Flashcards in Edmund Spenser Deck (15):
Faerie Queene: when was Spenser born
Faerie Queene: when did Spenser die
Faerie Queene: when is the Faerie Queen written
Three versions: 1590, 1596, 1609
Faerie Queene: what edition did you use
Roche, from the 1596 copy text in Huntington Library
Faerie Queene: history, memory, genealogy
Granting Elizabeth authority through constructed genealogy back to Arthur (she has a questionable genealogical right to the throne)
Faerie Queene: pub dates and what gets added in each
1590, 1596 (with added books..), 1609 (w mutability cantos)
Faerie Queene: sources Spenser draws on
Ariosto, Tasso, Virgil, Homer
Faerie Queene: what happens in 1570
Pope decrees it isn’t a cardinal sin to murder Elizabeth; anti-Catholic sentiment is strong
Faerie Queene: Spenser, court ambitions, trajectory of career
Spenser had hopes for the court life when he started out, and did receive a pension from the queen, but even by 96 his hopes for success might have been waning—certainly by the time the mutability cantos emerge.
Faerie Queene: talking point, Ariosto, chivalry
The reference to Ariosto in the opening—“And sing of Knights and Ladies gentle deeds”—is supplemented by the assertion that “Fierce warres and faithfull loues shall moralize my song.” In the moralizing we have the suggestion of the “dark conceit” or allegory that runs beneath the ostensible romance.
Faerie Queene: allegory, romance
Spenser was far from being the first to fuse allegory to romance, as there’s something fundamentally allegorical about earlier romances—even when Ariosto seems completely caught up in the story, characters tend to be simplified into daemonic agents and objects become cosmic images—still, the romance is content to let the allegorical subtexts remain secondary to the delights, surprises, and mysteries of the story. Even if we decide not to call romance allegorical, it’s hard to deny that the romance lends itself to allegorization, as does the epic.
Faerie Queene: genre, innovation of genre
Call romance the allegorization of the legend or tale and epic the allegorization of history. I think allegory is what unites them. So I don’t think Spenser’s genre-mashing is quite as radically new as people seem to think; which isn’t to say that he isn’t being innovative.
Faerie Queene: formal innovation
stanza form: Spenserian
Faerie Queene: Spenserian stanza
octet of iambic pentameter followed by an alexandrine, or line of iambic hexameter; ababbcbcc; dilation