TERM 3- MY NOTES MENTAL HEALTH NURSING CARE CH.2 "ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES" Flashcards Preview

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ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES

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1

ETHICS IN NuRSING

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Ethics is the science relating to moral principles or standards that govern conduct. It is the body of knowledge that answers the question: "All things considered, what is the right thing to do in a given situation?" Nurses work with ethical issues every day.
A)true
B)false

A

3

All things considered, what is the right thing to do in a given situation is called
A)ethics
B)values

A

4

Personal Values

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Nurses muse understand their own values before they make decisions related to professional ethics.
A)true
B)false

A

6

Values are personal beliefs abom the worrh of an idea, object, or behavior.
A)true
B)false

A

7

Values are an individual's decisions about what is right, what is wrong, and what is most important.
A)true
B)false

A

8

People are often passionate on the subject of values.
A)true
B)false

A

9

It is values (such as patriotism, freedom, justice, equality, religion) that make people go To war, or march against it. People are often willing to fight or even die for their values.
A)true
B)false

A

10

Personal values can affect a nurse's behavior at work.
A)true
B)false

A

11

A nurse who values self-sufficiency very highly may prioritize the care of an independent client over that of a client who has quadriplegia.

A nurse who puts a high value on physical appearance may answer the call lights of attractive clients first.

These nurses may not know why they behave this way unless they clarify their values for themselves.
A)true
B)false

A

12

Values clarification is a process of self-discovery in which people identify their own values and prioritize them. When nurses clearly understand their own attitudes about right and wrong, it is easier for them to decide on ethical professional behavior.
A)true
B)false

A

13

The process of values clarification has three steps:
l. Choosing from alternatives which values to hold
2. Prizing the chosen values, which means making a public commitment to the values (such as with bumper stickers, symbolic jewelry, tattoos, telling people, etc.)
3. Acting on the chosen values

True

14

Integrity means acting on one's values. If a person values honesty and acts consistently in an honest way, this person is said to have integrity.

If this person says he values honesty, but acts in a consistently dishonest way, he is acting with hypocrisy (behavior contrary to seated values).
A)true
B)false

A

15

Some personal values (such as racism) are not acceptable anywhere in rhe practice of nursing.
A)true
B)false

A

16

In the nursing profession, the rights of all clients to nursing care are more important than an individual nurse's right to act according to her own values. This nurse will either need to work in a different area of the hospital or reexamine her decision to exclude certain clients from her care.
A)true
B)false

A

17

A person who has personal values that require excluding groups of people from nursing care should consider other career options.
A)true
B)false

A

18

Nurses do not need to agree wirh the behavior or values of their clients. In fact, they often disagree. However, nurses must provide care to people with respect for their human dignity and regardless of their personal attributes
A)true
B)false

A

19

Codes of Ethics for Nurses

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The American Nurses Association (2001) has established an ethical guide for the entire nursing profession, the Code of Ethics for Nurses. Notice that the code provides principles and guidelines, but no specific directions for nursing interventions.
A)true
B)false

A

21

Professional ethical codes must be general in order to cover the variety of situations in which they will be used.
A)true
B)false

A

22

The ethics of the profession evolve over time as societal attitudes and sociological circumstances change.
A)true
B)false

A

23

The Code was first written in 1950
A)true
B)false

A

24

The National Federation of Licensed Practical Nurses (NFLPN) ;

The organization has standards for education, legal/ethical status, practice, continuing education, and specialized nursing practice for Licensed Pracrical/Vocarional Nurses

True

25

American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses

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1. The nurse, in all professional relationships, practices with compassion and respect for the inherent dignity, worth, and uniqueness of every individual, unrestricted by considerations of social or economic status, personal attributes, or the nature of health problems.

2. The nurse's primary commitment is to the patient, whether an individual, family, group, or community.

3. The nurse promotes, advocates for, and strives to protect the health, safety, and rights of the patient.

4. The nurse is responsible and accountable for individual nursing practice and determines the appropriate delegation of tasks consistent with the nurse's obligation to provide optimum patient care.

5. The nurse owes the same duties to self as to others, including the responsibility to preserve integrity and safety, to maintain competence, and to continue personal and professional growth.

6. The nurse participates in establishing, maintaining, and improving health care environments and conditions of employment conducive to the provision of quality health care and consistent with the values of the profession through individual and collective action.

7. The nurse participates in the advancement of the profession through contributions to practice, education, administration, and knowledge development.

8. The nurse collaborates with all other health professionals and the public in promoting community, national, and international efforts to meet health needs.

9. The profession of nursing, as represented by associations and their members, is responsible for articulating nursing values, for maintaining the integrity of the profession and its practice, and for shaping social policy.

True

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Legal/Ethical Standards for the Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse

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The Licensed Practical/Vocational Nurse:

1. Shall hold a current license to practice nursing as an LP/VN in accordance with the law of the state wherein employed.

2. Shall know the scope of nursing practice authorized by the Nursing Practice Act in the state wherein employed.

3. Shall have a personal commitment to fulfill the legal responsibilities inherent in good nursing practice.

4. Shall take responsible actions in situations wherein there is unprofessional conduct by a peer or other health care provider.

5. Shall recognize and have a commitment to meet the ethical and moral obligations of the practice of nursing.

6. Shall not accept or perform professional responsibilities which the individual knows (s)he is not competent to perform.

True

29

Standards of Care

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