Flashcards in Egypt Deck (15):
Lower and Upper parts of river mark upper and lower Egypt. Still agricultural society depends on it ( no random flooding like Meso)
pharaohs maintain the cosmic order- controls happiness, food, flooding (if bad weather pharaoh blamed for not keeping Ma'at)
("Narmer") first pharaoh who unites upper and lower Egypt. Only pharaoh who is not a god. (pharaohs used religion to gain power)
"pyramid kingdom" pyramids of Giza built. Menes. Ma'at
built willingly by peasants for Pharaoh when farming season over. Tombs with what they needed for afterlife
unique writing form. Book of Dead- prayers and how to get to afterlife.
Expanded trade with Nubia.
Period of expansion. Ends with Dark Age.
Akhenaten/ Amenhotep IV
creates first mono-theistic religion (Aten-sun god) changed name to honor god. Tut changed back to polytheistic after Akhenaten died.
first peace treaty made with them.
GOLD. only people Egypt trades with because secluded. Egypt took Nubia over in New Kingdom (then Dark Ages and Nubians took over. then Neo Assyrians)
Trans-Sahara Caravan Routes
tied trade in with African people (Middle Kingdom)
allowed for long desert travel.
lived until 90's. Clashed with Hittites. Grew Empire