Drugs 63-94 Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs 63-94 Exam 2 Deck (32):
1

Azelastine

- Brand name: Astelin®, Astepro®
- Dosage form: Intranasal solution, ophthalmic solution
- FDA indications: Perennial allergic rhinitis, Seasonal allergic rhinitis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Histamine H1 antagonist, second generation

2

Fluticasone Propionate

- Brand name: Flonase Allergy Relief®
- Dosage form: Suspension
- FDA indications: rhinitis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Nasal Corticosteroid

3

Mometasone Furoate Monohydrate

- Brand name: NASONEX®
- Dosage form: Nasal spray
- FDA indications: Allergic rhinitis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Corticosteroid
- Things to note: intranasal use only

4

benzonatate

- Brand name: Tessalon®
- Dosage form: Oral Capsule
- FDA indications: Symptomatic relief of cough
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Local anesthetic antitussive agent
- Things to note: Possible dangerous reactions including bronchospasm, laryngospasm, and cardiovascular collapse. (swallow whole, do not chew)

5

Codeine Phosphate with Guaifenesin

- Brand name: Mytussin AC, ROBITUSSIN AC
- Dosage form: Syrup, tablet
- FDA indications: Cough
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antitussive/Expectorant, Opioid
- Things to note: Most common side effects – drowsiness

6

Promethazine HCl and Codeine Phosphate

- Brand name: Phenergan with Codeine
- Dosage form: Syrup
- FDA indications: Cough
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihistamine, Antitussive, Opioid

7

Chlorpheniramine and Hydrocodone

- Brand name: TussiCaps®, Tussionex®
- Dosage form: Suspension Extended Release
- FDA indications: Symptomatic relief of cough
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antitussive, Antihistamine/Opioid Analgesic

8

Insulin

- Brand name: Humulin®
- Dosage form: subq
- FDA indications: Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-diabetic

9

Insulin glargine

- Brand name: Lantus®
- Dosage form: subq
- FDA indications: Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Insulin, Long-Acting

10

Insulin Detemir

- Brand name: Levemir
- Dosage form: subq
- FDA indications: Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Long-acting insulin

11

Insulin Aspart

- Brand name: Novolog
- Dosage form: subq
- FDA indications: Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Insulin, Rapid-Acting

12

Insulin Lispro

- Brand name: Humalog®
- Dosage form: subq
- FDA indications: Type I or Type II diabetes mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Insulin, Rapid-Acting

13

Glipizide

- Brand name: Glucotrol
- Dosage form: Tablets and SR
- FDA indications: Type 2 Diabetes
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Sulfonylurea

14

GlyBURIDE

- Brand name: DIABETA®, Glynase
- Dosage form: Tablet & Micronized Tablet
- FDA indications: non-insulin dependent Type II diabetes
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Sulfonylurea

15

Glimepiride

- Brand name: Amaryl
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Type II Diabetes Mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Sulfonylurea

16

Glyburide/Metformin HCl

- Brand name: Glucovance
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Type II Diabetes Mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: 2nd Generation sufonylurea agent (glyburide), Biguanide (metformin)

17

Pioglitazone Hydrochloride

- Brand name: Actos®
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: Type II Diabetes Mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Thiazolidinedione

18

Exenatide

- Brand name: Bydureon®/ BYETTA®
- Dosage form: Solution, Suspension Reconstituted
- FDA indications: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Glucagon-like Peptide-1 (GLP-1) Receptor Agonist

19

Sitagliptin Phosphate

- Brand name: Januvia®
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiabetic, Dipeptidyl Peptidase IV (DPP-4) Inhibitor

20

Penicillin V Potassium

- Brand name: Pen-Vee K®
- Dosage form: Tablets, powder for oral solution
- FDA indications: Bacterial endocarditis, Pneumococcal otitis media
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Penicillin, Beta Lactam antibiotic

21

Amoxicillin trihydrate

- Brand name: AMOXIL®, Moxatag
- Dosage form: chew tablets, tablets, XR tablets, capsules, powder for oral suspension
- FDA indications: Gram-negative bacterial infections, Gonorrhea
- Therapeutic class/subclass: antibiotic/ penicillin

22

Amoxicillin/clavulanate

- Brand name: Augmentin
- Dosage form: chew tablets, tablets, XR tablets, oral suspension
- FDA indications: Sinusitis and otitis, Lower respiratory tract infection
- Therapeutic class/subclass: antibiotic/ penicillin
- Things to note: Clavulanate acts as a β-lactamase inhibitor

23

Cephalexin

- Brand name: Keflex®
- Dosage form: Capsules, Powder for Oral Suspension, Tablets
- FDA indications: infection to various strains of bacteria
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Cephalosporin
- Things to note: Contraindicated in patients hypersensitive to penicillin: Cross-sensitivity is 5-16%

24

Cefdinir

- Brand name: Omnicef®
- Dosage form: Oral Capsule, Oral Suspension
- FDA indications: pneumonia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Cephalosporin

25

Azithromycin Dihydrate

- Brand name: ZITHROMAX, Zmax
- Dosage form: Tablets, Powder Packets, Powder for Suspension, Powder for Injection
- FDA indications: respiratory tract infections
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Macrolide

26

Ciprofloxacin Hydrochloride

- Brand name: Cipro
- Dosage form: Tablets, tablets extended release, oral suspension, injection
- FDA indications: Infectious diarrhea, UTI
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Fluoroquinolone Antibiotic

27

Levofloxacin

- Brand name: Levaquin
- Dosage form: Tablets, Oral Solution, Injection
- FDA indications: Pneumonia
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Fluoroquinolone Antibiotic

28

Moxifloxacin Hydrochloride

- Brand name: Avelox
- Dosage form: tablet, injection
- FDA indications: Acute Bacterial sinusitis / bronchitis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Fluoroquinolone Antibiotic

29

Doxycycline Hyclate

- Brand name: Vibramycin®
- Dosage form: Tablet, Tablet – Delayed Release, Syrup, Powder for oral suspension, IV Powder For Solution, Capsule
- FDA indications: Bacterial Infections
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Tetracycline
- Things to note: Avoid prolonged exposure to sunlight.

30

Minocycline HCl

- Brand name: Minocin
- Dosage form: Capsules, pellet-filled
- FDA indications: infections
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Tetracycline

31

Sulfamethoxazole/Trimethoprim

- Brand name: Bactrim®
- Dosage form: Tablet, DS tab, Suspension, Infusion
- FDA indications: UTI, Acute otitis media
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic, Sulfonamide Derivative
- Things to note: Sulfa allergies

32

Nitrofurantoin

- Brand name: Macrodantin® / MACROBID®
- Dosage form: Capsules, Suspension
- FDA indications: UTI
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-infective/ Antibacterial