Recognition of a seriously ill child Flashcards Preview

Hugh's MD3 Paediatrics > Recognition of a seriously ill child > Flashcards

Flashcards in Recognition of a seriously ill child Deck (11):
1

What are some abnormal CNS signs?

Not waking for feeding
Not sucking strongly on the breast
No rousable to activity
No tone in posture

2

Which babies don't have flexor tone?

Preterm babies
Sick babies

3

What is apnoea?

Abnormal cessation of breathing for >10s, or with cyanosis, bradycardia

4

What can cause apnoea in babies?

RSV infection
Whooping cough
Upper airway obstruction
- OSA
- Croup
Sepsis
Acidosis
Oedema
Patent ductus arteriosus

5

What is the most common cause of bradycardia in children?

Hypoxia

6

What conditions can cause a widened pulse pressure

Early stages of sepsis
Anaphylaxis
PDA
Anaemia
Aortic regurgitation

7

What conditions can cause a narrowed pulse pressure

Blood loss/hypovolaemia
Heart failure
- Myocarditis
Late stages of sepsis
Aortic stenosis
Coarctation

8

What are some causes of blanching rashes?

Measles and other viral exanthemas
Drug reaction

9

What are some causes of non-blanching rashes?

Meningococcus
Gram negative sepsis

10

How much fluid do you give in resuscitation?

20mL/kg bolus Hartmann's/Plasmolite

11

What is the major difference between Hartmann's and n/saline

Hartman's has lactate in it which gets converted into bicarb