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Flashcards in Drugs for Neurologic Disorders Deck (44)
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1

drugs used for epileptic seizures; "antiepileptic drugs (AEDs)"

Anticonvulsants

2

seizure characterized by sustained muscle contraction

Tonic Seizure

3

seizure characterized by dysrythmic muscle contraction

Clonic Seizure

4

a diagnostic test used to diagnose epilepsy; records abnormal electric discharges of the cerebral cortex

electroencephalogram (EEG)

5

overgrowth of the gum tissues or reddened gums that bleed easily

gingival hyperplasia

6

the most common form of seizure in which the muscles contract or tighten in a spasm lasting 3-5 seconds then start dysrythmic contractions or jerkiness of limbs for 2-4 minutes

Grand Mal Seizure

7

a rapid succession of epileptic seizures

Status Epilepticus

8

brief loss of consciousness lasting less than 10 seconds with fewer than 3 spikes on the EEG ; usually occurs in children

Petit Mal Seizure

9

medication used to treat Alzheimer's disease symptoms: tacrine, donezepril, rivastigmine, & galantamine

Acetylcholinesterase (AChe) Inhibitor

10

slow movement

Bradykinesia

11

drugs that stimulate dopamine receptors

Dopamine Agonists

12

impaired voluntary movement

Dyskinesia

13

involuntary abnormal movement

Dystonic Movement

14

disease marked by involuntary tremors of the limbs, rigidity of the muscles & slowness of movement; gradual onset generally affecting persons over 50 years of age

Parkinsonism

15

disease frequently occurring as an adverse reaction to antipsychotic drugs mimicking parkinsonism

Pseudoparkinsonism

16

acute exacerbation of symptoms of myasthenia gravis

Cholinergic Crisis

17

neuromuscular disorder that attacks the myelin sheath of nerve fibers, causing lesions known as plaques

Multiple Sclerosis

18

drugs that reduce the spasticity of muscles

Muscle Relaxants

19

a chronic autoimmune neuromuscular disease that affects approximately 14 in 100,000 persons...muscular weakness & fatigue, respiratory muscle paralysis, ptosis, difficultly chewing/swallowing...lack of ACh reaching cholinergic receptors...treated w/ AChE Inhibitors

Myasthenia Gravis (MG)

20

severe generalized muscle weakness that may involve the muscles of respiration

Myasthenia Crisis

21

anticonvulsant (AED) that inhibits sodium inlfux (phenytoin)

Hydantoins

22

G.U.M.S.= Nursing Interventions for Anticonvulsants

nursing interventions for anticonvulsants...G= gingival hyperplasia, U= use alternate birth control, M= mouth care, S= don't stop abruptly

23

Nursing Interventions for Dopaminergic Agent Administration

monitor vital signs & EEG, monitor orthostatic hypotension, observe for weakness, dizziness or syncope; administer with low protein foods, observe for symptoms of parkinsonism

24

Patient Teaching for Dopaminergic Agent Administration

urge pt. not to stop abruptly, advise urine may be discolored, advise not to crush or chew ER tablets, encourage pt. to report side effects, advise that food will slow absorption rate, urge pt. who takes selegiline to avoid foods high in tyramine (hypertension), urge pt. taking amantadine to report skin lesions, seizures or depression; advise pt. taking bromocriptine to report lightheadedness, warn pt. to avoid alcohol when taking bromocriptine, teach pt. to check HR

25

Nursing Interventions for Anticholinergic Agents Administration

monitor vital signs, urine output & bowel sounds; observe for involuntary movements

26

Patient Teaching for Anticholinergic Agents Administration

advise pt. to avoid alcohol, cigarettes, caffeine & aspirin; encourage pt. to relieve dry mouth; suggest sunglasses & sunscreen; advise pt. to void before taking the drug; encourage pt. to have routine eye exams, encourage pt. to eat high fiber foods & increase fluid intake

27

Nursing Interventions for Rivastigmine Administration

maintain consistency in care, assist pt. in ambulation, monitor for side effects, record vital signs, observe for behavioral changes

28

Patient Teaching for Rivastigmine Administration

explain purpose of drug, clarify time for dosing, teach family about safety techniques, inform family of support groups, advise pt. to rise slowly, monitor LFTs, inform family about food preparation for tolerance

29

to relieve muscular spasms & pain associated with traumatic injuries & spasticity from chronic debilitating disorders (MS, stroke, cerebral palsy, head & spinal cord injuries)

Indications for Muscle Relaxants

30

Nursing Interventions for Muscle Relaxant Administration

monitor serum liver enzyme levels of pt. taking dantolene & carisoprodol, record vital signs, observe for CNS effects,