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STEP1 2014 > Hormones > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hormones Deck (38):
1

Growth hormone

anterior pituitary

2

Thyroid hormone

follicles of thyroid

3

Glucocorticoids (cortisol)

adrenal cortex zona fasciculata

4

Progesterone

ovaries

5

Prolactin

anterior pituitary

6

Oxytocin

Made at hypothalamus (paraventricular nucleus), stored at posterior pituitary

7

Atrial natriuretic hormone

atria of heart

8

glucagon

alpha- cells of pancreas

9

testosterone

testes (men) and ovaries (women)

10

follicle- stimulating hormone

anterior pituitary

11

vasopressin (ADH)

posterior pituitary (made at the hypothalamus supra-optic nucleus)

12

calcitonin

parafollicular c-cells of the thyroid

13

thyroid stimulating hormone

anterior pituitary

14

epinephrine and norepinephrine

chromaffin cells of adrenal medulla

15

insulin

beta cells of pancreas

16

estradiol

ovaries

17

estriol

placenta

18

estrone

fat cells

19

estrogen in males

testes

20

parathyroid hormones

parathyroid glands

21

somatostatin

delta cells of pancreas

22

LH

anterior pituitary

23

mineralocorticoids (aldosterone)

zona glomerulosa

24

adrenocortocotropic hormone (ACTH)

anterior pituitary

25

Stimulates bone and muscle growth

GH

26

Stimulates milk production and secretion

prolactin

27

Stimulates milk secretion during lactation

oxytocin

28

Responsible for female secondary sex characteristics

estradiol estrogen

29

stimulates metabolic activity

thyroid hormone

30

increases blood glucose level and decreases protein synthesis

glucocorticoids, such as cortisol

31

responsible for male secondary sex characteristics

testosterone

32

prepares endometrium for implantation. maintenance of pregnancy

progesterone

33

stimulates adrenal cortex to synthesize and secrete cortisol

ACTH

34

Stimulates follicle maturation in females and spermatogenesis in males

FSH

35

Increases plasma calcium, increases bone resorption

PTH

36

Decreases plasma calcium, increases bone formation

Calcitonin

37

Stimulates ovulation in females and testosterone synthesis in males

LH

38

Stimulates thyroid to produce TH and uptake iodine

TSH