Diphtheria Flashcards Preview

MICROBIO > Diphtheria > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diphtheria Deck (11):
1

What happens following diphtheria infection? X2

- toxin produces acute inflammation
- formation of "pseudomembrane"

2

Symptoms of early infection x3

Sore throat, Low fever, swollen neck glands

3

Symptoms of late infection of diphtheria x3

Shock
Difficulty breathing
Airway obstruction

4

What are diphtheria outbreaks associated with? X2

- immunity gaps/vaccination failure
- unsanitary/crowded conditions

5

Toxigenic species of diphtheria

Corynebacterium diphtheria

6

Features of corynebacterium diphtheria x5

- gram positive bacilli
- aerobic
- non-motile
- Albert's stain (metachromatic granules)
- grows in tellurite agar

7

Transmission of diphtheria

Direct - contact droplets/skin
Indirect - contaminated objects

8

What process does the entry of c. Diphtheria into cells involve?

Endocytosis

9

Treatment of diphtheria x2

- immediate inoculation with diphtheria anti-toxin
- administer penicillin or erythromycin to eliminate the bacteria

10

Prevention of C. Diphtheria x2

Active immunisation
Diphtheria formal toxoid vaccine

11

Incubation period of diphtheria

2-6 days