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Flashcards in dict1 - Sheet1 Deck (500):
1

habituate

make or become accustomed or used to something.

2

hachure

a short line used for shading and denoting surfaces in relief (as in map drawing) and drawn in the direction of slope

3

hackle

erectile hairs along the back of a dog or other animal that rise when it is angry or alarmed. a long, narrow feather on the neck or saddle of a domestic rooster or other bird

4

hackney

A horse of a breed developed in England, having a gait characterized by pronounced flexion of theknee. 2. A trotting horse suited for routine riding or driving; a hack. 3. A coach or carriage for hire

5

hade

the inclination of a mineral vein or fault from the vertical. (of a shaft, vein, or fault) incline from the vertical.

6

hadron

studied by colliding protons or nuclei of heavy elements such as lead, and detecting the debris in the produced particle showers.

7

hafiz

literally meaning "guardian," is a term used by modern Muslims for someone who has completely memorized the Qur'an

8

haggadah

a fulfillment of the Scriptural commandment to each Jew to "tell your son" of the Jewish liberation from slavery in Egypt as described in the Book of Exodus in the Torah

9

haggis

Haggis is a savoury pudding containing sheep's pluck; minced with onion, oatmeal, suet, spices, and salt, mixed with stock, and traditionally encased in the animal's stomach and simmered for approximately three hours.

10

hagiology

literature dealing with the lives and legends of saints.

11

halation

the spreading of light beyond its proper boundaries to form a fog around the edges of a bright image in a photograph or on a television screen.

12

halberd

a two-handed pole weapon that came to prominent use during the 14th and 15th centuries. The word halberd may come from the German words Halm (staff), and Barte (axe).

13

hale

free from defect, disease, or infirmity : sound; also : retaining exceptional health and vigor

14

halloo

Used to urge on hounds in a hunt.

15

halting

slow and hesitant, especially through lack of confidence; faltering.

16

hamartia

a fatal flaw leading to the downfall of a tragic hero or heroine.

17

hamfatter

A low-grade actor or performer; a ham

18

handwringing

the clasping together and squeezing of one's hands, especially when distressed or worried.

19

hangdog

having a dejected or guilty appearance; shamefaced.

20

hank

a coil or skein of yarn, hair, rope, or other material.

21

haploid

he term used when a cell has only one set of chromosomes. A normal eukaryote organism is composed of diploid cells, one set of chromosomes from each parent. However, after meiosis, the number of chromosomes in gametes is halved.

22

hardscrabble

involving hard work and struggle.

23

hardtack

a simple type of cracker or biscuit, made from flour, water, and sometimes salt. Inexpensive and long-lasting, it was and is used for sustenance in the absence of perishable foods, commonly during long sea voyages and military campaigns

24

harlequin

a pattern of diamond-shaped figures of different colors; : a comic character in old stories and plays who wears a mask and colorful clothes with a diamond pattern

25

harpy

a grasping, unpleasant woman; a rapacious monster described as having a woman's head and body and a bird's wings and claws or depicted as a bird of prey with a woman's face.

26

harridan

a strict, bossy, or belligerent old woman.

27

harrier

a medium sized dog breed of the hound class, used for hunting hares by trailing them. It resembles anEnglish Foxhound but is smaller, though not as small as a Beagle.

28

harrow

a cultivating implement set with spikes, spring teeth, or disks and used primarily for pulverizing and smoothing the soil

29

haruspex

a diviner in ancient Rome basing his predictions on inspection of the entrails of sacrificial animals

30

hasp

a slotted hinged metal plate that forms part of a fastening for a door or lid and is fitted over a metal loop and secured by a pin or padlock

31

hatband

a band (as of fabric, leather, or cord) around the crown of a hat just above the brim

32

hatch

an opening of restricted size allowing for passage from one area to another, in particular.

33

haunch

a buttock and thigh considered together, in a human or animal.

34

havelock

A cloth covering for a cap, having a flap to cover and protect the back of the neck.

35

hawse

the part of a ship's bows through which the anchor cables pass.

36

hayseed

bumpkin, yokel

37

hdl

High-density lipoprotein is one of the five major groups of lipoproteins. Lipoproteins are complex particles composed of multiple proteins which transport all fat molecules around the body within the water outside cells

38

headstock

holding the instrument's strings. Strings go from the bridge past the nut and are usually fixed on machine heads

39

heath

a shrubland habitat found mainly on free-draining infertile, acidic soils, and is characterised by open, low-growing woody vegetation.

40

hebetude

the state of being dull or lethargic.

41

hecatomb

(in ancient Greece or Rome) a great public sacrifice, originally of a hundred oxen.

42

hector

talk to (someone) in a bullying way.

43

chelate

a compound having a ring structure that usually contains a metal ion held by coordinate bonds.

44

helicoid

shaped like Archimedes' screw, but extends infinitely in all directions; the only non-rotary surface which can glide along itself

45

hemline

The bottom edge of a skirt, dress, or coat. 2. The height of the edge of such a garment, measured from the floor

46

hemoglobin

the protein molecule in red blood cells that carries oxygen from the lungs to the body's tissues and returns carbon dioxide from the tissues back to the lungs

47

hemostasis

the stopping of a flow of blood.

48

hendiadys

a figure of speech used for emphasis — "The substitution of a conjunction for a subordination".; sound and fury (from act V, scene 5 ofMacbeth) seems to offer a more striking image than "furious sound"

49

henpeck

(of a woman) continually criticize and give orders to (her husband or other male partner).

50

henry IV

he promulgated the Edict of Nantes in 1598, which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion. Considered as a usurper by Catholics and as a traitor by Protestants, Henry was hardly accepted by the population and escaped at least 12 assassination attempts.[2] An unpopular king during his reign, Henry's popularity greatly improved posthumously.[3] The "Good King Henry" (le bon roi Henri) was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects.

51

heredity

the passing of phenotypic traits from parents to their offspring, either through asexual reproduction or sexual reproduction

52

hermenuetics

the branch of knowledge that deals with interpretation, especially of the Bible or literary texts.

53

herringbone

a distinctive V-shaped weaving pattern usually found in twill fabric. It is distinguished from a plain chevron by the break at reversal, which makes it resemble a broken zigzag

54

herstory

history written from a feminist perspective, emphasizing the role of women, or told from a woman's point of view.

55

heteronym

a word that is written identically but has a different pronunciation and meaning; Don't desert me here in the desert!

56

hew

conform or adhere to; chop or cut (something, especially wood) with an ax, pick, or other tool.

57

hibiscus

large shrubs or small trees that produce huge, colorful, trumpet-shaped flowers over a long season

58

hidalgo

(in Spanish-speaking regions) a gentleman.

59

hidebound

unwilling or unable to change because of tradition or convention.

60

hierophant

a person, especially a priest in ancient Greece, who interprets sacred mysteries or esoteric principles.

61

highball

the name for a family of mixed drinks that are composed of an alcoholic base spirit and a larger proportion of a non-alcoholic mixer.

62

highflown

(especially of language or ideas) extravagant and lofty.

63

highhanded

using power or authority without considering the feelings of others.

64

hilt

the handle of a weapon or tool, especially a sword, dagger, or knife.

65

hindbrain

the cerebellum, the pons and the medulla oblongata, which function collectively to support vital bodily processes.

