Pharm, ADHD Flashcards Preview

Year 2 Psych exam2 > Pharm, ADHD > Flashcards

Flashcards in Pharm, ADHD Deck (27):
1

triad to ADHD

inattentiveness, hyperactivity, impulsiveness

2

onset ADHD

before age 12

3

DSM5 criteria ADHD

6+ Sx of inattention and or hyperactivity and impulsivity
and!!
-onset before 12 y.o
-impairment in 2 settings (school and home)
-impairment in social function
-no other pervasive disorder

4

combined ADHD

hyperactivity and inattention forms

5

treatment and management of ADHD

education for patient, parents, teachers, physician

6

medication effects for ADHD

dec fidgeting, interruption, aggressiveness, antisocial behavior,
inc: peer acceptance, efficiency, on task behavior, accuracy, short term memory, parent- child interactions, performance on motor tasks

7

what is methylphenidate

ritalin, methylin
stimulant

8

forms of ritalin

short acting, intm acting and long acting

9

what is dexmethylphenidate

focalin
stimulant

10

dextroamphetamine

dexedrine
stimulant

11

amphetamine mixed salts

adderall
sitmulant

12

disdexamfetamine

Vyvanse
stimulant
longer duration
cannot be crushed and injected to get high

13

Methylphenidate MOA

increase DA from blocking reuptake

14

atomextine

NE reuptake inhibitor
increase prefrontal DA

15

action of guanfacine and clonidine

decrease CNS sympathetic outflow

16

action of wellbutrin and TCAs

increase serotonin

17

expected benefits with stimulants

improved concentration
all other benefits secondary

18

problems with stimulants

misinformation
controlled substance
adverse effects

19

adverse effects stimulants

sleep disturbance
appetite suppression
tics
anemias

20

active ingredient in majoirty stimulant meds

methylphenidate

21

how long do intm formulations last

3-5 hours

22

how long do long acting formulations work

10-12 hours

23

DDI with stimulants

ascorbic acid or fruit juice dec absorption
sodium bicarb inc absorption

24

effects of ADHD Tx and substance abuse

decreases risk for substance abuse

25

clonidine uses

tics and HTN
manage sleep problems in children
aggression and self injurious behavior

26

how does guanfacine work

stimulates a2 R
can cause bradycardia hypotension and syncope

27

TCAs used in combo with stimulants to

Tx partially Txed ADHD
reduce stimulant induced insomnia and appetite suppression