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Flashcards in Dominance and Aggression Deck (22)
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1

"Civilization and its discontents"
-who said this?
-what does it mean?

-Sigmund Freud
-get familiar with your own group
-animals have the need to form ingroups and outgroups
-people resent the leader even if they're the most popular

2

Solly Zuckerman
-what did he write?
-what did he study?
-what did he conclude?

-studied the importance of dominance hierarchy in baboons
-intrinsic part of group life
-:Social life of monkeys and apes

3

Territoriality
-2 reasons

-males want territory for 2 reasons:
1) defense of resources
2) access to mates

4

Dominance

-status is important

5

Relationship between dominance and aggression

-frequency of aggression shoots up when a new male enters the territory of another male
-fighting stops when hierarchy is clarified
-graph of time since group formation and frequency of aggression

6

are dominance and aggression synonymous?

-no
-aggression is a mode of communication

7

Dominance

-relationional construct
-not an attribute of an individual
-you can have dominance without any fighting
-fighting only happens if hierarchy needs to be established

8

Thor Schjelderup

-"pecking order"
-take 2 monkeys, one will be one and one will be 2
-intrinsic disposition

9

why does fighting happen

-space: more space, less fighting
-unfamiliarity
-xenophobia

10

functions of fighting

-space, mates
-resources: food, water
-"priority of access to desired but limited incentives
-want to be alpha when resources are limited because they get first priority

11

ways to measure dominance

-aggression/threats
-symbolic displays - teeth baring
-location/displacement - height in tree
-grooming - alpha gets more grooming
-food and water competition tests - throw banana, see who goes for it first
-sexual activity

12

which are the two worst ways to measure dominance?

-aggression
-sexual activity

13

open mouth threat

-very common
-every primate has a variation of this

14

squirrel monkey - how they show aggression

-genital display
-alpha sticks genitals into face of lesser monkey

15

factors that affect dominance/competition

-increase in mating season
-less receptive females
-limited food/water holes
-shade trees/limited shade

16

complexities in dominance/competition

-dependent rank
-alliances
-winning/losing syndrome
-genetic/hormonal/learned
-rank not always a successful strategy
-reconciliation

17

dependent rank example

-Japanese macaque matriline
-get rank from mother/siblings

18

alliances example
-chimps?
-person who studied this?

-Figan and Faben
-Frank de Waal - Chimp politics

19

winning/losing syndrome

-dominant usually wins

20

genetic/hormonal/learned

-forget to mate
-alpha don't always reproduce most

21

young males reaching puberty - what happens?

-more charging displays
-something intrinsic

22

Rock, Shadow, Bandit (1,2,3)

-Shadow and Rock kept doing displays (charging)
-1 yr later, rock and shadow switched, Rock never returned