66

hippocampus

the part of the brain that is involved in memory forming, organizing, and storing.

67

hippocrene

the name of a fountain on Mt. Helicon.[2] It was sacred to theMuses and was formed by the hooves of Pegasus. Its name literally translates as "Horse's Fountain" and the water was supposed to bring forth poetic inspiration when imbibed

68

histamine

an organic nitrogenous compound involved in local immune responses as well as regulating physiological function in the gut and acting as a neurotransmitter. Histamine is involved in the inflammatory response

69

historicism

a mode of thinking that assigns a central and basic significance to a specific context, such as historical period, geographical place and local culture

70

hoarfrost

a grayish-white crystalline deposit of frozen water vapor formed in clear still weather on vegetation, fences, etc.

71

hocus

to hoax; To infuse (food or drink) with a drug.

72

hogan

a traditional Navajo hut of logs and earth.

73

hogshead

a large cask of liquid. More specifically, it refers to a specified volume, measured in either imperial or US customary measures, primarily applied to alcoholic beverages, such as wine, ale, or cider

74

hoi polloi

the masses; the common people.

75

hoke

(of an actor) act (a part) in an insincere, sentimental, or melodramatic manner.

76

hokum

nonsense; trite, sentimental, or unrealistic situations and dialogue in a movie, play, or piece of writing.

77

homing

relating to an animal's ability to return to a place or territory after traveling a distance away from it.

78

hominy

field corn (maize) grain is dried, then treated by soaking and cooking the mature (hard) grain in a dilute solution of lye, slaked lime (calcium hydroxide) or wood ash, a process termed nixtamalization. The soaked maize is washed, and then ground into masa.

79

homogamy

marriage between individuals who are, in some culturally important way, similar to each other

80

homoousian

Nicene Creed describes Jesus as being homooúsios with God the Father — that is, they are of the "same substance" and are equally God. This term, adopted by the First Council of Nicaea, was intended to add clarity to the relationship between Christ and God the Father within the Godhead.

81

homounculus

an artificially made dwarf, supposedly produced in a flask by an alchemist.

82

hooch

Slang for moonshine or bootleg alcohol

83

hooey

nonsense

84

hook and eye

a very simple and secure method of fastening garments together. It consists of a metal hook, commonly made of flattened wire bent to the required shape, and an eye (or "eyelet") of the same material into which the hook fits.

85

hoop snake

it can grasp its tail in its jaws and roll after its prey like a wheel,[2][1] thus looking somewhat like the ouroboros of Greek mythology, or Tsuchinoko (a legendary fat snake that can roll like a wheel) in Japan. In one version of the myth, the snake straightens out at the last second, skewering its victim with its venomous tail. The only escape is to hide behind a tree, which receives the deadly blow instead and promptly dies from the poison.[3]

86

hootenanny

an old country word for "party". Nowadays the word most commonly refers to a folk music party with an open mic, at which different performers are welcome to get up and play in front of an audience.

87

hoplite

citizen-soldiers of Ancient Greek city-states who were primarily armed with spears and shields.

88

hopper

a container for a bulk material such as grain, rock, or trash, typically one that tapers downward and is able to discharge its contents at the bottom.

89

hornswaggle

To bamboozle; deceive

90

hosel

the socket of a golf club head into which the shaft fits.

91

housing

a rigid casing that encloses and protects a piece of moving or delicate equipment.

92

howitzer

a large gun that is used to fire shells high into the air for a short distance

93

huarache

an open type of outdoor footwear, consisting of a sole held to the wearer's foot by straps passing over the instep and around the ankle

94

huckster

a person who sells small items, either door-to-door or from a stall or small store. promote or sell (something, typically a product of questionable value).

95

hueristic

enabling a person to discover or learn something for themselves.

96

humbug

deceptive or false talk or behavior.

97

humerus

the both the largest bone in the arm and the only bone in the upper arm

98

humoral

of or relating to the body fluids, especially with regard to immune responses involving antibodies in body fluids as distinct from cells

99

humus

to the fraction of soil organic matter that is amorphous and without the "cellular structure characteristic of plants, micro-organisms or animals. organic matter that has been protected from decomposition by microbial or enzyme action because it is hidden (occluded) inside small aggregates of soil particles or tightly attached

100

hurtle

move or cause to move at a great speed, typically in a wildly uncontrolled manner.

101

hutch

a box or cage, typically with a wire mesh front, for keeping rabbits, ferrets, or other small domesticated animals.

102

hyacinth

a beautiful youth and lover of the god Apollo, though he was also admired by West Wind, Zephyr. Apollo and Hyacinth took turns throwing the discus. Hyacinth ran to catch it to impress Apollo, was struck by the discus as it fell to the ground, and died.[

103

hyaline

a glassy appearance

104

hydraulic

denoting, relating to, or operated by a liquid moving in a confined space under pressure.

105

hydromancy

three pebbles are thrown into standing water and observations are made from the circles formed when the objects strike the water.

106

hydropathy

a part of medicine, in particular of naturopathy, occupational therapyand physiotherapy, that involves the use of water for pain relief and treatment

107

hyperbola

a symmetrical open curve formed by the intersection of a circular cone with a plane at a smaller angle with its axis than the side of the cone.

108

hypertext

text which contains links to other texts.

109

hypertrophy

the increase in the volume of an organ or tissue due to the enlargement of its component cells.

110

hypodermic

of or relating to the region immediately beneath the skin.

111

hypoglycemic

a condition that occurs when your blood sugar (glucose) is too low

112

hypomania

lesser mania" or “below mania”) is a mood state characterized by persistent disinhibition and pervasive elevated (euphoric) or irritable mood, as well as thoughts and behaviors that are consistent with such a mood state. It is most often associated with the bipolar spectrum. Many who are in a hypomanic state are extremely energetic, talkative, and confident. They may have a flight of ideas and feel creative. Many people also experience signature hypersexuality.

113

hypostasis

the accumulation of fluid or blood in the lower parts of the body or organs under the influence of gravity, as occurs in cases of poor circulation or after death.

114

hypothalamus

responsible for certain metabolic processes and other activities of the autonomic nervous system. It synthesizes and secretes certain neurohormones, often called releasing hormones. controls body temperature, hunger, important aspects of parenting and attachment behaviors, thirst,[1] fatigue, sleep, and circadian rhythms.

115

hypotrophy

a degeneration of an organ or tissue caused by a loss of cells.

116

labial

of or relating to the lips; requiring complete or partial closure of the lips (e.g., p, b, f, v, m, w ), or (of a vowel) requiring rounded lips (e.g., oo in m oo n).

117

labiodental

Articulated with the lower lip and upper teeth, as the sounds (f) and (v).

118

laconic

(of a person, speech, or style of writing) using very few words.

119

lactic acid

A syrupy, water-soluble organic acid produced when milk sours or certain fruits ferment. It is also produced in the body during the anaerobic metabolism of glucose, as in muscle tissue during exercise, where its buildup can cause cramping pains.

120

lacuna

an unfilled space or interval; a gap.

121

laden

heavily loaded or weighed down.

122

laffer curve

increasing tax rates beyond a certain point will be counter-productive for raising further tax revenue.

123

lagniappe

a small gift given to a customer by a merchant at the time of a purchase (such as a 13th doughnut when buying a dozen),

124

lambdada

a fast, erotic Brazilian dance that couples perform with their stomachs touching.

