their subsistence needs, but had no incentive beyond those needs and therefore would slow and stop working once they were met. This principle, the consumption-labour-balance principle, implies that the peasant household will increase its work until it meets (balances) the needs (consumption) of the household.

196

peat

a brown, soil-like material characteristic of boggy, acid ground, consisting of partly decomposed vegetable matter. It is widely cut and dried for use in gardening and as fuel.

197

pecten

A body structure or organ resembling a comb, such as a pleated vascularized structure in a bird's eye that projects into the vitreous humor from the retina.

198

pedant

a person who is excessively concerned with minor details and rules or with displaying academic learning.

199

peen

the end of a hammer head opposite the face, typically wedge-shaped, curved, or spherical.

200

pelagic

living in open oceans or seas rather than waters adjacent to land or inland waters

201

pell-mell

hasty; in a confused, rushed, or disorderly manner.

202

pelorus

a navigational instrument resembling a mariner's compass without magnetic needles and having two sight vanes by which bearings are taken

203

pedology

: the scientific study of the life and development of children

204

pensive

Showing or expressing deep, often melancholy thought

205

pentacle

a talisman or magical object, typically disk-shaped and inscribed with a pentagram or other figure, and used as a symbol of the element of earth.

206

pert

lively; having or showing confidence and a lack of respect or seriousness especially in an amusing or appealing way. : small and attractive

207

persiflage

light and slightly contemptuous mockery or banter.

208

persimmon

a fruit of Chinese origin. Originally cultivated in both Japan and China for centuries, this fruit is now grown in Italy and other Mediterranean countries, the Middle East and the USA

209

pertussis

a highly contagious bacterial disease that causes uncontrollable, violent coughing. The coughing can make it hard to breathe. A deep "whooping" sound is often heard when the patient tries to take a breath.

210

peruse

to look at or read (something) in an informal or relaxed way. : to examine or read (something) in a very careful way.

211

pessary

a device worn in the vagina to support the uterus, remedy a malposition, or prevent conception.

212

pestle

a hard tool with a rounded end that is used for pounding or crushing substances (such as medicines) in a deep bowl (called a mortar)

213

petard

a small bomb used to blow up gates and walls when breaching fortifications, of French origin and dating back to the sixteenth century.

214

petcock

a small cock, faucet, or valve for releasing a gas (as air) or draining

215

peter principle

An observation that in an organizational hierarchy, every employee will rise or get promoted to his or her level of incompetence.

216

petersham

a thick corded ribbon used to stiffen belts, button bands, etc
2. (Textiles) a heavy woollen fabric used esp for coats
3. (Clothing & Fashion) a kind of overcoat made of such fabric

217

petiole

the slender stalk by which a leaf is attached to the stem; leafstalk

218

petit jete

A jump in which a dancer brushes one leg out to the side in the air then brings it back in again and lands on it with the other leg lifted and bent behind the body.

219

petit point

A small stitch used in needlepoint.
2. Needlepoint done with a small stitch.

220

petticoat

A girl's or woman's undergarment, worn under a dress or skirt, that is often full and trimmed with ruffles or lace.

221

pettifog

1. to quibble over trifles.
2. to carry on an unethical law business.
3. to practice chicanery.

222

petunia

most popular flowering annuals. They're bright and lively, bloom from spring until frost, and scent the air with lovely fragrance. Best of all, they're amazingly easy to grow, both in the garden and in containers.

223

phaecian

a kind but somewhat xenophobic people with a seafaring and relaxed lifestyle

224

phaethon

the son of Helios (the sun god) who borrowed his father's chariot and nearly set the earth on fire by approaching too close to it. Zeus averted the catastrophe by striking him down with a thunderbolt

225

phagocyte

A cell, such as a white blood cell, that engulfs and absorbs waste material, harmful microorganisms, or other foreign bodies in the bloodstream and tissues.

226

pharisee

a member of an ancient Jewish sect, distinguished by strict observance of the traditional and written law, and commonly held to have pretensions to superior sanctity.
a self-righteous person; a hypocrite.

227

pharos

a lighthouse

228

phatic

denoting speech used to express or create an atmosphere of shared feelings, goodwill, or sociability rather than to impart information:

229

phencyclidine

angel dust, pcp an anesthetic drug, C 1 7 H 2 5 N, used as an animal tranquilizer: also widely used in several forms as an illicit hallucinogen.

