Drugs 95-125 Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Drugs 95-125 Exam 2 Deck (31):
1

Clindamycin HCl oral

- Brand name: Cleocin
- Dosage form: Capsules
- FDA indications: Treatment of susceptible bacterial infections
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-biotic/ lincosamide
- Things to note: Clindamycin should be reserved for penicillin allergic patients

2

Metronidazole

- Brand name: Flagyl
- Dosage form: tablets, capsules, extended-release tablets, injection
- FDA indications: acute intestinal amebiasis, bacterial vaginosis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibacterial/ antiprotozoal
- Things to note: Can cause a disulfiram typlame reaction with alcohol (Flu-like symptoms)

3

Hydroxychloroquine Sulfate

- Brand name: Plaquenil
- Dosage form: Tablets
- FDA indications: malaria, systemic lupus erythramatosus
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antimalarial

4

Ketoconazole

- Brand name: Nizoral®
- Dosage form: tablet
- FDA indications: Systemic fungal infections, Severe recalcitrant cutaneous dermatophyte infections
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Imidazole antifungal
- Things to note: Many significant drug interactions

5

Fluconazole

- Brand name: Diflucan
- Dosage form: Tablet and Suspension
- FDA indications: Candida prophylaxis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Triazole antifungals
- Things to note: Many drug interactions

6

Lamisil

- Brand name: Terbinafine HCl
- Dosage form: Tab, Cream, Granules, Spray, Liquid, Aerosol Powder.
- FDA indications: Dermal Mycosis, Onychomycosis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antifungal Agent

7

Acyclovir

- Brand name: Zovirax®
- Dosage form: Tablets, Capsules, Suspensions, Ointments, Creams, Intravenous Solutions, and Powders for Injection
- FDA indications: Genital herpes, Acute chickenpox
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiviral agent

8

Valacyclovir

- Brand name: Valtrex®
- Dosage form: tablets
- FDA indications: oral and genital herpes
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiviral, Nucleoside analogue

9

Efavirenz, Emtricitabine, Tenofovir

- Brand name: Atripla®
- Dosage form: Tablet
- FDA indications: treatment of HIV
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiretroviral, Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitor

10

Ranitidine hydrochloride

- Brand name: Zantac®
- Dosage form: tablet, capsule, syrup, injection
- FDA indications: Duodenal ulcers and gastric ulcers, GERD, heartburn
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Histamine H2 Antagonist

11

Famotidine

- Brand name: Pepcid
- Dosage form: Oral Suspensions, Tablets, and Injections
- FDA indications: duodenal Ulcer, GERD
- Therapeutic class/subclass: istamine H2 Antagonist

12

Omeprazole

- Brand name: Prilosec®
- Dosage form: DR tablets and DR capsules, granules and oral powders for suspensions
- FDA indications: Heartburn, GERD, ulcers
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPIs)

13

Esomeprazole Magnesium

- Brand name: Nexium
- Dosage form: Capsules, granules for oral suspensions, powder for injection, freeze dried
- FDA indications: GERD, healing of erosive esophagitis and gastric ulcers
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Proton Pump Inhibitor

14

Lansoprazole

- Brand name: Prevacid
- Dosage form: capsules DR, tablets
- FDA indications: duodenal ulcer, Gastric ulcers and erosive esophagitis, GERD
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Proton Pump Inhibitor

15

Pantoprazole

- Brand name: Protonix
- Dosage form: Tablets, granules for oral suspension, powder for injection
- FDA indications: GERD
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Proton Pump Inhibitor

16

Dicyclomine HCl

- Brand name: Bentyl
- Dosage form: Tablet, Capsule, Syrup, injection
- FDA indications: Irritable bowel syndrome
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antispasmodic, Anticholinergic agent

17

Hyoscyamine Sulfate

- Brand name: Levsin®, Levsin SL
- Dosage form: Tablets, Sublingual tablets
- FDA indications: irritable bowel syndrome, Spastic colon
- Therapeutic class/subclass: GI Antispasmodic, Anticholinergic agent

18

Promethazine Hydrochloride

- Brand name: Phenergan
- Dosage form: Tablet, Syrup, Suppository
- FDA indications: Nausea and vomiting
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Histamine Blocker (H1)

19

Metoclopramide HCl

- Brand name: Reglan®
- Dosage form: Tablet, syrup, injectable
- FDA indications: Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, GERD
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiemetic, Dopamine receptor antagonist

20

Ondansetron HCl

- Brand name: Zofran
- Dosage form: Tablets (ODT), oral film, oral solution, injectable
- FDA indications: Chemotherapy and radiotherapy -associated nausea/vomiting
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antiemetic, Serotonin Receptor Antagonist

21

Diphenoxylate/ Atropine

- Brand name: Lomotil
- Dosage form: Oral solution & tablet
- FDA indications: Diarrhea
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antidiarrhea (diphenoxylate-opioid), Anticholinergic (atropine- abuse prevention)

22

Lactulose

- Brand name: Kristalose
- Dosage form: Solution
- FDA indications: Constipation, Hepatic encephalopathy
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Gastrointestinal agent, Laxative

23

Pancreatic Enzyme/ Pancrelipase

- Brand name: Creon
- Dosage form: capsules
- FDA indications: Pancreatic insufficiency due to: CF, Pancreatectomy, Chronic Pancreatitis
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Pancreatic enzyme
- Things to note: The capsules contain enteric coated microspheres containing pancreatic enzymes

24

Hydrocortisone (rectal)

- Brand name: ANUSOL-HC, Proctosol-HC
- Dosage form: Suppositories, Cream
- FDA indications: inflamed hemorrhoids
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antihemorrhoidal Agent, Corticosteroid

25

Prednisone

- Brand name: Deltasone®
- Dosage form: Oral tablet, solution, intensol solution
- FDA indications: Allergic and inflammatory diseases
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-inflammatory, Systemic Corticosteroid

26

Prednisolone Sodium Phosphate

- Brand name: Orapred®
- Dosage form: Oral solution
- FDA indications: Various allergic and inflammatory diseases
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-inflammatory, Adrenocorticoids

27

Clobetasol Propionate

- Brand name: Temovate®
- Dosage form: cream, emollient cream, gel, ointment, solution, spray, foam, lotion, shampoo
- FDA indications: Steroid-responsive dermatoses
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Corticosteroid; Anti-inflammatory agent

28

Clotrimazole and Betamethasone Dipropionate

- Brand name: Lotrisone
- Dosage form: Lotion, Cream
- FDA indications: Fungal Infections
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antifungal Agent, Corticosteroid

29

Nystatin

- Brand name: Nystop
- Dosage form: cream, ointment, and powder
- FDA indications: cutaneous and mucocutaneous infections brought about by the genus Candida, Diaper Rash
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Anti-fungal

30

Mupirocin, topical

- Brand name: Bactroban®
- Dosage form: Ointment, Nasal ointment, Cream
- FDA indications: impetigo, Prophylaxis and treatment of MRSA infections in nasal cavity
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Antibiotic

31

Lidocaine -Transdermal

- Brand name: Lidoderm
- Dosage form: cream, gel, intradermal injection, topical solution, jelly, lotion, ointment, oral topical solution, patch
- FDA indications: Relief of pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia, Temporary relief of localized pain
- Therapeutic class/subclass: Analgesic, Local Anesthetic