125

lambent

of light or fire) glowing, gleaming, or flickering with a soft radiance.

126

lame'

a type of fabric woven or knit[1] with thin ribbons of metallic yarns, usually gold or silver in color

127

lamia

a beautiful queen of Libya who became a child-eating daemon, cursed with the inability to close her eyes so that she would always obsess over the image of her dead children

128

lamprey

are an order of jawless fish, the adult of which is characterized by a toothed, funnel-like sucking mouth.

129

lancet

a cutting instrument (scalpel) with a double-edged blade

130

langoustine

slim, orange-pink lobster which grows up to 25 cm long, and is "the most important commercial crustacean in Europe

131

lanyard

a rope or cord, typically worn around the neck, shoulder, or wrist to carry an object.

132

lapel

the part on each side of a coat or jacket immediately below the collar that is folded back on either side of the front opening.

133

lapis lazuli

a deep blue semi-precious stone that has been prized since antiquity for its intense color.

134

lappet

a decorative flap, fold or hanging part of a headdress or garment

135

laproscopy

a surgery that uses a thin, lighted tube put through a cut (incision) in the belly to look at the abdominal organs or the female pelvic organs

136

lapsus calami

Literally meaning "slip of the pen

137

lardon

a small strip or cube of pork fat used in a wide variety of cuisines to flavor savory foods and salads

138

largo

very slow tempo, or a musical piece or movement in such a tempo

139

larynx

commonly called the voice box, is an organ in the neck of amphibians, reptiles, and mammals involved in breathing, sound production, and protecting the tracheaagainst food aspiration. It manipulates pitch and volume

140

latency

a time interval between the stimulation and response, or, from a more general point of view, as a time delay between the cause and the effect

141

lathe

a machine tool which rotates the workpiece on its axis to perform various operations such as cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation, facing, turning, with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object which has symmetry about an axis of rotation.

142

lattice

an interlaced structure or pattern consisting of strips of wood or metal crossed and fastened together with square or diamond-shaped spaces left between, used typically as a screen or fence or as a support for climbing plants.

143

laudanum

a tincture of opium containing approximately 10% powdered opium by weight (the equivalent of 1% morphine). known as a "whole opium" preparation since it historically contained all the opium alkaloids. Today, however, the drug is often processed to remove all or most of the noscapine (also narcotine) present as this is a strong emetic and does not add appreciably to the analgesic or anti-propulsive properties of opium

144

lavabo

a device used to provide water for the washing of hands. It consists normally of a ewer or container of some kind to pour water,

145

lavage

washing; especially : the therapeutic washing out of an organ or part.

146

lave

(of water) wash against or over (something).

147

lay figure

a dummy or jointed manikin of a human body used by artists, especially for arranging drapery on.

148

lazarus, emma

best known for "The New Colossus", a sonnet written in 1883; its lines appear on a bronze plaque in the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty[1] placed in 1903.

149

lazy tongs

a series of jointed and pivoted bars capable of great extension used to pick up or handle something at a distance

150

le courbosier

one of the pioneers of what is now called modern architecture; explicitly used the golden ratio in his Modulor system for the scale of architectural proportion. He saw this system as a continuation of the long tradition of Vitruvius, Leonardo da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man", the work of Leon Battista Alberti, and others who used the proportions of the human body to improve the appearance and function of architecture

151

lead balloon

an idea which is garuanteed to fail

152

leading edge

the foremost edge of an airfoil, especially a wing or propeller blade.

153

leaf spring

a simple form of spring commonly used for the suspension in wheeled vehicles

154

lean to

a type of simple structure originally added to an existing building with the rafters "leaning" against another wall.

155

leander

fell in love with Hero and would swim every night across the Hellespont to be with her. Hero would light a lamp at the top of her tower to guide his way.

156

leaven

a substance, typically yeast, that is added to dough to make it ferment and rise. a pervasive influence that modifies something or transforms it for the better.

157

lectern

a tall stand with a sloping top to hold a book or notes, and from which someone, typically a preacher or lecturer, can read while standing up.

158

lector

proclaims the Scripture readings used in the Liturgy of the Word from the official, liturgical book

159

lees

refers to deposits of dead yeast or residual yeast and other particles that precipitate, or are carried by the action of "fining", to the bottom of a vat of wine after fermentation and aging. The yeast deposits in beer brewing are known as trub.

160

left brain

the left hemisphere controls the muscles on the right side of the human body; "logical" for the left side

161

leg of mutton

Resembling a leg of mutton in shape; tapering sharply from one large end to a point or smaller end, as a sleeve orsail.

162

legerdemain

Deceitful cleverness; trickery:

163

leister

A three-pronged spear used in fishing.

164

leitmotif

a recurrent theme throughout a musical or literary composition, associated with a particular person, idea, or situation.

165

leman

an illicit lover, especially a mistress.

166

lentigo

small pigmented spot on the skin with a clearly defined edge, surrounded by normal-appearing skin.

167

lepidoptrist

specializes in members of an order encompassing moths and the three superfamilies of butterflies, skipper butterflies, and moth-butterflies

168

leptin

a hormone that plays a crucial role in appetite and weight control. It is thought to have at least two major functions. First, it crosses the blood-brain barrier and binds to receptors in the appetite center in the brain, regulating brain cells that tell you how much to eat.

169

letterset

a method of printing in which ink is transferred from a raised surface to a blanket wrapped around a cylinder and from that to the paper.

170

leukorhea

flow of a whitish, yellowish, or greenish discharge from the vagina of the female that may be normal or that may be a sign of infection. Such discharges may originate from the vagina, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or, most commonly, the cervix.

171

lexeme

a basic lexical unit of a language, consisting of one word or several words, considered as an abstract unit, and applied to a family of words related by form or meaning.

172

lhasa apso

a non-sporting dog breed originating in Tibet. It was bred as an interior sentinel in the Buddhist monasteries, to alert the monks to any intruders who entered.

173

libration

a perceived oscillating motion of orbiting bodies relative to each other, notably including the motion of the Moon relative to Earth, or of Trojan asteroids relative to planets.

174

lichen

a composite organism that emerges from algae or cyanobacteria (or both) living among filaments of a fungus in a mutually beneficial (symbiotic) relationship

175

lickspittle

a person who behaves obsequiously to those in power.

176

lidocaine

Causes numbness or loss of feeling in an area of your body. Given before and during surgery, childbirth, or dental work. Also treats emergency heart rhythm problems.

177

liege

having the right to feudal allegiance or service \ obligated to render feudal allegiance and service.

178

ligate

tie up or otherwise close off (an artery or vessel).

179

ligature

a thing used for tying or binding something tightly.

180

lilt

a characteristic rising and falling of the voice when speaking; a pleasant gentle accent.

181

limbic system

supports a variety of functions including adrenaline flow, emotion, behavior, motivation, long-term memory, and olfaction Emotional life is largely housed here, and it has a great deal to do with the formation of memories.

182

liminal

of or relating to a transitional or initial stage of a process. occupying a position at, or on both sides of, a boundary or threshold.

183

limiter

a circuit whose output is restricted to a certain range of values irrespective of the size of the input.

184

limn

suffuse or highlight (something) with a bright color or light.

185

limpid

free of anything that darkens; completely clear // (especially of writing or music) clear and accessible or melodious

186

lineament

a distinctive feature or characteristic, especially of the face.