230

phlistine

lacking in or hostile to culture // a person who is lacking in or hostile or smugly indifferent to cultural values, intellectual pursuits, aesthetic refinement, etc., or is contentedly commonplace in ideas and tastes.

231

pidgin

a language that is formed from a mixture of several languages when speakers of different languages need to talk to each other.

232

pollard

A tree whose top branches have been cut back to the trunk so that it may produce a dense growth of new shoots.
2. An animal, such as an ox, goat, or sheep, that no longer has its horns.

233

pistil

The female, ovule-bearing organ of a flower, including the stigma, style, and ovary.

234

piton

a pointed piece of metal used in rock climbing that is hammered into a crack in the rock in order to hold the rope which is attached to the climber

235

polymath

a person of wide-ranging knowledge or learning.

236

phospherence

light emitted by a substance without combustion or perceptible heat.

237

photogravure

an intaglio printmaking or photo-mechanical process whereby a copper plate is coated with a light-sensitive gelatin tissue which had been exposed to a film positive, and then etched, resulting in a high quality intaglio print that can reproduce the detail and continuous tones of a photograph.

238

photosynthesis

a process used by plants and other organisms to convert light energy, normally from the Sun, into chemical energy that can be later released to fuel the organisms' activities.

239

phototrophic

growing toward or away from the light.
2.
taking a particular direction under the influence of light.

240

phrenology

The study of the shape and protuberances of the skull, based on the now discredited belief that they reveal character and mental capacity.

241

phlyactery

An amulet or charm, worn for its magical or supernatural power
A speech scroll in mediaeval art, which contains or represents speech
Tefillin, boxes containing Torah (bible) verses worn by some Jews when praying

242

phyllo

very thin dough that is used in pastries

243

phylum

the primary subdivision of a taxonomic kingdom, grouping together all classes of organisms that have the same body plan.

244

piebald

one that has a spotting pattern of large unpigmented, usually white, areas of hair, feathers, or scales and normally pigmented patches, generally black

245

pinguid

of the nature of or resembling fat; oily or greasy.

246

pinion

a gear with a small number of teeth, outer sections of a bird's wings

247

piping

a narrow tube of cloth that is used to decorate clothes, furniture,

248

plagal

Of or being a medieval mode having a range from the fourth below to the fifth above its final tone

249

polaris

the polestar or North Star, a star ofthe second magnitude situated close to the northpole of the heavens, in the constellation UrsaMinor: the outermost star in the handle of theLittle Dipper.

250

polecat

a European animal that has dark brown fur and a long thin body and that gives off a bad smell to defend itself.

251

polestar

a directing principle : guide
b : a center of attraction

252

pentimento

An underlying image in a painting, especially one that has become visible when the top layer of paint has turned transparent with age, providing evidence of revision by the artist.

253

pentobarbitol

a granular barbiturate C11H18N2O3 used especially in the form of its sodium or calcium salt as a sedative, hypnotic, and antispasmodic

254

penumbra

A partial shadow, as in an eclipse, between regions of complete shadow and complete illumination

255

penury

extreme poverty; destitution.

256

pepsin

The powerful enzyme in gastric juice that digests proteins such as those in meat, eggs, seeds, or dairy products.

257

peptide

naturally occurring biological molecules A molecule consisting of 2 or more amino acids

258

percipient

Having the power of perceiving, especially perceiving keenly and readily.

259

perdition

the state of being in hell forever as punishment after death

260

peremptory

used to describe an order, command, etc., that you must obey without any questions or excuses

: having or showing the insulting attitude of people who think that they should be obeyed without question

261

piquant

agreeably pungent or sharp in taste or flavor; pleasantly biting or tart

262

pierogi

a case of dough filled with a savory filling (as of meat, cheese, or vegetables) and cooked by boiling and then panfrying

263

polymer

a chemical compound that is made of small molecules that are arranged in a simple repeating structure to form a larger molecule

264

perestroika

political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 1980s (1986), widely associated with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev and his glasnost (meaning "openness") policy reform.

265

perfidy

deceitfulness; untrustworthiness.

266

perforce

of necessity; necessarily; by force of circumstance:

267

perforate

pierce and make a hole or holes in

268

persona

the aspect of someone's character that is presented to or perceived by others.

269

perigree

the point in outer space where an object traveling around the Earth (such as a satellite or the moon) is closest to the Earth.

270

perignon

said to have been the first to accidentally trap the carbon dioxide created in thesecondary fermentation of still table wine to createsparkling wine, though there is little historical evidence to confirm this.

