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Flashcards in DRUGS Deck (11):
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DRUGS

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1

BENZODIAZEPINES
-Midazolam (Versed, Valium, Ativan)
-Diazepam
-Lorazepam

Decreases anxiety and produces sedation and Induces amnesia

Monitor for respiratory depression, hypotension, drowsiness, and lack of coordination

True

2

OPIOID ANALGESICS
-Morphine (Morphine)
-Fentanyl citrate (Sublimaze)

Decreases anxiety and Allows decreased anesthetics

Monitor for respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting, orthostatic hypo-tension, and pruritus.

True

3

H2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS
-Famotidine (Pepcid)
-Ranitidine (Zantac)

Reduces gastric acid volume and concentration

Monitor for confusion and dizziness in older adults.

True

4

ANTIEMETICS
-Metoclopramide (Reglan)
-Droperidol (lnapsine)
-Ondansetron HCI (5-HT3 receptor antagonist) (Zofran)

Enhances gastric emptying, acts as a Tranquilizer, and Prevents postoperative nausea and vomiting

Monitor for sedation and extrapyramidal reaction (involuntary movement, muscle tone changes, and abnormal posture). Instruct patient to report any difficulty breathing.

True

5

ANTICHOLINERGICS
-Atropine sulfate (Atropine sulfate)
-Glycopyrrolate (Robinul)

Reduces oral and respiratory secretions to decrease risk of aspiration and Decreases vomiting and laryngospasm

Monitor for confusion, restlessness, and tachycardia. Prepare patient to expect dry mouth.

True

6

Taking anticholinergic, patient can expect dry mouth
A)true
B)false

True

7

ANTIBIOTICS
-Cefazolin sodium (Ancef)
-Cefotaxime sodium (Ciaforan)
- Ceftriaxone (Rocephin)
Used for:
Bactericidal Wound infection, Minimizes risk of wound infection and for Bactericidal as perioperative prophylaxis

True

8

ADRENOCORTICAL STEROID
-Methylprednisolone (Depo-Medrol, Solu-Medrol)
Used for:
Decreases inflammation

True

9

NONSTEROIDAL ANTIINFLAMMATORY DRUG (NSAID)
-Ketorolac (Toradol)
Used for:
Reduces intensity of pain and Reduces inflammation

True

10

ANTICOAGULANTS
-Enoxaparin sodium (Lovenox)
-Heparin sodium (Heparin)
-Warfarin sodium (Coumadin)
Used for:
Produces anticoagulation, Prevents new clot formation or secondary embolic complications

Enoxaparin sodium (Lovenox)-Do not give IM, but give subQ. Tell the patient not to take aspirin or similar over-the-counter drug

True