Drugs 1-50 Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs 1-50 Exam 1 Deck (52):
1

Template | Generic name goes here

- Brand name:
- Dosage form:
- FDA indications:
- Therapeutic class/subclass:

2

Brimonidine Tartrate

- Brand name: Alphagan P®
- Dosage form: Ophthalmic Solution
- FDA indications: Open-angle glaucoma, Ocular hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Glaucoma agent, Alpha2 agonist

3

Timolol

- Brand name: Timoptic®
- Dosage form: Ophthalmic Solution, Ophthalmic Gel-Forming Solution
- FDA indications: Open-angle glaucoma, Ocular hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Glaucoma agent, Beta- blocker

4

Cyclosporine

- Brand name: Restasis®
- Dosage form: Ophthalmic Emulsion
- FDA indications: Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (Dry eyes)
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Immunosuppressant Agent, Calcineurin Inhibitor

5

Olopatadine hydrochloride

- Brand name: Patanol®, Pataday®
- Dosage form: ophthalmic solution
- FDA indications: Allergic conjunctivitis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihistamine, Second Generation Histamine H1 Antagonist

6

Moxifloxacin HCl

- Brand name: Moxeza
- Dosage form: Ophthalmic Solution
- FDA indications: Bacterial Conjunctivitis, Surgical Prophylaxis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Fluoroquinolone

7

Lovastatin

- Brand name: Altoprev®, Mevacor®
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Lowers total and LDL cholesterol
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

8

Atorvastatin Calcium

- Brand name: Lipitor)
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Prevention of cardiovascular disease, reduce LDL and increase HDL
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antilipemic Agent, HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitor

9

Pravastatin Sodium

- Brand name: Pravachol
- Dosage form: tablets
- FDA indications: lower LDL, apo-B, triglyceride levels, increase HDL
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

10

Rosuvastatin Calcium

- Brand name: Crestor
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: hyperlipidemia, dyslipidemia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

11

Simvastatin

- Brand name: Zocor
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Secondary prevention of cardiovascular events, reduce the elevation in total cholesterol
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, HMG-CoA Reductase Inhibitors

12

Ezetimibe

- Brand name: Zetia®
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Primary hypercholesterolemia; Homozygous sitosterolemia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, 2-Azetidinone

13

Ezetimibe with Simvastatin

- Brand name: Vytorin
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Hyperlipidemia, Hypercholesterolemia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, HMG CoA Reductase Inhibitor

14

Colesevelam HCl

- Brand name: Welchol®
- Dosage form: Film-coated tablet, granules for oral suspension
- FDA indications: Hypercholesterolemia, Type II diabetes Mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, Bile acid sequestrant

15

Fenofibrate (nanocrystallized)

- Brand name: Tricor
- Dosage form: Tablets, capsules
- FDA indications: Hypercholesterolemia, Hypertriglyceridemia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, Fibric acid derivative

16

Gemfibrozil

- Brand name: Lopid
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Hyperlipidemia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, Cardiovascular Agent

17

Niaspan

- Brand name: Niacin ER
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Lowers cholesterol levels, Reduces risk of MI
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihyperlipidemic, Cardiovascular agent

18

Omega-3-Acid Ethyl Esters

- Brand name: Lovaza®
- Dosage form: capsules
- FDA indications: Dietary supplement, Hypertriglyceridemia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antilipemic Agent, Acyl-CoA Inhibitor

19

Hydrochlororthiazide

- Brand name: Microzide
- Dosage form: tablet, capsule
- FDA indications: Edema, Hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Diuretic (thiazide), Sodium and Chloride ion reabsorption blocker

20

Furosemide

- Brand name: Lasix
- Dosage form: Tablets, Oral Solution, Injection
- FDA indications: hypertension, edema-associated congestive heart failure, cirrhosis of liver and renal disease
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Loop Diuretic

21

Bumetanide

- Brand name: Bumex
- Dosage form: Solution, tablet, IM or IV injection
- FDA indications: Manage edema associated with heart failure or hepatic or renal disease
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive; Loop diuretic

22

Triamterene and Hydrochlorothiazide

- Brand name: Dyazide®, Maxzide®
- Dosage form: Capsules (Dyazide®), Tablets (Maxzide®)
- FDA indications: Edema, Hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Potassium sparing diuretic/Thiazide diuretic

23

Spironolactone

- Brand name: Aldactone
- Dosage form: tablet
- FDA indications: Edema caused by congestive heart failure, Essential hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Diuretic, Potassium sparing

24

Lisinopril, Lisinopril + Hydrochlorothiazide

- Brand name: Zestril, Zestoretic
- Dosage form: Tablet or oral Solution
- FDA indications: Heart failure, hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, ACE inhibitor

25

Ramipril

- Brand name: Altace®
- Dosage form: Capsules
- FDA indications: hypertension, reduce risk of MI, stroke, death from cv diseases
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, ACE inhibitor

26

Losartan Potassium

- Brand name: Cozaar®
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Hypertension, Diabetic Nephropathy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARB)

27

olmesartan medoxomil, + HCTZ

- Brand name: Benicar, Benicar HCT
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Angiotension II receptor blocker