271

periodontics

the branch of dentistry concerned with the structures surrounding and supporting the teeth.

272

pog

A cardboard or plastic disk printed with a design or picture, used in a children’s game involving the flipping over of piles of such disks.

273

pogrom

an organized massacre of a particular ethnic group, in particular that of Jews in Russia or eastern Europe.

274

polyp

a small lump that grows inside your body (such as inside your colon or on your vocal cords).

275

periphraiss

use of a longer phrasing in place of a possible shorter form of expression.

276

peristyle

a colonnade surrounding a building or court. 2. : an open space enclosed by a colonnade

277

permaculture

a philosophy of working with, rather than against nature; of protracted and thoughtful observation rather than protracted and thoughtless labor; and of looking at plants and animals in all their functions, rather than treating any area as a single product system.

278

permianbasin

A region in western Texas and the geologic structure underlying it, a major oil and gas reservoir. The cities of Midland and Odessa are production centers.

279

perorate

speak at length.

280

perpetuate

To cause to continue indefinitely; make perpetual. 2. To prolong the existence of; cause to be remembered: ...

281

per se

by, of, for, or in itself; intrinsically

282

phlegmatic

not easily excited to action or display of emotion; apathetic; sluggish. 2. self-possessed, calm, or composed

283

phenomenology

the philosophical study of the structures of experience and consciousness.

284

phenotype

The observable physical or biochemical characteristics of an organism, as determined by both genetic makeup and environmental influences.
b. The expression of a specific trait, such as stature or blood type, based on genetic and environmental influences.

285

phonemes

any of the perceptually distinct units of sound in a specified language that distinguish one word from another, for example p, b, d, and t in the English words pad, pat, bad, and bat.

286

plumb

fall vertically; measure (the depth of a body of water).
explore or experience fully or to extremes.

2.
test (an upright surface) to determine the vertical.

287

plume

a long, soft feather or arrangement of feathers used by a bird for display or worn by a person for ornament. spread out in a shape resembling a feather.

288

philogynist

A lover or friend of women; one who esteems woman as the higher type of humanity

289

philology

the study of literary texts and of written records, the establishment of their authenticity and their original form, and the determination of their meaning

290

physiognomist

a person supposedly able to judge character (or, formerly, to predict the future) from facial characteristics.

291

phytoalexin

any of various antimicrobial chemical substances produced by plants to combat infection by a pathogen (as a fungus).

292

pianola

a type of mechanical piano in which the keys are depressed by air pressure from bellows, this air flow being regulated by perforations in a paper roll

293

piedmont

lying or formed at the base of mountains

294

pieta

a subject in Christian art depicting the Virgin Mary cradling the dead body of Jesus, most often found in sculpture.

295

peca

a unit of value in the slave trade in West Africa through the Cape Verde Islands during the 16th to 18th centuries. It was the value of a healthy male or female slave between 15 to 25 years of age. Slaves between 25 and 35, and between 8 and 15 years were valued at 2/3.

296

picaresque

of or relating to an episodic style of fiction dealing with the adventures of a rough and dishonest but appealing hero.

297

picayune

Of little value or importance; paltry. Petty; small-minded

298

piccata

A chicken breast is butterflied or sliced along its width. It is flattened with a tenderizer between two pieces of wax paper. It is seasoned and dredged in flour before being browned in butter or olive oil. The sauce is made using the pan drippings. Lemon juice and white wine are added and reduced. Shallots or garlic can be added with capers and slices of lemon. After reduction, butter is stirred in to finish the sauce.

299

pilaster

a rectangular column, especially one projecting from a wall.

300

piker

a gambler who makes only small bets.

301

piles

painful, swollen veins in the lower portion of the rectum or anus.

302

pillbox

concrete dug-in guard posts, normally equipped with loopholes through which to fire weapons. The originally jocular name arose from their perceived similarity to the cylindrical and hexagonal boxes in which medical pills were once sold

303

pimineto

the ripe, red, mild-flavored fruit of the sweet or bell pepper, Capsicum annuum, used as a vegetable, relish, to stuff olives, etc

304

pince-nez

a style of glasses, popular in the 19th century, that are supported without earpieces, by pinching the bridge of the nose.

305

pinafore

A sleeveless garment similar to an apron, worn especially by small girls as a dress or an overdress.

306

pilothouse

a deckhouse for a ship's helmsman containing the steering wheel, compass, and navigating equipment.

