Drugs of Abuse, MacIntyre Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Psych exam2 > Drugs of Abuse, MacIntyre > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drugs of Abuse, MacIntyre Deck (50):
1

mild abuse

2-3 Sx

2

moderate abuse

4-5 Sx

3

severe abuse

6+ Sx

4

other names for methamphetamine

meth, ice, crystal, Tina, T, speed, crank

5

how is meth taken

swallowed, snorted, injected, smoked

6

side effects meth

inc BP, HR, temp
dilated pupils, irregular heart beat, muscle twitching, mood disturbances, weight loss, psychosis, dental problems, teeth grinding, insomnia, violence, extreme agitation

7

meth toxic to what part in brain

dopamine nerve terminals
esp in frontal Cx

8

abuse and overdose of Rx stimulants can cause what Sx

anxiety, inc BP, HR, irritability, psychosis, weight loss, insomnia, CV effects, teeth grinding

9

abuse of Rx stimulants

on rise since 2007 when ADHD Dx
18-25 y.o

10

routes to administer bath salts

PO, inhale IV, vape

11

what happens with bath salts

surge in serotonin, norepi, dopamine
inc risk serotonin syndrome

12

bath salts cause what Sx

chest pains, inc BP, pulse, agitation, hallucinations, suicidality, extreme paranoia, delusions and extreme violence

13

most commonly used drug

marijuana

14

other names for weed

pot, green, 420, reefer, joint, blunt, dope, bud, mary jane

15

Sx of marijuana

euphoria, inc appetite, sense of relaxation
tachycardia, injected conjunctiva, dry mouth, paranoia, distored perceptions, difficulty with memory or complex tasks

16

what are the synthetic cannabinoids

spice, K2, fake week

17

how is synthetic weed taken

smoked or used as herbal infusion in drink

18

Sx synthetic week

anxiety and or psychosis
inc HR, BP vomiting, pulmonary irritation

19

names for cocaine

blow
snow
coke
"crack" when in powder

20

what is speedball

cocaine and heroin mixture

21

Sx of cocaine use

psychomotor agitaiton, dilated pupils
inc BP HR energy speech, euphoria, sinus problems, chest pain, risk of HIV or hepatitis transmission: MI through vasoconstriction

22

molecular level effects of cocaine

surge of dopamine release then depletion causing depression accompanied by hyperinsomnia

23

Psilocybin

magic mushrooms, shrooms, shroomies

24

how are shrooms taken

swallowed or used in tea

25

effects of shrooms

distoreted perceptions, dilate pupils, hallucinations, cholinergic excess, inc BP HR Temp, anxiety, nausea

26

LSD

tablets capsules, liquid or absorbent paper
8-12 hrs

27

effects of LSD

vivid hallucinations and distorts reality
can cause inc BP HR temp and insomnia

28

other names for ecstasy

MDMA, X, XTC, love drug, Molly, Adam, rave drug

29

how is X taken

orally
inc serotonin release, inc risk serotonin syndrome

30

effects of X

intense mental stimulation, emotional warmth, energy, disrupt temp homeostasis, nausea, chills, muscle cramps, teeth clenching, inc HR BP, pupillary dilation

31

neurotoxic effect X

destruction serotonergic neurons
lead to long term depression

32

what inhalants are abused

whippets, snappers
products of glue etc
huffing bagging or direct inhalation

33

effects of inhalants

rapid high, resemble EtOH intoxication
inhaling greater quantities can result in feelings of sensation loss and or consciousness

34

risks with inhalants

kidney failure, suffocation, hearing loss, limb spasms, bone marrow damage, organ damage or death
can cause severe CNS damage, demyelination, atrophy and degeneration

35

other names for PCP

angel dust, wet, embalming fluid, sherms, ozone, wack
"Sernyl"

36

how is PCP taken

smoked, swallowed snorted

37

effects PCP

mimics schizophrenia like psychosis (NMDA antagonist)
dissociation and detachment, inc BP/HR, nystagmus, sensation of heat, unusual strength, anesthetic efx, volatility and unpredictability,

38

names for ketamine

special K, vit K, jet, cat tranquilizer

39

how is ketamine taken

snorted ingested, IM

40

Sx of ketamine

inc dreams, ataxia, dec sensations, emotional warmth, epiphanies, hallucinations, near death experiences, blackouts

41

other names for benzos

bennies, xannies, anxiety pills

42

abuse of benzos causes

sedation, lethargy, memory problems ,ataxia, slurred speech

43

chronic benzo use leads to

upregulation NMDA R
downregulation GABA R
CNS hyperactivity in withdrawal
risk of seixure

44

what drug can precipitate severe withdrawal of benzos

flumazenil

45

other names for barbituates

barbs, barbies, downers, nembies, seccies

46

what happens in barbituate withdrawal

seizure and withdrawal Sx

47

robo tripping

dextromethorphan DXM
dangerous with serotonin agents or anticholinergics

48

what are morning glory seeds

mescaline

49

what drugs dec seizure threshold

antipsychotics

50

do you give benzo to alcoholic

no