28

Valsartan, Valsartan and Hydrochlorothiazide

- Brand name: Diovan, Diovan HCT
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Heart failure, Hypertension, Left ventricular dysfunction
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Angiotensin II Receptor Blocker (ARB)

29

Aliskiren

- Brand name: Tekturna®
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Cardiovascular Agent, Renin Inhibitor

30

Propranolol

- Brand name: Inderal
- Dosage form: Tablets ER, capsules IR, injection, solution
- FDA indications: Hypertension, Arrhythmia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Beta-Blocker / Nonselective

31

Atenolol

- Brand name: Tenormin
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Hypertension, Angina
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Cardiac Beta Blocker

32

Metoprolol Tartrate

- Brand name: Lopressor
- Dosage form: tablets, injection
- FDA indications: Management of Hypertension, acute MI
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Beta-Blocker

33

Metoprolol Succinate

- Brand name: Toprol-XL
- Dosage form: tablets
- FDA indications: Management of Hypertension, Long Term Treatment of Angina Pectoris
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Beta-Blocker

34

Carvedilol

- Brand name: Coreg®
- Dosage form: Tablets and Capsules
- FDA indications: Heart Failure, Hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Β-blocker with α-blocking activity

35

Clonidine Hydrochloride

- Brand name: (CATAPRES, Nexicion XR, Kapvay
- Dosage form: Tablets, Tablets ER, Transdermal ER Patches
- FDA indications: Hypertension, ADHD (Kapvay)
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Alpha 2 adrenergic Agonist

36

Terazosin HCl

- Brand name: Hytrin®
- Dosage form: Capsules
- FDA indications: Hypertension, BPH
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Alpha Adrenergic Blocking Agent

37

Diltiazem HCl

- Brand name: Cardizem ®
- Dosage form: Capsules (ER, 12 and 24hour), Tablet (ER & IR), Injections
- FDA indications: Hypertension, Angina, Temporary control of afib
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive Agent, Antianginal Agent, Calcium Channel Blocker

38

verapamil hydrochloride

- Brand name: Isoptin®, Calan®, Verelen ®
- Dosage form: Tablets, Tablets (SR), Capsules (SR), Capsules (DR), injection
- FDA indications: angina, management of hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive/antianginal, Calcium channel blocker

39

Nifedipine

- Brand name: PROCARDIA, Nifedical XL, Adalant CC
- Dosage form: Tablets and Capsules
- FDA indications: Hypertension, Vasopastic angina
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Calcium channel blocker

40

Amlodipine Besylate

- Brand name: Norvasc
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: hypertension, chronic stable or vasospastic angina
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Calcium channel blocker

41

Amlodipine Besylate and Benazepril Hydrochloride

- Brand name: Lotrel®
- Dosage form: Capsule
- FDA indications: hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Calcium channel blocker/ACE inhibitor

42

Amlodipine + Valsartan

- Brand name: Exforge®
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihypertensive, Calcium channel blocker/Angiotension II inhibitor

43

Isosorbide Mononitrate

- Brand name: Imdur®
- Dosage form: Tablets, Extended-Release
- FDA indications: prophylactic treatment of angina pectoris due to coronary artery disease
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antianginal Agent, Vasodilator

44

isosorbide dinitrate

- Brand name: Isordil®
- Dosage form: SR capsule, ER tablet, and tablet
- FDA indications: Angina pectoris (prevention)
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antianginal Agent, Nitrate (vasodilator)

45

Nitroglycerin

- Brand name: NITROSTAT®, Nitroquick®
- Dosage form: Sublingual tablets, Injection
- FDA indications: Angina pectoris, Perioperative hypertension
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antianginal, Nitrate

46

Amiodarone

- Brand name: Cordarone
- Dosage form: IV, Tablet
- FDA indications: Management of ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiarrhythmic Agent, Class III

47

Warfarin Sodium (Crystalline)

- Brand name: COUMADIN®, Jantoven®
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Prophylaxis/treatment of pulmonary embolism, atrial fibrillation with embolization
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticoagulant, Vitamin K antagonist

48

Dabigatran

- Brand name: Pradaxa ®
- Dosage form: Capsules
- FDA indications: DVT and pulmonary embolism treatment/prevention, Reduce risk of stroke
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticoagulant, Direct Thrombin Inhibitor

49

Clopidogrel Bisulfate

- Brand name: Plavix®
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: reduce atherosclerosis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hematological Agent, Anti-Platelet Agent

50

Dipyridamole and Aspirin

- Brand name: Aggrenox®
- Dosage form: Capsule ER (12H)
- FDA indications: Stroke Prevention
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiplatelet agent, Vasodilator (dipyridamole), NSAID (aspirin)

51

Digoxin

- Brand name: Lanoxin®, Digitek
- Dosage form: Tablet, Elixir Pediatric, Injection
- FDA indications: Heart Failure, Atrial fibrillation
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiarrhythmic agent, Cardiac Glycoside

52

Albuterol Sulfate

- Brand name: ProAir HFA, Proventil HFA, Ventolin HFA
- Dosage form: Aerosol Inhaler, Inhalation Solution
- FDA indications: Relief of bronchospasm, prevent bronchospasm
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Bronchodilator, Beta2-Adrenergic Agonist