307

pineal eye

an outgrowth of the pineal gland that forms an eyelike structure on the top of the head in certain cold-blooded vertebrates

308

pin money

any small sum set aside for nonessential minor expenditures. 2. (formerly) an allowance of money given by a husband to his wife for her personal expenditures.

309

plimsoll line

indicates the draft of the ship and the legal limit to which a ship may be loaded for specific water types and temperatures in order to safely maintain buoyancy,[1] particularly with regard to the hazard of waves that may arise

310

plinth

a heavy base supporting a statue or vase.
ARCHITECTURE
the lower square slab at the base of a column.

311

plisse

adjective
1.
(of fabric) treated to give a permanent puckered or crinkled effect.
noun
1.
material treated so as to be permanently puckered or crinkled.

312

plait

an arrangement of hair made by weaving three sections together

313

plasty

molding, grafting, or formation of a specified part, especially a part of the body.

314

plastron

a metal breastplate formerly worn under the hauberk. b : a quilted pad worn in fencing to protect the chest, waist, and the side on which the weapon is held.

315

plainsong

the unisonous vocal music used in the Christian church from the earliest times. 2. modal liturgical music; Gregorian chant

316

polenta

cornmeal boiled into a porridge, and eaten directly or baked, fried or grilled.

317

placard

A sign or notice for display in a public place. 2. A small card or plaque, such as a nameplate on a door.

318

pixelated

crazy; confused.

319

pituitary

increases blood pressure, contracts stomach muscles, etc., and the anterior lobe constituent regulates growth of the skeleton.

320

pitter patter

To make or move with a series of light tapping sounds

321

plane

to make smooth or even

322

planck's constant

radiation, such as light, is emitted, transmitted, and absorbed in discrete energy packets, or quanta, determined by the frequency of the radiation and the value of this

323

plosive

Of, relating to, or being a speech sound produced by complete closure of the oral passage and subsequent release accompanied by a burst of air, as in the sound (p) in pit or (d) in dog.

324

pneumatic

containing or operated by air or gas under pressure.
informal
(of a woman) having large breasts.

2.
of or relating to the spirit.

325

pleurisy

inflammation of the lining of the lungs and chest (the pleura) that leads to chest pain (usually sharp) when you take a breath or cough.

326

plangent

Expressing or suggesting sadness; plaintive

327

planter

a container in which plants are grown. : a person who owns a plantation. : a machine that plants seeds in the ground

328

plexus

a network of anastomosing or interlacing blood vessels or nerves
2
: an interwoven combination of parts or elements in a structure or system

329

plastique

a ballet technique for mastering the art of slow, controlled movement and statuelike posing. 2. plastic explosive.

330

plastron

A metal breastplate worn under a coat of mail. 2. A quilted pad worn by fencers to protect the torso and side. 3. A trimming on the front of a bodice

331

placenta

A membranous vascular organ that develops in female eutherian mammals during pregnancy, lining the uterine wall and partially enveloping the fetus, to which it is attached by the umbilical cord. Following birth, the placenta is expelled.

332

parallel processing

the simultaneous use of more than one CPU or processor core to execute a program or multiple computational threads. Ideally, this makes programs run faster because there are more engines (CPUs or cores) running it.

333

sousaphone

A large brass instrument, similar in range to the tuba, having a flaring bell and a shape adapted to being carried in marching bands.

334

sou'wester

a waterproof hat having a very broad rim behind, worn esp by seamen

335

space lattice

A regular, indefinitely repeated array of points in three dimensions in which the points lie at theintersections of three sets of parallel equidistant planes. [interstellar]

336

spackle

A trademark for a powder to be mixed with water or a ready-to-use plastic paste designed to fill cracks and holes in plaster before painting or papering.

337

spaetzle

a kind of soft egg noodle or dumpling found in the cuisines of southern Germany and Austria, Switzerland,

338

spandrel

the space between two arches or between an arch and a rectangular enclosure.

339

spangle

cover with small sparkling objects; a small thin piece of glittering material, typically used in quantity to ornament a dress; a sequin.

340

spanish guitar

a guitar similar to a classical acoustic guitar but with thinner tops and less internal bracing. It is used in toque, the guitar-playing part of the art of flamenco.

341

spastic

casual word for clumsiness, sometimes associated with overexcitability, excessive startle response ("jumpiness"), excessive energy, or hyperactivity

342

spat

a petty quarrel; a cloth or leather gaiter covering the instep and ankle

343

spatchcock

poultry or game that has been prepared for roasting or grilling by removing the backbone, and sometimes the sternum of the bird and flattening it out before cooking.

