Down's Syndrome Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD3 Paediatrics > Down's Syndrome > Flashcards

Flashcards in Down's Syndrome Deck (3):
1

How does Down's present?

Usually found on prenatal screening

- Vomiting due to duodenal webbing or atresia
- Meconium ileus due to Hirshsprung
- Development delay
- Vision/Hearing difficulty
- Respiratory infections
- Fainting, arrhythmias , palpitations, chest pain due to cardiac lesions - ASD, VSD, etc
- Learning, language, school difficulties
- Motor difficulties
Sleep apnoea

2

What are some exam findings in Down's syndrome?

- Flat occiput and facial features
- Bradycephaly
- Epicanthal folds
- Flat nasal bridge
- Upward slanting palpebral fissures
- Brushfield spots
- Small nose and mouth
- Protruding tongue
- Small and dysplastic ears
- Generous nuchal skin
- Diastasis recti
- Shortened extremities
- Joint hyperflexibility
- Dry skin
- Premature ageing

3

What are some conditions associated with Down's syndrome?

- Congenital heart lesions
- Hearing loss
- Vision problems
- Infections
- Hypothyroidism
- Blood disorders
- Hypotonia
- Cervical spine abnormality, particularly atlanto-axial joints
- Dental
- Duodenal atresia, Hirshsprung disease
- Coeliacs
Mental health disorders