TERM 3- MY NOTES MENTAL HEALTH NURSING CARE CH.3 "PERSONALITY THEROY" Flashcards Preview

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PERSONALITY THEROY

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1

Development of Personality

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2

Personality is the relatively stable way that a person thinks, feels, and behaves.
A)true
B)false

A

3

Personality includes the psychosocial traits and characteristics (not physical qualities) that make a person an individual. For example, an extrovert is a person who enjoys being with people and is usually outgoing.
A)true
B)false

A

4

Eight key influences combine to form the personality of an individual (Friedman & Schusrack, 1999):

• Unconscious aspects are parts of the personality not in the person's awareness.

• Identity is a sense of self (ego).

• The biology of personality is the unique generic, physiological, and temperamental nature of the person.

• Conditioning shapes the personality through experiences that influence the person to react in certain ways.

• The cognitive dimension reflects how thinking about and interpreting the world shapes personality.

• Specific traits, skills, and predispositions are present in each individual.

• The spiritual dimension is the part of personality that prompts people to contemplate the meaning of their existence.

• Inreracrion between the individual and the environment is an ongoing process that affects personality

True

5

Freud stated that personaliry is shaped largely by early childhood experiences and that people have no free will to control their destiny.
A)true
B)false

A

6

Holism is a philosophy that considers the person as a total being with psychosocial, spiritual, and physical needs.
A)true
B)false

A

7

Psychoanalytic Theory

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8

The focus of psychoanalysis is to find the root of unconscious thoughts and feelings that cause the client's anxiety.
A)true
B)false

A

9

Freud had his clients "free associate" (talk freely about whatever came to their mind) about their early experiences. He believed that early experiences continue to influence people throughout their lives.

He also analyzed clients' dreams. He theorized that dreams give clues to the person's unconscious mind, the part of the mind that is not accessible to conscious thoughts

True

10

He divided the mind into three pares. He described the id as the part of the personality containing basic instincts and urges.

The ego, according to Freud, is the "I." It is the part of the personality that develops to respond to the realities and problems of everyday life.

The superego is a person's conscience and the internalized concept of the ideal self.

True

11

freud's theory of development of personality is called psychosexNal development. The child progresses through the oral stage, the anal stage, the phallic stage, the latency period, and finally the genital stage.
A)true
B)false

A

12

Defense mechanisms are thoughts and behaviors that distort reality to protect the self. These processes are used to protect the ego from threatening impulses or the painful realities of life experiences.
A)true
B)false

A

13

Defense Mechanisms

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Altruism
Dealing with emotional conflict by meeting the needs of others, receiving gratification either vicariously or from the reactions of others
Ex.A young man's fiancee leaves him, and he joins the Peace Corps

True

15

Dissociation
A breakdown in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, or perception; detachment from emotional significance
Ex.A woman calmly describes her severe sexual abuse in childhood as though she was outside herself watching it happen.

True

16

Projection
Attributing one's own unacceptable feelings or
thoughts to another
Ex.A person who does not like children says:
"Children just don't like me.

True

17

Rationalization
Concealing the true motivations (even to ourselves) behind our actions with incorrect but acceptable motivations
Ex.Instead of admitting that he went to this college to be with his girlfriend, the student says that it is the best college in the state

True

18

Reaction Formation
Substituting behavior or feelings that are the opposite of what one actually feels
Ex.A woman does not like her supervisor at work, yet she gives the supervisor gifts and compliments.

True

19

Repression
Removing unacceptable thoughts or wishes from consciousness
Ex.A woman has no memory of being raped but may feel anxious when she goes near the area where it happened

True

20

Sublimation
Unacceptable feelings are diverted into socially acceptable behavior
Ex.A person is very angry and runs for hours on the track.

True

21

Suppression
Intentionally avoiding thinking about unacceptable or stressful feelings
Ex.A woman does not have enough money to pay her bills and keeps herself busy with housework to avoid thinking about money.

True

22

PSYCHOTHERAPY BY THE PSYCHOANALYSTS

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23

The psychoanalyse uses dream analysis, free association, and inrerprecarion of behavior. The idea is that if clients understand the reasons for their anxiety, their anxieties and conflicts will resolve.
A)true
B)false

A

24

NURSING IMPLICATIONS

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25

The behavior associated with defense mechanisms can be either adaptive behavior (positive, health promoting, problem solving) or maladaptive behavior (unhealthy and does nor promote problem solving)
A)true
B)false

A

26

For example, the person with hypertension who rationalizes his high-sodium, high-fat diet to the nurse by saying, "It doesn't really matter what I eat, I'm taking medication," is using rationalization in an unhealthy or maladaptive way.

The student who exercises after school to help manage the srress of college is using sublimation in an adaptive way

True

27

Ego Theories

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28

ERIK ERIKSON

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29

Each of Erikson's stages represents a conflict or core problem that the individual strives to overcome at a critical period of development. A person muse successfully resolve each conflict in order to master the next one
A)true
B)false

A