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Flashcards in Easy sarah gill Deck (54):
1

Which ligament links the vertebral laminae?

Ligamentum flavum (this is tough and elastic)

2

Ligaments of the spine

Anterior longitudinal ligament
Posterior longitudinal ligament
Ligamentum Flavum
Supraspinous ligament
Intraspinous ligament

3

Superficial muscles of the spine

Trapezius
Lattisimus dorsi
Rhomboid minor and major
Levator scaplaris

4

Innervation of trapezius?

Accessory nerve CNXI

5

Function of the trapezius?

Elevates and depresses scapula

6

Latissimus dorsi innervation?

C6, C7, C8

7

Adducts, extends, internally rotates humerus?

Latissimus dorsi

8

Innervation of rhomboid major and minor?

Dorsal scapula nerve

9

Keeps scapula against thoracic wall, retracts scapula?

Rhomboid major and minor

10

Origin and insertion of levator scapularis?

Transverse process of C1 --> superior angle of scapula

11

Innervation of levator scapularis?

C4/C5

12

Function of the levator scapularis?

Elevates scapula

13

Erector spinae muscles

Iliocostalis
Longisimus thoracis
Spinalis thoracis

14

Innervation of the erector spinae?

Posterior rami of the spinal nerves

15

Ligaments of the spine

Anterior longitudinal ligament
Posterior longitudinal ligament
Ligamentum Flavum
Supraspinous ligament
Interspinous ligament

16

Iliacus origin and insertion

Origin: iliac crest
Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur

17

Psoas major origin and insertion

Origin: transvers processes L1-L5
Insertion: lesser trochanter

18

Rectus femoris origin and insertion

Origin: AIIS
Insertion: tibia via patella tendon

19

Sartorius origin and insertion

Origin: ASIS
Insertion: tibia

20

Secondary hip flexors

Rectus femoris and sartorius

21

Hip adductors

ADDUCTR BREVIS
ADDUCTOR LONGUS
ADDUCTOR MAGNUS
PECTINEUS
GRACILIS

22

Origin and insertion of hip adductors

Origin: inferior pubic rami
Insertion: linea aspera, pectineal line, tibia

23

Origin and insertion of gluteus minimus/medius

Origin: iliac wing
Insertion: greater trochanter of femur

24

Tensor fascia lata origin and insertion

Origin: iliac crest
Insertion: lateral tibia (via iliotibial tract)

25

Hip abductors

Gluteus minimus, gluteus medius, tensor fascia lata

26

Hip extensors

Gluteus maximus

27

Origin and insertin of gluteus maximus

Origin: posterior aspect of ilum
Insertion: iliotibial tract

28

Hip extensors/knee flexors

Quadriceps muscles
Biceps femoris
Semimebranous
Semitendinous

29

Biceps femoris origin and insertion

Origin: Long head: Ischial tuberosity
Short head: Linea aspera
Insertion: Fibula head

30

Semimembranous origin and insertion?

Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Posterior tibia

31

Semitendinous origin and insertion?

Origin: Ischial tuberosity
Insertion: Medial tibia

32

Functions of the meniscus?

Load transfer (“shock absorbers”)
Increase femero-tibial conformity
Stabilise the knee during movement
Lubricate the knee

33

Factors which predispose to patellar instability/dysfunction

Genu valgum
Femoral head anteversion
Weak quadriceps (vastus medialis)
Ligamentous laxity

34

Where do the quadriceps muscles insert?

Common insertion = tibia via the patellar tendon!!

35

Rectus femoris origin

AIIS

36

Vastus intermedius origin

Anterolateral proximal femur

37

Vastus medialis origin

Medial edge linea aspera
Greater trochanter

38

Vastus lateralis origin

Medial edge linea aspera
Lesser trochanter

39

Nerve supply to anterior compartment of leg

Deep peroneal nerve

40

Nerve supply to lateral compartment of leg

Superficial peroneal nerve

41

Nerve supply to deep posterior compartment of leg

Tibial nerve

42

Nerve supply to superficial compartment of leg

Median sural cutaneous nerve

43

Ankle plantar flexors

Gastrocnemius
Soleus
Plantaris

44

Origin of gastrocnemeus

Femoral condyles

45

Origin of soleus

Broad area on posterior tibia/fibula

46

Origin of plantaris?

Lateral femoral condyle

47

Where do the ankle plantar flexors insert?

Calcaenus via ACHILLES TENDON!

48

Ankle dorsiflexors

Tibialis anterior

49

Origin and insertion of tibialise anterior?

Origin: Lateral surface proximal tibia
Insertion: Medial cuneiform Base 1st metatarsal

50

Medial ankle ligament

Deltoid

51

Lateral ankle ligaments

Lateral ligament complex

52

Tibialis posterior tendon origin and insertion

Origin: Posterior proximal tibia / fibula
Insertion: Navicular / plantar surface of medial cuneifrom

53

Calcaneonavicular ligament also called...

Spring ligament
-supports the medial arch

54

Plantar fascia origin and insertion

Origin: Tuberosity of calcaneus
Insertion: Heads of metatarsals