187

lingam

(Sanskrit for "shaft of light") is the term for the Hindu god Shiva as represented by a phallus (erect male organ). Usually found in conjunction with the Yoni ('vulva") which represents the goddess Shakti - the source of Creative Energy. They co-join to form Bhrama - the Universe.

188

lipid

a group of naturally occurring molecules that include fats, waxes, sterols, fat-soluble vitamins

189

lipoprotein

a biochemical assembly that contains both proteins and lipids, bound to the proteins, which allow fats to move through the water inside and outside cells. The proteins serve to emulsify the lipid molecules.

190

lipotropin

hormone produced by the pituitary gland. This hormone stimulates fat burning and is present at the release of endorphins.

191

lissome

thin, supple, and graceful.

192

litany

a series of petitions for use in church services or processions, usually recited by the clergy and responded to in a recurring formula by the people.

193

litotes

ironical understatement in which an affirmative is expressed by the negative of its contrary (e.g., you won't be sorry, meaning you'll be glad ).

194

liver fluke

localized in the liver of various mammals, including humans. These flatworms can occur in bile ducts, gallbladder, and liverparenchyma. They feed on blood.

195

livery

special uniform worn by a servant or official.

196

llano

the Spanish word for plain

197

loach

active bottom dwelling scavengers ideally suited for the community aquarium

198

loam

a fertile soil of clay and sand containing humus.

199

lobe

a roundish and flattish part of something, typically each of two or more such parts divided by a fissure, and often projecting or hanging.

200

lochia

the vaginal discharge after giving birth (puerperium) containing blood, mucus, and uterine tissue

201

lode

a vein of metal ore in the earth.

202

lodestar

something or someone that leads or guides a person or group of people

203

loge

a private box or enclosure in a theater. a tier of seating in an arena or stadium, typically between the upper and lower decks.

204

logorrhea

a tendency to extreme loquacity.

205

logy

dull and heavy in motion or thought; sluggish.

206

sparagmos

an act of rending, tearing apart, or mangling, usually in a Dionysian context. In Dionysian rite as represented in myth and literature, a living animal, or sometimes even a human being, is sacrificed by being dismembered

207

longeur

a tedious passage in a book or other work.

208

loofah

a rough sponge that is made from the dried fruit of a tropical plant and that people use to wash their bodies

209

lope

run or move with a long bounding stride.

210

lop

To cut off (a part), especially from a tree or shrub:

211

lorazepam

Treats anxiety, anxiety with depression, and insomnia (trouble sleeping). This medicine is a benzodiazepine.

212

lorgnette

a pair of spectacles with a handle, used to hold them in place, rather than fitting over the ears.

213

loris

locomotion is a slow and cautious climbing form of quadrupedalism

214

loss leader

a pricing strategy where a product is sold at a price below its market cost[2] to stimulate other sales of more profitable goods or services

215

lovelorn

unhappy because of unrequited love.

216

loving cup

Large, two-handled cup, often made of silver, that may take many forms. In the past, at weddings, banquets, or meetings it might be shared by a number of persons for ceremonial drinking, symbolizing friendship and unity

217

lozenge

a rhombus or diamond shape.

218

lucent

glowing with or giving off light

219

lucite

used as a lightweight or shatter-resistant alternative to soda-lime glass. t is used in aircraft canopies and windows, in boat windshields, and as a general alternative to glass in many applications

220

lucubrate

discourse learnedly in writing.

221

luddite

a member of any of the bands of English workers who destroyed machinery, especially in cotton and woolen mills, that they believed was threatening their jobs

222

lumbago

pain in the lower (lumbar) portion of the back

223

luminance

It describes the amount of light that passes through or is emitted from a particular area, and falls within a given solid angle.

224

lupine

Of, or pertaining to, the wolf. Wolflike; wolfish. Having the characteristics of a wolf. Ravenous.

225

luster

the state or quality of shining by reflecting light; glitter, sparkle, sheen, or gloss:

226

lutz

a toepick-assisted jump with an entrance from a back outside edge and landing on the back outside edge of the opposite foot.

227

lycanthropy

a rare psychiatric syndrome that involves a delusion that the affected person can transform into, has transformed into, or is a non-human animal.

228

lycra

a synthetic fiber known for its exceptional elasticity. It is stronger and more durable than natural rubber

229

lye

a strongly alkaline solution, especially of potassium hydroxide, used for washing or cleansing.

230

lymph

a clear-to-white fluid made of: White blood cells, especially lymphocytes, the cells that attack bacteria in the blood. Fluid from the intestines called chyle, which contains proteins and fats

231

lyre

a stringed instrument like a small U-shaped harp with strings fixed to a crossbar, used especially in ancient Greece. Modern instruments of this type are found mainly in East Africa.

232

nabob

a person who returned from India to Europe with a fortune.

233

nadir

the lowest point in the fortunes of a person or organization.

234

namby pamby

lacking energy, strength, or courage; feeble or effeminate in behavior or expression.

235

nan

a type of leavened bread, typically of teardrop shape and traditionally cooked in a clay oven.

236

nativism

a return to or emphasis on traditional or local customs, in opposition to outside influences.

237

natriureisis

The excretion of an excessively large amount of sodium in the urine. It is similar to diuresis (the excretion of an unusually large quantity of urine), except that the urine is exceptionally salty.

238

natty

(especially of a person or an article of clothing) smart and fashionable.

239

nautilus

a cephalopod mollusk with a light external spiral shell and numerous short tentacles around the mouth. They swim with the buoyant gas-filled shell upright and descend to greater depths during the day.

240

nave

the central part of a church building, intended to accommodate most of the congregation. In traditional Western churches it is rectangular, separated from the chancel by a step or rail, and from adjacent aisles by pillars

241

neap

a tide just after the first or third quarters of the moon when there is the least difference between high and low water.

242

nebbish

a person, especially a man, who is regarded as pitifully ineffectual, timid, or submissive.

243

nebuchadezzar

Both the construction of theHanging Gardens of Babylon and the destruction of Jerusalem's temple are ascribed to him. "Fate winner"

244

nebula

a cloud of gas and dust in outer space, visible in the night sky either as an indistinct bright patch or as a dark silhouette against other luminous matter.

245

necker cube

an illusion in which a two-dimensional drawing of an array of cubes appears to simultaneously protrude from and intrude into the page

246

necromancy

the supposed practice of communicating with the dead, especially in order to predict the future.

247

needlepoint

a form of counted thread embroidery in which yarn is stitched through a stiff open weave canvas.

248

negative feedback

occurring when some function of the output of a system, process, or mechanism is fed back in a manner that tends to reduce the fluctuations in the output, whether caused by changes in the input or by other disturbances.

249

neocortex

a thin layered structure surrounding mammalian brains. It is the hallmark of mammalian brains and not present in birds or in reptiles. It is also the most divergent part across mammalian species (Fig. 1-1). It is called "neo", because it is evolutionarily the newest part of the cerebreral cortex.

250

neolithic

of, relating to, or denoting the later part of the Stone Age, when ground or polished stone weapons and implements prevailed.

251

neotony

retention of some larval or immature characters in adulthood // attainment of sexual maturity during the larval stage

252

nepenthes

popularly known as tropical pitcher plants or monkey cups, is a genus of carnivorous plants

253

nepotism

the practice among those with power or influence of favoring relatives or friends, especially by giving them jobs.

