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Flashcards in India Deck (14):
1

Bhagavad Gita

creationist myth, talks about duty and caste system

2

Dharma

law of the universe, personal duty

3

Reincarnation

rebirth into a different caste or body

4

Monsoon

winds allowed for lots of Indian Ocean trade leading up to the IOMS

5

Ganges and Indus Rivers

India settled on these rivers and Indus river valley, Ganges super important

6

Popular Hinduism

Brahmans losing people from religion so change some aspects to get converts back, easier to move up caste system, less rituals

7

Buddhism

comes about because of dislike of early Hinduism, appealing because everyone equal, lower class hindus convert, pushed out by Pop. Hinduism and goes to China

8

Siddhartha Gautama

the buddha, left his wealthy life and reached nirvana enlightenment on his journey to seek the reason for human suffering

9

Four Noble Truths/Eightfold Path

like 10 commandments--gives guide on how to live
1) pain and suffering exists
2) caused by desire
3) eliminate desire eliminate pain
4) follow eightfold path to do so

10

Nirvana

when you no longer go through reincarnation and get to a holy state

11

Bodhisattva

person who has reached nirvana but stays on earth to help others get there (used by Wu Zhou later)

12

Mahayana Buddhism

"great vehicle" buddhist schools, used texts to interoperate the religion

13

Early Vedic Religion (Hinduism)

people cant move up in caste system much, reincarnation, unrest toward religion,

14

Jainism

comes about because of dislike of early Hinduism, extreme non-violence, eat but food has to be given to you, unpopular