Drugs 151-175 Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs 151-175 Exam 3 Deck (25):
1

Tramadol, Tramadol w/ Acetaminophen

- Brand name: Ultram, Ultracet
- Dosage form: tablet
- FDA indications: manage moderate to severe pain
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Analgesic, Opioid
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness, avoid ETOH

2

Fluoxetine

- Brand name: Prozac
- Dosage form: tablet, capsule
- FDA indications: Treatment of depression
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidepressant, SSRI
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness, use caution driving

3

Citalopram

- Brand name: CeleXA
- Dosage form: tab, solution
- FDA indications: Depression
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidepressant, SSRI

4

Escitalopram

- Brand name: Lexapro®
- Dosage form: tab, solution
- FDA indications: depression
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidepressant, SSRI

5

Paroxetine

- Brand name: Paxil
- Dosage form: cap, tab, solution
- FDA indications: Major depressive disorder, Social anxiety disorder
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidepressant, SSRI

6

Bupropion

- Brand name: (Wellbutrin,
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Depression, Smoking cessation
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidepressant, DNRI

7

Venlafaxine

- Brand name: Effexor®
- Dosage form: tab, cap
- FDA indications: depression
- Therapeutic class/subclass: antidepressant, SNRI
- Things to note: Must taper down dose, do not stop abruptly as may cause seizures

8

Desvenlafaxine

- Brand name: Pristiq
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Major Depressive Disorder
- Therapeutic class/subclass: antidepressant, SNRI
- Things to note: synthetic from of the active metabolite in Venlafaxine

9

Duloxetine

- Brand name: Cymbalta®
- Dosage form: cap
- FDA indications: Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), Diabetic Peripheral Neuropathy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: antidepressant, SNRI
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness, Don’t operate heavy machinery while taking this. Do not drink alcohol with this.

10

Lithium Carbonate

- Brand name: Lithonate
- Dosage form: cap, tab, solution
- FDA indications: manic episodes of manic depressive illness
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antimanic Agent

11

clozapine

- Brand name: Clozaril
- Dosage form: susp, tab
- FDA indications: Schizophrenia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Second generation (atypical) Antipsychotic
- Things to note: Due to risk of neutropenia and agranulocytosis, patients must be informed as part of a REMS program

12

ziprasidone

- Brand name: Geodon
- Dosage form: cap, recon. sol.
- FDA indications: Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antipsychotic agent, second generation

13

Olanzapine

- Brand name: Zyprexa
- Dosage form: tab, powder for inj
- FDA indications: management of the manifestations of psychotic disorders. (schizophrenia)
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antipsychotic Second generation

14

Risperidone

- Brand name: RisperDAL®
- Dosage form: tab, solution IM
- FDA indications: Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Second generation antipsychotic

15

Buspirone

- Brand name: BuSpar®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Generalized anxiety disorder
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antianxiety agent
- Things to note: non-benzodiazepine anxiolytic, Do not take BuSpar with alcoholic beverages, May impair physical coordination and mental alertness

16

Diazepam

- Brand name: VALIUM®
- Dosage form: tab, inj, rectal gel
- FDA indications: Anxiety
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Benzodiazepine
- Things to note: avoid ETOH, black box warning: Concomitant use of benzodiazepines and opioids may result in profound sedation, respiratory depression, coma, or death

17

Alprazolam

- Brand name: Xanax®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: General anxiety and anxiety associated with depression, Panic disorder
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Benzodiazepine
- Things to note: avoid ETOH

18

lorazepam

- Brand name: Ativan®
- Dosage form: tab, solution
- FDA indications: Anxiety
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Benzodiazepine
- Things to note: avoid ETOH

19

Clonazepam

- Brand name: Klonopin
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Panic Disorder
- Therapeutic class/subclass:
Benzodiazepine
- Things to note: may cause drowsiness, avoid ETOH

20

Temazepam

- Brand name: Restoril™
- Dosage form: cap
- FDA indications: Insomnia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Benzodiazepine
- Things to note: avoid ETOH

21

Ambien

- Brand name: Zolpidem
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Insomnia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hypnotic
- Things to note: May cause patients to do actions or tasks while not fully awake

22

Eszopiclone

- Brand name: Lunesta®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Insomnia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hypnotic

23

Phenobarbital

- Brand name: N/A on slides
- Dosage form: tab, elixir, inj
- FDA indications: Convulsive Disorders
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticonvulsant, Barbiturate
- Things to note: may cause drowsiness, avoid ETOH

24

Carbamazepine

- Brand name: Tegretol
- Dosage form: tab, susp
- FDA indications: seizure disorders which are refractory to other anticonvulsant agents
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticonvulsant

25

Oxcarbazepine

- Brand name: Trileptal®
- Dosage form: tab, susp
- FDA indications: seizures
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticonvulsant
- Things to note: Limit alcohol use as this causes excess sedation