254

neuralgia

a sharp, shocking pain that follows the path of a nerve and is due to irritation or damage to the nerve.

255

neurasthenia

an ill-defined medical condition characterized by lassitude, fatigue, headache, and irritability, associated chiefly with emotional disturbance

256

neuroleptic

A term that refers to the effects of antipsychotic drugs on a patient, especially on his or her cognition and behavior. These drugs may produce a state of apathy, lack of initiative and limited range of emotion. In psychotic patients, neuroleptic drugs cause a reduction in confusion and agitation and tend to normalize psychomotor activity.

257

neuropharmacology

the study of how drugs affect cellular function in the nervous system, and the neural mechanisms through which they influence behavior.

258

neurotic

a class of functional mental disorders involving distress but neither delusions nor hallucinations. behavior is typically within socially acceptable limits

259

newelpost

also called a central pole, is the central supporting pillar of a spiral staircase. It can also refer to an upright post that supports the handrail of a stair banister

260

newfie

a large working dog. can be black, brown, white and black (called Landseer) or gray. However, in Canada, the country of their origin, the only correct colours are black (including black with white markings) and white and black (Landseer). [1] They were originally bred and used as a working dog for fishermen in theDominion of Newfoundland (which is now part of Canada)

261

nib

the part of a quill, dip pen or fountain pen which comes into contact with the writing surface in order to deposit ink.

262

niggle

a trifling complaint, dispute, or criticism.

263

nightshade

a plant related to the potato, typically having poisonous black or red berries. Several kinds have been used in the production of herbal medicines.

264

nihil obstat

Latin for "nothing hinders" or "nothing stands in the way") is a declaration of no objection to an initiative or an appointment.

265

nimbus

a luminous cloud or a halo surrounding a supernatural being or a saint. a large gray rain cloud.

266

nimrod

He is depicted in the Bible as a mighty in the earth and a mighty hunter. Extra-biblical traditions associating him with theTower of Babel led to his reputation as a king who was rebellious against God.

267

no go area

a region where the ruling authorities have lost control and are unable to enforce their sovereignty

268

nobble

try to influence or thwart (someone or something) by underhanded or unfair methods.

269

noblesse

Noble birth. The members of the nobility, especially the French nobility.

270

nocturne

a piece of music especially for the piano that has a soft and somewhat sad melody

271

node

the part of a plant stem from which one or more leaves emerge, often forming a slight swelling or knob. a point at which lines or pathways intersect or branch; a central or connecting point.

272

noetic

of or relating to mental activity or the intellect.

273

o-ring

known as a packing, or a toric joint, is a mechanical gasket in the shape of a torus; it is a loop ofelastomer with a round cross-section, designed to be seated in a groove and compressed during assembly between two or more parts, creating a seal at the interface.

274

oakleaf cluster

a miniature metal device worn on medals and ribbons issued by the United States Army, Air Force, and Department of Defense to denote subsequent decorations and awards.

275

ob

denoting exposure or openness; denoting opposition, hostility, or resistance.

276

obcordate

(of a leaf) in the shape of a heart with the pointed end at the base.

277

obeisance

a gesture expressing deferential respect, such as a bow or curtsy.

278

obelus

a symbol − or ÷ used in ancient manuscripts to mark a questionable passage

279

object-oriented

a system that deals primarily with different types of objects, and where the actions you can take depend on what type of object you are manipulating. For example, an object-oriented draw program might enable you to draw many types of objects, such as circles, rectangles, triangles, etc. Applying the same action to each of these objects, however, would produce different results. If the action is Make 3D, for instance, the result would be a sphere, box, and pyramid, respectively.

280

objective correlative

a literary term referring to a symbolic article used to provide explicit, rather than implicit, access to such traditionally inexplicable concepts as emotion or color

281

oblate

(of a spheroid) flattened at the poles.

282

oblation

a thing presented or offered to God or a god.

283

oblique

neither parallel nor at a right angle to a specified or implied line; slanting.

284

oblong

having an elongated shape, as a rectangle or an oval.

285

obloquy

strong public criticism or verbal abuse.

286

obstetrics

the health profession or medical specialty that deals with pregnancy, childbirth, and postpartum period (including care of the newborn).

287

obverse

the side of a coin or medal bearing the head or principal design; the opposite or counterpart of a fact or truth.
"true solitude is the obverse of true society"

288

occlude

stop, close up, or obstruct (an opening, orifice, or passage)

289

ocher

an earthy usually red or yellow and often impure iron ore used as a pigment

290

octal

he base-8 number system, and uses the digits 0 to 7. numerals can be made from binary numerals by grouping consecutive binary digits into groups of three (starting from the right).

291

oculus

denotes a circular opening in the centre of a dome or in a wall.

292

odalisque

a female slave or concubine in a Turkish harem, particularly the concubines in the household of the Ottoman sultan

293

odin

a major god in Germanic mythology, especially in Norse mythology. In many Norse sources he is the Allfather of the gods and the ruler of Asgard, considered the god who brought poetry to mankind

294

odium

general or widespread hatred or disgust directed toward someone as a result of their actions.

295

ofay

an offensive term for a white person, used by black people.

296

offal

called variety meats or organ meats, refers to the internal organs and entrails of a butchered animal

297

offertory

the offering of the bread and wine at the Eucharist. an offering or collection of money made at a religious service.

298

officious

assertive of authority in an annoyingly domineering way, especially with regard to petty or trivial matters.

299

offload

rid oneself of (something) by selling or passing it on to someone else.

300

offset

something that sets off to advantage or embellishes something else

301

ohm

the electrical resistance betweentwo points of a conductor when a constant potential difference appliedbetween these points produces in this conductor a current of oneampere.

302

oldowan

the archaeological term used to refer to the earliest stone tool industry in prehistory

303

oleander

a bush with long, narrow leaves and white, pink, or yellow flowers

304

oligopoly

market form in which a market or industry is dominated by a small number of sellers. various forms of collusion which reduce competition and lead to higher prices for consumers.

305

oligopsony

a market form in which the number of buyers is small while the number of sellers in theory could be large

306

olmec

the first 'major' civilization in Mexico following a progressive development in Soconusco.

307

olmsted

Central Park, Prospect Park architect

308

ombre

Despite its difficult rules, complicated point score and strange foreign terms, it swept Europe in the last quarter of the 17th century, a fast-moving seventeenth-century trick-taking card game for three players. Its history began in Spain around the end of the 16th Century as a four person game

309

omnibus

a volume containing several novels or other items previously published separately.

310

omophagy

the eating of raw flesh. The term is of importance in the context of the cult worship of Dionysus.

311

omphalus

not only an object of Hellenic religious symbolism and world centrality; it was also considered an object of power. Its symbolic references included the uterus, the phallus, and a cup of red wine representing royal blood lines. It may also have connections to the Holy Grail and the Arthurian Sword in the Stone.[5]

312

onanism

was to impregnate his brother Er's widow, Tamar, in order to raise offspring from the union in his brother's name. In order to avoid raising descendants for his late brother, however, Onan spilled his semen on the ground when he went in to his brother's wife, so that he would not give offspring to his brother. (Genesis 38:9). Thus the word Onanism was coined, meaning ejaculating outside the vagina, or masturbation (because this also spills semen, rather than using it for procreation).