344

spate

a large number of similar things or events appearing or occurring in quick succession.

345

spatter

cover with drops or spots of something.

346

specious

misleadingly attractive; superficially plausible, but actually wrong.

347

speckle

a small spot or patch of color.
verb ; mark with a large number of small spots or patches of color.

348

specter

a ghost

349

spectral

of or like a ghost.

350

specular

of, relating to, or having the properties of a mirror.

351

speculum

a medical tool for investigating body orifices, with a form dependent on the orifice for which it is designed. In old texts, it may also be referred to as a diopter or dioptra.

352

speedball

the intravenous use of cocaine with heroin or morphine in the same syringe or in two arms or insufflage

353

spigot

a device that controls the flow of liquid from a large container. ; especially : an outdoor faucet.

354

spindle

a slender rounded rod with tapered ends used in hand spinning to twist and wind thread from a mass of wool or flax held on a distaff.
a pin bearing the bobbin of a spinning machine.
a measure of length for yarn, equal to 15,120 yards (13,826 m) for cotton or 14,400 yards (13,167 m) for linen.

a pointed metal rod on a base, used to impale paper items for temporary filing.
a turned piece of wood used as a banister or chair leg.
2.
a rod or pin serving as an axis that revolves or on which something revolves.

355

spindly

long and thin and usually weak

356

spire

a long tapering object; a tapering conical or pyramidal structure on the top of a building, typically a church tower.

357

spirochete

a group of spiral-shaped bacteria, some of which are serious pathogens for humans, causing such diseases as syphilis, yaws, Lyme disease, and relapsing fever. characteristically found in a liquid environment (e.g., mud and water, blood and lymph).

358

spittle

the liquid produced in your mouth : saliva or spit

359

splayfoot

A physical deformity characterized by abnormally flat and turned-out feet. 2. A foot so affected

360

spleen

an organ found in virtually all vertebrates. Similar in structure to a large lymph node, it acts primarily as a blood filter.

361

splice

join or connect (a rope or ropes) by interweaving the strands. a union of two ropes, pieces of timber, or similar materials spliced together at the ends.

362

sputter

to make loud sounds like explosions. : to speak quickly or in a confused way because you are upset, surprised, etc.

363

spool

a cylindrical device on which film, magnetic tape, thread, or other flexible materials can be wound; a reel.

364

spoonerism

an error in speech or deliberate play on words in which corresponding consonants, vowels, or morphemes are switched (see metathesis) between two words in a phrase.[1][2]

365

spraddle

spread (one's legs) far apart. to walk with a swaggering gait

366

sprig

A small shoot or twig of a plant. b. An ornament in this shape. 2. A small brad without a head. 3. Archaic A young, immature person. tr

367

spring-loaded

containing a compressed or stretched spring pressing one part against another.

368

spume

froth or foam, especially that found on waves.

369

sputum

mucus that is coughed up from the lower airways

370

spurious

not being what it purports to be; false or fake.

371

squab

a young domestic pigeon, typically under four weeks old, or its meat. The meat is widely described as tasting like dark chicken.

372

squallid

Dirty or deteriorated, especially from poverty or lack of care

373

squark

The hypothetical counterpart to the quark as described in supersymmetry theory.

374

squaw

an American Indian woman. 2. usually disparaging : woman, wife

375

squib

a miniature explosive device used in a wide range of industries, from special effects to military applications. It resembles a tiny stick of dynamite, both in appearance and construction, although with considerably less explosive power. a brief satirical or witty piece of writing or speech, like a lampoon, or a short, sometimes humorous piece in a newspaper or magazine, used as a filler

376

squinch

to cause to crouch down or draw together; in architecture is a construction filling in the upper angles of a square room so as to form a base to receive an octagonal or spherical dome. Another solution of this structural problem was provided by the pendentive.

377

squirearchy

landed gentry;

378

squirrelly

mildly insane

2. unpredictable and jumpy, often in a cowardly way

379

stalactite

a tapering structure hanging like an icicle from the roof of a cave, formed of calcium salts deposited by dripping water.

380

stalwart

a loyal supporter; marked by outstanding strength and vigor of body, mind, or spirit

381

stammer

to speak with many pauses and repetitions because you have a speech problem or because you are very nervous, frightened, etc.

382

stamen

the pollen-producing reproductive organ of a flower.

