Drugs 176-200 Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs 176-200 Exam 3 Deck (28):
1

Gabapentin

- Brand name: Neurontin
- Dosage form: cap, tab
- FDA indications: postherpetic neuralgia (PHN), seizures
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiepileptic, Antiseizure, Anticonvulsive
- Things to note: Will cause Drowsiness

2

Topiramate

- Brand name: Topamax
- Dosage form: tab, cap
- FDA indications: seizures, migraine
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiepileptic
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness, avoid ETOH

3

Divalproex Sodium

- Brand name: Depakote®
- Dosage form: tab, cap
- FDA indications: seizures, bipolar disorder
- Therapeutic class/subclass: anticonvulsant, bipolar agent
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness

4

Levetiracetam

- Brand name: Keppra
- Dosage form: tab, IV sol
- FDA indications: seizures
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticonvulsants
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness

5

Lamotrigine

- Brand name: Lamictal
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: seizures
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticonvulsant
- Things to note: Warn patients to report of any rashes, which is a very common side effect of this drug and can be lifethreatening

6

Phenytoin Sodium

- Brand name: Dilantin®
- Dosage form: cap
- FDA indications: generalized seizures
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiepileptic, anticonvulsant
- Things to note: Lack of good oral hygiene can result in hypertrophy of gums (gingival hyperplasia)

7

Pregabalin

- Brand name: Lyrica®
- Dosage form: cap, oral sol
- FDA indications: Neuropathic pain, Fibromyalgia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anticonvulsant, Antineuralgic
- Things to note: May cause drowsiness

8

Methylphenidate HCl

- Brand name: Ritalin®
- Dosage form: tab, cap, sol
- FDA indications: ADHD, Treatment of narcolepsy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Amphetamine, CNS stimulant
- Things to note: May be habit forming

9

Amphetamine/ Dextroamphetamine Salts

- Brand name: Adderall®, Adderall XR
- Dosage form: tab, cap
- FDA indications: ADHD, narcolepsy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Amphetamine- CNS Stimulant
- Things to note: high abuse potential, misuse may cause death and severe CV adverse effects

10

Lisdexamfetamine

- Brand name: Vyvanse
- Dosage form: cap
- FDA indications: ADHD
- Therapeutic class/subclass: CNS agent (amphetamine)
- Things to note: High potential for abuse and dependence (CII)

11

Modafinil

- Brand name: Provigil®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: –Narcolepsy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Central Nervous System Stimulant
- Things to note:

12

Sumatriptan

- Brand name: Imitrex®
- Dosage form: tab, inj, nas spray
- FDA indications: Acute treatment of migraine attacks with or without aura
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antimigraine Agent, Serotonin receptor agonist

13

Trihexyphenidyl

- Brand name: Artane
- Dosage form: tab, elixir
- FDA indications: Parkinson’s
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-Parkinson Agent, Anticholinergic
- Things to note: Helps to alleviate the motor symptoms of Parkinson’s Disease and side effects cause by some antipsychotic medications

14

Benztropine

- Brand name: Cogentin
- Dosage form: tab, inj
- FDA indications: Parkinsonism
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiparkinson, Anticholinergic

15

Carbidopa and Levodopa

- Brand name: Sinemet
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Parkinson’s
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-Parkinson, Decarboxylase inhibitor/Dopamine Precursor
- Things to note:

16

Pramipexole

- Brand name: Mirapex®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Parkinson’s, Restless Legs Syndrome
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-Parkinson
- Things to note: May cause dizziness or drowsiness

17

Ropinirole HCl

- Brand name: Requip®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Parkinson’s, Restless Legs Syndrome
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiparkinson agent
- Things to note: may cause drowsiness

18

Donepezil HCl

- Brand name: Aricept
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: dementia (Alzheimer's)
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor
- Things to note: treats the symptoms of Alzheimer's disease

19

Memantine

- Brand name: Namenda
- Dosage form: tab, cap, oral sol
- FDA indications: moderate to severe dementia of the Alzheimer type
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Dementia Agent

20

Triphasic: Norgestimate and Ethinyl Estradial

- Brand name: Ortho Tri-cyclen
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: prevention of pregnancy, treatment of moderate acne vulgaris in females
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Oral Contraceptive
- Things to note: 3 different strengths

21

Biphasic: Norethindrone and Ethinyl Estradiol

- Brand name: Necon 10/11
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: prevention of pregnancy, treatment of acne vulgaris in females at least 15 years old
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Oral Contraceptive
- Things to note: two strengths of hormones

22

Monophasic (hormones not highlighted on slides)

- Brand name: Yasmin
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: prevention of pregnancy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Oral Contraceptive
- Things to note: one strength through 21 or 24 days

23

Premarin®

- Brand name: Conjugated Estrogens
- Dosage form: tab, vag cream, IV
- FDA indications: Vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hormone / Estrogen

24

Estradiol

- Brand name: Vivelle-Dot®
- Dosage form: Transdermal
- FDA indications: vasomotor symptoms of menopause, vulva/vaginal atrophy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hormone/ Estrogen
- Things to note: Avoid application to oily, damaged, irritated or wet skin, Do not apply to waistline as clothing may rub patch off

25

Progesterone

- Brand name: Prometrium®
- Dosage form: cap
- FDA indications: Treatment for symptoms of secondary amenorrhea
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hormone/ Progestin

26

Testosterone Gel

- Brand name: Androgel®
- Dosage form: topical
- FDA indications: Replacement therapy in adult males for deficiency or absence of endogenous testosterone.
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Hormone/ Androgen
- Things to note: Children should avoid contact, Apply to clean, dry skin once daily, Avoid showering 2 hours after application

27

Anastrozole

- Brand name: Arimidex®
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: treatment of hormone receptor-positive breast cancer
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antineoplastic

28

Tamoxifen

- Brand name: Nolvadex
- Dosage form: tab
- FDA indications: Adjuvant treatment for breast cancer
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antineoplastic/ Antiestrogen