313

oncogene

a gene that has the potential to cause cancer. In tumor cells, they are often mutated or expressed at high levels. Most normal cells undergo a programmed form of rapid cell death (apoptosis). Activated, these cells designated for apoptosis to survive and proliferate instead.

314

oneiric

of or relating to dreams or dreaming.

315

ontogenesis

the origination and development of an organism, usually from the time of fertilization of the egg to the organism's mature form. Yet, the term can be used to refer to the study of the entirety of an organism's lifespan.

316

ontology

the branch of metaphysics dealing with the nature of being.

317

oogamous

having or involving a small motile male gamete and a large immobile female gamete

318

oolong

a traditional Chinese tea produced through a unique process including withering the plant under the strong sun and oxidation before curling and twisting

319

operant

method of learning that occurs through rewards and punishments for behavior. It encourages the subject to associate desirable or undesirable outcomes with certain behaviors.

320

operative

ready for use : capable of being used

321

operculum

a small covering or lid, and is widely used in descriptions of animals and plants.

322

opprobrium

harsh criticism; the public disgrace arising from someone's shameful conduct.

323

oracular

(of an utterance, advice, etc.) hard to interpret; enigmatic.

324

organdy

a fine translucent cotton or silk fabric that is usually stiffened and used for women's clothing.

325

organon

an instrument for acquiring knowledge; specifically : a body of principles of scientific or philosophic investigation

326

orinthology

a branch of zoology that concerns the study of birds

327

ornery

bad-tempered and combative

328

orthogonal

involving right angles

329

osculate

kiss; (of a curve or surface) touch (another curve or surface) so as to have a common tangent at the point of contact.

330

osier

a small Eurasian willow that grows mostly in wet habitats and is a major source of the long flexible shoots (withies) used in basketwork.

331

osseous

consisting of or turned into bone; ossified.

332

ossobucco

a Milanese speciality of cross-cut veal shanks braised with vegetables, white wine and broth. It is often garnished with gremolata and traditionally served with risotto alla milanese

333

ostensible

stated or appearing to be true, but not necessarily so.

334

osteopathy

a type of complementary and alternative medicine. It is an alternative medical approach emphasizing the physical manipulation of the muscle tissue and bones.

335

osteosarcoma

a cancerous (malignant) bone tumor that usually develops in teenagers. It occurs when a teen is growing rapidly.

336

otaku

extremely negative in meaning as it is used to refer to someone who stays at home all the time and doesn't have a life (no social life, no love life, etc)

337

otiose

serving no practical purpose or result.

338

otoplasty

cosmetic ear surgery, sometimes called ear pinning surgery, to correct the appearance of protruding ears, asymmetrical ears, or overly large ears

339

oubain

a cardiac glycoside. Sometimes used in the treatment of heart conditions, it has also been used as a powerful arrow poison by some tribal people

340

oubliette

a secret dungeon with access only through a trapdoor in its ceiling.

341

outcrop

a rock formation that is visible on the surface.

342

outlay

an amount of money spent on something

343

outpace

To surpass or outdo (another), as in speed, growth, or performance.

344

ovate

having a shape like the longitudinal section of an egg. having such a shape with the broader end at the base, as a leaf

345

overdub

a technique used in audio recording, whereby a performer listens to an existing recorded performance (usually through headphones in a recording studio) and simultaneously plays a new performance along with it, which is also recorded. The intention is that the final mix will contain a combination of these "dubs".[1]

346

overhand knot

It should be used if the knot is intended to be permanent. It is often used to prevent the end of a rope from unraveling.

347

overlay

cover the surface of (a thing) with a coating; (of a quality or feeling) become more prominent than (a previous quality or feeling).

348

overture

an introduction to something more substantial.

349

ovoid

(of a solid or a three-dimensional surface) egg-shaped.

350

oxbow

a U-shaped bend in the course of a river

351

oxford

a heavy cotton cloth chiefly used to make shirts.

352

oxidase

any of a group of enzymes that bring about biological oxidation

353

oxytocin

hug hormone, cuddle chemical, moral molecule, bliss hormone - since researchers have begun to uncover its effects on behavior, including its role in love, in addition to its female biological functions in reproduction.

354

oysters rockefeller

consists of oysters on the half-shell that have been topped with various other ingredients and are then baked or broiled.

355

t-zone

he part of your face consisting of the forehead, nose and the area around your mouth, including the chin

356

tabard

a coarse sleeveless garment worn as the outer dress of medieval peasants and clerics, or worn as a surcoat over armor.

357

tablature

a form of musical notation indicating instrument fingering rather than musical pitches

358

tableau

a view or sight that looks like a picture : a scene that typically shows an event in history or literature and that is created on a stage by a group of people who are dressed in costumes and who do not speak or move

359

tachometer

an instrument measuring the rotation speed of a shaft or disk, as in a motor or other machine. The device usually displays the revolutions per minute (RPM) on a calibrated analogue dial,

360

tachypnea

he condition of rapid breathing

361

tack

a long stitch used to fasten fabrics together temporarily, prior to permanent sewing.

362

taffeta

a crisp, smooth, plain woven fabric made from silk or cuprammonium rayons. The word is Persian in origin and means "twisted woven." It is considered to be a "high-end" fabric, suitable for use in ball gowns, wedding dresses, and interiors for curtains or wallcovering.

363

taiga

boreal forest or snowforest, is a biome characterized by coniferous forests

364

tailspin

a condition in which an airplane is falling rapidly while turning around and around. : a state in which something quickly becomes much worse

365

taliban

"Students"

366

tallith

a shawl with fringed corners worn over the head or shoulders by Jewish men especially during morning prayers

367

tallow

rendered form of beef or mutton fat, processed from suet. It is solid at room temperature

368

talon

a claw, especially one belonging to a bird of prey. // the part of a bolt against which the key presses to slide it in a lock.

369

tamoshanter

the bonnet that was first worn throughout northwestern Europe during the 15th century. It is made of wool and has a toorie (pom-pom) in the centre. It also has as a main hallmark the clan tartan woven right into its woollen threads.

370

tamp

pack (a blast hole) full of clay or sand to concentrate the force of the explosion.

371

tandoor

a variety of ovens, the most commonly known is a cylindrical clay or metal oven used in cooking and baking.

372

tantalize

torment or tease (someone) with the sight or promise of something that is unobtainable.

373

tapemade

a Provençal dish consisting of puréed or finely chopped olives, capers, anchovies and olive oil.

374

taper

diminish or reduce or cause to diminish or reduce in thickness toward one end.

375

tapir

a large herbivorous mammal, similar in shape to a pig, with a short, prehensile snout

376

taproot

the largest, most central, and most dominant root. Typically it is somewhat straight and very thick, is tapering in shape, and grows directly downward.

377

tarbaby

a situation better avoided than confronted

378

tarmac

material used for surfacing roads or other outdoor areas, consisting of crushed rock mixed with tar.

379

tarragon

species of perennial herb in the family Asteraceae. One sub-species, Artemisia dracunculus var. sativa, is cultivated for use of the leaves as an aromatic culinary herb

380

tartan

a pattern consisting of criss-crossed horizontal and vertical bands in multiple colours.

381

tartuffe

he story of an attempt, by an irreclaimable hypocrite, to destroy the domestic happiness of a citizen

382

tassel

a finishing feature in fabric decoration. It is a universal ornament that is seen in varying versions in many cultures around the globe.

