Egypt Flashcards Preview

Pre-Modern > Egypt > Flashcards

Flashcards in Egypt Deck (15):
1

Nile River

Lower and Upper parts of river mark upper and lower Egypt. Still agricultural society depends on it ( no random flooding like Meso)

2

Ma'at

pharaohs maintain the cosmic order- controls happiness, food, flooding (if bad weather pharaoh blamed for not keeping Ma'at)

3

Menes

("Narmer") first pharaoh who unites upper and lower Egypt. Only pharaoh who is not a god. (pharaohs used religion to gain power)

4

Old Kingdom

"pyramid kingdom" pyramids of Giza built. Menes. Ma'at

5

Pyramids

built willingly by peasants for Pharaoh when farming season over. Tombs with what they needed for afterlife

6

Hieroglyphics

unique writing form. Book of Dead- prayers and how to get to afterlife.

7

Middle Kingdom

Expanded trade with Nubia.

8

New Kingdom

Period of expansion. Ends with Dark Age.

9

Akhenaten/ Amenhotep IV

creates first mono-theistic religion (Aten-sun god) changed name to honor god. Tut changed back to polytheistic after Akhenaten died.

10

Hittites

first peace treaty made with them.

11

Nubia

GOLD. only people Egypt trades with because secluded. Egypt took Nubia over in New Kingdom (then Dark Ages and Nubians took over. then Neo Assyrians)

12

Trans-Sahara Caravan Routes

tied trade in with African people (Middle Kingdom)

13

Camels

allowed for long desert travel.

14

Ramses

lived until 90's. Clashed with Hittites. Grew Empire

15

Hatsepsut

first female pharaoh, did lots of explorations. Almost erased from history