Drug suffixes Flashcards Preview

STEP1 2014 > Drug suffixes > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drug suffixes Deck (37):
1

-afil

phosphodiesterase inhibitor

sildenafil, tadalafil

2

-azepam

benzodiazepine

lorazepam, diazepam

3

-azine

phenothiazine

chlorpromazine, thioridazine, promethazine

4

-azolam

benzodiaepine

alprazolam, midazolam, triazolam

5

-barbital

barbiturate

phenobarbital, secobarbital
thiopental is a barbiturate too despite its differences

6

-bendazole

benzimadazole (antiparasitic)

mebendazole, albendazole
bendy worms

7

-caine

local anesthetics

lidocaine, tetracaine

8

-chol

muscarinic agonist

bethanechol, carbachol

9

-cillin

penicillin

amoxicillin, methicillin

10

-conazole

imidazole (antifungal)

fluconazole, ketoconazole

11

-curonium

non- depolarizing neuromuscular blocker

vecuronium, rocuronium

12

-curium

non-depolarizing neuromuscular blocker

atracurium, mivacurium

13

-cycline

protein synthesis inhibitor

tetracycline, doxycycline

14

-dipine

dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker

nifedipine, amlodipine

15

-dronate

bisphosphonate (osteoporosis)

alendronate, risedronate

16

-etine

SSRI

fluoxetine, paroxetine, setraline

17

-flurane

inhaled anesthetics

isoflurane, sevoflurane

18

-gliptin

DPP-IV inhibitor (IIDM)

sitagliptin, saxagliptin

19

-glitazone

Thiazolidinedione (TZDS), increases insulin sensitivity

pioglitazone, rosiglitazone

20

-ipramine

TCA

climpramine, imipramine

21

-mab

monoclonal ab

infliximab, rituximab

22

-mustine

nitosourea (nitrogen mustard)

lomustine (cancer drugs that cross BBB)

23

-navir

protease inhibitor (CYP 450 inhibitor)

ritonavir, saquinavir

24

-olol

beta blocker

atenolol, metoprolol, carvedilol, lobetalol

25

-operidol

neuroleptic

haloperidol, droperidol

26

-phylline

methylxanthine

theophylline, aminophylline

27

-pril

ACE-I

enalapril, lisinopril

28

-prost

prostaglandin analog

latanoprost, travoprost (useful in glaucoma)

29

-sartan

ARB

losartan, valsartan

30

-statin

HMG CoA reductase inhibitor

atorvastatin, simvastatin

31

-stigmine

Anticholinesterase

neostigmine, physostigmine, rivastigmine

32

-terol

Beta-2 agonist

albuterol, salmeterol

33

-tidine

H2 histamine antagonist

cimetidine, ranitidine

34

-triptan

5HT 1b/1d agonist, for migraines

sumatriptan, rizatriptan

35

-triptyline

TCA

amitryptiline, nortriptyline

36

-tropin

pituitary hormone

somatotripin, thyrotropin (TSH)

37

-zosin

alpha-1-antagonist

prazosin, doxazosin