383

tathata

"thusness" "suchness" means true nature of all things, the essence of all things

384

taupe

a dark tan color in-between brown and gray

385

taut

stretched or pulled tight; not slack.

386

tautology

the saying of the same thing twice in different words, generally considered to be a fault of style (e.g., they arrived one after the other in succession ). a statement that is true by necessity or by virtue of its logical form.

387

tawny

of an orange-brown or yellowish-brown color.

388

taxonomy

the branch of science concerned with classification, especially of organisms; systematics.

389

tea ceremony

an adoration of the beautiful among the sordid facts of everyday life", as well as refinement, an inner spiritual content, humility, restraint and simplicity "as all arts that partake the extraordinary, an artistic artificiality, abstractness, symbolism and formalism" to one degree or another

390

teak

a leather-like smell when it is freshly milled. timber is particularly valued for its durability and water resistance, and is used for boat building, exterior construction, veneer, furniture, carving, turnings, and other small wood projects

391

tectonic

he processes which control the structure and properties of the Earth's crust, and its evolution through time. In particular, it describes the processes of mountain building, the growth and behavior of the strong, old cores of continents known as cratons, and the ways in which the relatively rigid plates that comprise the Earth's outer shell interact with each other

392

teddy

also called a camiknicker, is a garment which covers the torso and crotch in the one garment

393

telefax

the telephonic transmission of scanned printed material (both text and images),

394

telemark

skiers use Alpine skis with specially designed Nordic style bindings that fix only the toe of the ski boot to the ski, thereby creating the “free heel.” Its turns use a distinct lunging motion to engage the ski in a powerful yet graceful arc.

395

teleology

the explanation of phenomena by the purpose they serve rather than by postulated causes.

396

teletext

Closed Captioning . // a means of sending pages of text and simple geometric shapes from mosaic blocks to a VBI decoder equipped television screen by use of a number of reserved vertical blanking interval lines that together form the dark band dividing pictures horizontally on the television screen

397

telethesia

the supposed perception of distant occurrences or objects otherwise than by the recognized senses.

398

telos

an ultimate end

399

temerity

excessive confidence or boldness; audacity.

400

tempera

a permanent, fast-drying painting medium consisting of colored pigment mixed with a water-soluble binder medium (usually a glutinous material such as egg yolk or some other size)

401

tempest

a violent windstorm, especially one with rain, hail, or snow. // a violent commotion, disturbance, or tumult.

402

temporal lobe

involved in processing sensory input into derived meanings for the appropriate retention of visual memories, language comprehension, and emotion association.

403

temporize

avoid making a decision or committing oneself in order to gain time.

404

tenable

able to be maintained or defended against attack or objection.

405

tendentious

expressing or intending to promote a particular cause or point of view, especially a controversial one.

406

tendril

a specialized stem, leaf or petiole with a threadlike shape that is used by climbing plants for support, attachment and cellular invasion by parasitic plants, generally by twining around suitable hosts.

407

tenebrous

dark; shadowy or obscure.

408

tensegrity

a structural principle based on the use of isolated components in compression inside a net of continuous tension, in such a way that the compressed members (usually bars or struts) do not touch each other and the prestressed tensioned members (usually cables or tendons) delineate the system spatially.[1]

409

tensile strength

the maximum stress that a material can withstand while being stretched or pulled before failing or breaking

410

tenter

a framework on which fabric can be held taut for drying or other treatment during manufacture.

411

tenterhook

a sharp hooked nail used especially for fastening cloth on a tenter. — on tenterhooks. : in a state of uneasiness, strain, or suspense

412

tepache

a fermented beverage made from the flesh and the rind of pineapples, and is sweetened either with piloncillo or brown sugar,

413

teraphim

explained in classical rabbinical literature as meaning disgraceful things[3] (dismissed by modern etymologists), and in many English translations of the Bible it is translated as idols, or household god(s), though its exact meaning is more specific than this, but unknown precisely.

414

teratogen

an agent or factor that causes malformation of an embryo.

415

teriyaki

a cooking technique used in Japanese cuisine in which foods are broiled or grilled with a glaze of soy sauce

416

terra cotta

a type of earthenware, is a clay-based unglazed or glazed ceramic, where the fired body is porous

417

terrace

A porch or walkway bordered by colonnades. b. A platform extending outdoors from a floor of a house or apartment building.

418

tessellate

a highly symmetric, edge-to-edge tiling made up of regular polygons, all of the same shape. There are only three: those made up of equilateral triangles, squares, or regular hexagons.

419

tetrahedron

a polyhedron composed of four triangular faces, three of which meet at each corner or vertex. It has six edges and four vertices.

420

thalamus

a midline symmetrical structure of two halves, within the vertebrate brain, situated between the cerebral cortex and the midbrain. Some of its functions are the relaying of sensory and motor signals to the cerebral cortex,[2][3] and the regulation of consciousness, sleep, and alertness.

421

thalia

the joyous, the flourishing", "to flourish, to be verdant") was the Muse who presided over comedy and idyllic poetry. In this context her name means "flourishing", because the praises in her songs flourish through time

422

thanatos

the god or daimon of non-violent death. His touch was gentle, likened to that of his twin brother Hypnos (Sleep)

423

thane

a man who held land granted by the king or by a military nobleman, ranking between an ordinary freeman and a hereditary noble.

424

theanthropic

embodying deity in a human form; both divine and human.

425

theodicy

the attempt to answer the question of why a good God permits the manifestation of evil.

426

theogony

an account of the origin and descent of the gods

427

theomachy

opposition to God or the gods or the divine will. 2. : a battle or strife among the gods.

428

theophany

a visible manifestation to humankind of God or a god.

429

theremin

is distinguished among musical instruments in that it is played without physical contact. stands in front of the instrument and moves his or her hands in the proximity of two metal antennas. The distance from one antenna determines frequency (pitch), and the distance from the other controls amplitude (volume). Higher notes are played by moving the hand closer to the pitch antenna. Louder notes are played by moving the hand towards the volume antenna.

430

thermite

a pyrotechnic composition of metal powder, fuel and metal oxide. Most varieties are not explosive but can create brief bursts of high temperature in a small area. Its form of action is similar to that of other fuel-oxidizer mixtures, such as black powder. USed to weld subway tracks.

431

thermos

an insulating storage vessel that greatly lengthens the time over which its contents remain hotter or cooler than the flask's surroundings

432

third degree

a euphemism for the "inflicting of pain, physical or mental, to extract confessions or statements"

433

third rail

a metaphor for any issue so controversial that it is "charged" and "untouchable"; any politician or public official who dares to broach the subject will invariably suffer politically

434

thistle

the common name of a group of flowering plants characterized by leaves with sharp prickles on the margins

435

thorax

part of the anatomy of humans and various other animals located between the neck and the abdomen

436

threadbare

becoming thin and tattered with age; shabby in appearance

437

three mile limit

conception of the international law of the seas which defined a country's territorial waters, for the purposes of trade regulation and exclusivity, as extending as far as the reach of cannons fired from land.

438

thresher

a device that first separates the head of a stalk of grain from the straw, and then further separates the kernel from the rest of the head:

439

threshold

a strip of wood, metal, or stone forming the bottom of a doorway and crossed in entering a house or room.

