Heart defects Flashcards Preview

STEP1 2014 > Heart defects > Flashcards

Flashcards in Heart defects Deck (10):
1

Del 22q11

Truncus arteriosus
Tetralogy of Fallot

2

Down Syndrome

ASD
VSD
AVSD
Endocardial cushion defects

3

Congenital rubella

Septal defects
PDA
Pulmonary artery stenosis

4

Turner Syndrome

Bicuspid aortic valve
Preductal coarctation of aorta

5

Marfan Syndrome

MVP, thoracic aneurysm and dissection, aortic regurgitation, aortic insufficiency

6

Continuous machinery- like heart murmur

PDA

7

Rib notching

aortic coarctation

8

MC congenital cardiac anomaly

VSD

9

MC congenital cause of early cyanosis

Tetralogy of Fallot

10

Ebstein anomaly

Tricuspid leaflets displaced into RV, hypoplastic RV, Tricuspid regurg or stenosis
80% have PFO with R to L shunt
Dilated RA, causing increased risk of SVT and WPW
PE: widely split S2, tricuspid regurg
Associated with maternal lithium use
Often associated with PFO