383

stanch

to stop something (especially blood) from flowing.

384

starburst

A shape or design with emanating rays that resembles the flash of light produced by an exploding star.
2. An unusually rapid and intense burst of star formation in a galaxy.

385

stasis

a period or state of inactivity or equilibrium.
2.
civil strife.

386

stave

To keep or hold off; repel: A narrow strip of wood forming part of the sides of a barrel, tub, or similar structure.

387

steadfast

fixed; Firmly loyal or constant; unswerving

388

steerage

the lowest deck of a ship, where the cargo was stored.

389

stemwinder

one that is first-rate of its kind; especially : a stirring speech

390

stenography

the action or process of writing in shorthand or taking dictation.

391

stent

a small mesh tube that's used to treat narrow or weak arteries.

392

stevedore

a person employed, or a contractor engaged, at a dock to load and unload cargo from ships.

393

stigmatized

describe or regard as worthy of disgrace or great disapproval.

394

stiletto

a knife or dagger with a long slender blade and needle-like point, primarily intended as a stabbing weapon

395

stilted

stiffly dignified or formal, as speech or literary style; pompous

396

stipple

the creation of a pattern simulating varying degrees of solidity or shading by using small dots.

397

stock-in-trade

the typical subject or commodity a person, company, or profession uses or deals in.

qualities, ideas, or behavior characteristic of a person or their work.

398

stole

a woman's long scarf or shawl, especially fur or similar material, worn loosely over the shoulders.
of a strip of fabric used as an ecclesiastical vestment, worn over the shoulders and hanging down to the knee or below.

399

stoup

A basin or font for holy water at the entrance of a church. 2. A drinking vessel, such as a cup or tankard.

400

strafe

the technique of moving the player's character from side to side, rather than forward and backward. In the context of first-person shooters, it refers to the movement alone, even when no weapon is being fired. Sidestepping is an integral part of any first-person or third-person shooter as it allows the player to dodge incoming fire while keeping their view aimed at their target.

401

strake

part of the shell of the hull of a boat or ship which, in conjunction with the other strakes, keeps the sea out and the vessel afloat. It is a strip of planking in a wooden vessel or of plating in a metal one, running longitudinally along the vessel's side, bottom or the turn of the bilge, usually from one end of the vessel to the other.

402

strappado

a form of torture in which the victim's hands are first tied behind his or her back and suspended in the air by means of a rope attached to wrists, which most likely dislocates both arms. Weights may be added to the body to intensify the effect and increase the pain.

403

stratify

arrange or classify.

place (seeds) close together in layers in moist sand or peat to preserve them or to help them germinate.

404

stratus

cloud forming a continuous horizontal gray sheet, often with rain or snow.

405

stray

move away aimlessly from a group or from the right course or place.

406

stress incontinence

when your bladder leaks urine during physical activity or exertion. It may happen when you cough, lift something heavy, or exercise

407

struesel

a crumbly topping of flour, butter, and sugar that is baked on top of muffins, breads, pies, and cakes. Some modern recipes add spices and chopped nutmeats.

408

striated

having lines, bands, or grooves

409

stricture

a sternly critical remark // a restriction on a person or activity.

410

strident

sounding harsh and unpleasant. : expressing opinions or criticism in a very forceful and often annoying or unpleasant way.

411

stringer

a longitudinal structural piece in a framework, especially that of a ship or aircraft.

412

strobe

an electronic flash for a camera.

flash intermittently.

413

strobing

to give the appearance of arrested or slow motion by using intermittent illumination

414

stroganoff

a dish in which the central ingredient, typically strips of beef, is cooked in a sauce containing sour cream.

415

strop

a narrow piece of leather that is used for sharpening a razor

416

strut

a long, thin piece of wood or metal used for support in a building, vehicle, etc.

417

strychnine

when inhaled, swallowed or absorbed through eyes or mouth, causes a poisoning which results in muscular convulsions and eventually death through asphyxia.[3] Because it produces some of the most dramatic and painful symptoms of any known toxic reaction, poisoning is often portrayed in literature and film

418

stuffingbox

a device for preventing leakage of gases or liquids along a moving rod or shaft at the point at which it leaves a cylinder, tank, ship hull, etc

419

stultify

to render absurdly or wholly futile or ineffectual, especially by degrading or frustrating means:

420

stupa

a monumental pile of earth or other material, in memory of Buddha or a Buddhist saint, and commemorating some event or marking a sacred spot.