440

throatlatch

a strap of a bridle or halter passing under a horse's throat. 2. : the part of a horse's throat around which the throatlatch passes — see horse illustration.

441

thrombosis

the formation of a blood clot inside a blood vessel, obstructing the flow of blood through the circulatory system.

442

throng

a large, densely packed crowd of people or animals. (of a crowd) fill or be present in (a place or area).
"a crowd thronged the station"

443

throttle

a device controlling the flow of fuel or power to an engine.

444

thrush

an infection of the vagina’s mucous membranes by Candida albicans.[1] Signs and symptoms include: vaginal itching or pain, burning with urination and vaginal discharge that typically does not smell.

It is most commonly caused by excessive growth of one of a family of fungus known as Candida.

445

thyme

gray-green leaves and a pungent minty, light-lemon aroma

446

thyroid

behind the neck, it controls how quickly the body uses energy, makes proteins, and controls how sensitive the body is to other hormones.

447

tibia

also known as the shinbone or shankbone, is the larger and stronger of the two bones in the leg below the knee in vertebrates (the other being the fibula), and it connects the knee with the ankle bones.

448

tignon

a type of headscarf, a large piece of material tied or wrapped around the head to form a kind of turban that somewhat resembles the West African gélé. It was worn by Creole women of African descent in Louisiana beginning in the Spanish colonial period, and continuing to a lesser extent to the present day.

449

tillage

the preparation of land for growing crops.

450

timbre

the character or quality of a musical sound or voice as distinct from its pitch and intensity.

451

timing belt

part of an internal combustion engine that synchronizes the rotation of the crankshaft and the camshaft(s) so that the engine's valves open and close at the proper times during each cylinder's intake and exhaust strokes

452

tincture

an alcoholic extract of plant or animal material or solution of such or of a low volatility substance.

453

tine

a prong or sharp point, such as that on a fork or antler.

454

tinny

having a displeasingly thin, metallic sound. having an unpleasantly metallic taste.

455

tinpot

(especially of a country or its leader) having or showing poor leadership or organization.

456

tipple

drink alcohol, especially habitually.

457

titian

the most important member of the 16th-century Venetian school. he retained a lifelong interest in color. Although his mature works may not contain the vivid, luminous tints of his early pieces, their loose brushwork and subtlety of tone are without precedent in the history of Western painting. He was noted for his mastery of colour.

458

titubation

nodding movement of the head or body, especially as caused by a nervous disorder.

459

toadflax

grows wild in most parts of Europe, on dry banks, by the wayside, in meadows by hedge sides, and upon the borders of fields. It is common throughout England and Wales, though less frequent in Ireland. In Scotland, it is found, as a rule, only in the southern counties. Having been introduced into North America, probably originally with grain, it has become there a troublesome weed. It is especially abundant in sandy and gravelly soil and in chalk and limestone districts.

460

toady

a person who behaves obsequiously to someone important.

461

toccata

a virtuoso piece of music typically for a keyboard or plucked string instrument featuring fast-moving, lightly fingered or otherwise virtuosic passages or sections, with or without imitative or fugal interludes, generally emphasizing the dexterity

462

tog

be or get dressed for a particular occasion or activity. "we got togged up in our glad rags"

463

toggle

a small piece of wood, plastic, metal, etc., that is pushed through a loop or hole to fasten one part of something to another part

computers : a setting that can be switched between two different options by pressing a single key, making a single choice from a menu, etc.

464

tokenism

the practice of making only a perfunctory or symbolic effort to do a particular thing, especially by recruiting a small number of people from underrepresented groups in order to give the appearance of sexual or racial equality within a workforce

465

tom and jerry

a traditional Christmastime cocktail in the United States, devised by British journalist Pierce Egan in the 1820s. It is a variant of eggnog with brandy and rum added and served hot, usually in a mug or a bowl.

466

tomography

a method of producing a three-dimensional image of the internal structures of a solid object (as the human body or the earth) by the observation and recording of the differences in the effects on the passage of waves of energy impinging on those structures

467

tong

a secret society or fraternal organization especially of Chinese in the United States formerly notorious for gang warfare

468

tongued

7. A protruding strip along the edge of a board that fits into a matching groove on the edge of another board.

469

tonneau cover

a protective cover for the seats in an open car or cabin cruiser when they are not in use.

470

tonsure

the practice of cutting or shaving some or all of the hair on the scalp, as a sign of religious devotion or humility.

471

top knot

a top-knot worn by high-ranking Maori men.

472

tophet

where worshipers influenced by the Canaanite Pantheon sacrificed children to the gods Moloch and Baal by burning them alive. It became a theological or poetic synonym for hell within Christendom.

473

topology

the study of geometric properties and spatial relations unaffected by the continuous change of shape or size of figures. //
the way in which constituent parts are interrelated or arranged.

474

toque

a type of hat with a narrow brim or no brim at all

475

toreador pants

women's close-fitting slacks that extend to or slightly above the calf, styled after the pants traditionally worn by Spanish bullfighters

476

torii

a traditional Japanese gate most commonly found at the entrance of or within a Shinto shrine, where it symbolically marks the transition from the profane to the sacred

477

torpid

mentally or physically inactive; lethargic

478

torsion

the action of twisting or the state of being twisted, especially of one end of an object relative to the other.

479

torso

the trunk of the human body; an unfinished or mutilated thing, especially a work of art or literature.

480

tort

a wrongful act or an infringement of a right (other than under contract) leading to civil legal liability.

481

tortoiseshell

A domestic cat having a coat with irregular patches of different colors, usually black and reddish-orange.

482

torus

a surface of revolution generated by revolving a circle in three-dimensional space about an axis coplanar with the circle. If the axis of revolution does not touch the circle, the surface has a ring shape

483

totem

a spirit being, sacred object, or symbol that serves as an emblem of a group of people, such as a family, clan, lineage, or tribe

484

totter

move in a feeble or unsteady way

485

tour en lair

a turn executed in the air

486

tousle

make (something, especially a person's hair) untidy.

487

trabeation

the use of beams in architectural construction, rather than arches or vaulting.

488

tracer

bullets or cannon caliber projectiles that are built with a small pyrotechnic charge in their base

489

trachea

colloquially called windpipe, is a tube that connects the pharynx and larynx to the lungs, allowing the passage of air, and so is present in all air-breathing animals with lungs

490

tractable

(of a situation or problem) easy to deal with.

491

traction

the action of drawing or pulling a thing over a surface, especially a road or track.

492

tradewind

the prevailing pattern of easterly surface winds found in the tropics, within the lower portion of the Earth's atmosphere, in the lower section of the troposphere near the Earth's equator.

493

traduce

speak badly of or tell lies about (someone) so as to damage their reputation.

494

traffic island

a solid or painted object in a road that channelises traffic. It can also be a narrow strip of island between roads that intersect at an acute angle.

495

traipse

walk or move wearily or reluctantly. a tedious or tiring journey on foot.

496

trammel

a restriction or impediment to someone's freedom of action.

497

transducer

a device that converts variations in a physical quantity, such as pressure or brightness, into an electrical signal, or vice versa.

498

transept

an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform ("cross-shaped") building in Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architecture.

499

transference

the redirection to a substitute, usually a therapist, of emotions that were originally felt in childhood

500

transitive

able to take a direct object (expressed or implied), e.g., saw in he saw the donkey.