diets/ eating disorders Flashcards Preview

Ace Health Coach > diets/ eating disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in diets/ eating disorders Deck (16):

popular diets
fat, carb, protein

- low fat- reduced calorie most popular with professionals
-low carb (20-60/d)
> reduced glycogen stores/ initial loss Is water in cells, AHA has concerns with this type (nutrient deficiencies, at 12 months weight loss same as with healthy diet)
-restricted calorie/ carb, increased protein


high fat diet

high protein diet

-less effect on fullness
-lower thermogenic effect (easy to digest fats)

-.8g/kg >
-increased satiety + thermogenesis
>maintain fat free mass, continues metabolic burn
-30% of total calories- deemed safe over long periods time


detox diet

fad diet

-cautioned, >60% people regain lost weight and more

-unreasonable claim to eat/ avoid specifics. claim food or sup will cause positive effect for current issue
>short term problem- physical harmfrom delayed professional help
>long term- damage/ cost of recovery treatment


commercial diets

pharmacological weight loss

-can be effective, accountability/ structure/ improved results

-meds- block absorptions/ increase thermo- suppress appetite


pharmacological examples

-orlistat (Xenical)- prevent fat absorption (diahhrea, loss fat soluble vitamins, abdominal pain, increased carb absorption
- fen-phen- reduced appetite- dangerous cardiac issues- banned
-sibutramine- (meridian) reduce appetite/ increase energy, increase norepinephrine/ serotonin activity- reduce hunger- improve tri/ bp/ hdl




-high GI = spike = overeating
-no real wt change w/ GI tracking but improved LDL

-fat loss, loss lean tissue, drop in BMR, nutrient deficient


wt loss- surgery

-boriatric surgery- failed at other options, in danger, morbidly obese
>most effective (adjustable band on stomach
-gastric bypass (RYGB)- staple or remove section of stomach, bypass duodenum, section of SI to limit absorption
-regain 46-63% after 2nd year


eating disorder definition

disturbances in eating behavior or methods to control weight that contribute to impairment in physical and mental health, not related to another medical or psychiatric disturbance.


% with disorder (AN, BN, BE)

anorexia nervosa m- .3 f-
bulimia nervosa m- .5 f- 1.5
binge eating m- 2 f- 3.5


binge eating

-eating more rapidly, till uncomfortably full, without hunger, alone, guilt + disgust
> 2x/wk> for 3 mos, 1x/wk for 6 mos
-psychological dependence + addiction
-unable deal w/ stress
- rise in cortisol may contribute to overeating
- unable to detect hunger


bulimia nervosa definition

-recurrent episodes binge eating- loss of control
> comiting, excessive exercise, fasting, laxative use
> concern for weight gain/ desire lose weight, preoccupation with food


bulimia nervosa triggers

-history childhood obesity
- comments from family regarding weight
- high negative emotionally, stress reactivity, increased risk substance abuse
- improper nutrition, cardiac abnormality/failure GERD


anorexia nervosa definition



-extreme wt loss, drive for thinness (wt conscious sports)
- highest mortality rate and #1 among females 15-24

-15% below normal weight
-impaired perception self image
-amenorrhea (missed 3+ periods), loss sex drive

2 types: restrictive- not binge or purge, or binge purge type


anorexia nervosa contributing


results of action

- genetics has identified as contributing factor, perfectionism, puberty, media as factors

-wt loss, elimination specific foods, focus on 'safe' foods, fear of fatness, denial hunger, desire thinness
-mask results with loose fitting clothes, withdraw

-brittle hair, lanugo hair, cyanosis, dry skin, nutritional imbalance, cardiac abnormalities, gastro issues, missed periods, osteopenia/porosis


anxiety and eating disorders

-body dissatisfaction- may not even be actually overweight, perception of overweight and low self esteem (depression predictor for obesity)
- BN- likely alcohol and polysubstance abuse
- AN + binge purge- OCD, PTSD, Schitzo
- all- depression


female triad

energy availability, menstrual function, BMD
> amenorrhea, disordered eating, osteoporosis = female triad
at risk- restricted calories, prolonged exercise, vegetarian