421

sty

a pigpen or bump on the eyelid

422

subtend

to be opposite to and extend from one side to the other of

423

stylus

A sharp, pointed instrument used for writing, marking, or engraving.
2. Computers A pointed instrument used as an input device on a pressure-sensitive screen.
3. A phonograph needle.

424

stymie

To be an obstacle to; prevent the advancement or success of; thwart or stump: (on a putting green) an instance of a ball's lying on a direct line between the cup and the ball of an opponent about to putt.

425

subduction

A geologic process in which one edge of one crustal plate is forced below the edge of another.

426

subjunctive

"I wish it were friday" of, relating to, or constituting a verb form or set of verb forms that represents a denoted act or state not as fact but as contingent or possible or viewed emotionally (as with doubt or desire)

427

sublate

assimilate (a smaller entity) into a larger one.

428

subluxation

implies the presence of an incomplete or partial dislocation of a joint or organ

429

subordinating cinjunction

First, it provides a necessary transition between the two ideas in the sentence. to reduce the importance of one clause so that a reader understands which of the two ideas is more important.

430

suborn

to persuade (someone) to do something illegal (such as to lie in a court of law). : to get (false testimony) from a witness

431

subside

to become less strong or intense. : to move down to a lower level

432

subsidy

money that is paid usually by a government to keep the price of a product or service low or to help a business or organization to continue to function.

433

suppository

a small piece of solid medicine that is placed in the rectum or vagina and left there to dissolve

434

surplice

a loose white linen vestment varying from hip-length to calf-length, worn over a cassock by clergy, acolytes, and choristers at Christian church services.

435

suspended animation

the slowing or stopping of life processes by exogenous or endogenous means without termination. Breathing, heartbeat, and other involuntary functions may still occur, but they can only be detected by artificial means.

436

sursrrus

whispering, murmuring, or rustling.

437

sutra

an aphorism or a collection of aphorisms in the form of a manual or, more broadly, a text in Hinduism orBuddhism. Literally it means a thread or line that holds things together and is derived from the verbal root siv-, meaning to sew

438

suture

the process of joining two surfaces or edges together along a line by sewing. b. The material, such as thread, gut, or wire, that is used in this procedure.

439

svelte

slender and elegant

440

swaddle

to bind (an infant, especially a newborn infant) with long, narrow strips of cloth to prevent free movement; wrap tightly with clothes.

441

swarthy

of a dark color, complexion, or cast.

442

swashbuckle

a person or a character in a movie, book, etc., who is very brave and has many exciting adventures // swagger

443

swathe

wrap in several layers of fabric.

444

sweetheart neckline

a neckline on a dress or blouse that is low at the front and shaped like the top of a stylized heart.

445

swelter

to suffer, sweat, or be faint from heat. 2. : to become exceedingly hot transitive verb. 1. : to oppress with heat

446

swill

to drink (something) quickly in large amounts. of a liquid : to move around in a container. : to cause (a liquid) to move around in a container.

447

swivel

a coupling between two parts enabling one to revolve without turning the other. turn around a point or axis or on a swivel. TUNA

448

swoon

to become very excited about someone or something. : to suddenly become unconscious

449

sybarite

a person who is self-indulgent in their fondness for sensuous luxury.

450

sycamore

a tree of the eastern and central U.S. that has light-brown bark that peels off in thin flakes. : a type of European maple tree with five-pointed leaves.

451

syllepsis

A verbal construction in which a word governs two or more other words but agrees in number, gender, or case with only one, or has a different meaning when applied to each of the words, as in He lost his coat and his temper.

452

sylph

one of a race of supernatural beings supposed to inhabit the air.

453

symbolism

the use of symbols to express or represent ideas or qualities in literature, art, etc. : the particular idea or quality that is expressed by a symbol.

454

synapse

a structure that permits a neuron (or nerve cell) to pass an electrical or chemical signal to another cell (neural or otherwise).

455

syncopate

displace the beats or accents in (music or a rhythm) so that strong beats become weak and vice versa.

456

syncope

temporary loss of consciousness and posture, described as "fainting" or "passing out.

457

succor

assistance and support in times of hardship and distress.

458

succotash

a cooked dish of kernels of corn mixed with shell beans, especially lima beans, and, often, with green and sweet red peppers

459

succubus

A demoness from Hell whose sole purpose is to drain the souls of men by having sex with them while they are asleep.

460

suckle

feed (a baby or young animal) from the breast or teat.

