[DSA] Sprains, Strains and Fractures [Steward/Arnce] Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in [DSA] Sprains, Strains and Fractures [Steward/Arnce] Deck (18)
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1

Distal Femur Fracture 

 

Imaging?

AP and lateral X-ray

 

(CT if diminished pulses after reduction)

2

Femoral shaft fracture

 

Imaging?

Also consider?

AP and lateral Xrays

 

(also consider pelvis and knee)

3

Hip dislocation

 

Imaging?

Special?

AP and lateral Xrays

 

(CT consideration in occult fracture)

4

Hip fracture

 

Imaging?

Special?

AP and lateral Xrays

 

MRI for occult fracture

5

Fibular fracture

 

Imaging?

AP and lateral Xrays

6

Collateral ligament injury to the knee

 

Imaging?

AP and lateral Xrays

7

Cruciate ligament injury to the knee

 

imaging?

AP and lateral xrays

8

Meniscal injury

 

Imaging?

(+) signs?

AP and lateral xrays

 

Positive McMurray's, Apley compression

9

When do you order mortise views for Xrays?

Ankle/foot injuries

10

What is an open fracture?

Bone sticking out

11

What is a closed fracture?

Cannot see bone sticking out

12

Complete fracture?

Break is all the way through the bone

13

Oblique fracture?

Runs diagonally to long axis of bone

14

Spiral fracture?

Corkscrew shaped-resulting from rotation/torsion

15

Comminuted fracture?

>2 fracture fragments

16

What are (4) examples of incomplete fractures?

Bowing

 

Torus/buckle

 

Greenstick

 

Salter-Harris

17

Incomplete fractures are more common in what populations?

Pediatric

18

What does displacement mean in regard to fractures?

Movement of the fracture fragments