Flashcards in Dominance and Aggression Deck (22)
"Civilization and its discontents"
-who said this?
-what does it mean?
-get familiar with your own group
-animals have the need to form ingroups and outgroups
-people resent the leader even if they're the most popular
-what did he write?
-what did he study?
-what did he conclude?
-studied the importance of dominance hierarchy in baboons
-intrinsic part of group life
-:Social life of monkeys and apes
-males want territory for 2 reasons:
1) defense of resources
2) access to mates
-status is important
Relationship between dominance and aggression
-frequency of aggression shoots up when a new male enters the territory of another male
-fighting stops when hierarchy is clarified
-graph of time since group formation and frequency of aggression
are dominance and aggression synonymous?
-aggression is a mode of communication
-not an attribute of an individual
-you can have dominance without any fighting
-fighting only happens if hierarchy needs to be established
-take 2 monkeys, one will be one and one will be 2
why does fighting happen
-space: more space, less fighting
functions of fighting
-resources: food, water
-"priority of access to desired but limited incentives
-want to be alpha when resources are limited because they get first priority
ways to measure dominance
-symbolic displays - teeth baring
-location/displacement - height in tree
-grooming - alpha gets more grooming
-food and water competition tests - throw banana, see who goes for it first
which are the two worst ways to measure dominance?
open mouth threat
-every primate has a variation of this
squirrel monkey - how they show aggression
-alpha sticks genitals into face of lesser monkey
factors that affect dominance/competition
-increase in mating season
-less receptive females
-limited food/water holes
-shade trees/limited shade
complexities in dominance/competition
-rank not always a successful strategy
dependent rank example
-Japanese macaque matriline
-get rank from mother/siblings
-person who studied this?
-Figan and Faben
-Frank de Waal - Chimp politics
-dominant usually wins
-forget to mate
-alpha don't always reproduce most
young males reaching puberty - what happens?
-more charging displays