461

suctorial

adapted for sucking (descriptive, for example, of the mouthparts of some insects).
(of an animal) having a sucker for feeding or adhering to something.

462

sullen

showing irritation or ill humor by a gloomy silence or reserve. 2. persistently and silently ill-humored; morose. 3. indicative of gloomy ill humor

463

sump

A low-lying place, such as a pit, that receives drainage. b. A cesspool

464

sudorific

causing or inducing sweat

465

suet

raw beef or mutton fat, especially the hard fat found around the loins and kidneys

466

sugarloaf

the traditional form in which refined sugar was produced and sold until the late 19th century when granulated and cube sugars were introduced. A tall cone with a rounded top was the end-product of a process that saw the dark molasses-rich raw sugar,

467

sui juris

a Latin phrase which literally means "of one's own right" // One who has all the rights to which a freemen is entitled; one who is not under the power of another, as a slave, a minor, and the like.

468

sulfur

In the Bible it is called brimstone. It can be found in its elemental state around volcano vents. “It is no exaggeration to say, we may fairly judge the commercial prosperity of a country from the amount of ___ acid it consumes.

469

sultry

very hot and humid. : attractive in a way that suggests or causes feelings of sexual desire.

470

sumptuous

Of a size or splendor suggesting great expense; lavish:

471

sundry

miscellaenous

472

sunburst

a flash of sunlight especially through a break in clouds. 2. a : a jeweled brooch representing a sun surrounded by rays. b : a design in the form of rays

473

sunni

the majority in most Islamic countries outside of Iran, Iraq, Yemen, and Bahrain. Sunna—translated variously as the "trodden path," "the way," "example," or "habitual practice"—refers to the example or path of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers.

474

sunrise industry

one that is new or relatively new, is growing fast and is expected to become important in the future

475

sunset industry

an industry in decline, one that has passed its peak or boom periods

476

superannuate

retire (someone) with a pension.

477

superego

the ethical component of the personality and provides the moral standards by which the ego operates. These criticisms, prohibitions, and inhibitions form a person's conscience, and its positive aspirations and ideals represent one's idealized self-image, or “ego ideal.

478

superfetation

the simultaneous occurrence of more than one stage of developing offspring in the same animal. In mammals, it manifests as the formation of an embryo from a different estrous cycle while another embryo or fetus is already present in the uterus

479

superfluous

beyond what is needed : not necessary

480

superpose

place (something) on or above something else, especially so that they coincide.

481

superscript

a number, figure, symbol, or indicator that is smaller than the normal line of type and is set slightly below or above it. Subscripts appear at or below the baseline, while these are above.

482

superstructure

a structure built on top of something else.
the parts of a ship, other than masts and rigging, built above its hull and main deck.
the part of a building above its foundations.

483

supertitle

a caption projected on a screen above the stage in an opera, translating the text being sung.

484

supinate

To turn or rotate (the hand or forearm) so that the palm faces up or forward.
2. To turn or rotate (the foot) by adduction and inversion so that the outer edge of the sole bears the body's weight.

485

supine

(of a person) lying face upward.
failing to act or protest as a result of moral weakness or indolence.

486

surcingle

a strap made of leather or leather-like synthetic materials such as nylon or neoprene, sometimes with elastic, that fastens around a horse's girth area.

487

synechdoche

a figure of speech in which a part is made to represent the whole or vice versa, as in Cleveland won by six runs (meaning “Cleveland's baseball team”).

488

synesthesia

a neurological phenomenon in which stimulation of one sensory or cognitive pathway leads to automatic, involuntary experiences in a second sensory or cognitive pathway.[1][2][3][4] People who report such experiences are known as synesthetes.

489

syntonic

responsive to and in harmony with their environment so that affect is appropriate to the given situation.

490

systole

the phase of the heartbeat when the heart muscle contracts and pumps blood from the chambers into the arteries.

491

syzygy

a conjunction or opposition, especially of the moon with the sun.
a pair of connected or corresponding things.

492

petrichor

a pleasant smell that frequently accompanies the first rain after a long period of warm, dry weather.

493

finial

A sculptured ornament, often in the shape of a leaf or flower, at the top of a gable, pinnacle, or similar structure

494

kayfabe

the portrayal of staged events within the industry as "real" or "true," specifically the portrayal of competition, rivalries, and relationships between participants as being genuine and not of a staged or pre-determined nature. It has also evolved to become a code word of sorts for maintaining this "reality" within the realm of the general public.