Diseases of GI Tract - Pathology (21 & 22) Flashcards Preview

Clinical Pathology > Diseases of GI Tract - Pathology (21 & 22) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Diseases of GI Tract - Pathology (21 & 22) Deck (12):
1

Oesphagus

- Gastro-oesophageal reflux
- Barrett's oesophagus
- Oesophageal carcinoma

2

Stomach

- Chronic gastritis
- Peptic ulceration
- Gastric carcinoma

3

Small bowel

Coeliac disease

4

How long is the oesophagus?

25cm, long muscular tube

5

What epithelium lines the oesophagus?

Stratified squamous epithelium, except distal 2cm below diaphragm - glandular columnar mucosa

6

What is oesphagitis?

Inflammation of oesophagus, chronic/acute

7

What causes oesphagitis?

Bacterial, viral (HSV1/CMV), fungal (candida-rare), ingestion of corrosive substance, reflux of gastric contents

8

What is cause of reflux oesphagitis?

Defective sphincter, hiatus hernia, increase intra-abdominal pressure, increase gastric fluid volume due to gastric outflow stenosis

9

Main symptom of reflux oesphagitis?

Heartburn

10

Hiatus hernia

Abnormal bulging of a portion of the stomach through the diaphragm

11

Sliding hiatus hernia

Reflux symptoms

12

Para-oesophageal hiatus hernia

Strangulation

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