TERM 3- MY NOTES MENTAL HEALTH NURSING CARE CH.1 "UNDERSTANDING MENTAL HEALTH AND MENTAL ILLNESS" Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in TERM 3- MY NOTES MENTAL HEALTH NURSING CARE CH.1 "UNDERSTANDING MENTAL HEALTH AND MENTAL ILLNESS" Deck (134)
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UNDERSTANDING MENTAL HEALTHAND MENTAL ILLNESS

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1

Mental Health

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2

In general, there are seven important characteristics of mental health, and they are Mentally healthy people:
• Interpret reality accurately
• Have a healthy self-concept
• Are able to relate to others
• Achieve a sense of meaning in life
• Demonstrate creativity/productivity
• Have control over their behavior
• Adapt to change and conflict

True

3

The ability to accurately determine reality (what really is or exists) is a basic component of mental health.
A)true
B)false

A

4

A healthy self-concept includes first a realistic appraisal of the self (abilities, function, and appearance).
A)true
B)false

A

5

Insight, or self-under-standing, is an important part of relating to oneself, because it allows people to see their own motivations or reasons behind their feelings and behavior.
A)true
B)false

A

6

A person who lacks insight might refuse to take a medication because it causes his mouth to be dry.
A)true
B)false

A

7

With insight, a person could decide that even though he does not like to take the medication, it helps his mental illness, so he will take it.
A)true
B)false

A

8

Insight is critical for positive decision making about health issues.
A)true
B)false

A

9

Love is the most imporrant human emotion.
A)true
B)false

A

10

Normal human development is not possible in isolation
A)true
B)false

A

11

People must be able to interact with and relate to others in order to flourish.
A)true
B)false

A

12

Many people find a sense of meaning in the world through religion. Many others find meaning in nature, philosophy, ethics, or service to others.
A)true
B)false

A

13

Some people think concretely, meaning literally or without creativity. For example, a concrete thinker may say that the proverb "A stitch in time saves nine" means that if you sew something up in time you will save nine stitches.

A more abstract thinker might say it means that if you put a little bit of work into solving a problem early, you will save a lot of trouble in the long term.

True

14

Another aspect of healthy creativity is a sense of productivity or contribution.
A)true
B)false

A

15

Control of behavior means that mentally healthy people can balance conflicts with their instincts, conscience, and reality before they act.
A)true
B)false

A

16

The healrhiesr people have the integrity to act on their values
A)true
B)false

A

17

Adaptability is critical to success as a person. The one consistent thing around us is that everything is changing. Healthy people can compromise, plan, and be flexible. They can manage conflict successfully. Learning to change is not easy, but if people are healthy, they will manage it.
A)true
B)false

A

18

Mental health is really a range of behavior, thoughts, and feelings; it is a relative state instead of an absolute state.
A)true
B)false

A

19

People with chronic physical illnesses such as diabetes or heart disease can still be healthy (within the limits of their abilities) if they choose healthy behaviors and participate in treatment
A)true
B)false

A

20

Just as a person with a physical illness can be relatively healthy, people with mental illnesses can take their medications, choose healthy behaviors within their abilities, and be healthier also.
A)true
B)false

A

21

Mental Disorders

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22

Mental disorders are illnesses with symptoms related to thinking, feeling, or behavior. They are due to genetic, biological, social, chemical, or psychological influences.
A)true
B)false

A

23

Much research has been done on mental disorders. The definitive source for psychiatrists and other physicians to use for the diagnostic criteria for mental disorders is the DIAGNOSTIC AND STATISTICAL MANUAL OF MENTAL DISORDERS ( DSM)
A)true
B)false

A

24

People are not defined by their illnesses. A person wit a disease is just that, a person first, not a diabetic, or a schizophrenic, or "the appendectomy in room 213."
A)true
B)false

A

25

The following is the DSM's five-axis diagnosis system:
Axis I: Clinical Psychiatric Disorders
Axis II: Personality Disorders or Mental Retardation
Axis III: General Medical Conditions
Axis IV: Psychosocial and Environmental Problems
Axis V: Global Assessment of Functioning

True

26

CASE EXAMPLE
A 50-year-old male client with a history of major depressive disorder was admitted to the hospital after he told his psychiatrist he was thinking of hurting himself. His wife left him 2 months ago and he lost his job about a month after because he was too depressed to go to work regularly. He has hypertension. He has no close friends. Our client's multiaxial diagnostic statement would be:

Axis 1: Major Depressive Disorder
Axis II: None
Axis Ill: Hypertension
Axis IV: Separation from spouse, loss of job
Axis V: SO (serious symptoms) on Global Assessment of Functioning Scale

True

27

The client's mental and physical diseases, life stressors, and the effects on the person's ability to function are valuable data for planning client care.
A)true
B)false

A

28

Nurses concentrate more on how people are affected by these disorders.
A)true
B)false

A

29

Major depressive disorder is the leading cause of disability in developed countries.
A)true
B)false

A